Rejuvenation of old violets with hydrogel


Houseplants

Hello, dear friends - gardeners, gardeners and amateur flower growers!
I want to share with you a way to transform and rejuvenate an old violet, which will give it a second life.

Why violets lose their attractiveness

Over time, Saintpaulia rosettes lose their decorative effect. This is due to the fact that we break off old, worn-out leaves from an adult plant, or we separate the leaves, using them as cuttings for propagation. As a result, the rosette loses its symmetry, and a bare stem appears on the violet.

I suggest you renew the violet and return it to its former beauty. To achieve this, you just need to re-root the top or, as it is also called, the socket head.

Rooting the head of a violet rosette

Preparing the outlet for rooting

Examine your homemade violet and decide which leaves to leave on top to root. The easiest way to separate the head of the rosette is with a fishing line: wrap it around the rosette one row below the intended tip, cross the ends of the line and pull until the line cuts the stem. The lower part of the violet remaining in the pot can be used as a mother plant: over time, stepchildren suitable for rooting will begin to grow on it.

Separate the leaves of the lower row from the head so that the leg is exposed, on which the roots will subsequently form. Healthy leaves that you pick can be rooted and used for propagation. Now remove the skin from the stem with a knife to living tissue.

Tank and soil preparation

The top of the socket can be bored in several ways. I will plant it directly into the ground. To do this, I need a soil mixture prepared in advance, two identical transparent cups and drainage material - small pieces of foam. In one of the cups, I cut the drainage holes with scissors, put foam plastic on the bottom, then fill the cup to the top with soil, make a small depression in the center and put a teaspoon of the swollen hydrogel in it.

The addition of a hydrogel is not a prerequisite, but when the violet takes root, it will intensively absorb moisture from the soil, and the hydrogel, due to its property to accumulate it in granules, will help me not to worry too much about untimely watering.

Planting the top of the violet

I dip the cleaned violet stem into the hydrogel and sprinkle it with soil mixture. It remains only to moisten the soil around the violet. Then I put the cup with the top in the second cup of the same: it will act as a tray. Putting a plastic bag on the planted violet, I tie it.

Conditions for successful rooting

You need to keep the rooting violet in a bright, warm place, so I place it on a shelf under the phytolamp. It will take about two to three weeks to grow the roots, and since the plant is rooting in a small transparent cup, I will be able to observe this process. When the violet has filled all the soil with roots, I will transfer it to a larger pot.

As you can see, the procedure for rejuvenating violets is not complicated at all. It can be performed even by a novice florist who does not have any skills. And I wish you all good luck, good mood and lush blooming of violets.

Video of rooting violets in a hydrogel

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Gesneriaceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Plants on F Gesneriaceae


REJUVENATION OF THE VIOLET

If the bare stem of the old Saintpaulia coarsens and turns brown, it is no longer able to form new roots. In this case, the second method of violet rejuvenation is used - by rooting the cut stem in water.

- Saintpaulia is taken out of an old pot
- the lower leaves of the rosette are removed, leaving no more than 6 leaves (with this method of rejuvenation, Saintpaulia is greatly weakened, therefore the plant should have a minimum of green mass)
- cut off the stem of the violet with a sharp knife at a distance of 3 cm below the last leaves
- sprinkle the cut with charcoal powder
- the resulting brown crust on the stem of the old Saintpaulia is carefully peeled off with a knife until a green cloth
- after cleaning, slightly dry the stem of the violet (within 20-30 minutes)

- place the rosette of the plant in a glass of water, so that the peeled end of the stem is dipped into the water.

After a while, roots appear on the stem of the Saintpaulia rosette.

When the roots grow up to 2 cm, the violet is planted in a fresh earthen mixture and placed in greenhouse conditions.

Soon, the rooted plant will form new leaves and flower stalks.


Capacity requirements

Any utensils taken after plant transplantation should be thoroughly washed and disinfected. For saintpaulia, bowls with drainage holes up to 10 cm high are suitable. The diameter of the upper part should be 15-20 cm. An adult plant grows well in such a pot. For young rosettes, cups with a diameter of about 6 cm are needed.Only after filling the container with roots, the beginning of flowering of the transplanted plant can be expected.

If plastic cups are used for transplanting violets at home, then the drainage layer must compensate for the depth in order to maintain proportions. For better bottom irrigation, wicks can be inserted into the drainage holes, through which the earth will be saturated faster.


Cacti: preparing for spring

As spring approaches, the collection is gradually being prepared for awakening. Depending on the area of ​​cultivation and the weather, in March - April, plants are taken to summer camps - greenhouses, hotbeds, loggias, balconies, etc. In warm sunny weather, it is useful to spray the plants with warm water. This procedure can be combined with preventive treatment for spider mites. The first careful watering begins when the cacti show signs of growth (young thorns appear on the tops) or flower buds appear.

