Probably, many experienced gardeners-summer residents will be surprised to learn about this innovative approach to planting cucumbers. However, bagging cucumbers is one of the best ways to get a good harvest in open beds, in greenhouses, and even on a balcony or veranda. Using this method in the country, you can significantly save space in the garden for other crops or stylishly decorate a corner of the garden. The secrets of growing cucumbers will be discussed step by step in this article.
Cucumbers are a crop that is very demanding on the quality and moisture of the soil. With this method of planting, you can easily provide a layer of nutrient soil. at 20-30 centimeters and the necessary humidity even in the hottest and driest summer weather.
Cucumbers are also sensitive to soil temperature. Planting in bags allows the soil to be heated to a considerable depth, which allows plants develop faster.
Both seedlings and mature plants do not like exposure to direct sunlight.
You can provide a sufficient amount of diffused light by placing bag containers in the shade of the veranda, in shaded areas in the garden, on a balcony or loggia.
The method has many advantages. The main ones are:
A significant advantage is also the ability to keep the harvested vegetables longer, since they did not touch the ground during cultivation.
During transportation, cucumbers remain clean and do not rot.
The disadvantages of this method include:
It is necessary to observe a strict watering regime, since with a lack of moisture, the fruits can become bitter, and with an excess of moisture, the roots will rot and the plant will die.
For growing cucumbers, you can use strong plastic bags (transparent, black, colored), and ordinary ones made of sugar or flour. It should be borne in mind that the wider the bag, the more plants you can grow in it.
So in a standard bag 5-7 cucumber lashes will feel comfortable, and with a diameter of 1.5 meters - from 10 to 15 plants. In southern areas and in well-lit areas, it is better to use white and transparent bags, in northern latitudes and on shaded balconies and verandas - dark, gray and black shades.
To prepare a formula for one bag (50 kg), the required ingredients are:
Each bag must be filled in the following sequence:
In the southern regions of our country, where warm weather sets in at the beginning of May, cucumbers in bags or boxes can be planted from seeds... But for the northern regions, where frosts can be observed even at the beginning of June, it is preferable grow seedlings.
Regardless of the method of planting plants in open ground, before planting, the seeds should be soaked in a little water and preferably in a transparent container. For planting, only those seeds that have sunk to the bottom are suitable, and those that float on the surface must be thrown away.
Seeds should be sown when the temperature at night stops dropping below 15 degrees and frosts on the soil surface and in the air stop.
The seed planting process consists of:
With the seedling method of growing cucumbers, it is better to plant each seed in a separate plastic cuphalf filled with formula. As the seedlings grow, the earth must be added to the glass.
For transplanting into a bag, an earthen lump in a glass should be well moistened. Remove the seedling carefully (in no case pull the stem) so as not to damage the root and the plant itself.
Cucumber care work is reduced to the following activities:
It should be noted that the cucumbers must be harvested every day, not allowing them to overripe. Timely collection of greens allows the bush to form a new ovary, which means it increases the period of fruiting.
One of the main problems with this method of growing cucumbers is uniform and sufficient soil moisture.
Many gardeners nowadays use drip irrigation, which allows them to rationally use water. At the same time, the soil does not become waterlogged and does not dry out, which is very important for the normal formation of the bush, abundant flowering and a high-quality harvest.
Another problem can be excess sunlight, or rather the effect of direct sunlight on plants. Therefore, it is better to choose a place for placing bags in the thin shade of trees, hedges, near buildings, on an open shaded veranda.
When growing cucumbers on a loggia or balcony, you should provide the plants with diffused sunlight.
The next problem that gardeners may face is excessive planting density. It is important to remember that for the normal development of each bush, a certain amount of space is needed.
If you plant a lot of seeds or seedlings in one bag, they will poorly develop and bear fruit... Therefore, it is better to grow five full-fledged plants than fifteen - but without a good harvest.
If you follow all the rules and recommendations for growing cucumbers in bags, you can get a rich harvest of early cucumbers. Using this advanced technology, city dwellers will be able to feast on delicious vegetables from the vertical garden on the balcony all summer long. And summer residents - to receive consistently high yields, regardless of the vicissitudes of the weather.
Growing cucumbers in bags is a method that allows you to grow vegetables in cold climates and in a small garden area. This method quadruples the number of landings per square meter. Preparing for planting seeds is labor-intensive, but caring for the bushes will become easier.
What is the success of this planting method?
Suitable varieties of cucumbers for growing in bags
Optimal time of the year for planting
Preparatory steps before landing
Preparation of bags and seed
Seed sowing technology in bags
Protection against diseases and pests
Gardeners' mistakes when growing cucumbers in bags
Bags for planting crops take wicker or polyethylene, with a high density, with a volume of 70-90 liters. Can be taken from under sugar or for garbage (if you plan to plant in bags with slots). Polyethylene deteriorates in the sun, so it is recommended to take a couple of bags, putting one inside the other.
As for fertile soil, organic matter, humus, compost are suitable for cucumbers. Everything is mixed together with a complex fertilizer, which should include potassium and phosphorus. Prepare soil bags for growing crops as follows:
Cucumbers are usually grown on a trellis. The method helps to rationally use the sown area. He also plays on the natural weaving tendency of cucumbers. This increases the yield from a plant by 2-2.5 times, compared to growing in a plant.
