Pittosporum (Pittosporum), or emery plant - evergreen trees and shrubs of the Smolosemyannikovye family. This plant got its name because its fruits, in the form of a capsule, are filled with a sticky resin that protects the seeds.
The genus of these evergreen trees and shrubs in nature can be seen in tropical and subtropical forests in eastern Asia, Australia and, partially, in Africa. 150 species of this family differ in shape (trees and shrubs) and height (from 2 to 30 meters).
The most widespread in cultural floriculture is only one species - the Tobir resin seed. It is grown for winter gardens or as a houseplant.
A very dense and lush crown gives a decorative look to the resin seed. Numerous shoots with short internodes are covered with tough, shiny, dark green leaves. They are located on the stem in a spiral. A bright yellow vein and stalk give the leaves a spectacular motley look. Over time, the lower parts of the stem of the resin seed plant are freed from the leaves and a kind of "bouquet" of densely arranged leaves forms at the top.
Indoor representatives of pittosporum bloom with large snow-white flowers up to 2.5 centimeters in diameter. Flowering begins in late March and lasts until mid-June. As it blooms, the color of the flowers changes from snow-white to cream. The scent of resinous flowers is very pleasant, delicate and reminiscent of citrus and orange notes. Because of their pleasant scent, flowers are often used to flavor the air, add to tea mixtures, or set off the taste of alcoholic beverages.
Once it has finished blooming, the plant begins to form round, green fruits. Inside the fruit are large seeds covered with sticky resin. This sticky substance helps the seeds to stay inside the capsule for a long time after its opening.
Lovers of exotic domestic plants will be interested in getting acquainted with the unpretentious pittosporum, or resin seed.
Despite the fact that the wild representatives of the Smolosemyannik family love bright sunlight, compact home bushes prefer to hide from the direct rays of the sun. It is worth experimenting a little to find the lighting that suits the resin seed. You can understand that there is not enough lighting when you see that the leaves have begun to fall off. But an excess of lighting will force the leaves to change the direction of growth to vertical, which will break the beautiful flat shape of the plant.
The optimal daylight hours for pittosporum should be 12-13 hours. With a decrease in natural light in the autumn and winter periods, it is necessary to help the resin seed plant with phytolamps.
The average temperature for comfortable growth of the resin seed plant is 22 degrees. Such a temperature regime must be maintained in spring and summer, but from mid-autumn it is necessary to start preparing the plant for winter rest and gradually reduce the air temperature to 10 degrees.
Watering pittospotrum in hot summer time should be 1-2 times a week. The dry topsoil in the pot will serve as a guide. During the winter rest period, watering is reduced by half about once every two weeks. A resin seed plant will tolerate a lack of moisture much more easily than an excess of it. Always wet soil in the pot will help horse rot develop quickly, and then the death of the plant is inevitable. Water for irrigation is required at room temperature, without chlorine. To cleanse it, you can use filters or boil and then stand for a couple of days.
Smolosemyanik likes to be bathed in the shower periodically in the summer and the dust removed from the leaves with a clean, damp cloth. In winter, if the plant is near the batteries, then it needs to be regularly sprayed with settled water. In winter, you can pamper the resin seed plant 2-3 times with water procedures to wash off the dust from the leaves.
Garden soil, peat and coarse sand are mixed in equal proportions. This mixture will be enough to create comfortable conditions for growth for the unpretentious resin seed. Be sure to put a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
In the spring, the resin seed plant needs organic and mineral fertilizers. They are brought in during this period of active growth twice a month alternately. For feeding, universal liquid mixtures for indoor plants are also suitable.
Young Pittosporum bushes are actively growing, so they need to be transplanted into larger pots every year. However, the plant tolerates this procedure very badly, its growth slows down and it adapts for a long time. Transferring a plant with a clod of earth from a small pot to a large one will help to reduce stress as much as possible.
It is not recommended to transplant pittosporum from the age of three. You can improve the potting mix by replacing the top layer in the pot. Carefully, without damaging the roots, the old soil is removed and a layer of the new mixture is poured.
The formation of a lush crown at a young bush should begin in the spring. Young shoots are pinched, directed or bent in the right direction. A wire frame helps to keep the branches in the right direction. The twigs are temporarily attached to it until they begin to grow in the desired direction.
The mature plant also undergoes formative pruning in the spring. This helps to maintain the aesthetic shape of the bush when the leaves on the lower branches die off.
