Peony - All the info on herbaceous peonies -

Peony ... Beautiful and fragile

When it blooms, there are incredible flowers, in profusion and then hardly we could benefit from it, that a gust of wind or driving rain passed by there, that already the blooming is finished.

You will understand, "Peony has a fragile flower and a short flowering".

Botanical name:

Herbaceous Peony - Paeonia (several varieties)

Type of plant

• Plant: Perennial.

• Foliage: persistent.

• Type of plant: bulbous.


• Withstands low temperatures, down to about -20 °.

• Extremely delicate sowing

Benefits to the garden

Obviously the advantage of Peonies in the garden is the profusion of flowers, their scents and their unique finesse.

The other advantage is in the house, finally, in fact why not take advantage of this number of flowers to subtract a few and create a beautiful bouquet of cut flowers. Success is guaranteed!

Description of Peony

Tight foliage, medium-sized leaves, bright green to darker green, not necessarily very aesthetic (depending on the variety of Peonies), fairly large flowers up to 12 cm in diameter.

For my part, my preference goes to varieties with double flowers, where the arrangement and shape of the petals create an aesthetic Anarchy, especially in areas where the tight petals seem crumpled ...

In fact, Peony is a bit like a poorly awake child, whose "brush stroke" has only been done where the ice reflects a reflection. We want to hand over it, to put some order in it, even if I do not necessarily dabble in Order, in the garden as elsewhere, freedom has never hurt anyone!

Gardener's Info

Peony, in addition to having a flowering that does not last, is fragile. She doesn't like the wind that spoils her flowers ... nor the rains, which scatter her petals all over the garden.

So, plant it in the shelter of a wall, a hedge, or why not at the bottom of the garden.

When to sow peonies?

Regarding the seedlings of Peonies, there are a number of things to know:

• Do you know what “heterozygous” means, no?

Well, Peonies are! I will admit that I did not get to the bottom of the subject and that like the bee, which is looking for where it is going to forage, will fly over some of the coveted pollens ... on my side, I flew over ... too!

In short, there is something magical in the land of Peonies, the seeds do not necessarily produce the variety of Peonies from which it comes. So it can create surprises.

To make Peonies seedlings…. It's not simple :

• Peonies seeds require particular climatic conditions.

• To germinate, a warm and humid environment will create the roots.

• In a second step, once the roots have developed, the seeds must be placed in a cold (4 or 5 °) and humid atmosphere will allow the appearance of a shoot, an old fridge would be ideal.

• It will take a little more patience and… luck as it may take time for flowers to appear in your garden.

• The first Peonies that will appear are often different from those of "adult" plants, give them time to seduce you ...

When to plant peonies

• The ideal period is autumn, even if around March it is still "playable", but beware of late frost that Peonies do not tolerate.

How to plant peonies

Planting Peonies is done in several steps:

• Prepare the soil 4 to 6 weeks before the planned planting date:

Mix, with the soil of the garden, compost or potting soil as well as peat.

(mixture equal 1 / 3-1 / 3-1 / 3).

Peonies hate soils that are too dry, or too stony, or very calcareous.

• Dig a hole 40 to 50 cm deep

• Place containers without breaking the root ball too much.

• Leave about 50 cm of space between 2 peony plants

• Replace the soil and tamp down well.

• Water generously.

How to care for peonies

• In spring, add a generous amount of compost.

• You can stake, if you fear that the peonies will "lie down" under the weight of the flowers and the wind.

• In summer, even if they no longer bear their beautiful flowers, peonies will need to be watered regularly, especially if the summer is hot.

• Remove wilted stems in late August - early September, you can also remove some green foliage. For this operation, do not cut too close to the ground so as not to damage the buds that will give birth next spring.

How to divide Peonies ...

So that they reign better!

• Dividing Peonies is the process of dividing a mature plant into several. The "divisions" will develop and eventually produce more flowers than the original plant. The division also makes it possible to plant your darling Peony elsewhere in the garden.

• It should come as no surprise that the plant takes a year to bloom again… in some cases even more…

Yes, Peony is really temperamental.

Dig up the peony plant with its roots:

• With a fork-to-spade, taking care to put some distance with the foot you want to separate, so as not to damage it and above all to preserve as many roots as possible, go around the plant, removing the soil.