Also, when bringing plants to a permanent place, they must be shaded from the bright rays of the spring sun, because the plants that are weaned from the light when wintering in the bright sun burns. In some cases, this leads to the death of plants, and at best, there will be scars from burns that will remain on the plant for its entire life as ugly scars.

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    What to choose for planting in a hanging container

    Suspended "bouquets" are more often made up of long-blooming summer plants.

    Main flowering crops

    pelargonium, petunia, calibrachoa, begonia, lobelia, ferulele, scovola, bacopa, balsam, sanvitalia, hybrid verbena and Vittrock's violet.

    For filling

    They use thyme, stonecrops, periwinkle, zelenchuk, ivy-leaved budra, coleus-shaped plectrantus, dichondra, herbaceous eucalyptus, ivy, morning glory.

    In the first place in popularity are all kinds and hybrids of petunias, as well as calibrachoa and tuberous begonia.

    Fuchsia is planted in a wicker hanging planter

    Pelargonium garden or zonal pelargonium

    The most common type in indoor floriculture. This species is perhaps one of the most popular, since plants grow well in a limited amount of land, both indoors and outdoors.

    In container planting, compact and medium-sized varieties are often grown. In Europe, the most popular hanging container culture is pelargonium ivy... Thanks to the waxy coating on the leaves, it is wind-resistant and does not suffer from a lack of moisture so much.

    Pelargoniums are extremely unpretentious plants. Excessive care even harms them: on fertile soil and in large pots, the bushes grow actively, but they bloom poorly, and excessive watering is simply destructive (the genes of African ancestors are affecting!). The best soil for them will be one that consists of equal parts of sod (or compost) soil, humus, peat and sand. However, they can be content with almost any "garden-garden-meadow" soil, if it is not too dense and not too rich in organic matter.

    Petunia, lobelia and pelargonium are planted in a metal wall planter

    Petunia and Calibrachoa

    The popularity of petunia as an ideal summer plant for urban landscaping is not accidental: the plant blooms brightly and for a long time, resistant varieties do not need careful care. In European cities, ampelous petunia is very popular, especially surfinia: they are used to decorate balconies, street lamps, and flowers are planted in cascades in pots near the cafe. There are not so many flower beds and flower beds similar to ours: Europeans more often plant plants in floor and hanging flowerpots, decorate balconies and windows. Surfin "towers" are often found on the streets. A variation of such a petunia flower bed can be several large pots fixed on an arched metal frame - "petunia tree".

    Externally calibrachoa similar to surfinia, but in the former, the shoots are denser, longer, covered with fluff, they become more woody and branchy. In countries with a mild climate, the calibrachoa in suspended containers forms very beautiful cascades up to 1.5–2 m long. In our country, it often looks more modest, growing up to 80 cm over the summer. And of course, a characteristic feature of the plant for which they fell in love is a huge number of small (up to 3 cm in diameter) funnel-shaped flowers with a wide-open five-lobed limb. The natural color of calibrachoa is purple, but new varieties of white have already been bred, various shades of red, pink, blue, yellow, brown. Varieties with double flowers have also been bred, the most famous series is Mini Famous Double by Selecta Klemm.

    Verbena hybrid

    Hybrid verbena is a perennial herb used as an annual. Creeping or erect stems, 20-50 cm tall, strongly branched. The varieties of the old selection, as a rule, have creeping shoots, so they grow in the open field as ground cover plants. New varieties tend to be compact in appearance.

    Initially, the flowers of the hybrid verbena were only pink in color, now there are many varieties of it with white, red, orange, lilac and blue petals. Quite often, the flowers are bicolor. They are collected in large inflorescences, the flowers open gradually. This prolongs the decorative effect.

    Verbena are very light-requiring, prefer open, sunny places. Resistant to heat and drought.

    Withered inflorescences should be trimmed as they spoil the appearance of the plant. In addition, as a result of pruning, new shoots are formed, decorated with buds. They are good for replanting to vigorous tub crops in the form of a "skirt" that decorates the bottom of the composition.

    In pots: petunia, hybrid verbena, balsam, space, lobelia

    Ivy budra or ivy dellchoma

    Perennial with long creeping shoots. In the axils of the upper leaves, 3-4 purple small flowers are collected in whorls. In summer, numerous creeping shoots grow, which take root in the nodes. Variegata with spotted leaves is popular.
    An unpretentious plant that develops well in semi-shady and light places on poor, loose, dry sandy soils. It grows very quickly, however, the cover is rare and short-lived. Therefore, it is used as a "filling" culture.

    Zelenchuk yellow

    A herbaceous perennial with numerous shoots, which is used in kolteiners to create a vertical effect.

    Popular varieties of yellow zelenchuk for planting in a container:

    • Florentinum - with silver spots on the leaves
    • Silberteppich, Silver Carpet - with silvery leaves
    • Herman`s Pride - a more powerful plant with fine wrinkled silvery leaves
    • Variigatum - a natural form widely used in culture with silvery spots on the leaves.

    Lobelia erinus, or black lobelia

    A perennial plant used as an annual. Forms a compact spherical bush, 10-25 cm tall. Coloring - from violet-blue to purple or white, depending on the variety. Blooms from June to September. Lobelias are great, especially if you choose the appropriate "neighbors" for them, so that the garden composition is harmonious. In order not to disturb the balance of flower beds, lobelias can be grown in separate groups or in containers.

    Sutera or Bacopa

    Ampel herbaceous plant blooming with small blue, purple, lilac or white flowers from the second half of summer until frost.

    Suter varieties for growing in container culture:

    • Scopia double blue - rather large light purple flowers, double
    • Snowflake - rather large, simple white flowers
    • Cabana - rather large white flowers
    • Pink beauty - pink simple flowers
    • Knysma hills - a very rare cultivated variety with blue flowers.

    It can be planted in pots and grown as an ampelous plant.

    In young plants, the growing point is regularly pinched to stimulate additional shoots. Bacopa responds well to regular spraying and liquid feeding. It can be stored until next summer in cool rooms and a cold greenhouse.

    Pansies

    Violet Wittrock, or pansies - a perennial plant grown as a biennial or annual. The flowers are large, solitary, from 4 to 10 cm in diameter, of various colors, usually tricolor.

    Vittrock violet hybrids are widely used for container and pot growing. By choosing the right varieties, you can achieve flowering violets in the garden from early spring to late summer.

    In pots: pansies and alissum

    Alissum

    Annual low-growing plants with semi-woody shoots, 15-40 cm high. This annual begins to bloom from the first summer month and continues until late autumn with whole clouds of white, pink or purple flowers. The flowers of the plant give off a pleasant smell with a honey note that attracts bees and other plant-friendly insects.

    Scovola

    Scovola is a perennial undersized plant, ampel type, grown as a flowering summer plant. The flowers are of an unusual fan-shaped form, each of them stays on the plant for 2 weeks. Most often, there are varieties with lilac, purple and blue flowers on sale, but there are plants with pink and white flowers: The plant is easy to care for. For planting, choose a sunny location with any garden soils. As flowering proceeds, the faded flowers fall off themselves and do not need to be removed.

    In pots: pelargonium, sutera, begonia, sanvitalia, scovola, brachycoma

    Sanvitalia

    In floriculture they use open sanitation - an annual with open or widespread strong and thin stems, blooming profusely from mid-July until frost. The plant is resistant to wind, undemanding to soil, tolerates drought well.

    Marigolds or tagetes

    Annual, stems are strong, branched, erect. Inflorescences are single baskets of various shapes, with a diameter of 2 to 12 cm. Flowering continues from June until frost. Responsive to good care, needs additional feeding (1-2 g of complex fertilizer per 1 liter of water).


    Answers to popular questions

    From time to time, all growers face problems. We will give answers to the most frequently asked questions when growing violets.

    Why is it growing badly or slowly?

    Saintpaulia can grow poorly for the following reasons:

    • too low or high temperature - bring it back to normal
    • lack of nutrients - feed the plant
    • depleted soil - transplant the violet
    • plant over 3 years old - root the leaf or rejuvenate the bush.

    Why doesn't it bloom?

    Flowering may be absent:

    • if there is a lack of potassium and phosphorus or an excess of nitrogen - use only specialized feeding intended for Saintpaulias
    • in case of improper lighting - insufficient or without a 6-hour break
    • the flower is hot or cold, the difference between day and night temperatures
    • if the violet grows in a pot that is too loose, transplant it into a tight container until the roots have mastered the entire earthen lump, there will be no flowering
    • if the buds appear, but then fall off or dry out - possibly low humidity
    • flower over 3 years old - root the leaf or rejuvenate the bush.

    The violet will not bloom if you decide to get seeds or simply do not cut off old flower stalks.

    Why only leaves grow?

    If the leaves grow well, but flowering does not occur, then there may be several reasons:

    • excess nitrogen fertilizers
    • no mandatory daily 6 hour dark period
    • lack of light.


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