Cineraria


Cineraria (Cineraria) is a genus of plants belonging to the family Asteraceae or Asteraceae. Gardeners cultivate both various types of cineraria and species belonging to the closely related cineraria, the genus Senecio, the Tribe Ragus, which are members of the Asteraceae family. The genus Cineraria unites about 50 species that are found in nature, while according to various sources, there are 1-3 thousand species of the cineraria. Below we will talk about the types of cineraria and cineraria, which are most popular with gardeners.

In Latin, cineraria means "ashy". It is represented by shrubs and herbaceous plants. In the wild, such a flower can only be found in tropical regions of Africa and Madagascar. At home, only bloody cineraria (Cineraria cruenta) is grown, which is also called hybrid cineraria (Cineraria hybrida), but in fact this plant is a hybrid cross. In horticulture, this plant is cultivated as an annual or biennial. The height of the bush with strongly branching shoots is 30–90 centimeters. Large petiolate leaf plates are oval or lyre-shaped; in a larger number of species, they are pinnately dissected. There is pubescence on the surface of foliage and shoots. The terminal corymbose inflorescences include double or simple baskets with lingual flowers that have white, purple, red and yellow colors. They surround an islet of yellow tubular flowers. Flowering is observed from the second half of June until the first frost.

Cineraria: growing and care

Growing cineraria from seeds

Sowing

To grow cineraria from seeds, you first need to buy them. This can be done in a flower shop, since such a plant can be found relatively infrequently in gardens. The seeds are very germinating. It is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings in the first days of April. To do this, the container must be filled with peat mixed with sand (1: 1). Sowing is carried out on the surface of the substrate, the seeds are not buried. After sowing, you need to take a ruler from a tree and tamp the surface of the substrate. After that, the seedlings must be watered with a sprayer or using the lower method. Cover the top of the container with transparent glass.

Seedling

The first seedlings usually appear after 1–1.5 weeks. After that, the container must be moved to a place with good lighting. A pick into individual pots is carried out after 2 true leaves are formed in the plants. During the pick, the plant must be carefully removed along with the earthen lump. It is recommended to use peat briquettes as a container; as a result, there will be several times less problems during planting in open soil. With proper care of the seedlings in the garden, you will transplant powerful young plants.

Planting cineraria in open ground

What time to plant

It is not very difficult to cultivate such a flower, especially if you know the basic rules for caring for it. It is recommended to choose a sunny area, but do not forget that such plants need shading at lunchtime. A well-drained soil, nutrient-rich, neutral or slightly alkaline, is suitable. Planting of grown seedlings can be carried out only after there is no threat of frost at night, as a rule, this falls on mid-May.

How to plant

Planting this plant in open ground is practically no different from planting other plants. The distance between the holes should be 20 to 25 centimeters. The disembarkation is carried out together with an earthen lump. When the cineraria is planted, compact the soil and water it. In the event that there is a danger of frost at night, then in the evening the plant should be covered with lutrasil or spunbond, and in the morning it should be removed.

Care features

It is not difficult to care for this flower, but watering it correctly is very important. With an insufficient amount of water, cineraria becomes weakened, and if there is too much moisture, then rot begins to appear on the root system. It should be remembered that almost all species of this plant are resistant to drought and most often they have enough rain. After the plant is watered or rain has passed, the surface of the soil must be loosened, while removing the existing weeds. When the flowers begin to wither, they must be cut off, as a result of this cineraria will bloom much longer. Top dressing is carried out 2 or 3 times in 4 weeks and mineral fertilizer is used for this. Ornamental-flowering species need to be fed once every 7 days, using alternately mineral and organic fertilizers. If you have a decorative leafy look, then the buds in this case should be torn off as soon as they appear.

Reproduction of cineraria

How to grow a plant from seeds is described above, but only decorative flowering species can be propagated only in this way. Ornamental deciduous species can also be propagated by vegetative methods. Seaside cineraria (Cineraria maritima), for example, can be propagated by ten-centimeter cuttings in the summer. In this case, you will need a "cutter" (portable box), into which the cuttings will be planted. Such a device is necessary so that you can easily remove young plants (cuttings) from the midday direct rays of the sun. To make it, you will need boards and plywood. Do not forget to make drainage holes at the bottom. Then a ten-centimeter layer of garden soil mixed with sand is poured, on top - a layer of coarse-grained river sand (5-7 centimeters thick). The surface must be leveled and the substrate must be poured with a watering can with a solution of pink potassium manganese. Treat the cut of the cutting with the root root at the bottom, then immerse it in the substrate in the "cutting" and tamp the soil around it a little. After that, the cutting is covered with a cut plastic bottle, slightly sticking it into the sand. It will be possible to remove this shelter only after complete rooting. If necessary, watering the soil over the bottles should be carried out 2 times a day. Rooted plants need to start accustoming to the external environment, for this it is necessary to remove the bottles from them every day for 1-2 hours. After some time, the shelter must be removed for good and it is better to do this when it is cloudy or in the rain. For wintering, cuttings are placed in a cool room, without getting them out of the "cuttings". In spring, they are planted in open soil.

Diseases and pests

Decorative leafy cineraria is susceptible to infection with powdery mildew or rust (with high humidity and heat), and aphids and spider mites can also settle on it. Since these flowers have dense pubescence, it will be easier to prevent infection than to cure the disease. To exterminate pests, systemic insecticidal agents are used. But it should be remembered that all types of this plant are highly resistant to diseases and pests.

