Euphorbia


Euphorbia (Euphorbia), which is also called spurge, Is the most numerous and well-known genus of plants related to the Euphorbiaceae family. It unites about 2 thousand very different plants. Such plants in natural conditions can be found in subtropical, tropical and temperate areas.

Most of these species are adapted for indoor cultivation. And the bulk of these plants are native to the subtropics of Central America and Africa. Most of them are succulents, which have thickened stems that can store water. When grown indoors, milkweed is not afraid of low air humidity and irregular watering.

There are species that are very similar to cacti, for example, cereus euphorbia or trihedral euphorbia. They are also similar to flowering plants (poinsettia).

Almost all types of euphorbia have a juice containing toxic substances - euphorbin. Some species may be more poisonous, others less. This juice can leave a burn on the skin, lead to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, and cause inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes. In this regard, during the transplantation and reproduction of such a plant, special care must be taken. Also, euphorbia should be placed in places that are difficult to reach for pets and small children.

Milkshakes are grateful for their popularity, a very effective form, undemanding care, as well as their durability. Most of these plants do not lose their attractive appearance even after many years.

Euphorbia - "not a cactus" with thorns, transplantation and care

Home care for euphorbia

It is very easy to grow such plants indoors, because most of them are absolutely undemanding to care for. They are resistant to dryness of the soil, are not susceptible to attack by pests, and also feel great on southern windows.

Temperature regime

In summer, the air temperature should be from 20 to 25 degrees, and in winter - about 16 degrees. Such a species as poinsettia requires a cold wintering, and all the others are quite capable of being in winter at normal room temperature.

Illumination

These are light-loving plants that are best placed on southern windows. If in winter there is little light in the milkweed and it is warm, then its shoots become very elongated, and decorativeness is lost. Absolutely all species in the warm season can be transferred to the street.

Humidity

Low air humidity is well tolerated by euphorbias. However, it is recommended to regularly spray them with lukewarm water for hygienic purposes (to remove dust).

How to water

Watering depends entirely on the type of plant. But almost all succulents are rarely watered. So, in winter they need to be watered once every 4 weeks, while the earthen coma should not be allowed to completely dry out. During active growth and flowering period, watering should be more abundant.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out in the spring and summer. For this, special fertilizers are used for indoor plants or for cacti.

Euphorbia transplant

Almost all types of euphorbia are slow-growing, so transplantation is carried out only if necessary. Small and small pots are chosen for small milkweed, and for tall plants, triangular milkweed and tirucallia, heavy and sufficiently deep dishes are needed. Good drainage is needed.

Euphorbia Enopla - Cute Poison Spike

Earth mixture

The soil should be loose and the root system should not be allowed to grow strongly. A suitable dredger consists of leaf, turf and peat soil, as well as sand, taken in equal portions. It is also recommended to pour a little brick chips or perlite into it. A dredge for cacti is also suitable.

Reproduction of euphorbia

Propagated by cuttings. Before planting the cutting, it should be dried for several hours. You may not cover the stalk, but you should put it in a warm place. Rooting is quick and easy.

Pests and diseases

Almost all species are not susceptible to diseases and pests.

Euphorbia euphorbia / houseplant euphorbia (part 1)

Types of euphorbia with photos and names

Euphorbia beautiful (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

It is also called poinsettia. This is one of the most popular home-grown milkweed. The flowering of this plant falls on Christmas (Catholic). However, it is not small flowers that betray a spectacular appearance to the plant, but bright leaves growing under the inflorescences. Depending on the variety, these leaves can be pink, deep red, or white. If the room is too warm and the air humidity is too low, then with the end of flowering, all the leaves of the plant fall off. This species is quite picky about care.

Euphorbia resinifera

This plant is cactus-like and has tetrahedral green-gray shoots. On the ribs, there are warty protrusions on which there are thorns. This is a very uncaptious plant.

Euphorbia hypericifolia (Euphorbia hypericifolia)

Which is also called "Diamond Frost" - this non-capricious plant is very loved by flower growers. He is usually planted in hanging baskets. On a hat of pale green leaves, there are many small white flowers that are very similar to snow-white foam.

Mille spurge (Euphorbia milii)

Such a not very large thorny bush is also called a "crown of thorns". On its gray, powerful shoots, oblong leaves are located. The young shrub is very beautiful, as it contains many small flowers with bracts of a rich red or pale yellow color, which contrast with the dark green foliage. The old plant becomes similar to a prickly dry shrub. Feels great near the window located in the southern part of the room.

Puffy or obese spurge (Euphorbia obesa)

This succulent plant is very similar to the cactus. It has a stem in the shape of a ball, on which there are subtle ribs. It has no leaves or thorns.

Large-horned spurge (Euphorbia grandicornis)

It has a rather bizarre shape. Its fleshy branching stems are triangular. On the edges there are large gray or brownish-yellow spines. Leaves grow on young shoots and fly around pretty soon.

Triangular spurge (Euphorbia trigona)

This rather showy tall plant has triangular branching stems. Leaves, which have an oblong shape, grow at the ends of young stems. After a while, the leaves fall off.

Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirucalli)

Such a succulent plant is undemanding to care for. The shoots of this very bushy milkweed are similar to small green sticks. It lacks both thorns and leaves.

Euphorbia (Euphorbia leuconeura)

This type is the most common. It has a pronounced trunk, which is ribbed, on the top of which there is a bunch of dark green, long leaves, on the surface of which white veins are clearly visible.

Milk (Euphorbia) at home. Variety of species


Some euphorbia species look like cacti.

Euphorbia grows naturally in the subtropics of Africa, Arabia, Central and South America, the Canary Islands and Madagascar. The succulent plant is adapted to life in arid conditions. The name was given in honor of the ancient healer Euforb, who possessed the secrets of making medicines from milkweed.

Outwardly, euphorbia are so different that common signs cannot be distinguished. Some plants have a thick leafy trunk, others are covered with thorns. Stems can be faceted, spherical, columnar. The only characteristic inherent in all of them is the milky juice, which any homemade spurge secretes when broken or cut. It can burn mucous membranes, so gloves should be used when working with euphorbia.


Euphorbia white-veined, or Just spurge

Euphorbia white-necked is probably the most popular type of indoor milkweed. The name Euphorbia was given in honor of the physician Euphorbia, who discovered the beneficial properties of the milky juice of this plant. I have an ambivalent attitude towards milkweed (as well as all my friends). On the one hand, there are interesting leaves, an unusual species, either a palm tree, or a cactus, unpretentious. On the other hand, if you don’t like something, the leaves turn yellow, the trunk is bare and there are three tuft leaves on the top of the head.)) But in the collection of succulents (at work and at home) I have it for many, many years.


Euphorbia white-necked (at work)

Description of the plant

Euphorbia is a species of deciduous succulents. It has a ribbed trunk, which in nature reaches 1.5 m, and at home from 0.5 to 1 meter in height. At the end of the trunk there are small thorns, due to which euphorbia is sometimes confused with cacti. The leaves are oval, with white veins, which are, as it were, applied with white paint on the top of the sheet and are located in the upper part of the trunk. The veins of a young plant are especially clearly visible.


Young euphorbia at work

Because of this arrangement of leaves, euphorbia is sometimes called a palm tree. Over time, the lower leaves die off, and the trunk becomes like a club with thorns along its entire length. Sometimes processes may appear on it, and the spurge becomes branched. Euphorbia blooms with small white-brown nondescript flowers, collected in inflorescences.


Bloom

The fruit of the milkweed is a box, which, when ripe, shoots out seeds, and then a lot of new growth of milkweed appears in the pot, since the seed survival rate is very high.

Growing conditions

Planting, transplanting and reproduction

It is recommended to transplant euphorbia annually. I transplant the plant only when I see that it becomes cramped in this pot or the base of the trunk “stiffens” and becomes thinner. I carefully dig out the flower and transplant it into a larger pot. I pour expanded clay at the bottom of the pot, and on top a mixture of leaf and turf soil with a large addition of sand. You can use a succulent mixture. I deepen the plant, that is, I try to sprinkle the woody part of the trunk with earth.


The lower part of the trunk becomes thinner and stiffer. It's time to transplant

The plant takes root well, and when basal shoots appear on it, the trunk begins to branch.


Whether a palm tree or a cactus (at home)

Euphorbia propagates by seeds that appear after flowering. If you have one flower, wait, there will be a lot of them soon. The seeds germinate two weeks after sowing, and sometimes euphorbia sprouts can be found in neighboring pots.))) At first, these are small leaves, which after two to three weeks become like a mini-palm. I usually give the shoots into "good hands", but often I just pull them out and weed them. Because, if you do not get rid of excess sprouts, a landscape of Madagascar or South Africa, the homeland of this succulent, may appear on the windowsill.
Spurge is also propagated by cuttings, but I have never used this method.

Watering and feeding

Euphorbia, although a plant in arid regions, is very demanding to water. In summer, it must be watered very abundantly. If it does not have enough moisture, the leaves begin to turn yellow and crumble. It is better to take the plant in the summer, if possible, to the open air, but so that the euphorbia does not fall under the rain. In this case, rot may appear on the leaves. In winter, spurge should be watered sparingly, after the soil dries up by 2-3 cm. The temperature should not be high (preferably not higher than 20 ° C).

It is recommended to feed euphorbia with liquid bird droppings, but in an apartment, just use liquid feed for succulents.


Home care for the synadenium

Location and lighting

To grow synadenium, you will need bright, diffused light. Its location on the east and west windows would be ideal. If the synadenium does not receive enough light, then its leaves will quickly lose their decorative effect.

Temperature

During the period of plant growth, the ambient temperature should be at least 23-25 ​​degrees. During the dormant period in winter, it should not be less than 12 degrees. In winter, the synadenium also needs bright, diffused light.

Air humidity

Sinadenium feels great both in a room with high air humidity and in a room with dry air. The only condition is regular care of its leaves, which consists in erasing accumulated dust from their surface.

Watering

In the spring and summer, it is important to water the synadenium as the topsoil dries out. If the ground dries up, the plant will begin to shed its leaves. In winter, watering should be reduced, since the plant is dormant during this period. For irrigation, use soft, settled water at room temperature.

The soil

The substrate for planting synadenium should be with a neutral acidity level (pH 5-7). A mixture of peat and leaf soil, sand with the addition of brick chips and charcoal is ideal.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Sinadenium is fertilized from spring to autumn with universal means for decorative deciduous plants. The frequency of top dressing is 2-3 times a month.

Transfer

A young plant needs an annual transplant, and an adult one every 2-3 years. The synadenium is transplanted only in the spring. At the bottom, you need to place a drainage layer of expanded clay, which prevents stagnation of water in the pot.

Pruning

In order for the plant to be lush and form many shoots, it is regularly pinched and pruned. This can be done throughout the year.


Watch the video: Two Very Different Euphorbias and What They Do


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