Plants create not only coziness and mood, but also perform useful functions: they bear fruit, protect from heat, fertilize the soil, etc. The choice and amount of greenery depends entirely on the wishes of the owner of the dacha and the characteristics of the area. Today we will tell you how to choose plants for a pond in the country.
Artificial reservoirs, decorated in any style, make the landscape design much brighter and richer. There is no need to talk about the possibilities of enjoying a quiet rest on the shore, but not everyone knows that reservoirs can perform not only a decorative, but also a practical function. The proximity of water helps to normalize the humidity of the air, and even on the hottest day, plants and flowers near it look fresh and attractive.
The most common design option for ponds is a natural zone as close as possible to the natural environment. To do this, they use not only various types of stone, sand, beautiful driftwood, but also plants. All kinds of flowers, shrubs and trees are planted in different zones of the reservoir, which will harmoniously combine with each other in one microsystem. They give the pond a complete look and maintain the shape of the coastal zone. This green space requires constant maintenance, and it may take several years for your dream oasis to look the way you previously envisioned.
In this video, an expert will tell you what plants can be planted on the banks of a decorative pond.
The size and position of the pond dictate their own conditions, so you need to correctly calculate which plants will look harmonious around the pond, and which ones directly in it. However, they should not run counter to each other in character.
Large bodies of water provide much more opportunities for planting plants of various types and sizes. Ornamental trees, conifers and shrubs can be planted on wide banks. Dwarf trees in the Japanese style look great - the tree-like caragana and the shaggy Pendula plum, whose graceful branches hang down. Small willows - purple and goat - blend harmoniously into a minimalist design style. And the rough, handsome elm Camperdown will create the necessary shade and protect from the rain. These trees are quite frost-hardy and prune well.
From conifers near the pond, usually low varieties of larch (Kornik, Puli) with a spherical crown and shoots hanging down are grown. An ordinary weeping spruce will also look good if the place is sunny and open. You can also plant shrubs that have a high degree of moisture resistance: dwarf birch, elderberry, hydrangea.
Near small bodies of water, the best option would be a large-leaved hosta with various forms of leaves and colors, sedge and mothballs. If there is a decorative bridge on the pond, then at its base the willow loosestrife, male scabbard, and fern will look especially advantageous. Calamus, calla and irises can be planted right off the coast in shallow water.
The area near the pond should not be completely filled, otherwise a small number of floating and deep-sea plants will look superfluous, and the pond itself will be too cluttered. Flowers should not occupy the entire water space; individual islands will look much more profitable and attractive. Most of them have roots, but they do not take root in the soil. They not only decorate the pond, but also prevent the development of primitive green algae that pollute water bodies.
Floating plants vary in size from miniature duckweed to giant water hyacinth. You can decorate the body of water with water cabbage, villain, pemphigus, pinnate, pistia. The main thing is to take care of floating plants in a timely manner and clear the water surface.
Among the deep-sea plants, there are tenacious and capricious varieties. Most of them are recognizable and popular. Some bloom, others have unusually beautiful decorative leaves. They are planted to a depth of no more than 1.5 m, otherwise the plants may not have enough light and air. The condition of the deep-sea plants can be used to determine the quality of the water in the pond. If they are healthy and actively developing, then the water in the reservoir is clean, light and oxygen are supplied in the required volume. Most often, ponds are decorated with water lilies, nymphs, mulberry, water lily.
In order for the plants in the pond to take root and grow normally, they must be properly planted. The optimal time for planting is late spring - early summer. Plant aquatic cultures in containers or mesh baskets. The best soil option is clay and peat, in a 2: 1 ratio. The soil is poured to the bottom of the container, then the plant is carefully laid, straightening the roots. After laying, it is covered with soil to the root collar and tamped. From above, the soil is covered with pebbles. The container is lowered into water, supporting it with fishing line from several sides.
At first, it is not recommended to immerse the flower too deeply. The immersion is gradual. Caring for the plants in the pond consists of periodic cleaning and thinning. Small crops usually eat fish or frogs, but large ones need to be cleaned up on their own. You need to immediately get rid of damaged or yellowed parts of the greenery. They provoke the decay process and worsen the overall appearance.
Almost all floating plants must be taken from the reservoir for the winter.
Since garden ponds are usually shallow or built with containers dug into the ground, the water will freeze and the plants will die. Therefore, all plants placed in containers are transferred to a warm room and placed in a large container of water. Unrooted free-floating crops are recommended to be placed in aquariums or any other suitable container.
As it was rightly noted, beauty does not require sacrifice, but only care and investment. The green islets in the pond and ornamental crops in the coastal area will delight you for a long time if you provide them with proper care. The main thing in choosing plants is not to overdo it in your quest for perfection, and not try to plant everything at once.
Landscape compositions are combinations of herbs, flowers, grains, trees, shrubs, stones, gravel and sand.
The landscape composition is based on the biological characteristics of plants and decorative qualities.
The flowering period, size and external structure, inherent features of leaves, flowers, and inflorescences are all very important in the construction of landscape compositions.
