There are many recipes for making compost: in a heap, in a pit, in a garden bed, in a barrel, with the addition of preparations with effective microorganisms. Each summer resident has his own proven method, which gives high-quality compost. It is possible to debate about the choice of a recipe for a long time, but nevertheless, some issues require a separate discussion.
For example, the duration of the maturation of the compost. Most farmers and summer residents do not make any special efforts for this. You just need to dump or pour into a compost pit or heap all organic waste and once a year transfer the accumulated mass from one side to the other. In three years, microorganisms will do their job, and you get excellent compost. Efforts are minimal, but a lot of time will pass.
If the summer resident needs compost very soon, then you can speed up the process of its preparation. True, you have to sweat a lot. The process will not end with one waste collection. Now you will need to check the temperature, moisten, re-lay and reload the compost heap.
Any organic waste (plant and animal) is suitable for compost, except for animal bones and their wool. These two components will only be able to rotate within a decade. That is, they can be used, but the duration of the decomposition of bones and wool is a rather long process.
For quick compost preparation, you can use any organic matter, except:
It is very important that the fertilizer contains as many components as possible and that the nitrogenous and carbonaceous layers alternate with each other. The nitrogenous waste group is all plant residues (grass, cleaning vegetables and fruits, grain), food waste, cow dung and bird droppings. And carbonaceous is waste paper, wood ash, needles and fallen leaves, small sawdust, dry grass and straw. The variety of compost composition makes it the most valuable.
Example of constructing a compost pit:
If there is air access to the ingredients of the compost heap, then this is aerobic compost, and its absence is anaerobic.
Aerobic view compost has one important advantage - it is prepared in just 20-30 days. Many summer residents often need quick compost. The construction of the compost heap begins with a drainage layer consisting of broken bricks, small twigs and wooden sticks. Then you need to lay the layers of organic matter without compaction. And on top of the pile must be covered with a thick film so that the moisture does not evaporate longer. The heap must be thoroughly mixed every 5-7 days.
For compost anaerobic you definitely need a compost pit about one and a half meters deep. This compost will be ready for use in 2-5 months, depending on the local climate and weather. The pit is filled with the same organic layers, alternately, but be sure to compact them as much as possible. The filled pit is covered with plastic wrap and covered with a small layer of earth. The compost pit must be compacted in such a way that there is absolutely no access to air.
The compost preparation time can be shortened a little more with the help of various preparations - accelerators, with which each organic layer must be shed. Solutions with effective microorganisms significantly speed up the composting process. Instead, you can use liquid manure or bird droppings, but not in pure form, but in the form of a solution.
Record-breaking fast composting belongs to Australian Jeff Lawton. He made it in just 18 days. True, the local rather hot climate rendered him great help in this. Since our summer can not always please with stable high temperatures, it will take a little more time for the compost to mature.
There are necessary prerequisites in this recipe. First, you need to come up with a structure for the compost heap, which will consist of two compartments. From time to time, the contents of the heap will need to be shifted from one part to another. Secondly, the size of the heap must be at least one meter in height and around the perimeter. Thirdly, cow dung must be present among the nitrogenous components. And the amount of carbonaceous organic waste should be twenty-five times the amount of nitrogenous components.
The composting area should be in a well-lit area in direct sunlight. The construction of the heap begins with drainage, which is necessary for good ventilation and air exchange. You can put branches of medium-sized trees, and then alternately layers of waste containing nitrogen and carbon. To speed up the chemical processes, fish waste should be placed approximately in the center of the heap.
Each next layer should be slightly smaller than the previous one, so that you end up with a cone-shaped pile. Above - necessarily carbon waste. The finished "structure" must be thoroughly watered, covered with a dense opaque film and left for four days.
After four days, the most active composting steps begin. The pile must be thoroughly mixed with a shovel, transferred to a free adjacent compartment, poured with water and covered with foil. This procedure must be repeated six more times (every other day).
It is very important that the temperature in the middle of the compost heap is always around 45-55 degrees Celsius. It can be tested by sticking your hand into the contents of the heap from time to time. If the temperature is much lower, then it is necessary to water the structure with urea. If, on the contrary, the temperature is high, then you need to add wood ash or straw.
If all the requirements and recommendations are followed, in 3-4 weeks you should get a slightly moist dark-colored compost without an unpleasant odor. The mixture will be monotonous with the smell of damp earth. This quick compost is no different in efficiency from the conventional long-term compost.