The plant can be propagated by cuttings and by seed.
In May, young, half-lignified shoots from the top of the bush are chosen for propagation. It is difficult to cut them off with a knife because of the dense crown, so you need to break off a ten centimeter stalk from the bush, and only then clean it with a sharp blade and dip the tip in Kornevin. Cuttings prepared in this way are planted in a greenhouse to a depth of 1-2 centimeters and watered with warm water. After a month, you can wait for the appearance of the roots. A young seedling will begin to bloom only when it gains full strength, after about 2-3 years.
The resin seed is propagated by seeds only when they want to get a large number of plants. In spring, seeds are sown in boxes with light soil (peat, sand, vermiculite), the soil is moistened and covered with glass or film. Care consists in regular watering and ventilation of the greenhouse. The seeds germinate slowly, you will have to wait a long time for the seedlings to have two true leaves to make a dive. When transplanting, part of the seedlings may die. You can wait for active growth and flowering in such plants after three years of their life.
Spider mites can appear on the leaves of the resin seed plant when dry air has been in the room for a long time. To defeat the pest, you need to treat a large bush with an insecticide. If the bush is small, it will be enough to bathe it under warm water.
The most common fungal disease affecting pittosporum is root rot. It occurs due to an excess of moisture.
Other diseases are mainly associated with improper care. If the leaves become pale or turn yellow, then this is due to excess sunlight. If the leaves stretch out or lose their variegated color, then, on the contrary, there is not enough lighting for the plant.
Pittosporum ordinary Tobira Pittosporum Bees on flowers Kiryat Yam Israel
Pittosporum (resin seed) is an evergreen shrub that can be grown in partial shade, admiring its beautiful leathery leaves, but it will bloom only with enough light and sun. Young plants are transferred annually into a slightly larger pot, and adult pittosporums are transplanted after 2-3 years (but in this case, the top layer of earth is removed from the pot every year and fresh substrate is added). For good growth and flowering, pittosporum is fed in the summer 3 times a month and kept outdoors in the garden or on the balcony, watering regularly and abundantly in warm weather, spraying is recommended (not in the sun!). In winter, pittosporum needs a coolness of about 10-13 degrees and moderate watering.
Pittosporum has various fungal diseases that cause brown spots on the leaves. With great dryness of the air and mistakes in care, Pittosporum is attacked by pests that suck juice from the leaves (mites, scale insects, scale insects).
The edges of the leaves of indoor plants turn brown with insufficient (or excessive) watering and fertilization (or with over-fertilization), with very dry air.
If the drainage hole in a pot of pittosporum is clogged, then stagnant water at the bottom can cause rotting of the roots and, as a result, loss of leaves.
In this case, you need to remove the roots from the pot, carefully wash off the soil from the roots, cut off all the dead roots and sprinkle the cut with crushed charcoal. On the bottom of a new (smaller pot with a drainage hole) pour a layer of drainage and plant the plant, sprinkling the roots with a fresh, moist substrate (leafy, soddy soil, sand in a ratio of 4: 2: 1), slightly compacting it after planting pittosporum for 2-3 days do not water. Build a "mini-greenhouse" in a pot, ventilate it every day and spray the trunk with lukewarm water with Epin's solution until new leaves appear.
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Pittosporum Tobir, or common, or odorous (Pittosporum tobira) is very attractive. It is decorative all year round with its spectacular crown and shiny leathery dark green leaves. The alternate obovate leaves are collected in bunches at the ends of the branches.
The plant begins to bloom when it reaches the age of 5-6 years. Pittosporum blooms in early spring, in March.
The flowers of the resin seed are small, white with a cream shade, collected in shields. Some specimens of pittosporum are attractive because next to one inflorescence you can see flowers of white, cream and pale yellow color.
Pittosporum flowers exude a strong sweet-citrus scent, reminiscent of a spicy orange scent. These fragrant flowers are used as a fragrance, they are added in the manufacture of teas and alcoholic beverages.
In the photo: resin seeds
Even when grown in indoor conditions, the seeds of the resin seed plant are tied and successfully ripened. They are in three-nested capsules, orange in color and covered with a sticky resinous substance. Therefore, the plant is called resin seed.
You can choose a collection of indoor plants in different ways. Most growers prefer certain groups: cacti, saintpaulias, citrus fruits. Some grow roses, ferns, there is a special group of orchid lovers.
