Do-it-yourself art forging - how can you apply it in the garden?


As the standard of living rises, the owners of garden plots are changing the direction of their use. Today the dacha is less and less a source of income. People come here to take a break from the city bustle and worries, to feel their unity with nature. The site is needed exclusively for receiving aesthetic pleasure or as a place for realizing one's creative potential. Do-it-yourself art forging is one of the options for embodying your own skills and abilities.

Such elements of landscape architecture as wrought-iron gazebos, bridges, pergolas and arches have gained great popularity not only as an investment of money, but also as a means of author's self-expression.

The importance of style

The forged forms used in the design of the garden should in no way fall out of the general style in which the main structure and the entire site are sustained. Otherwise, even a beautiful piece may feel foreign. Therefore, when placing an order or choosing an ornament for independent work, you should study the samples of artistic forging as carefully as possible.

The appearance of the wrought iron elements should correspond to the general style of the garden.

In general, forged elements fit perfectly into any type of landscape. They are appropriate in the verified clarity of French parks, they are perfectly combined with the emerald green of English lawns, they deftly fit into the usual Russian manor comfort, and for the fountains and marble of the Italian garden they are simply an integral part.

The number of elements in forging and the ornament itself are important here. Many small details, splendor and volume of the product will not suit every garden. The heavy baroque style is appropriate on a large area, where there will certainly be details that echo in the ornament and a house made in the same spirit. But for a light and thin forged product, special conditions are not needed - it will perfectly fit into any landscape.

What wrought iron products can be used to decorate a garden?

Most often, to decorate a garden plot and a house located on it, the following are used:

Option # 1 - wickets and fences

Forged gates look very decorative and attract everyone's attention. This element should sufficiently combine both grace and reliability. It is not so easy to be at the same time a part of the protection of the summer cottage and its decoration. The wicket is built into fences or gates. If Europeans prefer to use completely forged openwork fences and gates, then in Russia a combination of materials is more common. But the fence is often forged only in the middle or upper part.

A wrought-iron gate framed by stone or brickwork looks like a lace insert, while forging in combination with wood or metal creates the impression of a gate to a medieval castle - monumental and strong

Option # 2 - garden furniture

Durable and durable - these are the first words that come to mind when looking at fully wrought iron garden furniture. As a rule, wrought-iron benches and tables are placed in the recreation area. Fully wrought iron furniture is not a very common option. A combination of metal and wood is considered a classic, and forging decorated with glass is used for a high-tech garden.

Forged furniture can become a real decoration of the garden, if you do not forget about the sense of proportion

Option # 3 - garden bridges

The bridges, gracefully curved and decorated with delicate openwork details, are something to think about if there is a stream on the site. In any season of the year, a wrought-iron bridge will add aristocracy to the garden.

Such a bridge will look especially poetic in autumn against the background of falling leaves or snowy winter

Option # 4 - ladders and supports

Inside the house, the stairs will serve as an elegant support when climbing to the second floor of the cottage, but at the entrance to the house, forged stairs that form a porch look very organic.

The staircase to the garden is another decoration of the site

Option # 5 - pergolas and arches

These small architectural forms of the garden landscape are extremely popular and are widely used for zoning a site, forming corridors entwined with plants. The peculiarity of forged products is that they are not just a support for climbing plants - they are aesthetic in and of themselves. Their goal is to form volumetric space. A wrought-iron perlog, decorated with grapes or roses, creates a shaded transition, filled with the honey scent of greenery heated by the sun.

The arches can be folded by the entrance from the patio to the garden. These garden elements are long-lasting decorations that require little maintenance.

Option # 6 - country barbecues

For many, going out into nature is perfectly combined with cooking kebabs. In this case, brazier is often used. An ordinary brazier does not go well with the country landscape, but this cannot be said about a forged product. It is with the embodiment of garden barbecues that all the artistry of the forging process is manifested.

The combination of functionality and beauty is the main idea used to create a wrought-iron summer cottage barbecue

Option # 7 - garden lights

Tastefully selected wrought-iron lanterns on the walls of the house and the paths of the plot give it a special charm and create a romantic mood.

An element such as a forged lantern looks good both separately and in conjunction with other forged products.

Option # 8 - gazebos and awnings

Forged gazebos are most often placed at a distance from the main structure or near a reservoir. It also serves to isolate the recreation area from the main site. The gazebo or pavilion makes it possible to fully realize the designer's imagination. It is here that there is an opportunity to use forging ornament in all its diversity. The graceful, airy structure should create a feeling of soaring and conviviality.

Light, delicate, airy - this is what a forged gazebo should be like

Forged canopies and awnings not only protect from rain, snow and icicles, but also successfully perform a decorative function.

