White cabbage Megaton F1 found great love among gardeners for its high productivity. The variety is considered to be medium late and demanding to care for. When growing Megaton F1, you must follow all the rules for growing and caring for the crop.
The variety was developed by Dutch breeders. He became famous in Russia in the late 90s. Megaton - refers to the characteristics of the medium late varieties and differs from other varieties increased productivity and yield.
The leaf rosette of the variety is large and, according to the description, has a light green color. The head of cabbage is dense, flattened, reaches in size up to 5-7 kg... With a large head of cabbage, the variety has a small stump.
The yield is 9 kg from 1 sq. meters... From the moment of emergence to technical ripeness, about 160 days pass, depending on climatic conditions and the method of cultivation.
The pluses include:
The disadvantages include a short fresh shelf life (1-4 months).
You can grow Megaton cabbage both seedlings and seeds into open ground.
This method consists of planting seeds directly into the ground, to a permanent place.
For good germination, seeds are planted in early May, after spring frosts. Before planting, you need to process the seeds:
Disinfected and treated seeds are planted deep up to 3 cm, spill and mulch in order to prevent the appearance of an earthen clod and dry out the soil.
Before the emergence of seedlings, the soil should not be allowed to dry out. Watering is carried out by sprinkling so that the water does not knock the seeds out of the ground. After the appearance of 3 true leaves, the culture is thinned out. The second thinning is carried out after the appearance of 6 true leaves.
Cabbage thinning scheme: 50x40
After thinning, cabbage must be fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers, weeded and loosened the soil.
It is necessary to grow seedlings in the beginning of April... The prepared seeds are sown in a nutritious soil and placed in a micro-greenhouse. It is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly moist, while spraying is carried out using a spray bottle.
When 3 sheets appear, the seedlings must be fertilized with complex fertilizers and transplanted into separate pots.
A pick is made only after a thorough shedding of the plant. Seedlings are carefully removed with a clod of earth and cut the main root by 1/3.
To obtain a rich harvest, cabbage should be planted in a sunny and well-ventilated place, since the Megaton variety prefers a long, daylight hours.
In very hot weather, young seedlings are necessary shade for 2-3 days.
For a generous harvest, the beds must be prepared in the fall. The beds are dug onto a shovel bayonet and organic fertilizers are applied. It is better to plant cabbage in the beds where potatoes, carrots or tomatoes used to grow.
Cabbage, varieties Megaton prefers fertile soil with good moisture and water permeability. If the soil is acidic, then at the time of digging it is necessary to add ash or lime... On acidic soil, cabbage can contract some of the diseases that cruciferous plants are susceptible to.
To prevent the attack of insects - pests, marigolds, mint, cilantro and other spicy plants are planted with cabbage.
Caring for the Megaton variety is not difficult, it consists only in timely watering, fertilizing and hilling.
Watering cabbage is carried out in the morning or evening after drying out the top layer of the earth, with extremely warm water.
After watering, the soil around the plant must be carefully loosened to a depth of at least 5-7 cm to prevent cracking of the soil.
After planting seedlings, watering is carried out every 2-3 days, 10 liters of water per plant. From 3 weeks, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. Water consumption per plant is 12 liters. During the formation of the head of cabbage, watering is reduced, and 14 days before harvesting, it is completely stopped to protect the head from cracking.
The first hilling is carried out in 21 days after planting seedlings. Subsequent hilling - every 10 days.
Hilling a plant is necessary for the formation of additional roots, which has a positive effect on the quality of the crop.
During the cultivation of cabbage, fertilizers are applied three times per season.
For a full-fledged receipt of nutrients, it is necessary to use half a liter of fertilizers for each plant.
Although cabbage of the Megaton variety is resistant to many diseases, it can be struck with improper care:
Is happening leaf damage, buds and young heads of cabbage caterpillar. For treatment, lepidocytes are used (20 grams per 10 liters of water).
Leaf discoloration and curling, slowdown in growth and disturbance in the formation of a head of cabbage. Treatment consists in adding Decis-Profi to the soil.
When cabbage is damaged by whitefly, the formation of white bloom on the leavesthat darken over time. You can get rid of it by spraying the plant with Aktellik at the rate of: 1 ampoule per liter of water.
Medvedka amazes root system and stems, which leads to the death of the plant. To destroy Medvedka, the drug "Medvetox" is used, which is introduced into the soil to a depth of 5 cm.
The picking time is influenced by the planting method. When sowing in a seedless way, the collection is made on day 160... When planting in seedlings - on day 100.
Although the Megaton variety is resistant to a sharp drop in temperature, this negatively affects the duration of storage. Depending on the region, Megaton cabbage is harvested in the fall.
Harvesting must be carried out in dry and cool weather, when the air temperature does not exceed + 6 degrees, since a head of cabbage cut in warm weather can be subject to rot and rapid withering.
For storage, undamaged vegetables are selected, without signs of rot. The heads of cabbage are stored in a pile up on straw, in a dry room with a temperature from 0 to -4 degrees.