It is good that tastes and preferences are not the same. Such selectivity is explained not only by specific interests, but also by the desire for a more thorough understanding of the features of one kind or another. Specialization allows you to deeply study the biology of plants, improve the skills of caring for a homogeneous group.
However, some growers cultivate many different indoor plants, based on their own interests and capabilities.
My collection is very specific. There are representatives of various genera and families in it, but they were selected according to one common feature: I am interested in fragrant plants. Among them are vines and ampelous, arboreal, shrub and herbaceous.
Of course, choosing such a collection, and most importantly, taking care of it is not easy. So, orchids differ quite sharply in their requirements for care, especially for the preparation of the substrate. For them, crushed pine bark is mainly used in a mixture with chopped roots of the osmunda fern and sphagnum. Each type of orchid requires an individual approach, due to its different origin and ecology. In winter, most of them benefit from additional illumination with fluorescent lamps.
Citrus fruits have specific characteristics. In winter, they need cool content (8-10 °) and additional air humidification. This is achieved with electric humidifiers.
A peculiar rhythm of development in bulbous plants, which must first go through a dormant period for flowering.
As a rule, scented plants are light-requiring. They require a sufficient amount of sunlight, and it is better to keep them near the southern windows. However, in the spring, to avoid burns, you should lightly shade with gauze.
Most of the plants I have are on extended windowsills, which are made of particle boards and lined with plastic. As necessary, I arrange hinged shelves on the windows. For large specimens, there is a tall metal stand in front of the window.
Heat-loving crops do well in the kitchen, where they are located on the side shelves along the wall.
For growing young specimens, rooting cuttings and keeping especially sensitive species, I use a greenhouse and two illuminated aquariums.
In dry indoor air, all plants respond well to regular spraying of leaves from a spray bottle. Sometimes I do this with magnetized water (now many hardware stores sell special nozzles for the water tap).
During the period of active growth, flowering and fruiting, fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers is useful.
The temperature regime of keeping plants depends on their origin. Since they include representatives of both tropical and subtropical regions, their temperature requirements are different. Plants such as acokantera (Acocanthera venenata), passiflora (Passiflora coerulea), stephanotis (Stephanoiis floribunda), sambac jasmine (Jasminum sambac), Clerodendron fragrans., Many orchids are thermophilic.
A cooler content is required by the natives of the subropics - citrus fruits, abelia (Abelia grandiflora), unrolled jasmine (Jasminum revolutum), etc.
I make soil mixtures from leaf and sod land with the addition of humus, pieces of charcoal and coarse sand.
I propagate my plants in different ways: bulbous - by children, which I separate during the annual transplant. Only eucharis does not like to be disturbed often, it should be transplanted every few years, when many bulbs are already forming in the pot. The rest can be propagated by cuttings. But many take root with great difficulty, in this case it is advisable to arrange soil heating. For this I use a small electric stove with a voltage regulator "Light".
Fruiting plants such as Murraya paniculata can also be propagated by seed.
Lemon is distinguished by white, as if porcelain, very fragrant flowers. It is easiest to propagate it by cuttings, since specimens grown from seeds must be grafted. In winter, during the dormant period, plants require moderate watering and cool maintenance. At the end of February, pruning is necessary, since flowers are formed only on the shoots of the fourth order. Muraya also requires a similar pinching.
You should regularly pinch the tops of vines such as Stephanotis and Passionflower. This enhances the growth of lateral shoots, and, consequently, the number of buds increases. Jasmine is formed in the form of a bush or branchy tree.
From bulbous in my collection there are two varieties of eucharis (Eucharis amazonica). In addition to them, pancratium (Pancrafium speciosum), lycoris (Lycoris squamifera) with pink petals, beautiful white tuberose (Polyanthes tuberosa) have fragrant flowers.
Interestingly, among the many fragrant plants, the most species are with white flowers. Obviously, their delicate smell, as it were, compensates for the dull color, helps to attract insects, and, consequently, to successful pollination.
For three years I managed to collect about 20 species. Of course, this is not a very large collection, but even now I have come close to solving the task that I have set myself: to achieve continuous flowering of fragrant plants in the room.
