Gypsophila (Gypsophila) - a flowering herb or shrub culture from the Clove family, translated from Latin means "loving lime". Most of the species of this plant, and there are more than a hundred of them, prefer to grow on limestone in their natural environment. Annuals and perennials are common in many countries in northeast Africa, as well as in New Zealand and Eurasia. People call gypsophila "gypsum" and "tumbleweed".
Flowering gypsophila consists of a powerful taproot and branched root, a straight and almost leafless stem 20 to 50 cm high, oval-shaped small leaves, panicle inflorescences of small white or pink flowers and fruits with seeds.
Annuals and some perennials of gypsophila reproduce by seeds. Annual species are recommended to be planted in open ground before winter. By mid-spring, the seedlings will gain strength and will be ready to be transplanted to a permanent growing site. Perennial plants are best grown in seedlings. In early spring, seeds are sown in planting boxes with wet soil, deepening them by about 5 mm, after which they are covered with glass and kept in a warm and bright room until shoots appear.
With the correct maintenance, shoots will appear in 10-15 days, which are recommended to thin out, maintaining an interval of about 15 cm, or you can transplant young plants into peat pots one copy at a time. For the full growth and development of gypsophila seedlings, timely soil moisture and a long daylight hours with good lighting are required. Since there is still not enough natural light in spring, fluorescent lamps should be used so that the plants are illuminated for at least 13-14 hours a day.
It is recommended to plant young gypsophila plants with 2-3 full-fledged leaves in a permanent place.
Perennials can grow without transplanting on one site for about 10 years, so the place must be chosen carefully and taking into account all the requirements of the plants. It should be a sunny, open and dry place with no close ground water. The soil should contain a small amount of humus and lime. On a garden plot in which there is very little or no lime, it is necessary to add about 25-50 g per square meter.
The distance between plantings of gypsophila seedlings is 70-80 cm, the row spacing is 1.2-1.3 m. It is very important that after planting the root collar is slightly above the soil surface. As the plants grow, they will have to be thinned out, and the excavated specimens will need to be transplanted to another place. It is necessary to leave a distance of at least one meter or even a little more between adult crops, because the shrubs grow very quickly. The high decorativeness of perennials can be seen only 3 years after planting.
Plants of gypsophila do not need watering, the only exceptions are too long summer dry periods. On such days, flowers need to be watered abundantly, but so that the irrigation water only gets to the root.
Gypsophila responds well to additional fertilizing in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers. It is recommended to make them alternately two or three times per season. In no case should fresh manure be used, but the mullein infusion will only benefit flowering plants.
Collecting seed boxes is carried out in early autumn, when the plant stems dry up. Cut boxes should be thoroughly dried in a ventilated area, poured into paper bags and stored in a dry place. Seed germination is maintained for three years after collection.
Perennial gypsophila species need a reliable shelter for the winter, since they will not be able to withstand very low subzero temperatures, especially in snowless winters. In late October - early November, the stems are trimmed to the base, after which the flower garden is covered with fallen dry leaves or spruce branches.
Most often, seeds and cuttings are used to propagate gypsophila perennials. The features of the seed method are already known, but you can talk about grafting in more detail.
In late April or early May, before the formation of inflorescences, as well as in August (after the end of flowering), planting material is prepared. Cuttings are recommended to be cut from young shoots. The average length is 10-12 cm. The places of the cuts are treated with a root-forming solution or powdered with wood ash, after which they are buried by 2 cm into a special loose and light substrate, in which chalk must be present. Favorable conditions for the formation of their own root system in cuttings are an air temperature of 20-22 degrees, full lighting for 12 hours a day and increased air humidity in the growing room. Such conditions can only be created in a greenhouse or greenhouse. After about 2-2.5 months, the cuttings will be ready to be transplanted into the open ground to their permanent place. It is very important that before the onset of autumn cold weather and the appearance of the first night frosts, the seedlings can adapt and take root in a new place and in new conditions.
The plant is resistant to pests and various diseases. These problems can appear in gypsophila only with inadequate care.
Possible diseases are gray rot and rust. You can get rid of them by spraying with contact fungicides. The most effective are copper sulfate, Bordeaux liquid and oxych.
Possible pests are cyst-forming and root-knot nematodes. Control methods and measures depend on the number of pests. At the initial stage of their appearance, you can do with spraying (2-3 procedures) with phosphamide. With a large crowd of uninvited guests, you will have to dig up the plant and rinse the root part with hot water at a temperature of about 50 degrees.
Gypsophila graceful (Gypsophila elegans) - an annual herb with abundant short flowering (up to 50 cm tall), with highly branched shoots, small lanceolate leaves and numerous inflorescences of white and pinkish flowers. Popular varieties: Double Star, Carmine and Rose.
Gypsophila pacifica - a perennial shrub with spreading branches and wide leaves of a gray-blue hue, blooms with pale pink inflorescences.
