Who doesn't love the king of vegetables, Signora Tomato. Large-fruited fleshy varieties are of particular importance among tomato lovers. The top ten rightfully includes the Cardinal Mazarin tomato, the description and characteristics of which are given in this review.
The large-fruited variety Mazarin was bred by Russian breeders. It belongs to varieties with unlimited vigor of the stem, i.e. is an indeterminate plant.
It is grown outdoors in the southern regions, in conditions of unstable summer with temperature drops, it is most suitable for growing in greenhouse conditions, where it shows itself in all its glory.
Mazarin refers to tomatoes with an early ripening period, the first fruits can be tasted as early as 110-120 days after germination.
The height of the plant is, depending on the growing conditions, 1.5 ÷ 2 m. From 4 to 6 fruits are tied in one brush. The weight of the tomatoes in the first clusters is 400 ÷ 600 g. With the growth of the plant, the weight of the fruit decreases and averages 150 ÷ 300g. Mazarin yield is high 10 ÷ 14 kg per plant achieved through a long fruiting period until the very frost.
Tomatoes are characterized by increased sugar content, excellent sweet taste, juicy aromatic pulp.
Mazarin refers to tomatoes for salad purposes, which are consumed only fresh, but thick, aromatic juices, pastes, ketchups, sauces, lecho are obtained from fleshy fruits and they are very tasty when preserved whole in tomato sauce.
The advantages of Mazarin are:
Mazarin is a hybrid and you cannot use your seeds for further cultivation, they must be bought annually in specialized stores to be sure of the quality of the planting material.
Tomatoes are plants that are not particularly demanding on the composition of the soil, but for good yields. they need a well-warmed, nutrient-rich, loose soil with neutral acidity.
To improve the quality of the soil and enrich it with nutrients from autumn, humus, chicken droppings, straw, compost are introduced to the plot for tomatoes. The earth is being dug up. With increased acidity, liming of the soil is carried out.
Seeds for seedlings for greenhouses are sown in February, and for planting in open ground in March. Like all vegetable seeds, tomato seeds need pre-sowing treatment: at least disinfection and stimulation of germination.
To prevent fungal and viral diseases, seeds for 20-30 minutes. placed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, after which they must be washed in clean water and sent to a solution with a growth stimulator. It can be Epin, potassium humate, boric acid solution (2 grams per 1 liter of water), aloe juice solution.
Seeds are planted in planting containers (boxes, cassettes, trays) at a distance of 1 ÷ 1.5 cm from each other, sprinkle a thin layer of earth on top of the moistened soil. Lightly spray the ground with a spray bottle, cover with foil and put in a warm place.
Picking of seeds depends on the ambient temperature. The higher the temperature, the faster the seeds will sprout.
After about 7-10 days, seedling loops will appear on the soil surface. The film is removed and the planting containers are transferred to the brightest place, the temperature is reduced to 18 ÷ 20 ° C.
The strongest are the seeds that have sprung up in a friendly group, and not the first single shoots. Seedlings that cannot shed seed pods are weak and should be removed immediately.
At the moment when the cotyledon leaves are fully formed, the plant switches to rooted nutrition, therefore for the further normal development of seedlings, you need to start feeding it any mineral fertilizer (no more than 1 tsp for 5 liters of water).
During this period, it is also very good illumination is important... Plants must be supplemented in the evening.
Watering a moderate amount is needed, as the plant grows, the amount of moisture in the soil increases.
In the phase of 2-3 true leaves make a pick.
Between 45-60 days seedlings are ready for transplanting into greenhouses, hotbeds, open ground.
When transplanting seedlings into open ground, you can put 1 tablespoon in the planting holes. complex mineral fertilizer or 1 tsp. wood ash. Plants deepen cotyledonous leaves, which will contribute to the development of additional roots on the deepened part of the stem. If the seedlings are stretched out from insufficient lighting, they are planted in trenches on their side.
When landing at 1 m2 place no more than 3 plants. With a thickened planting, tomatoes will be poorly ventilated, which can lead to the occurrence of fungal diseases.
Further care consists in watering, loosening the soil and combating weeds, feeding and forming plants.
During growth, flowering, fruit setting, watering should be abundant. During the ripening of the fruits, watering is reduced.
It is better to mulch the ground under the tomatoes, this will relieve the soil loosening, it will restrain the growth of weeds.