Landscape compositions of continuous flowering allow you to enjoy the colorful garden until late autumn. You can make them yourself.
Most of the border plants are classified as hardy perennials. Depending on their height, perennial plants are distinguished for a rock garden or curb. These are border perennials that are grown in one place without digging for the winter year after year, although the leaves and flower stalks of most of them die off in winter. You can see perennial border plants in their best manifestation at the height of summer in a well-planned herbaceous border, although today mixed borders (mixborders), made up of perennials, bulbs, shrubs, etc., are found more often than flower beds, entirely from perennials herbaceous plants. Now look at the border plants in the photo presented on this page.
Zhivuchka - AJUGA
An easy-to-grow perennial plant that is planted for its evergreen, colorful leaves, rather than the small-flowered inflorescences that appear on short stems in late spring.
The most striking floral decorativeness is the creeping creeper (A. reptans) ‘Alba’ 15 cm high. Any garden soil will do.
Having found out that perennials are considered unpretentious, you can use them to form any landscape decorations. Also, a large number of gardeners believe that such plant options are ideal for a private yard for several impressive reasons:
From already growing perennial crops, you can collect ready-made planting material: seeds, cuttings, bulbs, seedlings.
I've always been terribly jealous of the owners of plots that have a pond. Even the smallest body of water gives the garden a flavor that cannot be achieved by any of the most exotic and exquisite plants.
I was told that mosquitoes multiply in water without proper complex care at the speed of light, that frogs yell at night and do not allow sleep, that it grows overgrown and becomes ugly ... It's useless. I still admired natural reservoirs and continued to dream about mine.
The main problem, according to which I cannot drive the equipment in order to dig a pit, is one - the place for it behind the house, and the car simply cannot get there. Yard buildings, a gazebo, trees in the yard - I will have to drive the car from the neighbors, but I just can't choose the time - either they already have a vegetable garden, or in the fall, with the shelter of roses, I don't get my hands on anything.
Well, okay. But I know exactly what plants will decorate my pond and embody my ideas at my friend's dacha - she just has a small pond, which she threatens to fall asleep every year for the above reasons.
Any body of water needs a decent frame, and just like that, without planting, it will not look so advantageous at all! At the same time, there are a great many perennials that feel great near water (or even in water).
The classics are reeds and marsh irises, hosts and astilbe, falaris and sedge. All these plants will feel great and will not require complex maintenance.
Ferns look very beautiful on the shore of the reservoir, especially if you choose species with needle-like leaves, or plates of an unusual color.
Just don't get carried away - perennial plants quickly begin to occupy large areas, and we don't need jungle and thickets. So accept the fact that the first two or three years the pond will look poor, but very soon lush vegetation will appear along its banks.
It is better to plant coastal plants in small groups, placing the lowest and creeping ones closer to the water. And, of course, the smaller the size of the pond, the smaller the life of the plants with which you frame it should be.
Low moisture-loving shrubs also look good - for example, panicle hydrangea will be an excellent addition to a composition near a reservoir. Plants with drooping shoots also look good.
If you have at least a small reservoir on your site, tell us, are there really so many problems with it, as they often say?
Tall bells will look great in single plantings or framed by low plants (marigolds, viola). For mixborder compositions, roses and phlox are perfect as neighbors. For natural compositions - adonis, geranium, yarrow.
The species and varietal variety of bells allows you to equip flower beds, borders, hedges in a Provencal or rustic style. Unpretentious, but very beautiful flower looks modest and not striking, but captivates with its natural elegance.
Now is the time to determine the best perennial for the border among the specimens that we have prepared, so to speak, "for dessert."
LIATRIS - LIATRIS
The erect spike-shaped inflorescences are densely clad with small fluffy flowers in white, pink or pale purple tones. An unusual feature is that the flowers open from the top downward. Liatris spikelet (L. spicata) is 1.2 m tall with pale purple flowers and has many more compact varieties such as 'Floristan Weiss' and 'Kobold'.
BUZULNIK - LIGULARIA
This plant needs space, moisture-consuming soil and some shade. Large leaves cover the ground and suppress weeds, and yellow or orange flowers appear in summer. Buzulnik toothed (L. dentata) is a garden species - height 90 cm. The popular variety is 'Desdemona'. The giant - 'The Rocket' variety - reaches 1.5m.
Large spikes of moth flowers provide bright bursts of color. Fast growing and inexpensive, but short-lived. Lupine multifoliate (L. polyphyllus) 90 cm - 1.2 m high has many hybrids. The 'Russell Hybrids' are the most popular - there are many two-tone varieties.
MECONOPSIS - MECONOPSIS
There are only two species that you are likely to find - both require humus-rich and moist soil. Meconopsis drop-leaf (M. betonicifolia) 90 cm high forms azure flowers in June-July. Meconopsis cambrian (M. cambrica) 30 cm high blooms with yellow flowers in June-September.
MONARDA - MONARDA
Reproduction: division in spring. Inflorescences, consisting of whorls of flowers, open at the tops of rigid stems. Dig up and divide the plants every three years. There are many hybrids of Monarda double (M. didyma) 60-90 cm high. Examples are ‘Snow White’ (white), ‘Cambridge Scarlet’ (red) and ‘Prairie Night’ (lilac).