It is necessary to reach a good depth, again to preserve the maximum of root.

• Then pass the spade underneath and lift the plant, jerkily.

• Remove as much soil as possible from the newly emerged clod with a small planting shovel, or with a stick. Watch out for the roots

Divide the clod of earth

• Using a knife, go through the plane to cut it in half.

• The parts to be replanted must be provided with roots in order to have a chance to start again.

Replant the divided peonies

• Make a hole in the planned place, amend the soil with Soil and peat

• Set up the plan obtained by division, taking care that the collar is not buried. It should be located at ground level, but above ground.

(The collar: part located between the roots and the stems of the foliage)

Some varieties

• Officinal peonies: exists in pink, red and white, single or double flower
• Chinese peonies: a wide variety of cultivars rich in shapes and colors

Some varieties of Double Flowered Peonies

• Chalice • La Fiancée • Pico • Requiem: White
• Golden Crown • Festiva Maxima White
• Prairie afire • Seashell • Féerie • Great Lady • Reward: Rose
• Sarah Bernhardt • Albert Crousse • ​​First Lady • Cornela Shaylor • Souvenir of Louis Bigot: Rose
• Early Scout • Nippon Beauty • Madame Henry Fuchs • Orange Glory • Golden Glow: Red
• Adolphe Rousseau • Inspector Lavergne • Karl Rosenfield • Heritage • Mr. Adam Modzelewsky: Red
• Pastel Splendor: Yellow rose with a mauve heart
• Canary Brillant • Lolly Pop: Orange yellow
• Neon: Purple
• Vogue: Orange
• Felix Crousse • ​​Louis Van Houtte: Purple
• Duchess of Nemours: Green

Agrees with

• In beds, peonies are to be combined with other plants that will start to flower at the same time, but above all which will take over, with flowering throughout the summer: Dahlias, perennial geraniums, Delphiniums!

With or without a garden ...

• In the garden, in a bed of perennial plants, Some varieties such as Chinese peonies are ideal on the edge of paths or planted near a terrace to make the most of the flowers themselves and also their fragrance.

• And without a garden? Discover the superb idea of ​​a user Our website which offers us (in comment) a plantation, in mixture of varieties which, with winter, spring and summer blooms, allow months of flowers and aesthetic foliage in a pot on the terrace, in a balcony… Thank you to her!

We recap: The Peonies!

• Suports the cold down to -20 °

• Type of soil: rich, cool and well drained.

• Plant in the fall as a priority and until March.

• Pay attention to the preparation of the soil, about 6 weeks before planting.

• Watch out for jelly shots

• Divide in late summer, August - September.

• Maintain and thin out in the fall, or as soon as the flowers / stems have wilted.

• Solid use and border

• Culture in pots… Without Interest

Photo Credit Medium69 licensed under CreativeCommons-4.0 International.


Item name

Peony, a beautiful classic flower for gardens


The peony is a garden classic. The flowering is magnificent although a little short, it is also sensitive to the wind, so to enjoy it as long as possible, plant it in a sheltered situation! All the information to successfully plant peonies in the garden: Our website!


Editor's name

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The peony: its origins and the history of this mythical plant

Are you looking for pretty, colorful, fragrant and easy to plant flowers to dress up your garden, patio or balcony. Why not choose the peony ? This plant is full of colors but also of history: a botanical family created especially for it, Greek and Chinese legends ... Discover the history of this plant.

Planting peony

It is recommended to plant your peony in autumn keeping a distance of 80 to 100 cm between each plant.

  • Planting in the fall allows the peony to bloom the following spring.

But for the subjects bought in container you can them plant until spring, outside of periods of frost or high heat and taking care to water more regularly the 1st year.

In order to enrich the earth, bring a organic amendment manure and algae type to stimulate flowering.

  • Prefer a sunny place but not too hot or partially shaded.
  • Peony likes well-drained soils and generally tolerates ordinary soils.
  • Follow our peony planting tips

You can also grow peony in pots.

Multiply the peonies:

The multiplication of peonies is done by division of the clump and takes place in the fall or early spring.

This gesture is recommended every 3 to 5 years to give a new youth to your plant.