Plants need feeding every 10-14 days. This can be a fermented infusion of herbs, mullein, bird droppings, wood ash, or solutions of mineral fertilizers.
Since Mazarin is a tall plant, it is formed into 1-2 stems, the rest of the stepsons are removed every 10 days. The plant needs support. It can be wooden stakes, metal rods, trellises, etc.
To obtain large fruits, no more than 5 brushes are left on the plant.
The Mazarin hybrid is moderately resistant to infection with fungal and viral diseases. Preventive treatments for late blight, brown spot and gray rot are necessary. It can be as treatment with fungicides, biological products or folk remedies.
Fungicides: Quadris, Ridomil Gold, Bordeaux liquid, Oxyhom, Hom.
Biologicals: Fitosporin, Alirin-B, Trichodermin, Baktofit, Gamair, Mikosan.
Tomatoes are harvested as they ripen. They store well and tolerate transportation.
Before freezing, remove all the fruits from the bushes and put them for ripening in a dark cool place, be sure to put several ripe ones to the green fruits. They can be stored for 1.5-2 months. Fruits need to be periodically examined and spoiled ones removed.
It is simply impossible to deny yourself the pleasure of growing and then enjoying the beauty and taste of Mazarin fruits. Considering that he is not capricious in growing and caring for it is no different from other varieties of tomatoes.
I could not find exact data about the history of the appearance of one of the most popular large-fruited varieties of Mazarin tomatoes in Russia today. But there is a variety in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of Russia, it was introduced there in 2013, the agricultural company Aelita is the right holder of the patent for this variety. The variety is recommended for growing in all regions.
Mazarin was named by his creators in honor of the French cardinal Giulio Mazarin, who wore a red cassock and a wedge-shaped beard, to which the tomato is somewhat similar in color and shape. A dubious honor, especially when you consider that this religious and political figure brought France to a civil war, well, God bless him, we are interested in the tomato, not the cardinal.
The agricultural technology of growing Mazarin tomato is quite simple and traditional for determinant plants, but only its strict implementation allows you to get high yields and prevent the development of diseases. Mazarin tomatoes are grown in seedlings even in the southernmost regions.
Considering that tomatoes of the variety are grown not only in open, but also in protected ground, when sowing seeds, it is necessary to correctly calculate the optimal timing. The seedlings will be ready for planting in the ground at the age of 55-60 days. From the estimated planting date, you need to count this period in order to determine the time of sowing the seeds. For film greenhouses, seedlings begin to be prepared in late February - early March, for open ground in late March - early April.
For sowing seeds, use ready-made purchased soil or prepare a soil mixture for seedlings from equal parts of sod land, peat, humus or compost. Garden soil can be used as soil. To improve the structure, vermiculite, coconut fiber, river sand, perlite are added. Peat soils are deoxidized with chalk, lime or wood ash. Soil preparation begins 10-14 days before sowing seeds.
The seeds of Mazarin tomatoes of our own production are also subject to disinfection. They are kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
Seeds are sown in moist soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm and kept until germination under a transparent film or glass to maintain soil moisture. Ventilation is carried out regularly so that condensation does not form.
The temperature regime is maintained depending on the period:
The temperature is lowered at night. Daylight hours for seedlings should be about 15-16 hours.
Caring for Mazarin tomato seedlings is traditional: watering, feeding, airing, hardening. Fundamental rules:
Seedlings of Mazarin tomatoes at two months of age, having 6-8 leaves, are transplanted into the ground to a permanent place. By this time, it should be strong, have a good root system. The soil for planting is prepared two weeks before planting. It should be loose, breathable, filled with fertilizers. The ambient temperature by the time of landing should be set at +15 ° C.
Seedlings of Mazarin tomato are planted in well-lit areas protected from the north wind after legumes, cereals, forage crops, cabbage. Peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants are not suitable as precursors.
Plants quickly gain green mass, the bush grows quite voluminous, To ensure good ventilation and lighting, seedlings are planted no thicker than 3 plants per 1m 2. On the ridges, holes are dug in advance, the depth of which depends on the size of the root ball. The roots should be loose and leave room for watering. Seedlings and holes are well watered before planting. If Mazarin tomato plants are supposed to be formed into two stems, choose a planting scheme:
Seedlings are planted in parallel ribbons or staggered.
