Garlic is an incredibly healthy crop that can not only protect a person from viruses and bacteria, but also help in the fight against dacha pests. A decoction from this plant can rid the garden plot of such intruders as larvae, beetles, rodents and small birds.
Not everyone can recognize the presence of this small pest on the site, since it reaches only 1 mm in length. However, if you notice the appearance of white dots on the leaves, which subsequently begin to dry out for no reason, it is worth considering. A spider mite feeds on plant sap, so a large colony is capable, for example, of completely destroying a strawberry bush. You can hardly get rid of the tick with insecticides, but garlic broth will perfectly cope with this task. Soak 1 kg of dandelions, and after two days add 2 chopped heads of garlic to them. The tool should be infused for 8-10 hours. After that, strain the infusion and spray the affected plants with it.
The mole is a frequent visitor to the summer cottage, since it feeds on beetles and worms, which are very abundant in the fertile soil. At first glance, cute and harmless, this animal breaks long passages in the ground, thereby damaging the roots of garden crops. There are few methods of getting rid of these animals, since it can be difficult to calculate their location. A decoction of garlic, poured into molehills, will work very effectively. To prepare it, soak 7-8 large heads of garlic in boiling water along with the husk and leave for three hours.
To be sure to achieve results, repeat the procedure every 2-3 days.
Having settled on the site, Colorado beetles gnaw the leaves of plants, causing great harm to the future harvest. Fortunately, these insects absolutely do not tolerate a specific garlic smell. Grind 6 heads of garlic and one and a half kilograms of celandine - be sure to freshly cut. Pour boiling water over the base for the infusion and leave for 5 days, then strain.
Remember that spraying should only be carried out on dry leaves and in the absence of strong winds. Repeat the treatment 2-3 times at weekly intervals.
Birds often peck berries on bushes and trees. To protect the fruits, prepare an infusion of garlic and hot pepper and treat the plants with it, paying special attention to the tops - the pungent smell will scare away the birds. Do not forget to repeat the procedure after rain. If you want a lasting effect, try hanging garlic cloves inside the crown.
Aphid colonies are characterized not only by an irrepressible appetite, but also by resistance to various drugs and even viruses. To prepare a solution to combat these insects, pour ash overnight, then add 1 cup of crushed garlic and a quarter of tar soap to it. Pour the resulting product into a sprayer and treat the damaged plants. However, remember that in the absence of a characteristic pungent odor, there will be no effect: the active esters of the vegetable should affect the sense of smell of the aphids. If you do everything right, getting rid of most of the harmful insects eating the leaves of the plants is a bonus.
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On the territory of Russia, there are about 300 species of ants. These insects bring both benefits and harm to humans. To get rid of ants on the site or not is up to the owner of the cottage. In this article we will figure out how to get rid of ants.
SAFE PROTECTING THE GARDEN FROM PESTS AND DISEASES
Greetings, dear friends!
Organic or biological farming is a sensible approach to plant cultivation and respect for the soil, thanks to which it is possible to obtain high stable yields of garden crops, while not using aggressive chemicals and mineral fertilizers.
The essence of this method of cultivating the land is to create your own economy, based on the principles of ecosystems in pristine nature, in which each plant, insect, bird or animal plays its own, strictly assigned role.
This article will focus on protecting the garden area from the invasion of garden pests and diseases, which almost all crops grown in summer cottages are susceptible to. Moreover, it is about protecting the ecological, that is, safe for the surrounding nature, domestic animals and people.
Naturally, a vegetable garden completely covered with weeds is wrong. But the complete absence of weeds is not environmentally friendly for your site. Most of the plants, called weeds, are excellent honey plants, attracting beneficial insects with their nectar and pollen, which pollinate all crops and feed on pests.
