Do you all think that the suburban area is just for you, your children and your grandchildren? And that's not true! But what about our pets (cats and dogs, hamsters and more advanced ferrets and minks)? After all, we are sad and lonely without them, just as they are without us.
I am sure that not a single summer resident will leave his pet at home in a city apartment. Out of town, to the sun, to the grass - for health and summer entertainment. We are all happy to pamper our pets. How to properly prepare the site for their reception?
Let's start with the dogs... All dogs are guards. But in large dogs (Dobermans, Rottweilers, Mastiffs and Sheepdogs), the protective function is especially well developed. And their favorite jogging route is the perimeter of the fence. As a result of 2-3 weeks of jogging along the fence, a path is formed with a width of 0.5 to 1 m. Moreover, all the plants that come across them on the way will either be demolished by a powerful carcass, or will be weeded out by no less powerful teeth.
Therefore, if your pet belongs to this breed, the main task is to give him the opportunity to freely perform his functions. And a 1m wide drop-out path next to the fence will only help your dog to maintain excellent athletic shape.
But another problem may arise here. Perimeter running is boring and monotonous. And even the barking of passing people and dogs does not bring the proper animation into a dog's life. And then the owner called. Forward! Run! Through the entire site and landing! What flower didn't hide - it's not my fault! In this case, it is necessary to plan all the landscaping of the site taking into account the through run of the "friend of flowers and trees". Plant curtains with a sufficiently dense wall. And in some cases, a small, sturdy steel mesh fence will add more confidence to the problem of planting survival.
But running isn't all problems. The food addictions of our pets are very interesting. The tasty and juicy bark of wild rose and rose perfectly compensates for the lack of vitamin C in dogs. In my memory, a case when two dogs (a rottweiler and a mastiff) cut a 70-meter long wild rose hedge over the fall and winter... One good thing is that after this "trimming" the hedge has become more fluffy and rejuvenated.
Also delicious are acacia, honeysuckle, a number of annual flowers, and for some "gourmets" tulip and muscari bulbs are also good. The young roots of actinidia are an exquisite treat for cats. Therefore, I recommend protecting them immediately after planting in the first year with either boards or a net.
Now about the problems with the toilet... Everyone knows that cats and cats love sand. And rhododendrons love light sandy soil with added peat. The roots of rhododendrons are shallow, and soft cat paws tear them without much difficulty. There is only one conclusion - mulching with pine bark.
Dogs do things a little differently. They choose a part of the lawn (as a rule, the most closed) for the toilet, and the owners have one problem - to clean regularly. But dog tags !!! Every thuja, every juniper and dwarf spruce will be marked if not protected by a net or other natural barriers. Moreover, traces of this mark are visible visually. A black oily coating forms on dried foliage and bark. True, this problem only applies to males.
As I wrote before, pond on site - a great blessing and joy. Including for dogs. But how not to come into the house and not wipe yourself on the bed and sofa? And bring sand on your feet and mud on your sides. What to do?
Of course, there is an option - not to let the wool into the house until the wool is completely dry, but you can also pave the banks of the pond with a path of paving slabs and lead the same path to the house. The amount of dirt will be significantly reduced.
How to sow the lawn? If you have animals, then by no means a sports mixture. The sports grass mixture is made from tough, fast-growing grains. Cases of stubble paws of cats and dogs and cuts of the tongue in cats are known.
Now about other living creatures. Birds love to build nests and live in birdhouses. Sometimes they feed in feeders. Both we and cats admire this process. But we do it platonically, and cats - from a practical point of view. To avoid excesses, it is better to place both feeders and birdhouses not on thick trees, but on poles and walls, along which our pets cannot climb there.
Bunnies, mice, moles also have the right and the opportunity to live on your land. And no decree or decree can stop their reproduction and prosperity.
