The dispute about the need to warm garden strawberries for the winter does not subside among gardeners and truck farmers. In some cases, this procedure is useless and sometimes harmful.
In the autumn-winter time, the berry culture may suffer from the following adverse factors:
Strawberries can freeze in winter
With any of these options, it is necessary to organize a winter shelter for the strawberry plantations. In regions where the layer of falling snow is at least 0.3 m, this is usually not required.
The best insulation for strawberries is snow.
Some varieties of garden strawberries are especially sensitive to the effects of cold. This fact also needs to be taken into account. But it is better to grow varieties of this culture, zoned for local climatic conditions.
We never cover strawberry beds with anything for the winter, because mice like to settle under a layer of insulating material. In addition, in spring, with early thaws, there is a very high risk of drying out bushes under cover. Natural snow cover reliably protects plants from frost. We usually have a lot of snow in Siberia.
It is imperative to choose the right time to warm your strawberry plantations. Too early shelter is fraught with damping out of plants due to unstable weather with sharp temperature jumps. Delay will lead to freezing of the root system, especially in the absence of snow cover.
You should focus on the features of the local climate and the ambient temperature. Strawberries easily tolerate a cold snap down to -3 ° C, further lowering is destructive for them. Therefore, as soon as the temperature indicators are stable for 5-7 days in the region of 0 ...- 8 ° C, the beds can be covered.
Strawberries need to be covered when there are constant subzero temperatures.
In different regions, the start date of work may vary significantly. In the northern regions, this is usually the end of October or the beginning of November. The milder climate of the southern regions makes it possible to cover strawberries at the end of November or even in the first decade of December.
Repaired varieties of strawberries, which bloom and bear fruit until the very frost, are insulated later than ordinary varieties.
Repaired strawberries can go under the snow with flowers and berries
As a natural mulch material for sheltering strawberry beds, the following are used:
Lapnik keeps snow well
Only healthy foliage can be used to shelter strawberries to avoid the transfer of fungal diseases
For shelter of strawberries, you can use stems of herbs, vines, etc.
Straw from strawberry beds can be blown up by the wind
A bed of strawberries can be covered with sawdust or shavings
Very often strawberries are covered with humus or compost.
Young strawberry bushes that have not had time to fully get stronger should be completely covered with mulching materials. In adult plants, it is enough to sprinkle the growth point, which is the most vulnerable spot.
It is recommended to install snow retention devices (low fences, shields or boards) in the aisles and along the edges of the strawberry plantation.
Shields are installed to trap snow
Various non-woven covering fabrics have proven themselves well in terms of insulating strawberries:
Agrofibre allows moisture, air and sunlight to pass through, but retains heat inside... At the same time, it is lightweight and does not injure plants. The material is laid out on the garden bed directly on the strawberry bushes, the edges are fixed (with stones, bricks or staples) so that it is not carried away by gusts of wind.
Agrofiber retains heat well, allows water and air to pass through
You can build a frame structure from metal or plastic arcs on which agrotechnical fabric or plastic wrap is stretched.
Argot fabric can be pulled over the frame
There are many options for winter shelter for strawberry beds. The main thing is to choose the optimal and preferable one in specific conditions.
Give your strawberries a warm winter to provide you with a rich harvest.
It seems that they planted strawberries in fertile soil, fed, watered, protected from diseases and pests - but it still did not give the desired harvest. Why? Perhaps the plant had a hard time enduring the winter. Therefore, let's figure out how to properly cover strawberries for the winter so that they remain healthy and strong.
In early September, strawberry beds are treated for infections, fungal diseases and weevils and ticks. Pests lay larvae and eggs in the soil under strawberry bushes.
Fungal spores overwinter under the leaves. And before the first frost, it is imperative to treat strawberries with karbofos, fungicides or folk remedies.
Using the advice of experienced gardeners, they carry out the following treatment of the beds: ash is taken in a bucket of water - 20 grams, vegetable oil - 30 ml, vinegar - 20 ml, soap, 400 grams.
Everything is mixed and watered on each strawberry bush to get on the leaves and stems.
Most gardeners agree that the best shelter for berry bushes is snow. This is so, but only not all regions can boast of snowy winters - in some areas they are rather slushy. Moreover, no one will give a guarantee that frost will come after precipitation in the form of snow, and not after rain, so reinsurance certainly does not hurt.
Natural shelters have a very big advantage: they are cheap, if not free. But their advantages do not end there, however, as well as disadvantages.
And if the issue of building a winter shelter is approached in detail, then the best solution, of course, will be specialized materials. Yes, you can't collect them in the forest - you have to go to the store and buy for money, but the effect will definitely be guaranteed.
Most gardeners are of the opinion that the best artificial covering material is spunbond, namely its agricultural variety - agrofibre. Heat is retained by the formation of an air gap between the plants and the bedspread.
As a covering material for strawberries, agrofibre has a number of advantages:
Perhaps the only drawback of agrofibre is its cost - the material is expensive.
And there is one more nuance: you cannot put spunbond directly on strawberries. To achieve the desired effect, it is stretched over the bed and attached to pre-installed arcs.
Strawberries should grow healthy leaves by the onset of winter, which will be an excellent protection for the buds from frost. In the fall, you should follow the rules of agricultural technology, applying fertilizers and removing pests. At the end of summer, it is advised to loosen the ground near the bushes. Do not transplant strawberries late. Weeds are also best removed in the spring. Snow can serve as the best thermal insulation for a plant, since it does not allow the soil to freeze.
A layer of mulch, consisting of humus, reeds, peat, pine and spruce needles, and reeds, can prevent cracking of the soil. Its stock should be stored in bags or simply dumped near the strawberry beds. The mulch should be used in an amount of approximately one bag per 24 to 26 bushes of the plant. Dry mulch, taken in an armful, should be overlaid on all sides with adult strawberry bushes, the layer should be about 10 - 15 cm.
After the onset of the first slight frosts, the strawberries must be covered. It is important to take into account factors such as the geographical location of the site and its microclimate. Cover the strawberry bushes with plenty of straw to protect them. Just make sure that the straw does not come across seeds that can attract rodents, or sawdust.
In order to properly make a shelter for a plant, a material such as agrofibre is used. The thickness of the strawberry shelter layer should be about 6 - 8 cm. In the event that a little snow falls in winter, the bushes not covered with it can die due to the onset of sharp frosts. To delay the melting of snow in your garden, it is recommended to shade it with large boxes or other materials that are at hand. When the heat comes, the bushes of the plant should be freed from the covering material so that they can have an area for normal growth and development.
Agrofibre is also capable of helping in the fight against the negative impact of spring frosts on strawberries. They need to cover the plant at night and remove material in the morning to allow the bees to pollinate the plant. Experts advise, whenever possible, to grow those strawberry varieties that are most suitable for your region. In the presence of a sufficiently large layer of snow, they can overwinter even without a special shelter.
Experienced gardeners assure that walnut leaves should be used as fertilizer. A particular benefit from the use of this type of fertilizer is observed for fruit shrubs and trees.
To heal the plant and increase fruiting, it is recommended to use
walnut foliage as follows:
Those who have been growing strawberries on their site for a long time are ready to share the secrets of caring for them. Here are some tips that can help you better prepare your berry bushes for wintering: