The town of Lukhovitsy in the Moscow region has been supplying delicious fresh cucumbers harvested at the end of May to the markets of the capital and nearby regions for many years. The name "Lukhovitsky cucumber" became a national brand many years ago, in the era of developed socialism. In those days, it was impossible to buy fresh vegetables of local origin at the end of spring, which allowed the Lukhovitsy artisan vegetable growers to profitably sell local products.
It is surprising that until now there were no modern greenhouses or vegetable farms in Lukhovitsy, the entire volume of production was grown by private farmsteads. And this is also a kind of tradition, the beginning of which was laid in the thirties - forties of the last century. About the scale of cultivation of cucumbers on personal plots, disapproving articles in the newspapers of that time speak. Thus, the regional large-circulation newspaper "The Way to Communism" blamed the shortage of labor on state farms during the harvesting of potatoes (released on September 5, 1959). The reason for this was the massive involvement of residents in work on their lands and the delivery of cucumbers to Moscow for sale.
The collection of zelentz at the end of the seventies of the last century reached a serious figure of 80 tons from the site.
The harsh times of developing capitalism now have made adjustments to the volume of cultivation of Lukhovitsky cucumbers. It is difficult to fight the dominance of cheap export vegetables, but even here the people's breadwinner survived, although the volume of cucumber plantations had to be cut two or three times. Another problem is the understandable influence of resellers, whose ultimate goal is not to fill the market with quality vegetables, but to maximize profit. Unfortunately for consumers and vegetable growers, the two conditions are sometimes mutually exclusive.
On April 1, 2006, a monument to a green vegetable was erected in Lukhovitsy with the inscription "Cucumber-breadwinner from grateful Lukhovitsy residents." And this is not an April Fool's joke, but rather popular recognition. Despite the problems, in recent years, the harvest of crispy cucumbers has reached 30-50 tons per season. Selling zelents even through dealers significantly replenishes the budget of local residents.
Lukhovich residents erected a monument to the cucumber-breadwinner
Lukhovitsky cucumber is not an easy vegetable. Everything with him has its own peculiarities: ripening terms, seeds, growing conditions.
Externally, the standard Lukhovitsky zelents are 5–7 cm long, smooth, elliptical in shape. The skin is pale green, the whole cucumber is covered with a scattering of small pimples. The taste and smell of the fruit is intense cucumber. They do not retain their presentation for long - within 4 days, you need to sell a delicate product.
All zelents from Lukhovitsy are the same size
The most frequent question concerns the planting material - where to buy the seeds of the famous Lukhovitsky cucumbers. We answer - nowhere. There is no such kind. The shops sell seeds labeled "Lukhovitskie", but these are nothing more than tricks of marketers.
A special variety has never been grown in Lukhovitsy. The exclusivity of the national brand is not given by the variety of cucumbers, but, oddly enough, by the place of cultivation. Lukhovitsy is located in the Oka floodplain, on soils richly enriched with organic matter and useful microelements with high air humidity. Another interesting feature is the climatic conditions of this region of the Moscow region, with a long (up to 135-140 days a year) frost-free period.
The administration of the Lukhovitsky region decided to patent the brand "Lukhovitsky cucumber" at the place of origin of the goods. This registration means that it is not a certain variety or type of vegetables that is unique, but the place of their cultivation - due to the exceptional geographic and climatic conditions. That is, all cucumbers grown on the territory of the Lukhovitsky district will legally bear the name of the brand. The situation will change for those manufacturers and traders who issued Zelentsi from other regions as Lukhovitsky - henceforth it will be considered illegal use of the brand with all the ensuing consequences.
Thus, the seeds of "Lukhovitsky" cucumbers are not what the gardeners would like to buy. Lukhovich residents themselves grow on the plots different varieties of early-maturing parthenocarpic hybrids.
Parthenocarpic cucumber hybrids are varieties that produce fruits without pollination. Many consider them to be self-pollinated, but they are not. Self-pollinated varieties produce seeds; parthencarpics are deprived of this function.
Vegetable growers use varieties that have passed the "people's control", tested by friends and neighbors, giving stable yields. In the sixties of the last century, the Murom, Vyazemskys were grown, in the seventies they were replaced by the Graceful ones. With the onset of the eighties and nineties, hybrids of Libella and Marinda, later Othello, gained popularity in Lukhovitsy. Currently, two hybrids from Holland are used: Solinas and Adam. The Russian varieties F1 have shown themselves well: Kozyrnaya Karta, Okhotny Ryad, Alphabet.
Lukhovich residents plant tested cucumber seeds, but at the same time, a bed for experimental planting is allocated at each site. Trial varieties are planted there, then choosing those that give a stable yield.
To obtain early harvests, local vegetable growers use special technologies that allow picking cucumbers at a time when seedlings are just sowing in neighboring regions. What is the trick of the Lukhovich citizens?
Cucumber is a thermophilic culture, at low temperatures (below 16aboutC) seedlings do not develop, the seeds rot, turning into dust. The optimal temperature regime for the normal growth of cucumbers is 22-27 degrees. Under such conditions, planting seedlings in open ground in March, when there is still snow in the Moscow region, seems like a crazy idea. But this is exactly how green plants have been grown in Lukhovitsy for almost a century.
Sowing preparation begins in the fall. The planting site is carefully cleared of all plant debris, lashes, weeds - all this can lead to the occurrence of diseases of vegetables in the future. Dig trenches for future ridges 35–40 cm deep, throwing the top layer of soil back into the trench - cucumbers will be planted on it in the spring. Hammer wood frames 20-25 cm high for the greenhouse. Usually, already in the fall, they are piled up in heaps and sawdust, which are used to create a warm bed as a filler-layer.
To create a warm bed, trenches are dug in the fall
The main secret is the use of warm beds under low greenhouses. For heating, rotted manure is used, which has been laid out in heaps on the site since autumn, covered with earth, rags and a film from freezing on top. The best is horse or cow manure, but recently there has been a shortage in this matter. Local gardeners mix manure with fallen leaves, carrot tops, last year's grass without seeds. Somewhere in the second half of March, the shelter is removed from the manure heaps, the manure is loosened and bricks heated in stoves are placed in it. The heat awakens dormant bacteria, the vital activity of which triggers further decomposition processes with the release of heat. In 4-5 days, the biofuel temperature reaches 60aboutC. In the trenches prepared in the fall, spilled with hot water, a layer of thick film is laid, on it - a layer of sawdust with the addition of urea (10-15 cm). Heated manure is laid on top of this litter, then the prepared boxes are installed. The top layer of this "pie" will be the topsoil from the dug trench. The beds are covered with a thick black film to preserve heat, arcs are installed, and a cover film is being prepared.
A separate greenhouse is being prepared for growing seedlings. Area 10-15m2 cook in the same way as the main beds. The seeds in the nursery are planted on a large scale - up to 3 thousand, they are planted not in the ground, but in peat pots. It is unprofitable to buy such pots on a large scale, so local craftsmen make them on their own, cutting a mixture of compost, soil and peat into cubes.
Seeds are planted in peat pots
The nursery is spilled with hot water, cubes with seeds are planted tightly. The greenhouse is covered with a wooden box or a metal frame with two layers of film, on top of it is insulated on cold nights with burlap or any warm cloth. Watering in the nursery requires minimal watering, enough evaporated moisture. In this "kindergarten", the seeds germinate and hold until the first true leaf and stem-reel appears.
A greenhouse with planted seeds is covered with two layers of film
Not later than April 16, young shoots with one carved leaf and a snake are planted in a permanent place - warm ridges covered with black polyethylene. Holes are cut in the film, sufficient for planting the seedling stalk together with the peat cube. Before planting, the ridges are spilled with hot water, after planting the plants, they are also covered with two layers of film fixed on metal frames.
Planting cucumber seedlings on permanent beds
In late April - early May, when the air temperature is changeable, water is extremely careful so as not to overcool the plants. On fine warm days, cucumbers are watered generously, while in no case they use cold water from wells. On the cucumber plantations of local peasants, tanks are installed high above the site, from which water heated in the sun flows through hoses to the beds. At this time, they carefully monitor the weather, opening the film for airing the cucumbers, or closing them to protect them from rain. They feed with Sudarushka fertilizer, diluted in half the dosage indicated on the package, Kemira is also used, and also at half the rate of consumption.
If the spring is warm, the first harvests are removed at the very beginning of May. The collection should be carried out every other day, preventing the cucumbers from overgrowing. Zelentsy pluck carefully, leaving a small tail so as not to damage the cucumber itself. Vegetables are stored for a short time, within three to four days they need to be sold or processed. Lukhovitsky cucumbers are also salted and used fresh.
Growing cucumbers on a personal plot using the Lukhovitsy technology is not an easy task, especially on the scale of Lukhovichi residents. But if you wish, you can get crispy cucumbers on the site in early May by building an experimental warm bed, and replace the greenhouse for seedlings by germinating seeds on the windowsill. For the gardening enthusiast, this will be another unusual and interesting experience.
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Before winter, carrot seeds are sown in grooves to a depth of 2-3 cm. The seeds are sown dry, better coated. When sowing in winter, the carrots are ready for harvest around the end of June.
Cold-resistant culture, its seeds begin to germinate already at a soil temperature of +5. +6 ° C. They sow with the onset of a stable cold snap and frost, sowing earlier is dangerous - the seeds can germinate and die when frost sets in.
The seeds have a short shelf life and poor germination. Sowing in winter stratifies and increases their germination, so it is better to sow parsnips in the fall, not in the spring.
Germinates at a temperature of +2. +3 ° С, seedlings can withstand frosts down to –9 ° С. With all its endurance, it rises slowly and uncommonly. Sowing in the winter allows you to win several weeks in the spring: from the awakening of parsley seeds to the possible start of work in the garden.
Sowing to a depth of 1–2 cm. Seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of +3. + 5 ° С, seedlings easily tolerate spring frosts.
Onion seeds are sown to a depth of 3.5-4 cm.
Seeds are sown to a depth of 3-4 cm. You can also sow celery, leeks, fennel, turnips.
V. DADYKIN, scientist-agronomist. Photo by the author.
And surprisingly, they are grown not in greenhouse plants, but on modest beds of the most common household plots in one of the remote districts of the Moscow region. And almost on a fantastic scale - from each vegetable garden for 30-50 tons per season.
The proceeds from the sale of the harvest to the young are enough for renovations, furniture sets and even cars, and for the elderly - for an impressive increase in their pensions.
The transformation of cucumbers into furniture sets and other goodness does not happen by magic, but in the most banal way: visiting "merchants" regularly go around neighboring yards, filling Gazelles to the brim with an abundance of vegetables, and then they are taken for 130-150 km, reselling to stores with a double extra charge ...
Personally, I was not too lazy to spend time studying the miracle experience, so that now, in the off-season, gardeners from other regions could think about the skill of the famous Lukhovitsy borage.
Cucumbers in the Lukhovitsky region are grown by at least 15 thousand local residents in dozens of villages and villages adjacent to the Oka River, mainly on fertile soils.
The scale of cultivation of this crop on rural plots of 20-30 acres is almost industrial, at least not inferior to the farm. Planting cucumbers usually occupy three quarters of the garden - at least 15-20 acres. Moreover, predominantly early cucumbers are planted and the first massive harvests are carried out in mid-May, when in other regions they are just starting to sow. Therefore, the "sowing" takes place here everywhere even in the snow - on March 29-30. At first glance - contrary to generally accepted norms, the biology of thermophilic plants, and even common sense.
In fact, sowing dates and even the smallest steps in the technological chain have been tested and worked out to automatism over the past few decades. They prepare for early spring crops in the fall. By October, the soil was not only dug up, weeded, fertilized with humus and manure, but also completely freed from plant residues: all cucumber lashes, up to the last leaf, were either sent to compost or burned (otherwise they can become a source of disease). Arcs of thick wire, hundreds of meters of polyethylene film and complex mineral fertilizers are prepared in advance. The costs for the purchase of film, seeds, fertilizers, payment for the work of a tractor driver are considerable - 10-20 thousand rubles. No one would have gone to such expenses if there were no confidence in the guaranteed purchases of the future harvest and in the simple, proven by several generations "old-fashioned way" of growing thermophilic vegetables in greenhouses under a multilayer shelter.
Cucumbers are sown, indeed, in March, but not immediately to a permanent place, but first in a large nursery, under a shelter of at least two layers of film, warming in cold weather on top with canvas bags. In such a "kindergarten", which occupies up to 10-15 m 2, up to three thousand seeds are sown. And not directly into the ground, but into home-made peat-milling cubes.