Here are some tips for suspending their activities. A high continuous fence and winter tying of fruit crops with a metal masonry mesh with a mesh of no more than 1 cm help from bunnies. The same mesh will protect fruit plants from mice. It is convenient to lay out the poison from mice in ceramic drainage pipes. But we must not forget that cats and dogs can eat a poisoned mouse. Wouldn't it be better to let the cat solve the problem of the mouse population for himself?
Moles are harder... They live underground and feed on worms and various insects. The most effective disposal method, in our experience, is kerosene. It is necessary to pour 100-200 g of good kerosene into each mound (after having dug it out). And the animal will leave your land.
You are a gardener. You have currants and honeysuckle. And in February, people began to visit your site bullfinches... Don't trust them. They do not come to decorate your site, but peck flower buds. Therefore, a bird net or, at worst, gauze can preserve your crop.
And yet, do not forget that without animals and birds, our life is boring and monotonous. And watching the pranks of our pets calms the nerves much better than any patented drugs and alcohol.
Mikhail Mikhailov, General Director of Mika
Very often love for nature combines both love for animals and love for plants. And in practice, combining indoor plants in an apartment with pets is not easy at all. We have to worry about one and the other, but still more goes to the representatives of the flora.
Cats and dogs, which are most often turned on by animal lovers, can do a lot of unpleasant things associated with indoor plants. With their paws, they can dig holes in flower soil, gnaw and bite the leaves and flowers of plants. And it often happens that in the process of active recreation, they can accidentally hook a container with a plant and break it. If the container and flower are large, then the cat can use the surface of the ground as a bed, and the trunk of the plant as a tool for sharpening claws.
Animals can get it too. After all, using plant leaves as a delicacy, you can get poisoned and seriously harm your health. Considering all these consequences, it is necessary to carefully consider where to place indoor flowers and what place will be safe for pets. After all, it is absolutely realistic to combine these two human attachments in an apartment. Animals and plants will be able to coexist on the same living space peacefully and without consequences for everyone.
As for plants, they should be placed at a distance out of the reach of animals. These can be wall shelves, hanging flower containers, tall, stable stands firmly attached to the wall or floor. This is especially true for those indoor flowers that pose the slightest danger to the health of pets.
But in order for the plants to have a positive effect on pets, in particular on cats, you can grow special grass for them and place flower pots near their habitat. Such plants (for example, cereals) help cats cleanse their stomach of wool fibers that get inside them when licking their fur.
How to protect yourself from other people's cats and dogs, it is clear - a reliable fence! High enough so that even a large dog does not jump over, solid, on the foundation, so as not to dig underneath. And how to protect yourself from your own pets, beloved, seemingly well-mannered, but harmful to plantings?
Actually, you can apply the same method! For the dog, allocate a separate place, an area where he can run, play, dig holes, equip a toilet. It is clear that you can build an aviary for a street pet, but you still have to release a dog from it. Therefore, do not plant everything with beds and flower beds, leave a place for the dog where she can frolic calmly without the angry shouts of the owners. And fence him off!
With cats, for whom even a high wooden fence is not an obstacle, it is more difficult. They will walk around the entire site, of course, unless you build a cat-patio, examples of which the portal Rmnt.ru has already cited.
In general, immediately train your four-legged pet to "do your own thing" in one place. It is advisable to build something like a sandbox with a column in the center - for males. And constantly, purposefully point out to the dogs that this is where you can go to the toilet. Remember, dog and cat feces are not fertilizers at all! They harm plants. A flower bed on which a dog regularly raises its paw will simply burn out, and a tree trunk exposed to such attacks will turn black.
By the way, representatives of the feline family can also arrange a special sandbox toilet. They love dry, soft soil to dig a hole, so this special area will definitely be appreciated.
Dogs are the guards of their territory. Therefore, they like to control it, running along the fence, barking at neighbors and other people's pets, inadvertently approaching their perimeter. Therefore, experts advise to equip a special dog path along the fence. No more than a meter wide. You can additionally fence this path with a picket fence so that the dog runs exactly where it is needed, without trampling the beds and flower beds.
Make the beds and flower beds raised. The dog will definitely not want to jump over such a barrier, and the likelihood that the cat will want to equip a toilet here or just lie around is less.
