Beets are one of the most popular vegetables and grow well even in harsh climates. And this popularity is due to our culinary culture, in which beetroot, vinaigrette and borscht are among the most popular and popular dishes. That is why it is very important to solve the issue of storing beets in winter. Our story will be about where and how to arrange the beets for the winter, so that it lasts until the next year's harvest.
How well the beets are stored depends a lot on when you harvest them. Unlike carrots, which are chosen after the onset of frost, beets should not be left in cold ground: they should be harvested before the first serious cold snap. Previously, beets have to be dug out only if prolonged autumn rains are predicted: roots that have absorbed a large amount of moisture lose their ability to be stored for a long time.
How do you know if the beets can already be harvested? By the appearance of the tops: in ripe root crops, it is yellow and dry.
Half a month before harvesting, the beets stop watering. Root crops are dug up in good, dry weather: they pry them with a shovel, choose them, carefully clean them of the ground, but in no case shake or wash them. The tops are cut from the root crops, leaving only one to one and a half centimeters from the petiole, and the beets are laid out in the aisles for drying.
In the photo: Dug up beets
When the roots are dry, they are sorted by size, discarding spoiled and damaged specimens. For those root crops that will be stored, the side roots are removed, and the tail is shortened to 7 cm.
Medium-sized beets are best preserved, and small or oversized roots deteriorate faster, so they should be eaten first.
Not all beet varieties have good keeping quality. Some can only be stored until the new year, but there are also varieties that can lie until the middle of next summer. These varieties include:
But even if you have grown beets that can be stored for a long time, improper keeping conditions can greatly affect this ability.
In order for the beets to lie at least until spring, the following conditions should be created for them:
Traditionally, beets are stored in the basement, stacked in two to three layers on top of the potatoes. This method solves two problems at once that often arise in such storage facilities: the beets, absorbing the moisture released by the potatoes, do not dry out, and the potatoes do not rot.
The beets lie well in a box of sand, provided that the roots do not touch each other. You just need to make sure that the sand remains dry all the time. Instead of sand, you can use sawdust, shavings or peat.
You can simply put the beets in boxes, for better preservation, dust the roots with sifted ash or roll them in chalk powder.
Root vegetables sprinkled with salt are well stored, but it is better to hold them in a saline solution and then let them dry.
Root crops are well preserved if they are shifted with the foliage of a fern or other plants, the foliage of which includes phytoncides.
Beets are well kept in plastic bags with a capacity of about 20 kg. The bags with the roots placed in them are tightly tied, but if condensation begins to collect on the inner surface of the bags, you need to make a small hole in them through which air will penetrate.
Photo: Preparing beets for storage
Since not everyone has cellars or basements, they have to keep beets in their own homes. It's good if your balcony is insulated so that the temperature does not drop below 0 ºC: put the beets in a box without holes, sprinkle the roots with sand, set the box on a sheet of styrofoam, and keep old coats or blankets ready in case of very cold weather.
You can place a box of sandy beets in a nook on the landing. The main thing is to make sure that the sand in the box does not get wet.
If you dip the root vegetables in a clay mash, let them dry, and then put them in low boxes of sand, you can keep the beets at room temperature - even under your own bed or in another dark place away from heating appliances. In such conditions, beets do not spoil for up to four months.
Wrap each root vegetable in foil or parchment, place in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator, and they will sit there for at least three months.
Sections: Garden plants Amaranth (Shyritsytsy) Plants on C Root crops
The benefits of cabbage rich in vitamins and minerals can hardly be overestimated. There is much more vitamin C in fresh cabbage than in tangerines and lemons! Cabbage contains folic acid, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus salts. But storing a vegetable can reduce the reserves of nutrients in it. To prevent this from happening, saving must be correct.
Temperature and humidity are the main indicators of the duration of storage of vegetables. At home, they can lie from 2 to 7 months. When optimal conditions are created, carrots and beets can be stored for a year without losing their nutritional and chemical values.
The optimal conditions for long-term storage of root crops differ depending on their type. However, there are general rules:
|Before laying vegetables, you need to disinfect the room and containers in which the root crops will be stored. Whitewash the walls of the vegetable store, cover with lime or process with a sulfur checker.|
|Constant temperature||In a vegetable store, exclude the possibility of temperature drops with the help of additional thermal insulation. Optimal - 0– + 2 ° С. Deviation to one side or the other will spoil the vegetables.|
|Root preparation||Before laying all the vegetables you need to prepare: sort out, cut the tops, dry.|
|Regular monitoring||It is required to monitor the condition of vegetables during the entire storage period. Root crops on which traces of damage will be noticed are subject to seizure. Rotting from one will spread to all nearby.|
Preserving carrots in winter means preserving their appearance, taste and useful properties.
Carrots can be stored for a long time:
This period is possible if you follow the basic storage rules:
It happens that beets spoil during storage due to the appearance of fungus and the invasion of rodents. To prevent this from happening, be careful when harvesting and preparing root crops, carefully select vegetables without damage and rot. In addition, blackening inside the root crop is possible due to a lack of boron during the growth of the vegetable. Feeding the plant with complex fertilizer or boric acid solution at a concentration of 5 g per 10 liters of water will help to avoid the problem. It will not be possible to save the affected root vegetables, so spoiled vegetables should be thrown away immediately.
Spoiled beets are unusable and can infect nearby vegetables
Beetroot is a root crop that has the ability to grow actively when the air temperature drops, which can be observed in the autumn. That is why many vegetable growers try to delay the beginning of the beet harvest until the last. However, frosts can ruin the harvest, because some of the root crops are above the ground: if the frost grabs the beets, then in most cases the roots will no longer be suitable for storage.
If the autumn is warm enough, then keeping the fruits in the beds for a long time is not worth it, since the beets can become fibrous. Also, in a rainy autumn, it is unnecessary to postpone harvesting: the roots will become watery and lose their taste. And of course, excess moisture in the soil can lead to the fact that the fruits will simply begin to rot.
If the autumn is rather dry and cool, then in this case it is better to leave the beets in the ground for September and October, in this case, it will not only pick up useful substances, but in the future, its shelf life will slightly increase.
From all of the above, we can conclude that the harvest of beets directly depends on the region of its cultivation, variety, weather (especially late summer and early autumn), the size of the fruits (if the roots are large, then you can start digging them out, if the small ones are left to grow) ... It also speaks of the ripeness of fruits and the appearance of plants, for example, yellowing of the lower leaves and their wilting, growths on beets - direct signs that it is time to start harvesting.
How to properly collect and store beets
As soon as you decide on the timing of harvesting the beets, wait for a dry sunny day, carefully pull the roots out of the ground, remove the dirt from them, lay them on a special bedding and leave them for five hours to dry out a little (if possible, it is better to harvest them without digging , this will protect the beets from mechanical damage). Over time, use a sharp knife to cut off the tops at a distance of two to three millimeters from the fruit.
It is necessary to store beets either in the cellar or in the basement, where the air temperature does not drop below zero degrees. The ideal storage option is in wooden boxes, sprinkling vegetables with sand.
Be sure to properly prepare for storage:
Only tulip bulbs winter in the garden without losses. And in begonias, the main inflorescences are cut off in September. The roots have time to gain more strength in 1-2 autumn months and finally ripen.
Optimal conditions to preserve begonia tubers in winter is a temperature of + 1 ... + 5 ° with a humidity of 70-80%. Choose a dark and well-ventilated room. A whole begonia tuber can be stored for up to 5 years.
In October, the roots gain enough nutrients, a dormant period of 4-6 months begins. They are stored in the basement, refrigerator, on the balcony, in the country house.
Do not store begonias at home in winter in damp cellars without ventilation. With high humidity, mold and rot will start in the tubers of the plant. It is impossible for the room to freeze below -1 °. Under the influence of low temperatures, begonia will die.
When laying in the basement for storage, they follow the rules, as for most bulbous flowers.
Make sure that the top covering material on the boxes lets air through, otherwise the contents will rot.
A small amount of tuberous begonias is kept in the refrigerator if there are no other options in the apartment. The temperature on any shelf and doors is + 3 ... + 8 °.
Begonia tubers are packaged in dense plastic bags, sprinkled with peat or sand. If there is no dry filler at hand, each tuber is wrapped in 2 layers of paper. The package is tied and placed in the refrigerator.
Once every 2-3 weeks, you need to take out the bookmark and print it for airing. Watch the condition of the tubers, reject the rotten, dry sprinkle with water.
You don't have to dig up begonias that grow in portable pots or flowerpots. The plant overwinters safely right in them. In the fall, the aboveground part is cut off, and the pots are transferred to a dark place with a temperature of 0 ... + 5 °.
A wonderful way to preserve all the vitamins and nutrients of beets is to freeze them. For this purpose, it is recommended to use only medium-sized table varieties and root vegetables. There are several options for storing beets in the freezer:
Both are effective and keep the sweet vegetable for up to 8 months. The only advantage of freezing boiled beets is saving time when preparing dishes, since there is no need for further heat treatment.
You can freeze the beets either whole or by slicing or simply grating, as well as peeling and boiling. It all depends on what kind of dishes it will be used for in the future.
|Grinding methods||Suggested dishes|
|Cut into strips||Borsch, beetroot, various salads|
|Dicing||Vinaigrette, various salads|
|Cut into rings||Serving dishes|
|Chopping on a coarse grater||Borsch, beetroot, various salads|
|Fine grating||Herring under a fur coat, beet cutlets|
The blanks are placed in a plastic bag or plastic container and sent to the freezer. It is important to pack the future freezing in portions, that is, to put in a container exactly as much as is necessary to prepare one pot of borscht or one serving of salad. This is due to the fact that with repeated freezing the beets will lose their taste and valuable properties.
Zip bags are the most convenient for freezing beets in portions
Freezing whole beets, you should know that ice will form inside them, so you won't be able to cut them later for an elegant serving.
Defrost the vegetable gradually, at room temperature. It is not recommended to place the sliced bag in warm water or use a microwave oven.
When cooking borscht or beetroot, beets can be thrown into a frozen pan. But for salads, be sure to defrost it.
Thus, beetroot storage is a whole science, which everyone is capable of comprehending. The main thing is to take into account all the beet "wishes". Then the harvest obtained by one's own labor will be perfectly preserved until next summer.