But thanks to the inexhaustible imagination of vegetable growers, every season there are all ways to place cucumbers in the garden. They allow you to get full harvests of crispy greens even in small areas.
One such method is bagged cucumbers. It is ideal for small gardeners looking to make the most of their available areas.
For the method, you will need strong cucumber seedlings grown on a windowsill or in a heated greenhouse.
Ready-to-plant cucumber seedlings should be strong, with narrow internodes and have at least three true leaves.
To grow cucumbers in bags, choose a flat and sunny place on the site.
Make sure you have everything you need close at hand:
For reliability, I recommend nesting one package in another.
You can also use special soil bags for growing cucumbers, which are sold at horticultural centers.
Fill the bag with potting soil. Such a mixture is made up of garden soil, compost and mature manure, taken in equal proportions. Add 1-2 handfuls of wood ash to a bucket of substrate.
Place the pole in the center as the bag fills with soil. Insert three tubes near the pole so that the third part remains above the soil surface.
Punch holes in the sides of the bags in a crisscross pattern every 20 centimeters and carefully place one cucumber plant in each. This will require some skill from you. It is necessary to carefully handle the roots of cucumbers, because the culture painfully tolerates a transplant.
I have also tried sack growing cucumbers with top seedlings. But the experiment was unsuccessful - the roots of the plants were very overheated and the harvest was ridiculous.
When the bag is fully equipped with cucumber bushes, proceed to watering - supply water through the mounted tubes.
At some distance from the bag to the ground, pin 3-4 ropes, the ends of which are tied to the top of the pole. Cucumber vines will rise along them.
Planting cucumbers on top of the bag is inconvenient because the roots of the plants overheat in the heat
Cover the soil in the bag with a thick layer of mulch. It prevents moisture evaporation, and also serves as a reliable barrier to weeds.
To ensure a consistent supply of fresh cucumbers to the table throughout the season, I recommend installing at least three bags. In one you will place early varieties of cucumbers, in the other - mid-ripening, in the third - late-ripening.
Growing cucumbers in bags is suitable for all those gardeners who:
The yield of cucumbers in bags is higher than on a trellis
There is one small drawback to planting cucumbers in bags. In the first time after planting, until the seedlings acquire dense foliage, the black bags overheat in the hot May sun. This adversely affects the development of plant roots.
The negative effect can be reduced by creating light shading for the cucumbers during the midday hours.
It will be great if you share your own experience of growing bagged cucumbers with the readers of this blog. I am interested in any grain of your invaluable practical experience!
In the video clip, I shared another method of growing cucumbers in bags, and also considered the pros and cons of the technology.
The choice of fertile soil for cucumbers is a paramount task. Vegetables prefer organic matter, compost, rotted manure. Experienced agronomists add a little bit of everything to the soil, as well as complex fertilizers. But it is unprofitable to fill the entire volume with fertile soil, especially large containers, so they are half filled with plant waste. The practice is this:
If a bag of standard volume (50-70 l) is selected for planting vegetables, the composition of the soil for one bed looks like this:
The bags are filled with soil in the place where it is planned to leave them, so as not to drag the heavy bed later.
When the "beds" are filled with soil and humus, the soil is watered, in moderation.The bags are tied, put in a sunny place for 5-8 days so that the earth warms up, then carried to the shade. Cucumbers prefer coolness, they feel good under the trees, not far from the gazebo or greenhouse, by the fence. The bags are untied, deepened a little, dropping into the ground so that the bed stands firmly. You can plant cucumbers.
So, we have considered the main factors, and now, in fact, you can perform sowing. We will need some materials, they should be prepared in advance:
If all this is collected, we proceed to the preparatory stage. Take the pre-prepared tubes and staggered through them with a drill. On one side of the pole, nails should be hammered, this is necessary to tie the cords, since the cucumbers in the bags will sprout along them. Lightweight soil is a great option to grow bagged cucumbers. It is highly discouraged to use black soil or peat.
Note that if the soil was prepared manually, then it is necessary to add humus and ash to it. Superphosphate will still not be superfluous when planting cucumbers in bags. Skilled gardeners make bag filler as follows:
Many are wondering how much to pour the mixture. There is no exact answer, because the height of the package affects this. It is advisable to try to make it fill about 2/3. Growing cucumbers in bags is only possible if they are placed in an upright position. In the middle, be sure to drive in a small peg. Next, prepared tubes with holes should be placed around the finished structure. Before planting cucumbers, the ground must be watered with warm water.
Now we turn directly to how the planting of cucumbers in bags of soil is carried out. It is advisable to choose varieties that are resistant to various diseases. It is allowed to grow no more than three planted seedlings in one container (bag). If you plan to plant more, then you need to make holes in the container in a checkerboard pattern and place the seedlings in them.
In my opinion, the advantages of growing cucumbers in a barrel outweigh some of the disadvantages, and there are not many of them. I always evaluate the planting in the summer cottage according to 3 criteria:
Practicality on the site comes out on top, since you do not live there permanently and the care of the plants is appropriate. It is necessary to plant the plants optimally conveniently and get the maximum benefit and yield from the efforts made. It's time to talk about the advantages of such landings:
I have listed many of the benefits of barrel growing. Everything seems to be perfect and it cannot be otherwise. Not certainly in that way. There are several disadvantages, but they can be easily dealt with. Now I'll tell you about our experience.