Plants that repel and suppress pests
So how is it carried out protection of the garden from pests and disease, in accordance with the principles of organic farming? Nature has taken care of the creation of a huge number of plants with insecticidal qualities, that is, the ability to scare away insects dangerous for garden crops and to suppress pathogens of many diseases with their active substances. For example, nettle, chamomile, lemon balm, field mint, wormwood, celandine, planted in small areas in different parts of your garden, are a natural barrier for many harmful insects, and also contribute to better pollination and, accordingly, a higher yield of cultivated plants.
In addition, in the presence of such weeds, your plantings develop better, and the quality and taste of the fruits noticeably improves. Harmful insects strongly dislike the smell of coriander (cilantro) and basil, calendula and marigolds. They try to bypass the plots of the garden with these plants, preferring to choose cleaner and safer plots of land for food.
Cultivated plants such as garlic and onion also exhibit insecticidal properties. They are planted in the aisles of strawberries to protect against weevils and strawberry mites. Garlic phytoncides are a reliable barrier against many pests. Onions planted in the aisles and around the garden strawberry beds will help prevent gray rot.
Everyone's favorite garden herbs (celery, arugula, parsley and dill) are appropriate not only as an ideal addition to any meal. The smell of herbs scares away pests from cabbage, tomatoes and potatoes. That is why seasoned gardeners plant greens in the aisles of these crops. In addition, the beneficial substances of greens protect plantings from many diseases. The Colorado potato beetle, a big fan of settling on potatoes, eggplants and tomatoes, also tries to avoid mixed plantings. It was noticed that the amount of beetle on potatoes growing in the immediate vicinity of dill and parsley is several times less.
It is good to sow mustard around the perimeter of the area planted with potatoes. It also protects pea plantings from pests. Tansy and wormwood, planted next to fruit trees, actively protect them from ants, aphids, flies, moths, whitefly, and apple moth. Some types of crops growing side by side mutually protect each other. So, the raspberry bush, which lives in the immediate vicinity of the apple tree, protects it from scab, and the apple tree, in turn, does not allow gray rot to spread on raspberries.
It should be remembered that as a result of sowing insecticidal plants, the number of pests will noticeably decrease, however, we are not talking about their complete disappearance. The experience of experienced gardeners shows that mixed planting leads to a reduction of 53% of pest varieties by more than half, and this plays a significant role in the safe protection of the garden from pests and diseases. See you!
First of all, you need to clean up the greenhouse. Remove the "remnants" of the last season - pegs, twine scraps, etc. Remove the remnants of weeds and last year's tomato-cucumber leaves. Then you need to wash the greenhouse in the truest sense of the word. Dust and dirt darken the polycarbonate, which means they deprive plants of enough sunlight. Before that, you should definitely inspect the frame and coating for integrity. If there is damage, they should be repaired, or the greenhouse should be overhauled by replacing the damaged area.
Here are recommendations on how to wash a polycarbonate greenhouse in the spring in the country:
Preparing the greenhouse for the new season in the spring must necessarily include disinfection. The main enemies of all garden plants are diseases and pests. Therefore, even before planting seedlings, you need to be as safe as possible from them. Namely - to disinfect the greenhouse. How to do this is up to you. Some gardeners disinfect with sulfur bombs, although others do not approve of this method due to its toxicity and selectivity - it is not able to cope with all potential plant diseases. Others choose slaked lime for this purpose, which is used to treat the walls, ceiling and frame of the greenhouse. Advanced gardeners prefer to treat greenhouses in the spring against diseases and pests with modern drugs such as Fitosporin and copper sulfate.
Fitosporin for greenhouse treatment in the spring from diseases and pests they are used as follows:
Disinfection of the greenhouse in the spring with the help of copper sulfate is carried out by many gardeners. This drug is excellent for pathogens of powdery mildew, late blight, various rot, scab, curl and bacteriosis. Treatment of greenhouses from late blight in spring with copper sulfate gives good results.
Prepare a ten percent solution of copper sulfate, and wipe the walls and roof of the greenhouse with it. The greenhouse is treated with copper sulfate in the spring before planting. This will help protect vegetables and greens from various microorganisms and bacteria.