In addition, simple moistening of the earth helps against the invasions of a cat on flower beds. Cats do not like moisture and will not roll on wet ground. Do not flood, just spray the garden bed and flower bed in the evening or early morning so that the cat does not play games here at the peak of its activity.
All cats sharpen their claws. And if a large tree with a thick bark suffers very little from this, then a small and still tender seedling can wither away. Protect it by fencing or wrapping the trunk. Experts advise planting thorny plants such as barberry, wild rose, heather around such trees that have become the object of attention of pets.
Plants with a strong aroma, such as lemongrass, lavender, rue, rosemary, garden geranium, dog coleus, wormwood, scare away dogs and cats well. For animals, their aroma is unpleasant, you get a living barrier in front of the beds with tomatoes or cucumbers. In addition, animals are strongly affected by the smell of bitter pepper - here's another version of the green border, which they will not cross.
Simple ways to ward off cats from the garden include using coffee grounds. The striped mustaches do not like her, but for plants this is just a useful fertilizer. In addition, plantings can be covered with mulch from cones or large shavings, and paths can be made of gravel - for the soft paws of cats this will be an unpleasant sensation that can discourage the animal from visiting these areas.
High-tech ways to ward off dogs and cats from the beds include motion-sensing splinklers. These are water sprinklers that will accurately release jets when someone approaches them at a certain distance. Cats, to put it mildly, do not like to be sprayed with water, so one or two unpleasant lessons will wean the pet from walking near the sprinkler.
In addition, you can purchase an ultrasonic repeller that will work against everyone - moles, hares, foxes, dogs and cats.
Of course, it is necessary to act in relation to pets with humane methods, persistently and at the same time affectionately teaching them to order. “We are responsible for those we have tamed” are not just words. Therefore, equipping the site to your liking, doing landscape design, breaking up the beds and flower beds, do not forget about the four-legged pet, which also needs a place in your yard.
Let's start with theory. You probably know what cambium is. It is such a slippery transparent layer located between the bark and wood of a fruit tree.
Cambium is a building material that makes roots, wood, bark, leaves, buds and fruits. The health of the tree and its fruiting depends on it. This is why the gardener must protect the cambium of apple, pear, plum, cherry and other fruit trees. What to protect from? From various mechanical damages, but, first of all, from frost.
How to protect the garden from frost? Usually in central Russia in November and early December, severe frosts are rare. And when they unexpectedly hit, frost cracks form on the trees. As a rule, they appear on boles, the winter hardiness of which is much lower than that of crown branches. After all, the bole is for most of the year in a warm zone near the ground, and therefore loses to some extent its winter hardiness.
Frostbites usually appear at forks, especially if the branches grow at a sharp angle on the tree. It happens that you don't immediately notice the frostbite. - the bark can stay in this place for up to two years. But if frost damaged the cambium, then next winter, already with less frost, the damage will increase significantly. Therefore, in spring or summer, you need to carefully inspect tree trunks by pressing on the bark with your fingers.
What harm do frost damage to the garden? First of all, they destroy cambium in trees. A few frostbites will sooner or later lead to the death of the plant. The garden can be protected from frost by covering the entire bole with snow. It will prevent frost from damaging the bark. But there are winters with little snow. Then it is required to protect trees from frost in the garden in advance.
What need to do? Just wrap up the tree trunk. Some gardeners use old newspapers for this, but it is better, nevertheless, to cover them with cotton cloth, but, in no case, with a film, under it the tree will freeze.
Some publications recommend painting tree trunks with lime. But keep in mind that this painting does not practically protect the garden from frost and, at the same time, it is more difficult for the painted bark to breathe.
Now, how to protect the garden from strong winter winds. Cold winds dry up the trees and thus destroy the cambium. If there is no natural protection from them, then garden plantings must be protected from the wind. The easiest way is to wrap up young seedlings or ornamental bushes for the winter.
