Indian onion (tailed birdhouse)


This unusual perennial plant is popular with many flower lovers. It can be found both in a city apartment and in a private house, because the Indian onion grows both indoors and outdoors. People who are not indifferent to floriculture know this plant under a different name - tailed poultry farm. Traditional medicine has long appreciated this perennial for its healing and beneficial properties.

The poultry garden is an unpretentious and very hardy plant. This is confirmed by the fact that it can be found in the countries of South Africa, where the climate is very hot. This is a hardy bulbous plant very similar to gladiolus in the way it is grown. Its deciduous part is distinguished by active growth with minimal maintenance, and a bright and very attractive flowering lasts for a long time.

It is not in vain that the tailed bird poultry got such an interesting name. Its thin and long leaves grow quickly and form unusual shapes. The root is a tuber, the top of which is on the surface of the soil. This makes it possible to observe how during the season a small tuber turns into a large ball. At first, the plant surprises with the unique composition of its leaves, but very soon a flower arrow appears among this green bouquet. Its rapid growth amazes not only with its almost one meter height, but also fascinates with its beautiful flowering.

Novice gardeners and inexperienced growers may confuse Indian onions with a bokarnea flower. They do have similarities in external data, but there are also significant differences.

Growing and care

The tailed bird is a plant of the bulbous family that does not require complex care. It feels great outdoors in any free area and can also be called a houseplant. All he needs is to moisturize and feed on time and correctly. At the end of flowering, old bulbs and young bulbs must be carefully dug up and stored in a cool room or refrigerator in winter.

The soil. An indoor poultry house will grow well in a small flower pot. Before planting, you need to take care of the soil. It should be a mixture of one part of leaf and one part of sod land, as well as two parts of river sand. At the bottom of the pot, you need to pour a small layer of drainage, and then the prepared mixture. Only the bottom of the bulb should remain in the ground.

Watering. The plant does not like waterlogging, with strong moisture it can even die. Therefore, it is better to water Indian onions when the topsoil is completely dry. This bulbous plant is very fond of water procedures in the form of spraying. This method of humidifying the air near the plant helps to resist dangerous diseases. With insufficient air humidity, the leaves of the plant will turn yellow and curl.

Lighting. The normal growth and development of the poultry farm depends on proper lighting. A lack of sunlight will reflect on the outwardly unhealthy appearance of the plant. Flower pots should be on the south or east side. If it is not possible to constantly keep the plant under such lighting, then you can rearrange it for about a week in a favorable place at least once a month. Solar treatments will make up for the lack of light.

Top dressing. Under indoor conditions, the poultry farm requires feeding with complex fertilizers with various minerals or liquid organic fertilizers (for example, a weak manganese solution). It will be enough once a month.

Transfer. When transplanting, it should be borne in mind that a new container for a plant will need a little more than the previous one. After transplanting, the Indian onion quickly takes root in a new place and gains new strength and beauty. It is imperative to transplant it.

Temperature. The tailed bird poultry is a heat-loving plant. Room temperature is great for him. But in winter, it must be protected from hypothermia. At temperatures below twelve degrees Celsius, the plant can get sick and die.

Reproduction. This bulbous plant reproduces in three ways:

  • Bulbs - babies
  • Seeds
  • By dividing the bulb

Reproduction by bulbous babies is considered one of the simplest and most common methods. At the end of the flowering season, a large number of such small bulbs grow on the tuber. They must be carefully separated and can be planted immediately, without roots, in moist soil. Only two weeks will pass and each young bulb will take root and will be able to grow and develop independently.

Useful properties and contraindications

The tailed bird poultry has long been known and popular in folk medicine. It is believed that this plant can provide first aid for many diseases. Its main property is pain relief. Healing juice is used in the form of rubbing and compresses for various types of pain - headache, joint pain, after bruises and sprains. The juice of this plant accelerates wound healing and fights viruses.

For treatment, only freshly squeezed juice from old leaves is used. They rub it over the sore spot and wrap it with a woolen cloth for ten to fifteen minutes. In such a short time, acute pain disappears. To fight viruses and the first signs of a cold, they rub the bridge of the nose and temples, lymph nodes and the back of the head with juice.

Indian onions can be put on a par with such indoor medicinal plants as aloe, agave, Kalanchoe. They should be in every home as a home first aid kit. This plant will always come to the aid of all family members.

But this perennial plant also has contraindications. It is a strong allergen and can cause allergic manifestations. One has to be very careful with Indian onion juice. It is very dangerous to get the juice on the mucous membranes. If the body does not perceive this plant, then rashes, burning and itching, even redness and swelling will appear on the skin.

Do not self-medicate. Consult a specialist before using tailed hen juice. Each medicinal plant can not only cure, but also harm. It is imperative to take into account the individual characteristics of each specific organism.

With numerous beneficial healing properties, one should not forget about its unusual decorative qualities. This perennial bulbous plant not only attracts with its beauty, but also arouses great interest among true connoisseurs of flower art. Many flower growers consider the tailed poultry to be their pride.


Indian onions - benefits and dangers

Most of the most common names for this houseplant are associated with the word "onion" - it is called Indian, sea, Chinese, Mongolian, but it has nothing to do with onions or any of the listed countries. Other common names are brandushka and even "hellish root", and botanists use the word "birdman" for it, a literal translation of the Latin "ornithogalum".

Useful properties of culture

Indian onions are not recognized by traditional medicine as a medicinal plant. But due to its healing properties, it is successfully used in herbal medicine. The chemical composition of the juice of the culture includes:

  • colchicine
  • glycoside
  • essential oils
  • flavonoids
  • alkaloids.

Thanks to these active substances, the milk of the plant relieves pain, heals wounds, destroys pathogenic microbes and bacteria, and improves blood circulation. Poultry tailed poultry is able to cure osteochondrosis, skin and colds, it is used in the fight against cancer.


Use in traditional medicine

If Indian onions are grown in the house, its use in traditional medicine is a topical issue. Indeed, in this case, an antiviral agent grows right on the windowsill, and a rather powerful one. The juice of this plant, leaves, even a bulb have healing properties. But you need to be especially careful with it, since it contains potentially dangerous substances; some housewives use this part of the plant to bait small rodents like rats.

May be poisonous to rodents

Homemade preparations based on Indian onions are ointments, decoctions and tinctures, but you can also use pure milky juice. Sometimes this plant is combined with various essential oils.

In folk medicine, plants are mainly used that have reached 2 years of age, since it is believed that only by this time they are gaining strength. If Indian onions are grown from the very beginning for medicinal purposes, then its peduncles must be removed so that the concentration of these compounds reaches a maximum.

Indian onion is a perennial that has proven to be effective in treating various diseases, including:

  • vascular pathologies (varicose veins, hemorrhoids)
  • diseases of the spine and joints (osteochondrosis, arthrosis, radiculitis)
  • diabetes mellitus and endocrine disorders
  • tumors of various origins and nature
  • papillomatosis and fungal diseases.

Poultry-based products help in the treatment of abscesses and boils. The leaves of the plant have an analgesic effect, so the broth is often used in the treatment of toothaches and migraines.


Planting a poultry farm in open ground

When to plant in the ground

It is possible to grow the bird house-ornithogalum from seeds, but this is a long way - such plants will bloom in the fourth, or even in the fifth year. Therefore, it is better to buy bulbs and plant them in the ground in August or September. Planting and caring for a poultry farm is not laborious and even a beginner grower can do it.

How to plant

A sunny area is suitable for the birdhouse, but it grows well in partial shade. The soil should be permeable - in this case, sandy soil is preferable, not clayey. In the flowerbed, holes are made 6-10 cm deep at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, bulbs are placed in them, covered with soil and watered. That's all - you just have to wait for the spring shoots.


Diseases and pests of Indian onions

The poultry garden contains a large number of poisonous components. The plant is rarely affected by pests and diseases. Signs of an onion mite or onion rattler may appear on the poultry farm. Systemic insecticides will help get rid of pests.

Infection with a viral mosaic or rootworm nematode is very dangerous for Indian onions. The plant does not respond to treatment. The culture, earth ball and flower container should be destroyed.


Caution, poison!

Use Indian onions for medicinal purposes very carefully. This plant should be out of reach of children and pets. Store the alcoholic tincture in a secluded area with a warning label. It is necessary to avoid getting milk on mucous membranes, and especially in the eyes. If this happens, rinse them immediately with water. It is important to remember that individual sensitivity to juice is different for all people, therefore, treatment should be started at short intervals, avoiding burns. You need to work with the plant with gloves.



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