How to make good compost the right way
Organic fertilizers are not all equally available. It is possible to obtain manure in an amount sufficient to fertilize the site only if it is possible to keep livestock. Otherwise, manure can only be bought. The situation is much simpler with compost. Having built a compost pit on the site, you can organize the receipt of an excellent high-quality, high-quality fertilizer. In addition, properly prepared compost excludes the ingress of helminth eggs into it, which are often found in manure.
This mixture in the compost bin or pit begins to rot, but the process is slow. Sometimes two or three years must pass before a new substance, similar to soil, is born from a heap of damp greenery. Is there a time to wait? Is there extra space in the vegetable garden or garden for the three compost piles or bins?
Modern EM technologies allow to accelerate maturation
It is unlikely, because the area of an ordinary garden plot in Russia is 5-6 acres, on which so much needs to be placed. So they throw out weeds from the site.
Modern EM technologies allow to accelerate maturation, but it still takes time.
You can choose biological products to accelerate the maturation of compost in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. View a selection of biological products.
There are as many ways to make a pile of compost as there are gardeners. You can make a stand-alone heap, which is literally a mound of compost. You can buy composting buckets in many styles or styles you can build your own composting bucket out of wire mesh and lumber.
composting you have a composter, then it is, wonderful how it provides a neat and manageable way of getting rid of kitchen waste and if it is easy. garden, place a compost pile near a water source or wherever it is - watering will be convenient, since the compost will help keep it moist.
Any material that was once a plant, from asparagus leftovers to autumn leaves, can be used in compost. households Most households generate a steady stream for compost materials from the kitchen, garden and nature. stack Begin with layers of organic materials such as leaves, straw, old corn stalks, weed-free and pesticide-free grass cuttings, eggshells, coffee grounds, tea, other fruit, and organic matter from the kitchen. The main thing is to avoid meat and greasy components. If most of the compost materials come from your kitchen, consider using a composter. Hidden storage of compost, helps animals avoid this heap
The larger your garden, the more you will be choosing to need a good location. Leaves need to sit for a while before they decompose in this way, it is better to stock them in a trash and bin during the winter. In spring, these can be used as mulch, or you can combine them with kitchen and garden scraps to help rot a little faster.
To make good compost, spray your compost heap with a few full scoops over the top layer. Use organic fertilizer to add nitrogen. These very manipulations help the development of microorganisms.
If you wish to create an open pile compost, continue to lay in layers until your pile is 120 to 90 centimeters high. Moisten a bunch of layers in between, but don't make a bunch soggy.
There is no exact formula or recipe for making compost right. Often times that 3 to 1 means 3 brown pieces and 1 green piece. Most browns are taken from trees and they are rich Greens. carbon comes from newer, more succulent materials such as vegetable garden / garden and kitchen scraps, but any component that is rich in nitrogen is treated as green.
Each gardener has a lot of green ingredients in the summer. To make a quick and convenient balancing act in the compost, collect shredded pine leaves and needles after they fall and store them in garbage bags or an old trash can. By collecting watermelon peels and used plants in the summer, there is a chance to overload your compost with green cans. use shredded newspaper components to balance the level.
If your yard has a lot of trees, your compost may need green extras to balance the harvested brown leaves. Mowed grass from lawns that have not been treated with herbicides will give quick results. Spray in layers between organic fertilizer made from poultry manure, for example, and this will provide several.
to make To compost, people use a different "here". containers, for example, it looks like a heap enclosed, compost with a net.
Leaves are the lightest, cleanest and most readily available compost component. They can be used however, but you can grind them whole and they will compost faster.
The special container makes it quick to compost and keeps it separate from various animals.
Some gardeners sift their compost before adding it to the soil. labor intensive - This is a task, but it creates a very complete and perfect analyzable compost.
There are more interesting types of composters that have different composting stages for each section.
If the weeds don't have mature seeds, you can add them to your compost heap along with your crops.
Air and water are the keys to good Save. compostable materials damp and well ventilated. You speed up the process by turning the compost with a fork. One There is an ingenious method where you place plastic composting bins covered with tight-fitting air holes with lids that are drilled into the top. In this way you can roll the can and stir the material inside. If you rotate the components every week or two, the compost will form more quickly than if you don't. Some people rarely turn their piles of compost, others do so Find it. religiously your own balance here. which, Compost turns, is a good upper body exercise!
Good compost has a pleasant earthy smell. An unpleasant odor is too much a sign of too much water or too many green ingredients. Turn it to reduce, more often the moisture content, or add dry and brown components such as leaves or straw to balance the balance.
New material added heap can increase hygroscopic mulch. wooden, Here the walls help reduce water closing, loss of the working compost heap.
Microscopic workers transform old parts of plants into compost must have water so that they can do their job better and faster, so compost often needs the same amount of water as actively growing plants. compost Location close to the water supply makes moisture replenishment quicker and more convenient, or you can stretch the irrigation hose through the pile when you build it.
Irrigation hoses are the easiest way to make sure you get the right amount. Especially. water, this is important for leaves that need decomposition.
New compost usually needs much more water than that, the compost has already partially rotted. In the summer, many gardeners cover open heaps with waterproof or tarps with old blankets to restrict Even. evaporation When the heap is left open, the inside of the compost heap tends to retain good moisture. Attachments of any type, from wooden concrete to pallet blocks, also help the compost retain moisture.
Compost is perhaps one of the simplest and lowest budget organic fertilizers.
It is based on plant debris from the summer cottage (grass, cleaning from under eggshells and potatoes, various rotten fruits of fruit and vegetable origin, leaves and much more), decomposed under the influence of microorganisms.
The composted residues provide an excellent organic fertilizer to provide the soil with ideal nutrition, which improves the structure of the soil, making it looser.
How to prepare compost? Let's open the veil of secrecy.
First of all, these are materials of two groups:
Nitrogen-rich materials decompose quickly and generate heat; this is the so-called herbaceous soft (green) layer. Its main ingredients are: green leaves, grass, tops, kitchen waste, etc.
Carbon rich materials decompose more slowly, they provide the compost with a loose structure and retain moisture - a woody brown layer. The basis of the woody layer is made up of: stems, sawdust, shavings, cardboard, old dry foliage, twigs and peat.
In order for the compost to mature quickly, you need:
Some of the ideal composting ingredients are:
In order for the processing process to begin, rapidly decomposing ingredients will be required (peeling potatoes or the remains of other vegetables, freshly cut weeds, freshly cut grass, etc.).
In the process of composting, you can and should add the above ingredients, but it will allow the fertilizer to form correctly.
If the compost contains a lot of grass, it will not be superfluous to add eggshells or ash to it and vice versa.
To form the correct bacterial content, add bacteria-rich garden soil to the compost.
Ideally, the compost ready for fertilization should smell like forest litter, therefore, during the composting process, it must be controlled:
Let's take a look at the options for placing the compost heap:
We hope our tips will help you understand how to make your own compost.
Good afternoon, my reader. When mowing grass on the lawn, the question of its use arises. An electric lawn mower cuts green matter and can be used for mulching.
Grass compost - how to make it right and quickly in a pit Maria Verbilkova
Dry grass brings nutrients to the soil and supplies plants with nutrients. After mowing, it is recommended to leave the cut grass on the lawn, otherwise the green cover may become covered with yellowish spots.
Collect large grass, and in the future use it as mulch, only dry the hay first. Then spread in a thick layer in the beds or flower bed. Both bushes and fruit trees respond well to such a shelter.
First, a layer of mulch prevents weeds from germinating, so you will get rid of constant weeding. Secondly, it easily retains moisture in the soil. Thirdly, a dense crust from drying out does not appear on the soil surface.
Herbal compost is used as a natural organic fertilizer. It helps the soil to become more nutritious and looser. The compost introduced under the culture helps in the appearance of earthworms, which have a beneficial effect on the earth.
Mix compost with various organic residues. Use wood shavings, lime, weeds, peat, and even vegetable trimmings. You can supplement the composition with cut branches left over from pruning trees or shrubs. You can add last year's fallen leaves. To make the mixture decay faster, gardeners supplement it with manure or bird droppings. If desired, you can pour superphosphate in the amount of 150-200 g.
Grass compost - how to make it right and quickly in a pit Maria Verbilkova
During the process of decay of organic fertilizers, useful nutritious compost is formed, which improves the soil. The finished composition is obtained in the form of a friable, odorless substance.
On the garden plot, you need to choose a suitable place for arranging a pit for compost, the depth of which should be at least 50-70 cm, the width of the walls - about 1 m. Make the deepening on a hill so that rainwater does not accidentally get into it. And also pay attention that the structure is in partial shade. This will protect the compost from excessive moisture loss.
Mix the contents of the compost pit with a garden fork. This action will help to fill organic fertilizers with oxygen and accelerate the decay process. Cover the structure with plastic wrap or some other covering material. This action will help the compost to mature and use it faster.