In combination with hanging lamps and porch framing, awnings can create a single composition, forming a unique look of the house.

Option # 9 - accessories

The owners of the garden do not always have the opportunity to buy expensive forged products in the required amount. In this case, you can try to make them yourself or limit yourself to forged accessories. Small but cuddly wrought-iron door knockers, lamps, umbrella holders, garden figurines or flower stands will be a worthy decoration for any site.

Forged accessories can transform not only a garden plot, but also the house itself.

What can you do with your own hands?

Many believe that it is impossible to create a high-quality forged product with your own hands, others believe: there is nothing particularly complicated in blacksmithing, since our ancestors were already successfully engaged in it in ancient times. Both are wrong. In order to forge even a small element yourself, you need not only tools and skills, but also knowledge of the properties of metals. Hot forging is hard work in an environment that is far from the office environment. What to do?

If there is no desire to build a smithy and master the technology of blacksmithing, you can limit yourself to an analogue of artistic forging. Let's create a welded structure from metal profiles and rolled metal products, which can be decorated with ready-made details of artistic forging. For this we will need: a source of electricity; flat surface for assembling the product; grinder with metal brushes, stripping and cutting wheels; loose rope, marker; hammer, two pins; welding machine with mask, gloves and electrodes.

Even without a forge, you can eventually learn how to make real masterpieces.

As a material, we will use a metal profile, as well as rolled metal. It is better to take the latter with a smaller section, since then we will be able to bend it without resorting to special heating conditions.

  • Selecting a drawing. Do not complicate the sketch that you have to draw, because this is your first product and metal is not a particularly plastic material.
  • We buy metal. It should be assumed that the length of a standard rod is six meters. You need to calculate your need for metal and take it with a small margin.
  • Treatment. It is better to clean the delivered material from rust immediately. Then it will be more difficult to do it. To do this, we use a metal brush put on the grinder.
  • Assembling the frame. On a flat surface (slipway, workbench, table) we make the frame of the product. Its dimensions are taken into account on the outer surfaces. Each of the 4 corners of the frame will have a weld seam. So that the frame does not warp, we first grab one of the sides. Which one will be the first is all the same. We drip a few drops of welding into the upper and lower corners, after which we align the diagonal by tapping on the non-welded corners. Then we weld the two remaining corners.
  • Measurements. We apply on the surface (table, chipboard, asphalt) the future drawing at a scale of 1: 1. We take a rope to measure its elements. We attach the rope to the elements of the drawing, as to a stencil. So we find out the length of the segments into which we cut the rods.
  • Deformation. To deform the workpieces, you need to create a device: on a flat surface, weld two studs 2-3 cm apart. Using them and a hammer, we gradually bend the rods, constantly comparing the result with the stencil.
  • Assembly and welding. We lay out the elements on the stencil, collecting the drawing and trimming the excess. We carefully weld the product on one side and then on the other.
  • Cleaning. We clean up all unnecessary.
  • Finished parts. We buy ready-made forging elements that will serve as a decoration for the base. We weld them to the places intended for them, we clean the welding places.
  • Priming and painting. The primer is used white to see the flaws when painting. The properties of the paint should be combined with the primer.
  • Chic and shine. Special aging or gilding will add attractiveness to the product.

The resulting product in appearance will differ little from the forged one, and with certain skills that are developed with experience, you can learn how to create real masterpieces.

Caring for wrought iron products in the garden

Forged products also need minimal, but maintenance

Forged products also need care. While in the garden, they are exposed to changeable weather. They should be painted at least every two or three years. The rubbing parts of forged gates, gates or swings must be lubricated. Then they will serve for a very long time, invariably delighting their owners.

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Artistic forging: drawings of finished products

The popularity of art forging can hardly be overestimated. The solidity, beauty of forged metal, rhythm of flat and volumetric patterns involuntarily attract the eye.

An example of metal products with elements of artistic forging.

A type of cold forging is metal pressing. Hot forging, as well as pressing, presupposes a production area and rather sophisticated equipment, while for cold forging, a yard workshop or garage is enough, where you can bend metal and assemble finished products.

Cold Forging Tools

Having simple equipment and fixtures, you can not only make forged products to decorate your home or country cottage, but also open a small production of forged products. Cold forging involves the use of a round or square metal bar, as well as a metal strip. To assemble products, you will need a welding machine.

For the manufacture of gratings, fences, railings, furniture with forged elements, you need some devices, which can either be purchased in special stores or made by yourself. Drawings for this equipment are simple and understandable for a master of any level. Required minimum tools for cold forging:

Tools for cold forging: hammer, whip, snail, twister, wave, volumetric and others.

  1. Snail. This device allows you to make curls in the form of spirals. In order to obtain curls with different bending radii, you need to have several units of such equipment, made according to different stencils. A pre-bent piece of strip is welded onto a sheet of metal, according to which curls are made by bending, as in a template. You can make a drawing of such a snail yourself.
  2. Gnutik is a tool for bending a bar at a fixed angle or along any radius. The equipment is a system of rollers installed on a metal plate, and has a design that allows you to change the distance between the rollers.
  3. The "Flashlight" device is used to make volumetric spiral elements with the same name. This equipment can also be used to produce the "basket" element.
  4. Twister. This device is used to twist a square bar or strip in the longitudinal direction. The result is beautiful twisted rods. The tooling has a simple design, and, having a simple drawing, it is not difficult to make it yourself.
  5. Volumetric, sometimes the name "globe" is found. With the help of this device, parts are made curved in 3D format, which make it possible to obtain volumetric forged ornaments.
  6. The "wave" device is similar in design to a pipe bender. With the help of two rollers, one of which is fixed on a movable arm, it is possible to produce parts bent along any radius. This tooling is used in the manufacture of wavy patterns with elements of large radii.


Metal forging - Artistic forging techniques || Metalist

Blacksmithing involves the implementation of standard operations that allow you to give a metal workpiece the desired shape and texture, as well as to carry out the final surface treatment.

With the help of upsetting, the master increases the width of the forging by reducing its length. This operation is performed on the entire workpiece or only a part. The sediment is used in the manufacture of thickened nodes on the stem of a flower, the formation of volumetric decorative elements.

Exhaust is an operation opposite to draft. The workpiece is heated and pulled out in length using a percussion tool. The hood is performed with rolling, with turning at 90 degrees or on the anvil horn.

Cutting will help to divide the workpiece into parts. The operation is performed on hot metal using a blacksmith's chisel.

Due to bending along a given contour, the forging acquires the required shape. There are several types of bending: at an angle, in an arc, on a cone or without it. The choice of the bending method is determined by the configuration of the decorative element.

Twisting and twisting are used in the manufacture of complex decorative elements and the need to give products a special expressiveness and plasticity.

One end of a metal workpiece (or several workpieces assembled together) is fixed motionlessly, and the other, with the help of a special wrench, is rotated around the central axis.

Such products have not only an original shape, but also a beautiful play of shadows on the surface.

Ironing is one of the final forging operations. With its help, roughness on the surface is leveled, joints are cleaned, decorative elements are corrected. For ironing, use special ironers.In some cases, the craftsmen align only the protruding parts of the product, giving their appearance a special picturesqueness.

Inserting a pattern refers to finishing operations. Ornaments, strokes or inscriptions are applied to the visible parts of forged products. The incision is made with a chisel on a cold or heated surface.

The assembly of the product is carried out after all the component parts are forged. Upon completion, the master will clean its surface, prime and paint.

Despite the presence of many technological operations, blacksmith's craft cannot be equated with a typical production process. Modern blacksmiths do much more than the usual production of products. They create real works of art, continuing the traditions of the ancient craft.

The Metallist company invites everyone to appreciate the variety of forged products. Our craftsmen have completed hundreds of complex works, photos of which can be found on the official website. To order products, please contact us at the specified contacts.


Artistic forging (25 photos): cold and hot technology

Artistic forging has been used in craft since ancient times. Refined products, made of rough and cold metal, adorned houses and nearby plots of land intended for gardening. Over time, forged parts began to be coated with a protective varnish or paint for a longer life and protection from external influences.

Even today the art of forging metal does not cease to exist, but is only gaining more and more popularity due to the emergence of new styles in architecture and interiors.

Some are willing to spend large sums on wrought iron items for their homes, summer cottages and gardens. But not everyone can afford it. Some gardeners and gardeners decide to make beautiful products with their own hands that will decorate the facade of their country and country houses. Forging metal is considered a difficult job that can be done by craftsmen in their craft. You will need a lot of time and patience to learn the manufacturing techniques. But do not despair, at the end you will find amazing results of your hard work.

Types of technologies

As you know, forged products are made hot or cold... To start forging, you need to know the nuances of working with these technologies. At the same time, you will need to stock up on inventory for creating metal products.

  • Hot forging. It involves melting the metal in a fire and giving the mass the desired shape. For this way of working, you need forge with all conditionsat which the melting point will be maintained. Hot forging requires a lot of time and effort, because only with it you can get unique and delicate elements. It is not surprising that only professional blacksmiths resort to it.
  • Cold forging. The best option to try yourself in this craft is a beginner. With the cold method ready-made elements are taken, which are changed with the help of special tools.