Some species bloom quite early. So, already in February, snow-white delicate drooping flowers appear in the coelogyne cristata orchid. At the beginning of March, a low Meyers lemon (Citrus Meyers Lemon) blooms, then jasmine and the decoration of the collection - dwarf muraya paniculata - a plant that, in my opinion, has the most peculiar and pleasant smell. Unlike the usual tall form, this is a small tree that blooms profusely in spring and autumn with white bells that open alternately. The scent of one flower fills the whole apartment with a scent.
Indoor jasmine sambac is best known and available to most lovers. I have two copies that bloom in spring and autumn. Eucharises bloom in the same way. At the end of March, the buds of Stephanotis, a climbing plant with shiny leathery leaves, open. In May, King's Dendrobium (Dendrobium. Kingianum) blooms, then other orchids.
In spring and summer, it pleases with its umbrella-shaped white inflorescences of the acokantera. It is a rather large shrub with graceful dense leaves. In summer and autumn, it releases an arrow crinum (Crinum moorei) - a large bulbous plant with bright green wavy leaves along the edges, extending from a high false trunk. Pale pink large flowers are collected in an umbrella.
In spring and autumn, Abelia blooms profusely - a low, branched shrub with small leaves. The flowers are small, but very graceful, bell-shaped.
In autumn and winter, flowering weakens. Sometimes passionflower, eucharis, muraya bloom again. I have noticed that spraying with spring water has a beneficial effect on them.
In the future I expect to increase the number of orchids that will help achieve continuous flowering.
To replenish the collection, you can use many other species: Adenandra from this. rutovye, adenocarpus (Adenocarpus), fam. legumes. Very graceful are myrtle (Myrtus communis), a small evergreen shrub with small narrow fragrant leaves and white fragrant flowers - a representative of the family of the same name Datura arborea, or Datura (Datura arborea), a South American plant with large wide leaves and large funnel-shaped flowers with a strong odor ... The gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) from the madder family deserves special attention, with beautiful white double flowers that bloom mainly in the fall.
Of the other representatives of the subtropical flora, I would like to mention the Pittosporum, which is rarely found in culture today. Leathery dense leaves and small flowers collected in corymbose inflorescences are very decorative in P. crassifolium, P. undulatum, P. tobira. Raphiolepis indica flowers also have a pleasant aroma. These species bloom mainly in early spring.
You can find fragrant plants even among a peculiar group of succulents - for example, the pink Rhipsalidopsis cactus (Rhipsalidopsis rosea), various types of wax ivy, or hoya (Hoya carnosa, N. bella).
An attractive heliotrope (Heliotropium peruvianum) from the borage family is a shrub with small purple, less often white flowers, collected in dense corymbose inflorescences. It blooms all summer, its aroma resembles vanilla. In our country, it is sometimes used in flower beds as a summer garden, because it was once grown both in rooms and for cutting.
The once very popular ornamental plant today is rarely found in gardens, but once having tamed the heliotrope, you will groom and cherish it for a long time, because it can only be a garden plant, but also an indoor plant The heliotrope feels great in a well-lit winter garden, only in the darkest during the winter months, fluorescent lighting is desirable. Before frost, transplant the plant with a lump of earth into a pot. With the onset of frost, the heliotrope is cut off and transferred to a cold, but frost-free room, where it is kept at a temperature of 3-5 degrees. At the beginning of March, the pot is placed in a warm, sunny place, I water it, and when the plants start to grow, they sprinkle it with epin. As they grow, cuttings are broken out and rooted, growing planting material for flower arrangements in the garden and terrace. The most impressive purple handsome heliotrope looks next to yellow and lemon marigolds and light orange terry calendula.
The name of the genus comes from the Greek words platus - flat and keras - horn and is associated with the fact that the leaves resemble antlers in shape.
The genus includes 15 species of herbaceous perennial plants, common to the tropics of Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean islands, the Malay Archipelago, the Philippines, Africa and the island of Madagascar.
Platycerium bifuca or lose-horny is an epiphytic plant with a very unusual and decorative shape of leaves, which are of two types - spore-bearing and sterile, pressed against the substrate. Their lagging upper edge completes a kind of "pocket" where rotted organic residues and water accumulate, and where the adventitious roots of the plant are directed. Homeland - Eastern Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, where the plant grows in forests on tree trunks.
Flathorn is grown as an epiphytic plant in baskets and in sphagnum attached to the bark of a tree. Several dozen garden forms are known in culture.
Decorative period: all year round.
Size: 15-120 cm.
Leaves: spore-bearing, up to 30-90 cm long, wedge-shaped at the base, expanding upward and branching into obtuse lobes (3-4 cm), sterile leaves are almost round, whole or with cutouts along the edges.
Temperature: 18-24 C, in winter at least 18 C.
Lighting: good, avoid direct sunlight.
Humidity: high. Watering: moderate, but spraying is mandatory.
Top dressing: every 4-6 weeks with a semi-concentrated fertilizer.
Reproduction: spores, which are sown in spring and early summer at a temperature of 21 C.
Soil: a mixture of deciduous soil, peat, sand (1: 1: 1), with the addition of charcoal, sphagnum moss.
Possible problems: aphids.
In ASTROLOGY it is considered a Pisces plant.
Amaryllis. In room culture, hybrid varieties are used. Bulbous plant with large, up to 20 cm in diameter, lily-like flowers of white, red monochromatic and striped color. Blooms in spring for 2-4 weeks. Propagated by children and seeds. Blooms from children on the 2-3rd, from seeds on the 4th year. Adult bulbs are planted in September-October in a mixture of leafy, turfy land and sand in a ratio of 4: 1: 1. In winter, the plants are kept in a cool, shaded place. Watering is reduced to a minimum. When an arrow appears (8-10 cm), normal watering is resumed and the plants are placed in a warm place (20-25 ° C). After flowering, they are transplanted into new soil. In summer, good lighting, regular abundant watering, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers are needed.
Begonia. From flowering begonias in indoor conditions, simperflorens (ever-flowering), Krendera, graceful and tuberous are grown. The first three are herbaceous bushy perennials with large bright green shiny leaves and small pink, white and red flowers. They bloom profusely and for a long time. They grow well in dry, light rooms with a winter temperature of 12-15 ° C. In the spring, pruning of shoots is necessary, in the summer - abundant watering and feeding. Propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Tuberous begonia is a herbaceous perennial plant, the underground part of which forms a tuberous thickening. Tuberous begonias form juicy fragile stems, heart-shaped dark green leaves, rather large beautiful simple, semi-double and double flowers of white, yellow, pink and red color. In winter, the tubers are kept in a cool, dry place at 5-7 ° C in slightly damp sand. From February to March, the tubers are transferred to a warm room with a temperature of 18-20 ° C and watered abundantly. With the appearance of sprouts, the tubers are transplanted into pots. Begonia is propagated by dividing large tubers into parts or by cuttings - young shoots 2-3 cm long, which are planted in sand under glass. Plants obtained from tubers bloom in spring, from cuttings in mid-summer.
Geranium, pelargonium. Perennial herb. In indoor floriculture, the most common geranium is zonal, hybrid large-flowered, odorous. Geranium zonal has numerous forms and varieties with simple or double flowers of various colors. The leaves are rounded, slightly notched, partly bordered by a brown, brown and sometimes white stripe. The rooms are kept on the sunny side, watered abundantly in spring and summer and fed regularly. In winter, it is best kept in a cool, dry place with moderate watering. In March, transplantation into fresh garden soil and pruning at a height of 8-10 cm are necessary. It blooms from spring to late autumn.
Propagated by stem cuttings in spring and summer. To obtain flowers in winter, during the summer (until October), pluck out all the buds that appear. From October, the plants are placed in a well-lit room, watered abundantly and fed.
Geranium hybrid large-flowered is the most flowering plant. The flowers are large, often double, one- and two-color, with a color from white to dark red. In winter, a dry, well-lit room with a temperature of 5-6 ° C is required.
Blooms in late May - early June. It is better to keep in partial shade during the flowering period. Propagated by cuttings in the spring.
Fragrant geranium is an unpretentious perennial plant. Forms a rather large bush with deeply dissected, strong-smelling leaves, with small purple flowers. Low decorative plant.
Gloxinia is a perennial tuberous plant. Forms large velvety leaves and bell-shaped flowers of various colors, often multicolor. In winter, the tubers are kept in a dark, cool place at 10-12 ° C. At the beginning of March, with the appearance of sprouts, they are transplanted into a fresh mixture consisting of equal parts of sod, humus, leaf, peat soil and sand, and watered abundantly.The transplanted tubers are covered with soil no more than 1 cm.
Gloxinia grow well in warm and bright rooms at temperatures above 20 ° C, but they do not tolerate sharp fluctuations in it, direct sunlight and drafts. During the period of active growth, plants are regularly watered, sprayed and fed. Bloom from late May to late August.
Propagated by dividing tubers, leafy cuttings and seeds. Leafy cuttings can be rooted from the end of April, throughout the summer, in sand, a mixture of sand with peat, at 20-25 ° C. Seeds are sown in early spring, plants bloom in the second year.
Hibiscus, Chinese rose. Fast-growing evergreen shrub or small tree with dark green shiny oval-pointed leaves. The flowers are large, simple and double with white, pink, orange and red color. Blooms in summer.
Plants are unpretentious, in room conditions they can grow under northern lighting. In winter, they are moderately watered and kept at 10-15 ° C. In spring, plants are transplanted into new soil, cut short, during the summer they are abundantly watered and fed. Easily propagated by semi-lignified stem cuttings.
Fuchsia. Evergreen semi-herbaceous shrub. Leaves are small, oval, petioles and young shoots are bright red. The flowers are simple or double, hanging on thin pedicels. The color of the flowers is white, pink, red, purple. There are numerous forms and varieties, including creeping.
Plants are undemanding to soil and light, prefer partial shade. During the period of active growth and flowering, abundant watering and spraying are required.
Every year in the spring, the land is renewed and the shoots are cut short, which causes strong growth and abundant flowering. In winter, it is better to keep in a cool place (5-10 ° C), occasionally water. Propagated by cuttings during spring and summer.
Aucuba. An evergreen shrub with large leathery leaves. There are variegated forms of Japanese aucuba with light yellow spots on the leaves. The plant is unpretentious, grows well in the light and in partial shade. In summer, it requires abundant watering and regular feeding, in winter - moderate watering and a temperature of 10-12 ° C. Propagated in the spring by cuttings from last year's shoots.
Begonia. Among the decorative deciduous begonias, the most interesting is river begonia, or royal begonia, which forms large leaves of various shapes, texture and color. The flowers are small, pink and white, of no decorative interest. River begonia grows well in partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight and very high temperatures. Reacts positively to high humidity. In winter, they are kept at 12-15 ° C and moderate watering. Plants are transplanted into fresh earthen mixture annually in spring. In summer, plants are abundantly watered and fed. Propagated by dividing rhizomes and leafy cuttings.
Dracaena. An evergreen plant with long, rather narrow green or variegated leaves sessile on the trunk. In indoor culture, the most common dracaena fragrance with a straight trunk and long lanceolate curving leaves and dracaena inseparable with a short trunk and narrow leathery leaves.
In summer, it can grow in a semi-shady place, with abundant watering and spraying. In winter, they are kept at 12-15 ° C and moderate watering. Propagated by stem cuttings, air layers, less often by seeds.
Palm. In indoor culture, date palm is widely used, trachycarpus is outstanding, hamerops is low.
The date palm is characterized by feathery, deeply divided, hard leaves of a light green color. In indoor conditions, the date palm forms a short trunk with remnants of petioles and leaves up to 2 m in length. Trachikarpus outstanding belongs to fan-leaved palms, has large, long-petioled dark green leaves fanned out and a short stem. Hamerops low - fan-leaved low palm with small bluish-green leaves. It is capable of producing root shoots and forming low compact groups in pots. Unpretentious in culture.
Palm trees are best kept in bright, spacious rooms with a uniform temperature, but they can tolerate partial shade. Poorly tolerate permutations, drafts and excessive dryness of the air. In summer, palms require abundant watering and regular feeding. In winter, the usual room temperature is satisfactorily tolerated, but the most favorable temperature is 10-12 ° C. Watering in winter should be moderate.
Propagated by sowing seeds at the end of February in a moist substrate under glass. Crops are kept at 25-30 ° C. Seedlings are transplanted into pots with an earthen mixture of equal parts of leaf and sod land and 54 parts of sand.
For 5-6 years, the plants are transplanted annually with an increase in the volume of dishes and renewal of the earth. From 4-5 years old, a small amount of clay is introduced into the composition of the earthen mixture and the amount of sod land is increased, from 8 years old manure humus is added.Earthen mixture for adult palms (over 10 years old) should contain 4 parts of clay-sod land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand. Adult palms are transplanted after 3-5 years.
Philodendron, monstera. Evergreen with large dark green leaves, deeply cut in adults and heart-shaped in young plants.