The Megaton variety has one drawback - it is short fresh storage time, and in order for the cabbage to delight with its taste all winter, it must be salted.
Subject to the rules of growing and caring for the crop, the Megaton variety will delight you not only with its high yield, but also with its wonderful taste.
There is a sign for planting cabbage: you cannot sow seeds or plant seedlings in a permanent place on Thursday, as a flea or caterpillar will eat (this sign has been tested by many gardeners).
Cabbage variety Megaton F1 bred by breeders of the Dutch seed company "Bejo Zaden". On the territory of Russia, the hybrid has been allowed for cultivation since 1996 after being added to the State Register. Reviews of gardeners confirm the characteristics declared by the manufacturer, including large heads of cabbage, resistance to diseases, unpretentiousness to weather conditions.
White cabbage of medium late ripening (136 - 168 days) forms forks weighing from 3.2 kg to 15 kg. A large semi-raised rosette is formed by light green leaves, rounded with wavy edges. The head of cabbage of this variety is dense, round in shape with a short inner stump.
There are no clear time limits for harvesting. The heads of cabbage are removed as they ripen, which lasts from mid-August to the second half of September. Cabbage is actively used for sourdough and salting, thus extending its shelf life.
Cabbage variety Megaton forms round, dense and very heavy heads. When you press the surface of a head of cabbage that has reached technical ripeness, the feeling of a monolithic hard ball is created. Each head of cabbage is covered with tightly fitting, slightly bent at the edges, covering leaves, and on top of them - 2-3 rosette leaves, which form additional protection against mechanical damage or frost.
On the cut, numerous and tender leaves of the edible part are noticeable and tightly compressed inside the fork. They have a snow-white shade, but the layer adjacent to the covering leaves with a thickness of 2-3 mm can be greenish. The length of the inner stalk is relatively short and does not even reach the middle of the head. When processing, about 7% of the total mass goes to waste.
Reviews of vegetable growers note the taste characteristics of the variety: high sugar content and sweet taste of ripe and frozen cabbage. Its dense and crunchy structure is not to everyone's liking if fresh use is meant. Most gardeners also praise the high keeping quality of forks: they can be stored until January-February in a cold, dry cellar.
In terms of ripening, Megaton cabbage is classified as a mid-late hybrids. Technical ripeness occurs 125-140 days after sowing seeds for seedlings. In practice, cabbage can be harvested in late September or early October, it is not prone to cracking and can wait about 2-3 weeks to be harvested in the garden.
Cabbage variety Megaton f1 has a good set of characteristics. The high yield is combined with the excellent nutritional characteristics of the hybrid. The variety is quite frost-hardy and resistant to any manifestation of bad weather.
The content of nutrients in 100 g of Megaton cabbage:
The stated ripening times for Megaton f1 white cabbage are from 136 to 168 days from the time of germination. The yield for industrial cultivation ranges from 600 to 900 centners per hectare, which is superior to many varieties of cabbage. A record yield indicator is considered to be recorded in the Moscow region of 1053 c / ha.
When grown individually with an average head mass of 3-5 kg, the average yield is approximately 9 kg per 1 sq. m. The yield is influenced by the amount of sunlight, and watering is also correct. With an excess of moisture, the heads of cabbage begin to crack, and with severe drought, the development of fruits stops.
Cabbage of the Megaton f1 variety does not have a clearly limited harvest time. Harvest the vegetable as it ripens. Seedling cabbage is harvested from mid-August to mid-September. Harvesting time from plants planted in open ground can last until mid-October.
Since cabbage contains a sufficient amount of sugars, it is perfect for pickling. The taste of the hybrid is excellent, it is quite juicy and has a characteristic crunch when eaten.
Its use in salads is possible only after preliminary kneading of the leaves, since they are rather coarse, especially in the first months of ripening.
Cabbage has a short shelf life. Unprocessed, it can be stored in a basement at a temperature of 0-4 ° C for no more than 4 months. For longer storage, it should be salted.
Salting can be carried out at any time within 4 months after harvest.
When breeding Megaton f1 cabbage, special attention was paid to its protective characteristics. The plant has increased resistance to fusarium, gray rot and keel. Resistance to viral diseases is also increased.
However, due to its good taste, cabbage can be attacked by a large number of pests. These mainly include insects:
Therefore, when growing Megaton F1 cabbage, it is imperative to take a number of preventive measures to prevent possible pest attacks.
Summarizing the description of Megaton f1 cabbage, the following advantages can be indicated:
Despite the existing drawbacks, Megaton f1 white cabbage is an excellent candidate for growing both for personal needs and for business, since its advantages successfully overlap them.
Three weeks before harvesting, the cabbage is no longer watered. Harvesting begins at a time when night temperatures are close to –2 ° С. It is important not to skip this point, as lower temperatures negatively affect the keeping quality of cabbage. Each plant is dug up along with the roots. Small, and also slightly damaged by pests, specimens are allowed for processing as soon as possible, and large and healthy ones are laid for storage. But before that, it must be kept under a canopy for a day so that the heads of cabbage wilted, and then cut the stump so that only 2 cm remains of it. At the same time, 3 - 4 cover sheets are left.