Cold

For work you will need a free room in which the welding table will stand and all tools and metal parts will be stored. To facilitate the workflow, it is advised to make a jig with an electric motor, to which bending, stretching and twisting should be added. Bending helps to bend the part to the desired angle. Stretching allows you to make an element in a certain shape by passing it through a press, which reduces the section of the part.

Other tools include hammers, pliers, and a chisel. The choice depends on the items you have planned.

With cold forging you will have to choose a ductile metal that bends more easily under the machine - copper, brass, duralumin, steel and their alloys. In addition, the metal rods and layers should not be very thick, otherwise you will not get the best results.

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Hot

For hot forging, you will definitely need a forge, an anvil, a welding machine and tools of the same type, but of different sizes to make a large assortment of forged items.

Hot forged use different types of metal. By means of fire, they are melted to a liquid mass and already from it they make blanks for street and domestic household items.

Painting products

So that the products made by the art forging method retain their color for a long time, ground paints are used for them, which help to cope with corrosion. For the best effect, the primer is applied in two layers. A more reliable and durable option would be industrial paint, which is tinted in different colors and dries quickly.

DIY forged elements and parts

When all the necessary fixtures, tools and metal have been purchased for forging, you can proceed to the drawings and sketches of the planned forged products. Of the standard elements, it should be noted:

  • Curl. The ends of a metal rod can be bent into one (steering wheel, volute) or different sides (small wedge). Sometimes only one end is folded over, resulting in a comma-like element.
  • Ring. A simple method consists in winding a rod onto a machine blank with a spiral, which is then cut into circles and bent to a flat shape.
  • Foot and pike. They use the same technology for rolling the end of a metal rod into a plane.
  • Torsion. Screw twisting of a rod along the axis is used to obtain "lanterns" and rods for a garden fence or lattice.

Gate

  • According to the sketch, they do all the calculations in order to correctly choose the length of the profiles, the average power grinder will perfectly cope with their cutting of metal rods.
  • A semicircular top gives the wicket a more impressive look. One of the profiles is bent, leaving at least 10 cm of a straight line on both sides for fastening to the vertical profiles.
  • The finished elements are connected on the welding table.
  • Curls, peaks, legs are made by forging.
  • To make the pattern symmetrical, forged elements are first laid out on the surface. After making sure that the calculations are correct, the parts are welded together and with the frame.
  • Then carry out grinding and degreasing of the seams.
  • The forged ornament is covered with a primer and paint.
  • Before installation, the gate can be sewn with corrugated board or wooden slats, which will serve as additional protection for the fence. In this case, the pillars on which the wicket will be hung are made with a large diameter for a weighted structure.

Furniture

Forged furniture is made according to the same principle - a metal frame with a wooden seat, while the back can be forged or made of another material, for example, wood.

  • As it follows, first sketches are drawn up with measurements of the intended products.
  • The necessary materials are purchased - metal rods, wooden bars, legs, stands.
  • The frame is made using profiles or forged supports.
  • Finished patterned parts are welded, primed and painted in the desired color.
  • The wooden back and seat are covered with a protective varnish.
  • The tree is attached to the metal using self-tapping screws and round-headed bolts.
  • If there are armrests in the plan, they are fixed to the structure last.

Lamp

Forged lanterns, which can be both outdoor and indoor, will serve as the decor.

  • First you need to decide on the type of lantern. It can be floor-standing, hanging, wall-mounted or portable. For a floor lamp, you can buy a ready-made stand or stand. For the wall you need a bracket. Suspended and portable models are made small for mobility, they differ only in the presence of an eyelet in the suspended type, which is hung on a hook. Portable versions are often equipped with a handle, which also locks well on secure hooks.
  • The main part for the lantern includes a tire, side walls and a bottom. Drawings of the future design are applied to paper.
  • Cold forging is used to assemble the frame. Then the cartridge and glass are inserted. Forged decor is welded at the very end.
  • The finished structure is painted in the desired color.

Not all are provided with summer cottages or country houses. Sometimes you want to decorate your home with exquisite patterns, but it seems that making forged products at home is an incomprehensible task. Cold forging method quite possible in the presence of a free room with good lighting and ventilation of the room. The technology for forging metal products at home is no different from forging carried out in a forge.

Home forging allows you to create home decor elements such as window or mirror frames, fireplace grills, candlesticks, flower stands or decorative containers for planters. The manufacture of furniture sets in the form of tables, chairs, shelves and even beds is not excluded. Forged animals will be an excellent solution for designs with natural motives.

Wrought iron furniture gives a special charm to the interior and areas with a garden or vegetable garden. Forging skills will help create unique patterns not only in patterns, but also in items of use.



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