No later than April 16, in sunny weather, tiny plants are planted in a permanent place - in a vegetable garden, on long meter-wide beds, covered, like a tablecloth, with plastic wrap. Cubes with seedlings are placed in one row in holes made in the foil every 40 cm.
The plantings are watered with warm water and low (up to 60-80 cm) greenhouses are covered with a film, and higher arcs (up to a meter) are placed on top and covered with a film again. An air heat-insulating layer between two layers of films helps to save heat from the sun and does not allow the soil to cool.
In April and May, in cloudy weather, watering is practically not required, and even when it gets warmer, water is plentifully watered from large tanks heated in the sun, installed high above the area from which water flows through hoses, or from hammered wooden containers lined with foil.
As a result, cucumber whips grow by leaps and bounds and give the first harvest after the May holidays.
All cucumbers grown in Lukhovitsy are similar, like twin brothers: as if chiseled according to a single standard, small in size (5-7 cm), even, appetizing pimpled. Gardeners do not hide the fact that such commodity advantages, coupled with high yields, are the main thing on which the revenue depends.
However, the Lukhovitsky cucumber is not at all a local one and only variety, traditionally grown in the local area for a long time. In the 60s of the last century, the once famous Murom and Vyaznikov varieties of cucumber were harvested here, in the 70s - Graceful, in the 80s - Libella, in the 90s - Marinda, at the beginning of the new century - Othello.
Now the Lukhovitsky beds are filled with two new Dutch cucumber hybrids - Solinas and Adam. They were made leaders by rumor and a kind of people's expertise. And not for eternal times, but only for that period until more profitable varieties are found.
The search for such varieties and hybrids is carried out every season, for this, a couple of beds are allocated for new items in the gardens. So, in the past season, almost all local villages rejected a hybrid with a promising name for these places - Lukhovitsky. The new contender for the Lukhovitsy plantations did not live up to expectations: the cucumbers were tied later than usual, and even those were crocheted.
The leadership of the two current early Dutch hybrids, Solinas and Adam, is also very conditional. Lu-khovich residents would not have refused to grow both late summer and even September cucumbers (as the second and third harvests in the same area), if it were not for the ubiquitous fungal disease - downy mildew, which is why the lashes of most old and new hybrids dry out prematurely, in including the Dutch. In other words, disease-resistant and much more cold-resistant hybrids are required.
SCIENCE TAKES THE CHALLENGE
In the spring of 2006, on the central square of Lukhovitsy, the only monument in Russia so far to the “cucumber-breadwinner” was unveiled (see Science and Life No. 7, 2006), and in the summer in Lukhovitsy, a scientific-practical conference was held on the problems of the “king »Local vegetable gardens.
So I decided to do my bit. Therefore, after returning from Lukhovitsy, he turned to two well-known Moscow breeders - A. V. Borisov and O. N. Krylov, who heads the selection and seed-growing agrofirm "Manul", with a proposal to send the seeds of cold-resistant, high-yielding, disease-resistant cucumber hybrids to local residents ... These scientists have been breeding them for over 30 years.
Among the latest innovations, which are not inferior to, and possibly superior to, the Dutch ones, such hybrids as Maryina Roscha, Hit of the season, Green Wave, Dragonfly, Be healthy, Toaddy and Captain. All of them have successfully passed the state test. Both breeders decided to send a parcel with the seeds of the listed novelties to Lukhovitsy free of charge. Scientists have no doubts about the success of the “people's test” and, ultimately, ousting the “Dutch” from the cucumber market. We will try to inform the readers of the journal about the result of this experiment.
Plant cover film can be used in two ways: by covering the soil and by making special frame structures covered with film. In the first case, the film protects the soil from low temperatures, the appearance of weeds, helps to retain moisture, protects against rain and hail. But cucumbers grow horizontally at the same time.
In the second case, under the frame device covered with film, there is some space in which a greenhouse effect is created, in addition, such structures allow cucumbers to be grown even vertically.
The second option is undoubtedly more convenient, what are its advantages:
The only drawback of using the film is its weight and size, but this can also be eliminated if a folding shelter is made.