In a temperate climate I recommend growing Mazarin tomato in film and glazed greenhouses. In rainy and cloudy summers, the fruits may not ripen.
In the southern regions this variety is planted in open ground with subsequent fixation of the stem to the support.
Growing through seedlings is considered the best way to cultivate Mazarin tomatoes both for open ground and for greenhouses. It allows you to get friendly shoots, to minimize the loss of seedlings.
Seeds are sown during the period from mid-February to the 1st decade of March into prepared soil with neutral acidity. It can be a mixture of garden soil and humus and river sand.
To select only high quality seeds, it is worth calibrate. To do this, they are placed in a 3% sodium chloride solution. You can prepare the solution as follows:
After half an hour of exposure, the seeds are rejected.
Then the seed is dried and planted in moistened soil.
The first shoots, while maintaining favorable conditions, appear on the 5-7th day.
Special conditions for growing Mazarin tomato seedlings are not required. The main thing is to maintain the required temperature and light, as well as water the seedlings as soon as the top layer of the earth becomes dry. If a complex mineral dressing is used, two times a day of fertilization will be enough.
When 2-3 true leaves appear on young stems, the seedlings dive. This should be done, first of all, to stop the active growth of tomatoes. Also, young tomatoes should be hardened so that in the future there will be no problems when planting in the soil. For this, the plants are taken out into the fresh air, at first - for a couple of hours, then - for the whole day.
Young tomatoes ready for planting will be approximately 55-60 days old. For growing in greenhouses, seedlings are planted in May. When cultivating Mazarin tomatoes in the open field, it is better to wait until June and, in addition, cover the young plants with foil. It is worth making sure that there will be no return of frost at this time.
Before transplanting seedlings, the soil is loosened, holes are formed for each plant. You can fertilize the soil with potassium fertilizer and superphosphate in the amount of one tablespoon. Such feeding helps the seedlings take root and improves yields.
Since Mazarin is a large-fruited tomato variety, the following planting scheme is followed:
When planting, 1 tbsp is added to each hole. spoon of potassium sulfate, superphosphate and wood ash.
Close planting will negatively affect the yield of tomatoes. Then the plants planted in the ground are watered and necessarily tied to a support, for example, vertical trellises or strong pegs.
The cultivation of Mazarin tomatoes begins with sowing seeds in the house. Plant them in boxes in late winter or early spring. For planting seeds, select light, fertile soil with neutral characteristics. Mix garden soil with humus or peat. Add a little potassium, superphosphate and ash. Sprinkle the seeds on top of the soil, and then dust with earth. Cover the boxes with foil.
Place in a room with a temperature of 23 - 25 ° C. Remember to moisturize the soil. When sprouts appear, remove the film.
On days when there is no sun, it is advised to supplement the seedlings with fluorescent lamps. Water the seedlings with a spray bottle.
If you have grown seedlings with two real leaves, then dive them, planting each sprout in a peat pot. Feed with fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium according to the instructions. Feed the second time just before planting in a permanent place.
Attention! The bushes need to be hardened: take them out to the loggia, first by 2 – 3 hours, and after - for the whole day.
The indeterminate variety has an average ripening period. In the central regions, it is grown in greenhouses, in the southern regions with long, dry summers - in the open field.
Seedlings will require 2-3 picks, because after the formation of the first leaves, the plant begins to grow intensively, a small pot will not be enough. Seedling growing scheme in steps:
Many gardeners recommend tempering the tomato: at a temperature of 20 degrees or more, take the seedlings out into the air for several hours. Transplanting into the ground begins at the end of May, for the northern regions - disembarkation in the greenhouse at the beginning of June.
The growth of the bush must be limited by periodically removing the stepsons.
Ripening of tomatoes "Mazarin"
It is much easier to grow seedlings of the determinant variety. Low-growing tomatoes need to be dived once, they do not need to be tied up additionally. Sowing seedlings of an early ripening hybrid is carried out from March 15 to April 4. After the second leaves have grown on the stem, one pick is carried out with replenishment of potash fertilizer. Watering the plant is moderate.
Landing in the ground is carried out from May 15, after the cessation of night frosts. The determinant variety grows well both in the greenhouse and in the open field in any region of the country. Tomatoes have time to ripen in a short summer.
Cardinal is one of the best and time-tested tomato varieties that has been grown by gardeners in various parts of Russia for over 20 years. It will appeal to lovers of large-fruited tomatoes with fleshy pulp and sweet taste. We will tell you what other features are characteristic of this variety and how to grow it correctly in order to get a rich harvest.