CATTLE - NEPETA
A great favorite of cats who love to wallow in its fragrant gray-green foliage. Flowers appear in vertical spike-shaped inflorescences - removal of faded inflorescences stimulates further flowering. A popular species is N. mussini, 30 cm high. Usually the color is lavender or blue, but there is also a white variety ‘Snowflake’.
ENOTHERA - OENOTHERA
Large silky saucer-shaped flowers are somewhat reminiscent of a poppy. The largest flowers in the dwarf species Enotera are large-fruited, or Missouri (O. macrocarpa), 15 cm high.If you need taller plants with yellow flowers, then choose O. fruticosa, for the sake of pink flowers, grow beautiful Enotera (O. speciosa) ' Siskiyou '.
PION - PAEONIA
Beautiful large-flowered plants for the border. It may take several years for new plants to gain strength. An ordinary peony 60 cm high - The medicinal peony (P. officinalis), which blooms in May - June. For flowering in June-July, choose the Milky-flowered Peony (P. lactiflora), up to 75-90 cm high.
MAK - PAPAVER
A beautiful sight when in full bloom, but the flowers are short-lived and the foliage looks messy when the bloom is over. The main species is Oriental poppy (P orientale) 45-90 cm high. Cup-shaped flowers have black petals at the base of various colors. Divide every three years.
PRIMULA, PRIMULA - PRIMULA
Both the common primula (P. vulgaris) 10 cm high and its numerous hybrids are grown in the garden. Variable primrose (P variabilis) 20-30 cm high is a hybrid of Common primrose and P. veris (P. veris). There are many colorful varieties such as 'Pacific Giants'.
Highlander - POLYGONUM
Blue flowers have been cultivated for generations, but multi-colored mixtures are now more popular. An easy-to-grow flower bed plant, but its flowering period is short. Damask (N. damascena) 45 cm high is the main species, and 'Miss Jekyll' is a favorite blue variety. 'Persian Jewels' is a blend.
MEDUNITSA - PULMONARIA
This plant is commonly grown for its white-spotted leaves and flowers that change in color from pink to blue. The main species Lungwort (P. officinalis) is 30 cm high. Blue is not the only color available, both white and pink varieties. There are also completely green views. All lungwort grows strongly.
RANUNCULUS - RANUNCULUS
These plants are taller than Asiatic buttercups, but the flowers are smaller and less colorful. Buttercup borecel (R. aconitifolius) is the main species, reaches a height of 60-90 cm and produces masses of small white flowers - "buttons". For yellow flowers, choose summer-flowering Ranunculus (R. acris).
RUDBECKIA - RUDBECKIA
The most spectacular buttercup - in the summer, bright semi-double or spherical double flowers appear. L. asiaticus (R. asiaticus) is a garden species with a height of 25-30 cm. There are many varieties, but the usual choice is a mixture. For the winter, the plants are dug up and stored indoors.
SCABIOSA - SCABIOSA
A popular curb plant that has a long flowering period. Attractive wide, 8 cm in diameter, flowers with a fringed edge, but there is never an abundance of flowers at the same time. Caucasian scabiosa (S. caucasica) lavender color and 60 cm high is the most successful species for the garden. There are varieties of white, blue or purple.
CLEANER, STACHIS - STACHYS
The Byzantine Chistess (S. byzantina) is popular, which is grown for its gray woolly leaves, and not for its inconspicuous flowers. For floral decorativeness, it is better to grow large-flowered Chisinau (S.macrantha) 60 cm high. This species produces tubular flowers 4 cm long, green foliage.
PIZHMA, PYRETHRUM - TANACETUM
Former name Pyrethrum. There are two types for the curb. Red pyrethrum (T. coccineum) is a common pyrethrum that grows up to 45-75 cm in height and forms flowers 5 cm in diameter in early summer. Common feverfew (T. vulgare) is a common tansy that blooms in autumn with a mass of small yellow flowers on stems 90 cm high.
TRADESCANTIA - TRADESCANTIA
Flowers with three petals appear from early summer to early fall, although each flower only lives during the day. A plant that can grow anywhere - in the sun or in the shade, in wet or dry soil. View for the garden - Tradescantia Anderson (T. andersoniana) 45-60 cm high. There are varieties with white, red, lilac or purple color.
VASSILIST - THALICTRUM
Small flowers appear in summer in large inflorescences on high stems above the openwork foliage. A popular species is the Delaway Basil (T. delavayi), which grows up to 1.5 m. Plant for the back of the curb. The lower species is the Basil (T. aquilegifolium) 90 cm high, which blooms with fluffy flowers in late spring.
SCREW - VERBASCUM
Border varieties are tall plants with spike-shaped inflorescences. There are many varieties with different colors and heights - from giants 1.8 m to more popular ones - 1 m high.Olympic mullein (V. olympicum) is a typical giant with yellow flowers with a diameter of 3 cm.Violet mullein (V. phoeniceum) belongs to undersized group.