For the cultivation of cucumbers, it is necessary to choose areas that are well-blown by the wind, calculate the crop rotation so that the cucumbers return to their previous place no earlier than five years later. It is good to grow cucumbers where carrots were grown last year, as well as onions and garlic. Cucumber is an annual herb with a liana-like, branching stem 1.5-2 m long, but there are bushy and short-leaved forms with a stem length of 40-60 cm.The root reaches a length of 1 m. Flowers are dioecious, cross-pollinated, male flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form brushes, female solitary with a delicate ovary. The fruit of a cucumber is a false berry with 3-5 seed chambers, which contain from 100 to 400 seeds. Different varieties have fruits of different shapes, sizes, pubescence, color, pattern and other characteristics. There are also seedless, so-called parthenocarpic forms of cucumber.
Many gardeners know that cucumbers can be grown in seedlings. To do this, after the obligatory preparation of cucumber seeds before sowing, they are sown in pots or boxes. They can be placed in a room, greenhouse or greenhouse. The cultivation of cucumbers by seeds is possible where weather conditions permit, but usually cucumber seedlings, which have already grown up in a closed form, are planted in open ground. How to grow, by seeds or seedlings, you decide.
When growing cucumbers in the country, due attention should be paid to caring for cucumbers, since this vegetable is very thermophilic. Cucumber is the most thermophilic plant on our site
The optimum temperature is 25-27 ° C. At ambient temperatures below 15 °, plant development is delayed, with prolonged exposure to temperatures of 8-10 °, plants may die. The cucumber blooms at a temperature of 14-16 °, and the anthers crack at 16-17 °. Demanding on soil and air moisture. The moisture content of the soil should be in the range of 60-80% of the lowest moisture capacity, and the relative humidity of the air 70-80%. The cucumber loves watering, especially with warm water. And although it is more shade-tolerant than tomatoes, it is still picky about light. In protected ground conditions it responds well to additional lighting.
Successful cultivation of cucumbers is not possible without taking timely measures to combat pests and diseases of cucumbers. Such measures do not differ much from the control of diseases and pests when growing other vegetables. Preventive measures to prevent disease are also encouraged.
The quality of cucumbers is determined by GOSTs and technical specifications (TU). By size, the fruits are divided into three groups:
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For growing cucumbers in the open field, it is very important to choose the right variety.
Not all varieties of this vegetable are suitable for a particular area, climate, soil, but by trial and error, you can find the variety that suits the gardener in all respects.
Cucumbers Kurazh F1 are recommended for planting, both in greenhouses and in the open field. They give stable, high yields, have excellent taste, are eaten fresh and preserved for the winter.
Courage F1 is a parthenocarpic hybrid variety of cucumbers with a female flowering, delighting gardeners with its characteristics and ease of care. The growing season is 38-44 days. When grown in greenhouses in winter, it increases to 54 days. The commercial qualities are maintained for 10 days, so the transportability is good.
Courage F1 - parthenocarpic hybrid cucumber variety with female flowering
The root system is developed, powerful. The ovaries have a bouquet arrangement. One such "bunch" may contain 3-10 ovaries, depending on the illumination, the age of the culture, the place of planting.
Fruits grow up to 13-16 cm with a diameter of 3.5-4 cm. The average weight of greenery is 120-140 grams. The shape is elongated, the peel is lumpy with white thorns, the color is dark green.
The flesh of cucumbers of the Kurazh variety is fragrant, crispy, sweetish, but in terms of taste, the hybrid is still inferior to salad varieties.
Resistance to a number of diseases is noted: root rot, downy and powdery mildew, olive spot, cucumber mosaic virus. The yield per square meter is 16-18 kg. In the greenhouse, fruiting is more abundant.
The disadvantages of the Kurazh F1 cucumber variety include the need to form a stem on a trellis, the presence of voids in the fruits and bitterness with insufficient watering.
Cucumbers Kurazh F1 are usually grown by the seedling method. Before planting seeds for seedlings, they must be disinfected. To do this, use specialized means "Epin-Extra", "Baikal EM-1" or just a 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
Cucumbers are sown in hotel pots (peat pots can be used) and covered with foil to germinate. The optimum air temperature in the room where they germinate should be 27-28 degrees, otherwise the seedlings may not appear. To ensure this temperature in late April or early May (when they start to make seedlings), you can expose it near the battery.