Gypsophila paniculata (Gypsophila paniculata) - a perennial shrub plant about one hundred and twenty centimeters high with strongly branched stems, gray-green narrow leaves with a pubescent surface and panicle inflorescences of white or pink flowers with a diameter of about 5-6 mm. Popular varieties: Bristol Fairy - with white double flowers, Pink Star - with dark pink double flowers, Flamingo - with double pink flowers.
Gypsophila creeping (Gypsophila muralis) - an annual, branchy, undersized shrub, reaching a height of 25-30 cm, with dark green linear leaves and small pink or white flowers. Popular varieties are Monstroza and Fratensis.
Other species are also interesting for flower growers - jaskolkovidny, tender, areciiform, Patrena.
Gypsophila perennial / unpretentious perennial flowers
The plant has a strong stem-shaped rhizome, is distinguished by an erect configuration. The stem often does not have leaves, the bushes are usually up to 50 cm high. Gypsophila has whole, lanceolate, spatulate configurations of leaves.
The buds of the culture are paniculate, created from miniature flowers of a white-greenish color. There are species that have pink buds.
Mulberry or Mulberry is a deciduous (or evergreen) tree. The homeland of this culture is Central Asia and China. The height of an adult tree is up to 15 m. The lifespan of the Shelovitsa tree is from 300 to 500 years, fruiting reaches 200 years. The foliage is dark green, simple, heart-shaped (ovoid), alternately located on the shoots. The edges of the plates are decorated with small, pronounced denticles. Leaves can be up to 15 cm long. The shoots of a young tree are dark brown in color, with age, the bark cracks, becoming covered with deep wrinkles.
It blooms in April-May, with inconspicuous spike-shaped inflorescences with long stamens. Depending on the species, dioecious, monoecious plants are distinguished. Male inflorescences are sterile, intended for pollination of female crops.
How to distinguish the genus of Mulberry flowers? Male inflorescences are elongated, cylindrical, ears-shaped inflorescences with yellowish-green or pinkish-green flowers. The female inflorescences are shortened, with short peduncles.
Mulberry can be pollinated by wind or insects. Fruiting of Mulberry begins after 5 years from the moment of planting.
Mulberries are cylindrical to oblong in shape and can grow up to 5 cm in length. Ripe berries hang from the stem, showing off their shiny black or dark red coloration. Their taste is reminiscent of a mixture of strawberries and raspberries and can be slightly sweet to honey-sweet. They were used in ice cream, jams, jellies, and pies. The fragile skin of the Mulberry tree hinders the commercial use of this berry, but if you don't mind the purple sap stains on your fingertips, then it is worth growing this tree in your garden.
Gypsophila (Gypsophila) is good in the flowerbed and in the border. There are several miniature varieties of this plant for rockeries.
Gypsophila is an excellent material for arrangement, use on bouquets, including winter ones.
A large number of small flowers are scattered over a cluster of thin stems and narrow grayish-green leaves. White or pale pink, they form a lush cloud, for which the British called this plant "the breath of a child."
Of the annual species, the most widely grown gypsophila graceful (Gypsophila elegans).
There are varieties with white flowers (Covent Garden), white-pink (Monarch, height 35-40 cm), pale pink, or you can choose a mixture of varieties with white, pink and crimson flowers.
Used in curbs gypsophila paniculata (Gypsophila paniculate) and its Bristol Fairy variety - height 80-100 cm, flowers are white, double. There is a variety Rosy Veil - a small, 30-35 cm tall plant with double flowers, which open white, but turn pink over time.
The best kind of gypsophila for rockeries or slides is swing creeping (Gypsophila repens or Gypsophila prostrate) 10-20 cm high, blooming in June-August and forming a carpet of stems covered with grayish or bluish leaves. The cultivated varieties are pink Fratensis, pink Letchworth Rose and white Monstrosa.
You can also try swing the jaspolkovidny (Gypsophila cerastioides) - height about 8-15 cm or forming cushion bushes swing areciform (Gypsophila arietioides) - height 5-8 cm.
Any well-drained, light, non-acidic (neutral or slightly alkaline, preferably sandy loam) soil in open sunny areas. Gypsophila feels better if the earth contains lime or chalk.
Gypsophila for rockery (swing creeping) are responsive to the introduction of lime.
Most types of gypsophila are planted after 15-25 cm. Tall varieties (gypsophila paniculata) are planted after 50-60 cm. Flowering from June to September.
Sow annual gypsophila in April-May to a permanent place.
Perennial gypsophila is propagated by sowing seeds in the ground before winter or by dividing the bushes. It is possible to plant cuttings in a greenhouse in early summer, or sow seeds in the spring under glass.
Click on the thumbnail photo of gypsophila in the gallery to view the full image of the flower.
The homeland of this variety is Australia. Known as Winged Ammobium. Our climate allows the annual to reach a height of 60 centimeters. Baskets-inflorescences are small in size and 1.5 cm. The leaves of the wrapper resemble petals. They are dry white, yellow in the middle. They have a decorative appearance.
The variety gives abundant flowering. It begins in June and ends with the first frost. Looks beautiful as part of winter bouquets and on a flower bed.