Wipe the polycarbonate sheets with any of these solutions. However, if your greenhouse is infected with fungal diseases, then these solutions will not help and you will need to use stronger means to treat the greenhouse in the spring.
From late blight, treatment with the following drugs will help you:
Since the same plants grow in the greenhouse every year - usually cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants and greens - there is a great risk of soil "fatigue". It needs to be healed, enriched with nutrients. To do this, for example, you can replace the top layer of soil: remove 10 - 20 cm of soil and add purchased soil for seedlings or a mixture of soil, river sand, peat, lime and humus to this place.
You can also plant siderates in the greenhouse - plants that improve the structure of the soil, enriching it with nitrogen and fighting weeds. Excellent greenhouse greenhouse greenhouse crops - white mustard, vetch, rye, oats, phacelia, watercress. But such preparation of the greenhouse for the new season in the spring is carried out before planting seedlings, it is best to plant siderates in August, when the harvest is harvested. And then dig green fertilizers into the soil in the fall.
After winter, you can warm up the soil in the greenhouse in two ways - natural and artificial.
If the dacha was acquired recently, it is impossible to find out about the habitat of ticks. The insect goes through the developmental stage from an egg to an adult of 1.5-2 years. During this period, it does not manifest itself.
A mass invasion in early spring indicates the existence of pests since the last season. The reasons for being in the country can be different:
It is recommended to enclose the summer cottage with a high fence to prevent the appearance of wild animals, stray dogs and cats. For rodents, set traps or periodically lay out poisonous bait.
1. Choose a day with dry, sunny and calm weather.
2. Find the nest of the anthill (we found it under an old stone vase).
3. Mark the tracks of the ants (you can see them very well, you can sprinkle them with chalk).
3. Sprinkle semolina along the paths in a layer of 1 cm. Prepare semolina as follows: 300 g semolina + 100 g powdered sugar, mix.
You can sprinkle the groats several times, there is no harm to the earth from this, and the ants stop "roaming" around the house and garden. The ant paths are actually not very long, they can be seen right next to the anthill - on these visible traces you need to pour the bait.
After there are no insects in the garden and the house, the garden should be kept clean. The first step is to remove weeds, old branches, treat plantings from aphids, do not bring food in the garden.
I don’t know about your grandparents, but my grandmother strongly chased me if I ate something in the garden or garden. She said: "You eat and there will be pests!" Therefore, we never eat tomatoes or cucumbers in the beds, but we bring them into the house, wash them, only then we can afford to grind. We got rid of the ants, but semolina or something else helped - it's hard to say, we tried several folk and chemical methods.
1. Ants have a sweet tooth, so you can place jars of jam, sweet water, honey on the beds. Ants will go hunting to these containers and can be easily collected and destroyed.
Minus: the more we destroy insects, the more they breed - the law of conservation of the population operates without failure. The second minus: bees and other useful insects come here along with ants.
2. Baking soda. If you sprinkle the anthill with baking soda in a layer of 1 to 2 cm, you can mix the baking soda with powdered sugar. After eating sweet soda, insects will die. Works only against black forest ants, red ones do not react for some reason.
3. If a nest is found, it can be poured with boiling water - the uterus and egg clutch will die. A barbaric way, of course, but it works. If the anthill is deep underground, you can add lime (100 g per 10 L) to the boiling water.
4. Ammonium alcohol. Works against terrestrial anthills. It is necessary to dig a hole around the anthill, pour a solution (1 part of ammonia, 100 parts of water) on the nest and around, then sprinkle the place with ash thickly.
The time for all these manipulations with processing is the evening after 21.00, when all the ants will be at home. But it is better to sprinkle semolina in the early morning, before the ants go out to hunt.
You can, of course, fill the garden and vegetable garden with insecticides, but from the point of view of ecology, this is not entirely correct. We tried folk remedies and we succeeded.