Courage F1 is usually grown by the seedling method.
After the emergence of shoots, the film is removed and the seedlings are placed on the windowsill. Now a suitable temperature is 18-20 degrees Celsius. From time to time they are watered, you can feed them with an ash solution.
A week before planting in a permanent place, the courage F1 cucumbers are hardened. After 4 weeks, when 4 leaves are formed, the seedlings can be transplanted. This period usually occurs at the beginning or end of June.
The earlier the planting is carried out, the greater the chances for the gardener to remove the maximum yield from the plant.
It is worth noting that the culture can also be grown by seeds, the seedling method simply saves time for the growth of cucumbers. The seeds are planted in the middle of June.
Courage F1 prefers loose, fertile soil. Precursors can be onions, potatoes, or cabbage. During the planting period, the ground should already have a temperature of over 10 degrees Celsius.
Courage F1 prefers loose, fertile soil
2 seedlings are planted per square meter. When sowing seeds, the same pattern is followed.
For reliability, you can put 2 seeds in the holes - all the extra ones after germination can be transplanted. Add 2 teaspoons of urea and a handful of humus to each hole.
This mixture is well mixed with earth and watered with water. Only after this manipulation is the planting of seedlings or seeds carried out.
Some gardeners prefer the horizontal method of growing cucumbers of the Kurazh F1 variety, but the vertical one is easier. So, after or before planting cucumbers, it is worth making a trellis, the easiest option is when at the base of a 15-20 centimeter stem is not tight, but with a margin, one end of the twine is tied, and the other to the arches of the greenhouse or a wire stretched between the posts.
Growing cucumbers of the Kurazh F1 variety in any type of greenhouse is permissible. Moreover, breeders recommend this particular variety to be cultivated in the cold season - autumn-winter, but mandatory heating of the greenhouse is required.
Cucumbers Kurazh F1 are indeterminate, it is extremely important to form them in order to get large yields and this is done in only one stem! In the axils of the first 4 leaves, all ovaries and shoots are removed.
Tying cucumbers in the greenhouse
Starting from the 5th leaf, only lateral shoots can be removed, and the ovaries are left. Thanks to this, cucumbers develop a good root system.
As it grows, the plant is guided along the trellis.
The stem must be twisted around the trellis clockwise 1-2 times a week until a sufficient number of tendrils appear, and the cucumber will confidently grow up, clinging to the vertical support.
In addition to forming a cucumber bush, it is important to provide them with decent care.
Growing potatoes according to Meatlider gives excellent results if you strictly adhere to the methodology. The gardener, planting potatoes in this way, gets a large harvest, with high-quality tubers, excellent fruits, which are used for food purposes in winter, and as a wonderful planting material.
Many gardeners have their own tricks and secrets that help them increase their yield and grow healthy fruits. But planting potatoes according to the Meatlider method remains a common and effective "weapon".
Growing potatoes according to the Meatlider method focuses on vertical growth, low but focused watering and highly nutritious feeding. The idea was to use a hydroponics nutrient delivery system that delivers beneficial micronutrients to the plant roots. The author of the technique believed that this is an effective way of plant nutrition.
He combined it with a targeted irrigation program that uses less water but targets directly at the plant roots for quick absorption.
His other recommendation was to use a grow box. A box is basically a raised bed of a plant made from regular soil. A wooden box can also be used.
The backing used for filling is a mixture of one third of sand and two thirds of sawdust.
It is used on any surface - rocky, hilly, alkaline, clay, by creating a "special soil". Planting potatoes according to Meathlider is simple, there are many videos on the network that help the gardener learn how to use this method correctly.
The close spacing between crops allows more plants to be planted in a smaller area. In doing so, vertical cultivation maximizes the availability of light.
Thus, all gardeners will be able to grow potatoes, regardless of their experience.
In addition, it helps to reduce the symptoms of soil depletion when it comes to nutrients in the soil, which means that crop rotation can be avoided.
