Chamelacium (Chamelaucium) is a shrub flowering plant from the myrtle family, native to the Australian continent. In the wild, it grows on hills with rocky soil, as well as in sandy areas and can reach a height of 2-3 meters. Blooms in small inflorescences of various shades. When grown at home, the shrub grows up to thirty to sixty centimeters in height.
In the family of this attractive plant, there are more than 14 different species, differing in shape and size, as well as in a palette of shades during flowering. Florists and bouquets use chamelacium flowers for flower arrangements and room decoration. For growing at home, it is necessary to choose low-growing varieties of shrubs (for example, “Kryuchkovatyi”, “Darwinia” or “Matilda” chamelacium).
Chamelacium is a light-loving plant and is excellent for direct sunlight. The flower container with the plant must be placed on the lightest window sill in the apartment on the sunny side. When growing chamelacium in a flower garden in the country, it is also worth choosing the lightest land plot, which is under sunlight and warmth for the maximum amount of time during the day.
To make it easier for the plant to fully develop during a short daylight hours, it is worth using fluorescent lamps to create additional illumination.
The ideal temperature for growing chamelacium indoors from March to October is 20-25 degrees. The rest of the time (during the rest period) - no more than 15 degrees. On very hot summer days, when the thermometer approaches 30 degrees, it is necessary to cool the air in the room with the help of ventilation, since the shrub plant may not survive the heat.
Since chamelacium comes from areas with rocky slopes and a minimum amount of moisture, the level of humidity is not very important for it, and watering should be moderate and not abundant. On the contrary, with waterlogging of the soil, the root part of the plant will begin to rot, and the flowers will wither.
In the spring-summer period, chamelacium must be watered regularly, especially during active flowering. Water for irrigation should not be cold, previously settled for 2-3 days and with a small addition of lemon juice or citric acid (2-3 times a month).
In winter, when the plant is dormant, watering is reduced to a minimum, but the soil in the pot should always be slightly damp. Do not allow the soil to dry out in the flower container.
The soil mixture for growing chamelacium should contain humus, peat, moss and sand. With such components, the soil will be light, it will be easy to loosen it, which is very important for the development of the plant. Loosening of the soil must be carried out regularly.
You can apply fertilizers for chamelacium only twice: in the active phase of growth and during flowering. Top dressing should contain potassium and phosphorus and are intended specifically for flowering indoor plants. The rest of the time, fertilization is not required for the plant.
The root system of the domestic chamelacium shrub is very vulnerable, therefore, the transplant is carried out by transshipment without damaging the earthen coma.
Most of the chamelacium varieties are fast-growing plants and require regular pruning of lush shoots. Pruning is recommended only after the end of flowering by about thirty percent of the length of the shoot. The shape of the shrub can be formed not only by pruning, but also by pinching the upper leaves.
Chamelacium propagates by apical shoots. They must be cut off and left to root in soil or water. A special biostimulant for root formation can be added to the water. This will speed up the process and give you more chances for young roots to appear. When rooting in the ground, it is desirable that it contains sand and peat. After the formation of the root part, the plant is transplanted to a permanent place in ordinary soil.
Usually chamelacium is not attacked by pests and does not get sick, because it has a bright and strong aroma that insects do not like. This shrub plant is rich in essential oils, which protect it from all kinds of problems with growth and development, as well as other troubles in the form of diseases and harmful fauna. This precious substance in the composition of the plant is its reliable protection.
Hamelacyum only gets sick or damaged in extremely rare cases. And the fault is almost a hundred percent of the wrong care and maintenance. One of the possible diseases may be late blight. It occurs in places with an excess of moisture in the soil and air, in rooms with a high level of humidity and due to abundant watering. The plant can be cured by changing the amount of irrigation water down and moving the container with the plant to a room with dry air. In the future, it is recommended to strictly observe the norms and regularity of watering and control the level of air humidity. Excess moisture and stagnation of water in the soil are not allowed.
The Australian chamelacium shrub is considered a very sensitive and capricious representative of the flora. Comfortable growing and keeping conditions are vital for him. With the smallest deviations in the temperature regime, the level of humidity and the degree of its illumination, it will immediately react by changing its appearance, and not for the better. The rules for caring for a shrub must be strictly observed and constantly monitor its condition. At the slightest external changes, you need to determine the cause and eliminate it.