It is also possible to damage the cambium by improper pruning, when large seizures are obtained on the bark. A branch of a fruit tree can also be cut down in winter. At this time, you can clearly see which branches he has extra. It is necessary to trim in two steps. When pruning in winter, leave 50-60 cm of branches extending from the trunk. And in the spring, when the frosts pass, this residue must be cut into a ring, and the place of the cut must be painted over with oil paint or covered with garden varnish. When pruning, a thorn is often left. This cannot be allowed - through it, pathogenic microbes penetrate into the tree and the tree begins to rot.
What should be done in the garden in April - May? If the apple trees are old enough, various lichens appear on them. They cover the bark and give shelter to various pests. Lichens must be removed, and the trunk must be rinsed with a solution of copper sulfate. This treatment will help keep the cambium, and therefore the trees in your garden, healthy.
Site owners, gardeners and summer residents know that a gardening business is not very simple. Started "messing around" at 6 am - finished after sunset. Sound familiar? Of course, a lot also depends on the size of the property, the type and number of plantings ... Nevertheless, as a result, you get the fruits of your labor - a well-groomed garden, thoughtful landscape design and organic vegetables and fruits grown by your own efforts.
In general, things for a suburban area can be conditionally divided into two groups - "pleasant" and "useful".
"Amenities" include picnic supplies - who doesn't love outdoor feasting? Likewise, garden furniture - these hanging chairs and super-soft swings create maximum comfort in the yard, help to recuperate after a hard day. Various decorative items to decorate the landscape (flower beds, figures, garden lamps, wall-mounted street decor) are also very pleasing to the eye and “do not demand anything in return”.
But all types of garden equipment (which already implies physical work) - for cutting and watering (chainsaws, pruning shears, axes, choppers, hoses, pumps, etc.), as well as insect repellents, dry closets and auxiliary units for the backyard area ( for example, stairs) - all this already refers more to useful tools.
A separate group can be called seedling products. This is the backbone and foundation of the future harvest. This includes seeds, soil, outdoor and indoor plants, and various auxiliary accessories.
In general, information on gardening - even write a book. You need to know a specific task, understand what resource you initially have and what result you want to get. Here are just the most tips that relate to different areas of suburban life.
For the device of your "corner of paradise", first draw up a plan of how it will look. Consider the location of recreation areas, gazebos, barn, flower beds, paths, etc.
The main cheat sheet for the stages of gardening: soil preparation, seed preparation, sowing, caring for crops, harvesting.
If you got a land with a "legacy" in the form of perennial shrubs and plants, conduct an analysis - there may be those that need improvement or digging.
When creating a flower bed, consider three simple parameters: time, height and color. It is better to select varieties that have approximately the same flowering time, and plant them so that the high ones do not obscure the low ones and, in general, the composition is combined in color
Calculate your strength: how much work can you do on your own? If there are a lot of plans, it will not be superfluous to find (hire) an assistant.
If you are not sure about something (climatic conditions, care, etc.) - do not hesitate to consult - with your mother, with neighbors, in the garden center or at flower exhibitions. It is a process in which you can constantly learn and develop.
Experiment with seeds. In addition to potatoes, beets, cucumbers, parsnips, thousands of varieties of tomatoes (tomatoes) for growing in beds and greenhouses, there are millions more! The main thing is to study the instructions and, before buying seeds, make sure that you can provide them with all the conditions for growth.
Plant proven flower varieties around your home. For example, unpretentious but so popular among flower growers alissum, petunias, carnations, marigolds, chamomile, roses, irises, euphorbia, cornflowers, pelargonium, extravagant-looking passionflower ... Do not forget that each seedling has its own month and season. They are distinguished by annual and perennial flowers.
Share with your neighbors. The territory needs to be looked after, and for this, various equipment has been invented - from hoses to nets, pots, rakes, shovels, etc. Good neighborly relations will greatly help out in the absence of this or that thing on the farm.
In general, do you think beautiful summer cottages are only in the photo? But no! You just need to get down to business with a soul, connecting all the inspiration (or use the services of a landscape designer). It is worth saying that you will also find answers to many exciting topics in our articles and video reviews.