Cardinal is a mid-season tomato variety, the first fruits of which ripen 110-115 days after the emergence of mass shoots. It was registered in the State Register in 1998. The tomato is intended primarily for cultivation in greenhouses, but in regions with a mild climate, it is allowed to be cultivated in open ground or greenhouses. There are no special recommendations for the growing region (provided that the bushes are kept in the greenhouse).
The seeds of the Cardinal variety are produced by the Gisok-Agro agricultural firm. The manufacturer does not provide information on the resistance of tomato to diseases, but draws attention to its suitability for growing not only on personal plots, but also in small farms. Marketable yield (weight of fruits with a marketable appearance) of tomatoes is 7.2–8.4 kg / m 2.
Tomato Cardinal requires pinching and garters to the trellises. Moreover, so many fruits can form on the bushes that sometimes you have to tie the branches separately. Each cluster can simultaneously ripen up to 10 fruits weighing about 300-600 g. The first tomatoes are always larger: their weight can reach 700-800 g. The yield of the variety is about 4-5 kg per bush.
Tomatoes have a salad purpose. They do not tolerate transportation well and cannot be stored for a long time. Therefore, they are best consumed fresh. But tomatoes can also be used to make pasta, juice, or sauces. Whole fruit preservation is impossible due to the large size of the fruit.
The fruits of the Cardinal tomato are suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for making tomato paste
The cardinal forms a semi-determinate compact but tall shrub with a powerful root system. In the greenhouse, its height reaches 1.8–2 m, in the open field - 1.5–1.6 m. The leafiness is medium, slightly corrugated medium-sized leaves are painted in a light green color. Fruits begin to set above the 8th or 9th leaf. Then the brushes are formed every 1-2 sheets.
The fruits of the Cardinal tomato are heart-shaped, large in size and red in color with a raspberry tint.
Rounded fruits are heart-shaped and slightly ribbed on the sides. They are painted crimson-red. The skin covering them is thin and matte. The number of chambers and seeds inside is small. The pulp is juicy, sugary. Tomatoes have a classic taste and a pleasant aroma.
Inside the fruit of the Cardinal tomato there is a fleshy and sugary pulp, and the size of the seed chambers is small
The main advantages of Cardinal tomatoes include:
The main disadvantages of the variety are:
It is worth comparing this variety with other large-fruited tomatoes. Tomato Cardinal is inferior in yield to tomato Mazarin, which from 1 m 2 of beds gives up to 14 kg of marketable tomatoes. But according to the same indicator, it surpasses the Bovine heart (up to 4 kg of marketable fruits from 1 m 2) and the Bovine heart (up to 6.9 kg from 1 m 2). However, the Cardinal forms larger fruits (average weight 442 g), while the average weight of Mazarin fruit is 150–190 g, Ox heart - 108–225 g, Ox heart - 150 g (up to 300 g).
The bushes are planted in a permanent place according to the scheme 60x70 or even 70x70 cm. They are formed into one stem and tied to supports. Brushes with fruits are tied separately as needed so that they do not break under their own weight.
Caring for tomatoes consists of regular watering, protection from pests, pinching and feeding. As necessary, the soil is loosened and weeded under them. Tomatoes respond well to soil mulching with straw or hay.
The size of tomatoes strongly depends on the root system of the bush: the larger it is, the more nutrients are supplied to the fruit. In order for them to form equally large, the growth of lateral roots should be stimulated by hilling tomatoes.
This year I grew up "Cardinal", I liked the large, tasty, tall tomato.
I planted two similar varieties at once on the site - Cardinal and Mazarin. They even give similar fruits (tasty, sugary and fleshy), only the Cardinal is pink, and the Mazarin is red. She noted that tomatoes tolerate heat well, from which they only have a yellow rim appears at the stalk. But this is an insignificant drawback.
All the seeds came out of the bag on the 4th day (and there were 30 of them). This made me very happy. And the variety itself is good. But be prepared that the tomatoes will be large: they can grow up to 1 kg.
Cardinal is a large-fruited and very tasty variety of lettuce tomatoes, which successfully adapts to growing in various regions of the country. Tomatoes can be planted both outdoors and in a greenhouse. However, under cover, the yield of plants increases dramatically.