Peony - All the info on herbaceous peonies -

A first remark is in order : if you do not want to devote too much time to your plants and not be confronted with moments of discouragement, I advise you to orient yourself towards hybrids that seem to me to be much less demanding and much more disease resistant.

You will find in garden centers or at specialists (see our address page) hundreds of plants, varying in size, shape and color of the flower, the time of flowering.

The flowering period is from April to the end of June, depending on the species and the region where it is planted. Know that in general, single peonies are the earliest, followed by half-doubles, then doubles. These peonies will satisfy you while respecting your nerves and your hobbies.

I advise you to avoid the appellations' red peony. white 'or' red lactiflora. blanche ') easy solution for some merchants who do not want to know what they are selling. French, American and Chinese producers. have, since the last century, obtained remarkable hybridizations to which they have given a name. Isn't it more pleasant to choose exactly the dreamed peony and to invite 'Claire de Lune' or 'Souvenir de Mme Lemoine' to your garden. ? If you have no ideas, I recommend a quick tour of our photo albums.

You have two purchasing solutions:

The strain is bought at rest (end of October until February): you must check that the roots are healthy and that they have one or two beautiful buds. Warning ! do not wait too long before planting: a prolonged stay in the softness of your garage may stop the period of dormancy and cause the growth of buds. This year, plants from England have been in these conditions for too long after a period of snow. Some people did not support the plantation.

You buy the plant in a pot: professionals advise you to keep this plant in its pot until the dormancy period to replant it. I have replanted these plants for several years, with great care, since our purchase and I have never known a problem related to this way of doing.

It should be noted that a large part of the problems can be avoided by proper planting.

Preparation of the soil for planting:

Prepare a hole at least 50 cm in diameter and 40 cm deep.

Warning ! the small plant will grow tall: allow at least 80 cm between two feet and double for shrubs.

Drain the bottom of your hole especially if your soil is clayey (like mine) or you risk big root rot problems. You just need to place a layer of gravel, sand. basically. Remember to lighten your soil also with sand and blond peat.

The peonies being greedy, add well decomposed manure. When I have no manure, I place the roasted horn in the hole.

You may need to treat your soil for pests, especially if your planting is instead of a lawn, or a vegetable garden. Hepiales or wireworms like the roots of peonies. There are granules to be incorporated into the soil at the time of planting.

Place the eyes of the stump 2 or 3 cm maximum from the surface, otherwise, no flowering! Warning ! : planting tree peonies requires a larger hole but also to place the grafting point under the ground (it is often a stalk grafted on a herbaceous peony).

Gently fill the hole with the mixture of earth, potting soil or peat, sand. water.

Note: It is undesirable to relocate a peony to the same location as a dead or displaced peony. The soil is exhausted and diseases may be present there. One solution: replace the soil or part of it and treat the soil with a fungicide.

In nature, the factors which favor the dissemination of peony seeds are still unknown to scientists. Most of the seeds that have fallen to the ground remain in our garden, despite the many birds (our garden is an L.P.O. refuge), squirrels and field mice. It is known that a species which does not spread, very little or at short distance, even if each individual lives very old like peonies, encounters problems one day or another and tends to disappear. Researchers from the CNRS in Montpellier, with whom we had contact in 2005, believe that the fruits of certain peonies mimic the fruits that certain birds eat. The younger ones, especially, are sometimes fooled by this resemblance. In March 2005 we were fortunate to have a waxwing flight that stopped in our garden for a week, mainly attracted to our ponds. We found that peony seeds were found almost intact in their droppings. Peony seeds are rich in alkaloids.

The spontaneous sowing of botanical peonies occur naturally, quite easily, depending on the species. In our garden Paeonia kavachensis is the most prolific. This remains a valid method of multiplication which obviously gives rise to new, more or less hybridized subjects. You can control the fertilization of a flower by placing it very early in a small bag of fine gauze to prevent any insects from fertilizing it. Then you just have to practice the fertilization yourself with a brush.

A few years ago, I tried to sow seeds harvested in a botanical garden after spending several weeks in lamination in the freezer, in order to break the dormancy of the seed coat. Planted in a poorly heated room in the house, the result was quite convincing, especially for the shrubs. On the other hand, the ideal conditions of survival of the young plants were not always assured and I lost a lot of them, often by rotting. The survivors were no better off. the person in charge of watering them during our vacation forgot about them.

Since the construction of our cold greenhouse, sowing the seeds in the fall in a mixture of half sand / potting soil, after scarification on sandpaper, gives excellent results. The winter cold (we let the temperature of the greenhouse go down to - 4) terminates the breaking of dormancy of the seed coat. The automatic watering by capillary action of the pots on a layer of sand keeps a constant humidity level.

Peonies do not require a lot of maintenance:

    In the fall, I cut the dry stems 5 cm above the ground and incorporate potassium slag and roasted horn into the soil.

    In the spring, as soon as the stems start to come out of the ground, I aerate the soil with a mini-spade, being careful not to damage the roots or the buds, and add dehydrated manure or a low-nitrogen fertilizer.

    Note: Potash promotes flowering. Nitrogen, essential for the leaves, should not be given in too large a quantity to avoid too much development of the foliage and increase the risk of disease (botrytis).

    Aerate the earth carefully from time to time.

    It is especially in their first years that peonies seem susceptible to diseases (especially botanicals). This is often a bad location or bad planting conditions. More controversial, I noticed that plants coming from some nurseries were much more prone to root rot.

    Wanting to have an ecological approach, we accept some spots on the foliage and some losses of flower buds nibbled by insects or affected by disease.

    Here are the main dangers encountered by peonies:

    Root rot: The symptoms resemble wilting and the disease is certainly of the same type (attack by a fungus, the verticulum not being the only lover of plants). My soil is clayey and the soil of the first botanical peonies I planted was not sufficiently drained. Some did not suffer from it: hybrids, Wittmaniana, Mollis. others have thrived for a few years, often dying just after flowering (Mlokosewitschii, Officinalis.). A radical solution: to dig up the plant as soon as it shows a sign of decay, cut off all the parts of the affected roots with a secateurs. Replant in a new place, this time respecting good drainage.

    Withering (verticulum): this fungus causes wilting of the plant which dies quickly. The channels bringing sap to the plant are destroyed at the time of hot weather. In prevention: treatment with Bordeaux mixture of the base of the plant just after flowering. In case of attack it is advisable to pull up and burn the plant.

    Gray rot (botrytis): Especially in hot and humid periods, recognizable by brownish or blackish spots covered with a gray felt on the leaves.

    Button rust: (Cladosporium): Small red dots on the leaves which eventually dry out completely, especially in hot and humid periods. This fungal disease is very dangerous for peonies. The solutions consist, in prevention, in regularly aerating the soil, cutting off diseased parts, removing waste and dead leaves in autumn, spraying with Bordeaux mixture after flowering.

    Mildew (phytophtora cactorum): Blackening and death of an entire shoot. Prevention: the same as for rust.

    Insects and caterpillars on the foliage: ants adore the sugar in the flower buds of peonies and present only a slight danger of spreading disease. The rosettes are lodged inside the flowers. You don't have to worry about it. Only thrips can attack flower buds, and some caterpillars and insects poke holes in leaves and buds.

    Meaning of the peony flower

    What does a pink peony mean?

    There are many types of colorful peony flowers. Among the most common are pink peonies. They symbolize the beauty of marriage and are often used in beautiful floral bouquets at weddings. Pink peonies can also represent love at first sight.

    What does a white peony flower symbolize?

    If the meaning of white flowers is very positive, this is unfortunately not the case with white peony. If you have the idea of ​​giving a bouquet of flowers with white peonies to a loved one, it is will symbolize shame, shyness, regret or apologies. So pay attention to this detail, not all "peony" flowers have just a good symbol.

    What is the symbolism of a peony flower tattoo?

    Peonies are among the original flowers most commonly chosen for tattoos. The bright colors of the peony have many layers and their meaning is complex.

    People also commonly choose to ink their skin with colorless peony tattoos. A black and gray peony tattoo can easily symbolize a happy life or one satisfactory marriage. It can also represent general prosperity as well as compassion towards a person or cause.

    What do peonies mean in Chinese culture?