The "Garden and Vegetable Garden" group means mostly the plants themselves, as well as products that somehow help to work with plants (flora), ennoble the dacha. However, here you will also find everything for your domestic “fauna” - animals. After all, in nature, everything is interconnected: flowers require fertilization, and feed the cat or dog, a cozy house, and so on.
Detailed characteristics and convenient sorting by groups will help you navigate. A big plus of online shopping is that you can save money - permanent and temporary promotions / sales allow you to achieve what is called "inexpensive". And, of course, delivery. I am glad to have the opportunity to order any quantity of "gardening joys" - the car will deliver them to you at the address in Kiev, Kharkov, Lvov and Odessa, or by New mail in Ukraine. There is also a free pick-up from the Service Centers.
When gray rot affects a plant, brown, depressed and enlarged spots appear on its stems and fruits. Then, on these affected areas, it grows fluffy mycelium of smoky gray color... After it dries up, small rounded fruiting bodies of mushrooms are formed.
Gray rot develops rapidly under shelters in winter, but it affects plants at any other time of the year, especially in summer. If the plants are under cover that is poorly ventilated, then the gray rot affects the bushes completely. In the summer, especially with sudden changes in daily temperature and with heavy rainfall gray rot affects roses, peonies, gladioli, buckwheat, grapes, strawberries and other berry bushes, cabbage heads, sugar beets, pumpkin fruits, stems and fruits of tomatoes, etc.
Gray rot causes great harm to the plantings of strawberries, destroying up to 40-60% of berries... The plant becomes infected from the soil, then the disease gradually spreads to the upper tiers, affecting the receptacle and still unripe berries. Grapes, for example, become infected with gray rot in spring when parts of the flower die off, as well as in the presence of dead tendrils and damaged leaves.
The fungus Botrytis cinerea, in combination with other microorganisms, can also cause a root vegetable disease called lump rot... It manifests itself as a white or ash gray mold on root crops, especially beets and carrots. Rope rot affects the crop if stored improperly in cellars, as well as due to non-compliance with disinfection measures for such storage places.
Different plants have their own preventive and protective measures to combat gray mold. When it comes to cultivated garden plants, you must first of all choose high-quality varieties resistant to this fungal disease. An equally important preventive measure in the fight against gray mold and many other diseases of cultivated plants is observance of crop rotation, that is, the annual change of sowing sites for certain plants. A garden and a vegetable garden are also needed to clear of plant residues and weeds, thus removing the environment for the development of the fungus.
The main condition for the spread of gray rot is cool and rainy weather. But the weather, of course, does not depend on the gardener and the gardener, but the location of the plants depends. So as not to create more favorable conditions for gray rot, plants do not sit too close to each otherso that air can circulate well between them. Also, when watering, you should avoid getting water on the leaves. On plant leaves fertilizers with a high nitrogen concentration should not be applied... Otherwise, plant cell walls soften and become susceptible to infections.
In the fight against gray rot, use fungicides, and the seed is also etched (for this purpose, for example, the fungicide tetramethylthiuram disulfide, or TMTD, is used). The use of chemical and biological plant protection products is also considered an effective protective measure. For example, a biological fungicide is introduced into the soil before planting. trichodermin, which protects plants not only from gray rot, but also from late blight, white rot, anthracnose and many other diseases resulting from exposure to phytopathogens.
To protect against gray rot, plants are treated when leaves appear, when the first flowers appear, and then their condition is monitored. Plants are additionally treated with fungicides before fruit setting and during intense summer rains.
If the plants are still slightly infected with gray rot, then you can spray them bordeaux liquid or use other drugs, such as oxykhom, cuproskat, copper sulfate... In case of severe damage, sections of the plant are cut off with a sharp knife. But in the fight against gray mold, it is still best to use modern systemic contact combined fungicides new generation.
In order to protect indoor plants from thrips, do not forget about certain preventive measures: