Gaillardia belongs to the Astrov family and is also known as Gaillardia or Gaillardia. The plant is named after the scientist and philanthropist Gaillard de Charentono, who patronizes the development of botany.
This bright, cheerful flower with golden petals and a red core, repeating the shape of a chamomile, was brought to us from the central and southern parts of America, where it still grows.
Gaillardia is a perennial plant with powerful horizontal roots and straight branching herbaceous stems that form a bush. On the shoots are elongated, lanceolate, with a jagged edge, leaves. Flowers are collected in an inflorescence basket with one or more rows of large ligulate marginal petals and are painted in bright yellow-red tones. The flowers are odorless.
Gaillardia is distinguished by long flowering. It looks very impressive and harmonious in combination with other flowering and deciduous plants, unpretentious and therefore widely used for decorative purposes. Some species are grown for cutting.
In February or March, sowing is carried out in containers filled with moist soil. Seeds are spread over the soil surface, sprinkled with earth on top. The container is placed in the light at room temperature and covered with foil.
After a week, maximum two, seedlings will appear. Once this happens, the container is moved to a cooler place. When 3 leaves appear, the seedlings are dived into separate containers, watered moderately and provided with light for at least 14 hours a day. At the end of May, the plants are planted in flower beds.
Gaillardia loves dry, open and light areas with nutritious soil. Before planting, organic matter is added to the soil in a mixture with a small amount (maximum 40 grams per bucket of water) of mineral fertilizers.
Young plants are placed in holes dug every 30–40 cm. To obtain dense plantings, several (2–4) seedlings are placed in one hole. The planted plants are watered abundantly.
Some growers practice spring sowing Gaillardia on a growing bed, with a planting depth of up to 1 cm.In August, young plants are transplanted into flower beds, observing an interval of 20 cm.About a dozen new leaves will appear on them by the end of summer. Flowering will come next season.
Gaillardia is unpretentious, its cultivation does not require much effort and attention from you. The plant is drought-resistant and does not need additional watering. The only exception is dry summers.
Feeding Gaillardia is extremely necessary, and repeated:
Important! Feeding Gaillardia is carried out only with mineral fertilizers, it does not tolerate organic matter.
In addition to feeding, Gaillardia needs traditional plant care measures:
The plant winters well. Adult forms do not require additional shelter, but it is advisable to remove all peduncles a month before the cold weather. Shoots of first-year plants in the fall are cut off and sprinkled with fallen leaves. In areas with frosty winters, it is better to cover two-year-old plants.
With waterlogging (excessive watering, prolonged cloudy damp weather), Gaillardia can be affected by fungi: gray rot, white rust, powdery mildew. In order to prevent the appearance of diseases, it is recommended to avoid overflow.
When the first signs of damage appear, the plant is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate (2.5 g per bucket). In the case of a large lesion, treatment is carried out with fungicides (Hom, Oxyhom, Topaz, Skor) or the affected shoots are removed.
Only annuals are propagated by seeds. They can be purchased at the store, or you can assemble them yourself. When self-collecting, it is worth considering that the varietal characteristics of the parental forms are not always preserved.
Carried out in spring or autumn, after the complete cessation of flowering. For division, a strong and well-grown bush is chosen. It is dug up and divided into parts (no more than three). Each part must have roots. Delenki are placed in a new place.
Bushes of perennial Gaillardia varieties require rejuvenation. To this end, they are transplanted using the division of the bush, every 4-5 years.
Gaillardia can be propagated by root cuttings. To do this, in the spring, the bush is dug in in order to select a thick healthy root. It is cut out and divided into several parts, 5–7 cm each. Parts of the rhizome are rooted in a greenhouse.
As you can see, the plant reproduces easily and easily. With minimal maintenance, it will give you a bright and exuberant bloom throughout the summer.
About 25 varieties of Gaillardia are known, but more often than others are cultivated: spinous Gaillardia, beautiful Gaillardia and hybrid Gaillardia.
Perennial with erect and high (up to 75 cm) shoots covered with dense pubescence. Shoots need support and a garter, otherwise the bush literally "spreads" to the sides.
On the shoots there are lanceolate leaves and bright inflorescences of yellow, orange or red shades. The middle of the inflorescence is formed by tubular petals of dark red color. The bases of the edge petals have the same shade. Their tips are colored yellow.
Popular varieties of spinous Gaillardia
A hybrid whose parental forms are spinous and beautiful Gaillardia. The plant has high, up to 80 cm, shoots. Leaves are lanceolate, with slight pubescence.
The flowers are large, semi-double or double, painted in yellow, orange, red and brown shades. Hybrids of this variety bloom for a month and a half.
The main varieties of hybrid Gaillardia
By selection, varieties have been obtained for decorating borders and growing in flowerpots and pots:
A wild annual found in Mexico (Arizona). It is a spreading (up to half a meter) bush with a large number of large inflorescences. The plant blooms profusely all summer, forming bright baskets of inflorescences with a bright yellow center and purple marginal reed petals.