    Flowering peonies are originally from China and are very popular there. Most of the time, they are called the "queen-of-flowers"and were the national flower before 1929 when they were changed to the plum tree. The popularity of Chinese peonies dates back to the Sui dynasty. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, they were planted in the Imperial Palace. It was planted in the Imperial Palace. is why the symbolism of the peony represents an emblem of nobility, honor and wealth.

    In China, one of the most famous cities for spotting peonies is Luoyang, sometimes referred to as the city of peonies. It is home to the National Peony Garden, which hosts many large varieties of peonies (more than 100 different kinds) and organizes the peony festival every year.

    In Japan, exotic peonies symbolize wealth, honor, good fortune, masculinity and bravery. In Europe, these fresh flowers are widely cultivated for their scents.

    When should you give someone a peony flower?

    As many florists will tell you, the best time to give someone a peony is when you want it. congratulate someone who was successful in one aspect of his life. But you can of course offer it for other occasions (such as Mother's Day for example).

    For example, you can give a romantic peony to a couple who are getting married or someone who is finishing high school. The flower, when offered in colors like red, can also serve as a symbol of love, seduction, tenderness, sincerity, purity and delicacy. This is why it is often for a wedding (or an anniversary) or on Valentine's Day to make a declaration of love.

    Do not hesitate to make peony plants at home! Cultivating and planting is an excellent way to be able to make floral creations authentic scents. In addition, your help maintain nature and its biodiversity.

    Nagayaaka herbaceous peony

    Very double flower in fuchsia pink tending towards mauve.

    Warning: Last pieces available !

    Availability date: 04/15/2020

    • Height cm 80
    • Flower diameter 15
    • Scented Perfume

    Quantity discounts For bare roots

    • Description
    • Features * @copyright 2018 NetReviews SAS * @version Release: $ Revision: 7.7.0 * @license NetReviews * @date 05/12/2018 * International Registered Trademark & ​​Property of NetReviews SAS ->
    • 6 reviews

    Bright, the large flowers are adorned with fuchsia, brightening up in the heart when they are in full bloom. Very good vigor.

    Type Herbaceous
    Height cm 80
    Flower diameter 15
    Flower shape Double
    Dominant flower color Mauve rose
    Perfume Fragrant
    * @copyright 2018 NetReviews SAS * @version Release: $ Revision: 7.6.5 * @license NetReviews * @date 20/09/2018 * International Registered Trademark & ​​Property of NetReviews SAS ->
    • For more information on the characteristics of the review control and the possibility of contacting the author of the review, please consult our T & Cs.
    • No consideration was given in exchange for the opinions
    • Reviews are published and kept for a period of five years
    • Reviews cannot be modified: if a customer wishes to modify their review, they must contact Verified Reviews in order to delete the existing review, and publish a new one.
    • The reasons for deleting reviews are available here.

    * @copyright 2018 NetReviews SAS * @version Release: $ Revision: 7.6.5 * @license NetReviews * @date 20/09/2018 * International Registered Trademark & ​​Property of NetReviews SAS ->

    Calculated from 6 customer review (s)

    Linda S. published 29/05/2020 following an order made on 30/04/2020

    on the other hand the pallet and the packing of the various plants of the order were neglected. on delivery, most of the plants (roses and peonies) were damaged due to the fact that they were not enormously protected on their pallet and that boxes of other packages present in the delivery truck fell above for transportation. we were used to better. this peony was the most spared from damage.

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes 0 No 0

    Inna D. published 21/05/2020 following an order made on 21/04/2020

    I am very satisfied, the peonies are well developed, the leaves are green and healthy. it has a few flower buds. delivery is fast. I am very satisfied. thank you so much

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes 0 No 0

    Anne S. published 15/05/2020 following an order made on 18/04/2020

    Small plant and a little weakened following a late delivery,

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    Carine D. published 09/05/2020 following an order made on 09/04/2020

    Plant received healthy and vigorous. I am waiting for the flowering.

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes 0 No 0

    Marie R. published 05/05/2020 following an order made on 04/03/2020

    Good recovery for now at D + 45

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes 0 No 0

    Caroline S. published 03/05/2020 following an order made on 15/04/2020

    beautiful packaging for this fragile plant which has not suffered from transport

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes 0 No 0

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