After flowering

It was already mentioned above that this very spectacular flowering plant in mid-latitudes is cultivated by gardeners as an annual. In this regard, after it has faded, it is simply destroyed. However, decorative deciduous species are quite possible to preserve until next year. To do this, they must be prepared for wintering, namely, the bushes of the plant must be covered with a layer of dried leaves. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the foliage, and then cut off the parts that are frozen from the cineraria, as they can interfere with the growth of young shoots. There is also a second method that will help preserve this plant until spring. In the fall, it should be transplanted into a flower pot, and then transferred to a sufficiently lighted cool room. With the onset of next spring, you will only have to transplant this flower into open ground.

Main varieties and types with photos

All types of this plant, which are cultivated by gardeners and florists, are divided into 2 different groups. The first of them is decorative deciduous. Such cineraria are usually cultivated mostly in open soil. The second group is decorative flowering. Such plants are grown as indoor plants.

Cineraria maritima

It is also called silver cineraria, silvery cineraria or seaside cineraria. This ornamental deciduous plant is perennial. Its root leaf rosette includes leaf plates of an unusual greenish-silver color. This type is very popular in landscape design. The fact is that it is an excellent background for other greenery, as well as for plants with flowers of a very bright, saturated color. Also, this species can also be called "silver dust". The most popular varieties are:

  1. «Silver Dust"- such compact bushes have a small height and lacy leaf plates.
  2. «Cirrus"- such a bush has a greater height in comparison with the previous one, and on its lush bushes there are oval serrated leaves.

Cineraria hybrid

Which is also called red cineraria, or bloody cineraria - such a bushy plant is decorative and flowering. The bush can be about 30 centimeters high or even more. Large, rounded leaf plates have a length of 10–20 centimeters. Against the background of lovely foliage, bright flowers stand out, which are outwardly similar to chamomiles or daisies. The most popular varieties are:

  1. Grandiflora - the bush has a height of 50 to 70 centimeters. The flowers are quite large and have a diameter of 5–8 centimeters.
  2. Double - bushes can be 35–70 centimeters high, flowers have a five centimeter diameter.
  3. Stellata - The bushes are very tall (70–90 centimeters), and the flowers are 2–4 centimeters in diameter.
  4. Sympathy - this plant is distinguished by the fact that its flowers can be painted in a variety of combinations of color shades.

Cineraria graceful (Senecio elegans)

The height of the highly branched stem is about 60 centimeters, on its surface there is pubescence in the form of sticky hairs, as well as on the surface of the leaf plates. Flowers can be double or simple. They are part of the baskets, which are part of the corymbose inflorescences. Flowering lasts until the first frost. Popular varieties:

  1. Nanus - a bush of such a dwarf variety has a height of about 25 centimeters.
  2. Ligulosus - Terry flowers can be painted in a variety of colors.

Annual flowers Cineraria marine and hybrid cineraria.


Growing cineraria from seeds

Sowing

To grow cineraria from seeds, you first need to buy them. This can be done in a flower shop, since such a plant can be found relatively infrequently in gardens. The seeds are very germinating. It is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings in the first days of April. To do this, the container must be filled with peat mixed with sand (1: 1). Sowing is carried out on the surface of the substrate, the seeds are not buried. After sowing, you need to take a ruler from a tree and tamp the surface of the substrate. After that, the seedlings must be watered with a sprayer or using the lower method. Cover the top of the container with transparent glass.

Seedling

The first seedlings usually appear after 1–1.5 weeks. After that, the container must be moved to a place with good lighting. A pick into individual pots is carried out after 2 true leaves are formed in the plants. During the pick, the plant must be carefully removed along with the earthen lump. It is recommended to use peat briquettes as a container; as a result, there will be several times less problems during planting in open soil. With proper care of the seedlings in the garden, you will transplant powerful young plants.


Planting, leaving

Planting and caring for a silvery cineraria bush will not cause difficulties. The main cultivation method is sowing seeds. Less commonly, the grafting method is used, with which there will also be no difficulties.

Important! Cineraria seeds can be bought at any store, they have a high germination rate, which means that the silvery beauty will definitely be able to settle in her flower bed.

You need to sow seeds from March to May, you can grow through seedlings or sowing directly into the ground. There are several ways to get the desired seedlings:

  1. Sowing seeds into moist soil. The seeds themselves are covered with earth, and covered with foil on top. So the temperature inside will be slightly higher than indoors, and seedlings will quickly appear.
  2. Sowing in moist soil with sand filling. Above is also a film or glass.
  3. Sowing in moistened soil, covering it with a sheet of paper that needs to be well moistened. Seeds will germinate through it without problems.

For a neat appearance, the plant must be trimmed regularly.

In order for the shoots to be fast, the container is covered with foil or glass. From time to time, the soil needs to be moistened, preferably from a spray bottle. It is not recommended to water with a stream of water, as the seeds can be washed out, and then you can not wait for the shoots.

After 7-10 days, shoots will appear, they need to be watered very carefully, and it is better to spray with a spray. When the first silvery leaves are found, the film must be removed and the plant moved closer to the sunny window.

The pick is carried out as soon as 2 true sheets appear. There will be no difficulties with a transplant - cineraria takes root well in a new place. Landing in open ground is carried out a couple of months after the dive; in this case, she also does not need special care.

Sowing in open ground

You can sow cineraria right on the flower bed, but in this case, flowering is postponed by 1-1.5 months. In the case of silvery cineraria, this is not critical, flowers do not have a key decorative value.

Watering and sun

Cineraria is absolutely not demanding on watering, it will perfectly survive even a dry summer. The main watering is carried out after planting young seedlings, and as soon as the plant takes root, it is carried out as needed.

Important! It is worth remembering that the lack of watering will lead to the fact that the leaves turn yellow and fall off.

As for the sun, the flower adores the sun's rays, and even direct UV exposure will not prevent it from growing and developing.


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Watch the video: 7 Colour Cineraria Flower on Full Bloom


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