Monstera forms aerial roots that, when rooted, improve the nutrition of the entire plant.
Well-lit rooms are preferred for growing monstera. In summer, abundant watering is necessary. Winter maintenance is most favorable at 12-15 ° C. Propagated by cuttings, less often by offspring.
Cacti. Numerous types of cacti are very diverse in shape and original in flowering. Fleshy aerial organs - the stems are colored green and act as leaves, the leaves themselves have turned into thorns.
Indoors cultivate echinocactus with a spherical ribbed stem of prickly pear with flat rounded oblong stems of phylocactus and epiphyllums with leaf-shaped long hanging stems of cerius with straight faceted stems.
Philocactus and epiphyllums bloom profusely in autumn and winter. The color of the flowers is from white to bright red.
Echinocactus bloom is very short-lived, flowers last one day. The largest flowers are formed by cerius.
In indoor culture, cacti are quite unpretentious. For growing them in rooms, bright, sunny places are preferred. Cacti do not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water, so 1/3 of the volume of the dishes should be occupied by drainage. Cacti are planted shallowly, without deepening the trunk, watered 2-3 days after planting. Cacti are undemanding to the soil. An earthen mixture of clay-sod, leafy soil with the addition of peat and sand is recommended.
In winter, the plants are kept in a well-ventilated room at 8-12 ° C and are very rarely watered. Cacti are propagated by cuttings (parts of the stem), children, grafting. Cuttings wither for several days before planting.
Of the group of climbing and ampelous indoor plants, the most common are Sprenger's asparagus, indoor grapes, saxifrage, bellflower, common ivy, wax, tradescantia.
Asparagus Sprenger. Perennial herb with hanging stems, grown as ampelous. Asparagus pots are usually hung up, and then the shoots fall freely. However, it is possible to keep plants on a special support in the form of a lattice.
Sprenger's asparagus reproduces by seeds and by dividing bushes. Sowing is carried out in March - April in a warm greenhouse. Seedlings dive, planted in pots. As the plants grow, they are transferred into larger pots. In this case, an earthen mixture is used, consisting of equal parts of humus, sod and leafy earth with the addition of sand.
Strongly overgrown bushes are divided into two parts (or more). In summer, plants are placed in rooms in a slightly shaded place, watered abundantly. In winter, they are placed closer to the light, kept at a temperature of 12-15 ° C and moderate watering.
Creeping saxifrage. Perennial herb, cultivated as ampelous.
There are green and variegated forms in the color of the leaves. The flowers are small, white or pink, collected in paniculate inflorescences.
Basal rosettes of leaves form small bushes, from the base of which threadlike hanging shoots with easily rooted rosettes of leaves grow.
In winter, plants are kept in rooms in well-lit places with moderate watering.
The bell is equal to the leaves. Perennial flowering ampelous plant. It blooms profusely, forming white or blue flowers with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm on hanging shoots.
In indoor conditions, in summer, plants are placed in slightly shaded areas, in winter - in well-lit places. The transplant is carried out in early spring in a mixture of sod and leafy soil (2: 1) with a small addition of sand.
Ivy. Evergreen climbing plant. With the help of sucking aerial roots, it can rise to a height of several meters. Leaves are usually dark green, there are variegated forms. Plants are shade-tolerant, grow well in a cool room. In poorly ventilated and warm rooms, ivy is often damaged by pests and does not develop well. Propagated by cuttings, which are taken from annual shoots in spring and summer and then rooted in a substrate consisting of peat and sand. Plants are grown in light humus soil mixed with turf in a 1: 1 ratio.
Wax ivy (hoya). A tropical evergreen with clinging stems, thick, fleshy leaves and white, pink-bordered, fragrant flowers in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Easily propagated by cuttings at home. In indoor culture, requires a sunny location and frequent watering during the summer. Prefers light, fertile soil. Annual flowering, abundant, from June to October. Plants reach 4-6 m in length, they are often tied to various kinds of supports in the form of a fan.
Tradescantia. Herbaceous perennial plant. Species with hanging climbing shoots, especially variegated forms (white with green, whitish, pinkish and variegated leaves), have become widespread as ampelous.
Under indoor conditions, Tradescantia easily propagates by cuttings, develops well in loose sod or leafy ground. With horizontal gardening, creeping shoots of Tradescantia quickly fill the entire area and thus create a kind of decorative effect.