The first sign of chamelacium malaise is shedding of foliage or flower buds, wilting of the entire plant or individual shoots, and cessation of flowering. If this comes from improper or uneven watering, then it is worth watering the plant from all sides so that moisture gets on the entire root of the flower. If the cause of the plant's disease is poor lighting, then you need to transfer it to a more illuminated place and from time to time turn the flower pot towards the sun in different directions. If there is a lack of light, it is recommended to supplement the plant with fluorescent lamps.
With proper care, chamelacium will always delight you with a pleasant aroma and beautiful flowering.
The most suitable variety for indoor cultivation. In the wild, this type of chamelacium exceeds two meters in height, as it is a fast-growing plant. At home, its size is much more modest, but it grows as quickly as in its natural environment. Therefore, the shrub should be trimmed and trimmed regularly for a decorative look and attractive shape.
The shrub blooms with fragrant flowers and is distinguished by the variety of their shades. Small-sized single flowers or inflorescences are white and yellow, pink and lilac, purple and scarlet. The leafy part of the plant is presented in the form of narrow leaves, similar to needles.
A low-growing shrub, not exceeding a height of 50 centimeters, is convenient for decorating a room or growing on a loggia or balcony. Its inflorescences are very similar to a blooming apple. The color of flowers can be light pink, dark red and purple. "Darwinia" is used in flower arrangements and in the preparation of festive bouquets and goes well with roses and lilies.
Small in size, compact shrub, able to withstand changes in air temperatures and small frosts. A distinctive feature of this species is a pleasant aroma and unusual color of inflorescences. They change color from white to pink and light purple as the flowers open.
Chamelatsium ("wax myrtle") belongs to the Myrtle family and grows in Australia. It is an evergreen shrub with narrow needle-like leaves (with phytoncidal properties and a pleasant aroma when rubbed), also valued for its beautiful flowers. There are many varieties of chamelacium, differing in leaf size and flowers (pink or white with a rosette of bracts). Cut flowering branches stand well in the water, therefore they are used for arrangement.
Hamelacium is photophilous and thermophilic, it needs a sunny location, fresh air. For the summer, the chamelacium can be taken out on the balcony or in the garden, protected from the rain. Regular moderate watering is recommended (without stagnation of water and overdrying of the soil) and spraying is used only with soft water. With a lack of light and moisture, with excessive watering, chamelacium loses flowers and leaves. In winter, watering is limited and chamelacium is kept at a temperature not exceeding 10 degrees.
After flowering, the chamelacium is pruned, and a formative crown pruning is also carried out. During the active growing season in spring and summer, regular feeding is required once a month with a light fertilizer solution.
Young plants are transferred annually in spring to a larger pot, adults are transplanted if necessary. Recommended substrate: turf, leafy soil, peat, humus, river sand (3: 1: 1: 1: 1). Chamelacium is propagated by semi-lignified apical cuttings, which are rooted in a mixture of leaf and peat soil at a soil temperature of 25 degrees (cuttings take root with difficulty).
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DVD discs suspended above the garden scare away cabbage butterflies well (photo 2). They give such a powerful flare that all the whites fly sideways.
It is better to tie the discs through a small hole drilled at the edge of the disc.
Tomatoes grow better on weakly acidic soil, so a lot of lime-fluff and ash should not be poured onto the beds.
In order for the bell pepper to grow and bear fruit well, the beds must be fenced with glazed frames. In this case, it is less blown by the wind (bell peppers do not like windy weather).
When reused, wooden pegs for tying tomatoes must be disinfected with a fungicide solution.
PS: After reading my article, many summer residents will decide that I use too much chemistry when growing tomatoes, which affects the quality of the fruits. This is not true. Our tomatoes are delicious and sweet. Everyone who tastes our tomatoes notes their very good taste. We should not be afraid of drugs to fight diseases, but an excess of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil, which leads to the accumulation of nitrates in vegetables. This is the sin of all summer residents who grow vegetables for sale.
© Author: Victor Georgievich Korenev Vladivostok
Leptospermum paniculata (Leptospermum scoparium) recognizable by small bluish foliage. The popular variety Wiri Joan has pink flowers with a small crimson ring in the center. Standard trees in spring, covered with numerous five-petalled flowers, look charming.
Today it can be seen more often in bouquets than on window sills. Its branches with small pointed thin-toothed leaves, white, pink, lilac, crimson or salmon flowers with a ring of short stamens stand for a long time, up to 12 days.
Leptospermum is another tea tree. It is interesting that the first settlers of Australia brewed aromatic tea from its leaves, which saved them from scurvy on long travels.
The most famous and widespread species of the genus is thuja western (Thuja occidentalis)... In the book by Konrad Gesner, Gardening of Germany (1560), it is indicated that the western thuja was the first North American species brought to Europe in 1536.
At home, this tree grows up to 20 m with a trunk diameter of 60-90 cm. At a young age, the crown is narrow, pyramidal, but later becomes ovoid. Scale-like leaves are bright green, shiny, up to 3-4 mm long.
The trunk is covered with brown bark that breaks down into thin strips.
In Russia thuja western appeared relatively recently, at the end of the 18th century, but it took root so well and spread quickly that its artificial area in our country is seven times greater than the natural one.
The upright buds are 1 cm across. At first they are yellow-green, when ripe they turn brown
In eastern North America, this plant is called the American tree of life and pencil tree, its soft and easily processed wood is used to harvest a pencil board. Thuja wood has long been used by the Indians for the construction of canoes..
Have thuja western there are a huge number of garden forms and varieties that differ in size, structure of crowns and shoots, leaf color, which allows it to be widely used in landscaping. This breed is especially popular in our country.
Along the coast of the Pacific Ocean in western North America grows the most majestic of thujas - gigantic, or folded(Thujaplicata). In its natural range, it reaches an impressive size: 60 m in height with a trunk diameter of up to 2.5 m - and is called here the giant tree of life.
Thuja folded has a dense crown hanging down to the ground. The leaves are scaly, bright green, with whitish stripes on the underside. This species grows successfully on rather wet soils, along the banks of rivers and swamps.
The highly decorative thuja giant is found in culture in Western Europe, in the forest-steppes of Ukraine, as well as in some areas of the Caucasian coast. Has a number of very effective decorative forms and varieties.
Thuja Korean (Thujakoraiensis) - a tree up to 8 m high, but more often it grows in the form of a spreading shrub with a thin red-brown bark, exfoliating with small scales. Leaves are green, with well-defined resin glands, elliptical cones, up to 8 mm long, brown.
Naturally grows in North and Central Korea. Of particular interest only for dendrological gardens.
In the mountains of southern China, at an altitude of 1400 m above sea level, grows thuja sichuan (Thujasutchuenesis) - a small tree or shrub. This species has no practical use and is of interest only for botanical gardens and collection sites.
In the mountains of Central Japan, at an altitude of 1000-1800 m above sea level, in mixed forests grows thuja standisha, orjapanese(Thujastandishii)... This tree is 18–35 m high, with a wide-pyramidal crown. At home, in favorable conditions, it reaches its maximum size (35 m) at the age of 300. The trunk is covered with a reddish-brown thin bark peeling off in narrow stripes. Leaves are dull green in color with an unpleasant resinous odor. Cones are ovoid, light brown, 8-10 mm long.
Grows slowly, demanding on soil and air moisture. In Japan and Western Europe it is widely used as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks. In our country, he feels good on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.
Thuja eastern (Thujaorientalis), according to academician A.L. Takhtadzhyan, sometimes not reasonably distinguished into a separate genus Biota (Biota). This evergreen tree 15-18 m tall grows in the mountains of northern China on slopes with poor soils. The crown is highly branched, reaching 9–11 m in diameter. The trunk is covered with reddish-brown bark.
The needles are dark green, brown in autumn and winter. Cones are spherical, fleshy, wide open when ripe. The seeds are wingless, oblong-ovate, outwardly similar to wheat grains. Easily propagates by rooting in green cuttings.
In the culture, the eastern thuja grows very slowly. It is considered a more thermophilic and drought-resistant species compared to western thuja. Photophilous, tolerates urban conditions, resistant to strong pruning and shearing, especially at a young age.
Thuja eastern has a large number of decorative forms, differing in size, character of the crown, structure of shoots, color of needles, which makes it possible to successfully apply this culture in landscape design.