An important feature of Dr. Mietlider's system is the idea that crops can be grown in any soil with the proper nutrients injected into a small space. He believed that a small garden bed would be enough to meet human needs for healthy fruit production. A substrate can contain several different components:
Sawdust retains moisture well. The seeds are carefully sown and gardening aids are used to increase space and encourage growth. Pruning becomes crucial for vertical gardening so that the shoots begin to curl upward.
The peculiarity of Meatlider potato planting is to combine the best of soil and hydroponic planting methods. Because all the plant needs is a sufficient amount of nutrients. The plant gets them from weekly feeding, and not from the substrate.
The substrate in which the plants are to be grown should be lightweight with low density, good water retention and excellent drainage. Nutrients come from the plant's food mixture, which must be added at the beginning of planting and then weekly during the growth cycle.
The arrangement of a garden bed with wooden boxes is more suitable for areas subject to frequent flooding or in areas where the land does not bring good harvests.
Growing potatoes, like other crops, according to the famous Meatlider method is well described in various training videos. But it is important for gardeners to know how to choose and prepare material for planting. The method requires the use of previously germinated material. It is left in sawdust soaked in copper sulfate and diluted in water.
The tubers must be treated with fungicides. You can alternatively use potassium permanganate, which is diluted in water. Wood ash is also suitable for processing, which well protects potatoes from pests and diseases, creating a protective layer around the tubers.
The depth of one hole should be from 10 to 12 cm. Potatoes can be planted in a checkerboard pattern. Tuber sprouts should "look" up. They should be laid as carefully as possible, trying not to damage the sprouts. Wells, if desired, are processed with vermicompost or traditionally humus.
Since the author of the system experimented with his method in a region where the climatic features are favorable for potatoes (enough light and a suitable temperature), Russian gardeners had to come up with a way to protect the vegetation. Many decided that planting potatoes strictly according to the method of Dr. Mitlider would be effective in Russia if they were planted with mulch in the form of straw.
The method requires that the beds after planting be covered with straw, retaining soil moisture and warmth. The most favorable conditions for the growth of tubers and the formation of a strong root system are guaranteed. Weeds appear less frequently in sheltered beds, and nutrients are naturally introduced into the soil.
Planting potatoes and many other crops according to all the rules of the Meatlider method is well demonstrated in a video that can be found on the Internet. But gardeners were wondering which varieties respond best to this growing method. We can safely say that all varieties grow well according to Meatlider. It is only important to take into account the climatic conditions of a particular region.
The roots of the culture will be warm. The planted meter of the garden bed needs two buckets of water. Water the potatoes every other day. Such watering ensures that the applied fertilizers will dissolve faster, therefore, they will be absorbed faster by the roots of the crop.
One of the most important components of the Meatlider system is nutrient delivery. Meatlider discovered that plants require 16 elements to achieve maximum growth. Of these, three are in the air oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. The rest must be introduced into the soil.
Plants need to be fed with nutrients every week, not as is the case with traditional methods, which require feeding several times during the period of plant development. Many organic plant foods have a balance of trace minerals needed for potatoes that can be added to ready-made mixes.
Soil tests can help determine if the soil is deficient in one or more of these elements. Some gardeners argue that micronutrient blended materials are not organic because they contain synthetic chemicals to mimic a range of nutrients.
Nevertheless, choosing high-quality, proven material, you can exclusively benefit the grown crop.
Some people ignore the peculiarities of watering according to the Meatlider system. As a result, all nutrient compounds of the fertilizer will not completely dissolve. Gardeners often do not take into account the characteristics of the soil when choosing a material for feeding. By using dolmitic flour in alkaline soil, the condition of the soil can be aggravated, which will affect the yield.
The leveling of the grooves in which the tubers will be planted cannot be ignored. If the land is not leveled, then water will accumulate in certain areas during irrigation, and irrigation cannot be considered uniform and correct.
“Only in the second year of using the Meatlider system was he able to achieve good results. You must first adhere to all the rules so as not to be disappointed with the result. "
“The soil on our plot is bad, and my husband and I have always wanted to grow potatoes. Only the Meatlider method helped. "
“The main thing is to get used to choosing the right fertilizer so that the plant has enough of everything. By adhering to all the requirements of the system, you can significantly maximize the yield and even harvest a lot of potatoes from a small area. "
“I made several amendments to the method, taking into account the peculiarities of my site. I am completely satisfied with the result. "