Megaton's cabbages can weigh up to 15 kg if properly cared for
The temperature of + 4 ... + 6 ° С can be considered ideal for storage, however, cabbage is kept well at a temperature –1 ... + 1 ° С with air humidity 90 - 98%. There must be good ventilation in the room. You can tie the heads of cabbage in pairs by stubs and hang them from the ceiling so that they do not touch each other. Or put it in wooden lattice boxes, which are placed on shelves or stands, but not on the floor. Storage is also possible in the refrigerator in a paper towel and an unsealed plastic bag. Only with this method the head of cabbage will last no more than two months.
Megaton cabbage heads contain from 0.6 to 3% protein, about 40 - 43 mg of ascorbic acid per 100 g of raw material, 3.8 - 5% of total sugar and 8 - 8.5% of dry matter. These heads of cabbage are ideal for pickling and especially for sourdough, but the high sugar content makes them unsuitable or unsuitable for eating in salads or in a dish such as cabbage rolls.
Cabbage variety Megaton is grown exclusively in the open field in two ways - seedling and non-seedling. Not everyone knows how and when to sow Megaton cabbage for seedlings, and according to what scheme to plant in the garden.
Seedlings in the open field
Before sowing Megaton cabbage seeds for seedlings, you need to prepare the soil, container, seeds. This method of growing cabbage is very popular, because the climate in many regions of Russia does not allow sowing seeds directly into open ground. Sowing seeds begins in April, so that after a month, the mature seedlings are transplanted into open ground. It is better to use boxes as a container; Megaton does not need separate cups or peat tablets.
As soil, take soil from the garden, mixed with peat in proportions 50/50. Sand and manure can also be added. Suitable substrate for indoor plants, since almost all crops can be grown in it. When planting seeds in the ground, it is recommended to adhere to a distance of about 3-4 cm, between rows 5-6 cm. Purchased Megaton cabbage seeds do not need to be treated with disinfectants, they go on sale fully prepared for planting. You can buy Megaton seeds on the Internet, but we recommend purchasing planting material from trusted manufacturers.
Homemade Megaton cabbage seeds require some preparation. First, they are warmed up in the sun or in a stove at a temperature not exceeding + 50 ° C, after which they are lowered into water at room temperature. There they remain for 10-20 hours to swell. Then the seeds must be dipped in a potassium permanganate solution for 15 minutes. Manganese is a strong antiseptic that destroys all types of pathogens and reduces the risk of rotting of the root system and prevents the development of fusarium.
After sowing, the soil is moistened, and the box with seedlings is installed in a room where there are no drafts, and the air temperature is not more than + 10 ° C. When the first leaves appear, apply mineral fertilizers and raise the temperature to 18 ° C. In order for the seedlings to develop better, they can be taken outside, if the weather permits, or if the room is regularly ventilated.
When three leaves appear, some gardeners make a dive, that is, they transplant the seedlings from the box into separate containers, from which they will then be planted in open ground. Experienced farmers do not recommend doing this, because any transplant for a plant is stressful. It is enough to fully care for the seedlings, and then immediately transplant them to a permanent place. The transplant is carried out when warm weather sets in the street, and the seedlings grow to 8-15 cm. Before transplanting into open ground, it is imperative to harden. This procedure allows the culture to get used to the fluctuations in day and night temperatures outside. For this, 5 days before the planned planting in the ground, boxes with seedlings are taken out into the street.
Seedlings before planting in the ground
Seedlings are transplanted in the evening, after sunset. This is necessary for the culture to take root to the ground during a cool and humid night. When planted in the morning, the sun fries during the day, which prevents the plant from assimilating normally in a new place.
Before transplanting, you need to prepare a garden bed. Primary processing has been carried out since autumn. First, you need to dig up the bed and check the acidity of the soil. If it is high, chalk or lime is added, with the calculation of 200 g per 1 sq. M. Also in the fall, compost and fresh cow dung are introduced into the soil. Spring preparation is carried out when the snow melts and the soil melts by 30-50 cm. There is no need to dig up again, it will be enough to loosen the soil and add mineral mixtures, for example, superphosphate.
Along the row, holes are made at a distance of 40 cm from each other. The spacing between the rows should be at least 60 cm, because the Megaton bushes are large enough, if they are planted closer, they will interfere with each other. It is also not worth doing very large intervals, since this variety is one of the few that can be planted densely. This will not affect the quality and quantity of the future harvest in any way. Two prepared seeds are laid in the ground, with a seedless method of growing cabbage, or seedlings. You should not mulch Megaton cabbage, too often you do not need to loosen the soil either, since with a dense planting there is a high risk of damage to the root system.
The use of Megaton cabbage is universal. She shows herself equally well in raw form, fermented and stewed.
When fermented, the Megaton cabbage hybrid is especially tasty, as it lets out a lot of juice, which allows you to get a high-quality product. The workpiece can be stored in such a brine for a very long time in a cool place, without peroxidation and without losing its pleasant taste and crunch.