Flowering ends with the formation of fruits: achenes with a tuft. The seeds have good germination and ensure self-reproduction of the plant.
On the basis of this species, cultivated hybrids were obtained, differing in color and structure of the flower. In decorative floriculture, the most popular are:
Among herbaceous plants for open ground, a bright and variegated Gaillardia stands out, the unusual appearance of which always attracts attention. The lush forms of the bushes fit perfectly into any landscape and composition. We add a capricious disposition and flowering from the end of spring and almost until frost. We get an almost perfect plant for any garden.
The flower received its exotic name after the noble aristocrat of the 18th century Gaillard de Charentono, patron of the scientific botanical society. Some sources may indicate slightly different names: Gaillardia, Gallardia, Gaillardia, but all this is the same plant that came to us from distant America.
I want to start my review by saying that I am an amateur in the field of gardening and just learning the basics) But the passion for everything green and blooming has always been, it's true)
Having moved from a noisy city to my house, I immediately wanted to decorate the territory with various flora. And if everything is clear with trees and shrubs, they are quietly bought, planted and grow, then with flowers everything was not so simple. Rather, there were no problems with purchased flowers in pots, but there were seeds with them. Last February I started preparing for the summer season in advance and bought about 30 packs of seeds with various plants. I began to grow them according to the technology indicated on the packaging, but almost all the plants either did not sprout, or died early in life, alas
What I can’t say about Gaillardia. The photo shows the end of July. It has been blooming for over a month.
This plant not only grows confidently, but blooms almost all summer, and also reproduces incredibly easily. In the fall, you need to cut off long stems, dig up and divide the plant into several parts and transplant to a new place. Rest assured, next year Gaillardia will grow and show itself in all its glory.
The only thing that I can attribute to the disadvantages is that from time to time the plant gives out some kind of mutational signs, then the petals are green, then the stalks are fused. Maybe this is a problem of my particular seed producer. Now I will not be able to indicate the name.
Apart from this nuance, perennial Gaillardia is a wonderful, ornamental plant that will delight you all season!
Gaillardia is propagated by seeds, dividing the bush, root and green cuttings. Seeds are sown in the ground in autumn or spring, the bushes are divided in spring. The plant blooms in the first year after sowing. The seeds are harvested as they mature. At the same time, it is important to collect only from specimens selected for color, since some of the plants will have ugly and pale inflorescences.
In the garden, Gaillardia is planted in groups, used for rabatki, borders, in flower beds. Cut flowers last very long in water.
The most common varieties of Gaillardia are:
Gaillardia, Burgundy cultivar "title =" Burgundy cultivar. Photo: www.florafinder.com Bremen variety. Photo: www.baumschule-horstmann.de Goblin variety. Photo: www.plantify.co.uk
Gaillardia beautiful is represented by annual herbaceous plants of short stature (usually 40-50 cm), forming in the process of development small spreading bushes, decorated with two types of foliage: stem - sessile, elongated, lanceolate, pubescent over the entire surface of the basal - petiolate, complex, pinnately incised ... But it is not foliage that gives a special zest to beautiful Gaillardia, but large single inflorescences fluttering on thin and long peduncles.
Like all representatives of the Asteraceae family, the inflorescences of the species in question are presented in the form of a basket, consisting of two types of flowers, to be more precise - from the marginal (reed) and disc (tubular). In the main species, the color of reed flowers is pinkish-purple or reddish-purple, tubular flowers are reddish-brown. Also on the garden market are several garden forms, which boast a wider range of inflorescences and their shape (there are simple, semi-double and double inflorescences).
The flowering of Gaillardia red is observed in the summer and lasts until late autumn, sometimes until November, but this aspect largely depends on the growing conditions, climate and compliance with the rules of care. If we return to the previously mentioned garden varieties, then the var variety should be noted here. picta. It is characterized by rather large inflorescences (larger than that of the main species), which can have a wide variety of colors - rich red, red with a yellow border, and others.
By the way, this same variety represents two-color varieties, they really deserve attention. Another variety is referred to as var. lorenziana. Plants are inherent in it, which are famous for huge double inflorescences, shaped like balls. They are presented in yellow and yellow-red colors. Although a meager palette compared to the previous form, it is no less interesting from this. It will overshadow any flower culture and give the garden an incredibly stunning look.
Gaillardia is beautiful - a unique flower culture. It will fit into almost all stylistic directions used in landscape design. The plant will decorate any area - be it the backyard of the house or the front entrance to the house.It is suitable for all types of flower beds, the main thing is to choose the right variety. So, undersized varieties can be planted in rock gardens and rockeries, as well as in garden containers that will decorate a gazebo or any other structure.
Medium-sized varieties will perfectly fit into village flower beds and mixborders in the middle ground. Tall ones will take pride of place along the ornamental shrubs. It should be noted that the species under consideration is combined not only with its "congeners", but also with other floral and decorative cultures, among them - red poppies, coreopsis, delphiniums, etc.
And in order for the plants to really decorate the site, it is important to provide them with proper care, which, by the way, is quite simple. They should be regularly watered, fed and weed control carried out, which does not allow Gaillardia to develop fully, since they take away nutrients and moisture in large quantities. It is recommended to pay special attention to top dressing. In no case should the culture be fed with manure, it is detrimental to plants. From organic matter, you can use rotted compost or humus.
Hello to all flower lovers :))
Can you imagine your life without flowers? I'm not!) I love flowers, I'm just a flower maniac Every year I buy new flowers for my garden) I already have more than a hundred species of them. And this is not the limit! Today I want to tell you about my long-livers - about perennial Gaillardia.
I bought these flowers eight years ago at the market from a granny. The seedlings were already withered and frail, so the flowers were given to me almost for nothing. Arriving at the dacha, I wrapped the roots with a wet cloth and put them in the shade. I planted seedlings in the evening. I planted it in a sunny place, did not apply any fertilizers, I just made holes, filled them with water and planted. Surprisingly, the flowers have taken root, with the exception of a couple of the most feeble ones. In the first year, I did not let them bloom - I cut off the buds, since the flowers were still weak. But in the second year they delighted me with lush flowering. And so for eight years. During this time, they turned into huge gorgeous bushes, strewn with orange-yellow-brown flowers, leaving fluffy bubons after the petals fell.
They are not fussy about care: I feed them only in spring, I water them every other day with the usual fertilizer for flowers, in general Gaillardia is quite drought-resistant and even suffers from excess moisture, it is also necessary to remove faded inflorescences in order to prolong flowering. Flowering is long - the first flowers appear at the end of May and lasts until the first frost.
Flowers stand for a long time in the cut, especially if you add sugar to the water. Therefore, flowers are perfect in bouquets.
I also noticed that these flowers reproduce well by self-seeding, over the years I managed to give away seedlings to all my friends, plant them in front of the yard, and still every year I find new sprouts in different corners of the garden))
Gaillardia is a plant that will decorate any garden)))
I hope my review is useful to you)))
My responses to other, no less beautiful flowers:
Care and cultivation of Gaillardia
For Gaillardia, sunny areas are considered the best solution, on which there will be a light, non-acidic soil. However, this flower is capable and grows quite well on any other drained soils. As for watering, this plant can hardly be attributed to moisture-loving, for this reason, Gaillardia will need watering only on especially hot days. It is also important to remember that in no case should water stagnation be allowed, otherwise this circumstance can lead to the complete death of the plant. As for dressings and fertilizers, during the entire growing season of Gaillardia, additional dressing will be required only three times. The first time fertilization should be applied at a time when buds are formed, the second time fertilizers will be needed when flowering begins, and the last time the need for feeding will arise only about a month before the onset of frost. Such three-fold feeding should be carried out with the help of complex mineral fertilizers. However, it is extremely undesirable to introduce fresh manure into the soil, where Gaillardia grows. If you want to prolong the flowering of this amazing plant, then you will need to promptly remove all wilted Gaillardia flowers. In the autumn period, it is recommended to cut the plants to the very root; it is best to carry out this operation in September.
As already mentioned, Gaillardia perfectly tolerates the cold, so the plant does not need a separate shelter for the winter. However, sometimes, when especially strong cold snaps are expected, it is recommended to cover the flower with peat or fallen leaves. It is important to remember that for normal development, the plant will need a transplant every three years or every five years.
Reproduction of Gailradia can occur by dividing the bush or by cuttings, and variants and propagation with the help of seeds are also acceptable. It should also be remembered that very often Gaillardia will multiply on its own.
If you plan to propagate the plant by means of seeds, then you will need to sow the seeds in March and you need to place them under glass or under a film. It is also important to remember that the seeds should end up at a depth of about one centimeter. For active germination and normal development, seeds will need not only good lighting, but also a temperature regime of eighteen to twenty-four degrees. After the first leaves appear, you should perform a pick and place the plants in separate pots. In open ground, the resulting seedlings can be planted at the very end of May or at the beginning of June. If you choose seeds of perennial Gaillardia varieties, then they are sown in open ground in the autumn, and you can also do this before winter or even in April. Reproduction of perennial Gaillardia varieties also occurs through seedlings.
Depending on the height of the plant, individual Gaillardia should be placed at a distance of twenty to forty centimeters from each other.
By dividing the bush, propagation of exclusively perennial varieties of Gaillardia is allowed. The division of the bush is performed every three to four years and this is done either in April or in September.
In the event that it is planned to preserve the characteristics of individual plant varieties, preference should be given to reproduction by cuttings.