Pumpkins grow on pumpkins


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This method growing pumpkins appeared unexpectedly. One day in the fall, when the pumpkins were already harvested and they lay on ripening, noticed that one of them began to deteriorate, which means that it can no longer be used as food.

I cut the pumpkin in half and threw it into the compost bin. A few days later, I found a whole scroll in it. earthworms... I noted for myself: pumpkin is an excellent bait and food for them. This prompted its further application.

During the winter time, when our family eats up to ten and sometimes more pumpkins, I dry the peel and pulp from the seeds on heating batteries (they are very hot here), there are also bananas, apples, oranges, and that's all. it is kept until spring.


At the end of April, I make holes in elevated sunny areas - about 30x30x30, I pour half a bucket of dry pumpkins there, then another 15-20 cm of earth on them. I spill it well with warm water, cover it with a black film until the seedlings grow in boxes. This dried mixture will first be a biofuel, and then a fertilizer, to the creation of which earthworms are connected, converting biocompost into humus, readily available for plants. I plant seedlings already in the first decade of May under film shelters.

My pumpkins are rapidly gaining strength, and the only concern is to protect them during this period from spring frosts, for which I make an additional cover of thin lutrasil in two or even three layers. At the end of May - beginning of June, I remove all the shelters, and the lashes of pumpkins freely take their places in the sun. In the future, for the whole summer, no additional fertilizing, since the earthworkers will do it for me.

In the literature they often write that pumpkins need to be planted in their original place after 3-4 years, but in my case they grow under clematis already the seventh year. There is a good sunny place, sheltered from the wind, a lot of free space for lashes, and the combination of flowers and vegetables is not bad.

In the past, quite unfavorable for pumpkin In the summer, I still managed to collect 24 pumpkins from 10 bushes, and I also received 40 decorative pumpkins from 4 bushes, which I grow in the same way and always in the same place - under the mountain ash, at the entrance to the site. I run their long whips along the rowan, so that by August the rowan, in addition to red berries, also holds two or three dozen small multi-colored pumpkins.

All this diversity is divided into two parts. The largest and most beautiful, having visited exhibitions, settle in the House of Gardeners. And the most delicious ones go to soups, cereals and casseroles, and their waste goes back to the ground.

L. Egorova, gardener


Growing varieties

Fertilizers will increase the productivity of plants

According to the description, the Winter Sweet Gourd variety is considered cold-hardy. But in general, these are thermophilic crops, they should be planted in bright areas, on the south side.

The best predecessors: potatoes, carrots, cabbage, legumes (peas, beans, clover), tomatoes, onions, garlic. Re-planting after 5-6 years.

This variety is not very demanding on the soil. But for a good harvest, fertilizers should be applied. If there is clay soil in the garden, it needs to be made lighter. For this, peat or peat-based compost is introduced. Sandy soils are improved by introducing chernozem, humus.

The culture loves neutral or slightly alkaline soils, their acidity is regulated by calcium. Depending on the pH level, add from 200 to 600 g of lime or dolomite flour per meter of the bed. It is also necessary to fertilize the ground.

Top dressing

One half of the dose is used in the fall, the other in the spring, a few weeks before planting. Only in well-prepared soil will the variety demonstrate its high yield.

Preparing for landing

The pumpkin can be planted in two ways - for seedlings and seeds directly in the garden. Since the variety is late maturing, it is recommended to use seedlings in the northern regions. They begin to grow in early April or late March.

Pre-prepare small peat, cardboard or plastic pots, with a volume of about 150-200 ml. Fill them with standard vegetable or cucumber soil. A teaspoon of nitrophoska is added to 1 kg of soil.

Before planting, the seeds are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, 0.02% zinc sulfate or special fungicides for the prevention of fungal diseases. Then for 2-3 days it is poured with warm water for swelling.

You can add a growth stimulant or regular ash to the container. They plant one seed in a pot, to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. All containers are placed in a box, covered with foil.

How to plant

Seedlings are recommended to be grown on the southern windowsill. When the first shoots appear (7-14 days after planting), the film is removed.

After a week, the plants are fed with nitrophos (5 g / 10 l of water). The sprouts are transferred to the garden bed when they stretch 15-20 cm in length, and 4-5 true leaves appear on the stem. Planting rules in the garden are the same as for seeds.

Seeds are planted in warm soil

Seedlings or seeds are planted in open soil when the ground warms up to 10-12⁰С.

For one winter pumpkin, you will need an area of ​​80 × 80 cm or 100 × 100 cm, since the variety is large.

They pull out a hole 5 cm deep and 4 cm in diameter.There are carefully placed 2 bushes of seedlings or 4-5 seeds. Fall asleep with soil and add.

If the soil is heavy, loamy, it is better to plant the pumpkin in ridges 5-6 cm high. After the seeds emerge, they look closely at the bushes. Weak ones are removed, no more than 2 plants should remain in the hole.

Growing Winter Sweet Gourd involves the basic care measures described below.

Weeding

The first weeding is carried out when the plant has 4-5 true leaves or a week after planting the seedlings. Weeds are removed from the aisles and next to bushes. Around the same time, you need to loosen the soil. In the aisles, the soil is loosened before watering, and next to the roots - after it.

During the season, it is necessary to weed 4-5 times and loosen the ground 2-3 times until the leaves completely cover the site.

Watering

Water the bushes as the soil dries up, with water at room temperature. The first fertilizers are applied 20 days after planting, and then every 2 weeks until the fruits are set.

Fertilizer

  • Nitrofosku (10 g per plant for the first time and 15 g thereafter)
  • Ash (1 glass under a bush)
  • Mullein 1: 8 with water, slurry 1: 4 or chicken droppings 1:10 (bucket for 6 bushes)
  • Complex mineral fertilizers for vegetables (40-50 g / 10 l of water)

Hilling

It is necessary to spud the bushes before the flowers appear. Pinch the tops slightly so that they do not curl too much. It is imperative to check how many fruits are set on one branch.

For pumpkins to grow large, there should be no more than 3 of them. Weak and crayons are neatly torn off.

When the fruits grow, it is recommended to put plywood or dry straw under them to prevent rotting.


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Testimonials

Maria Leonidovna, Krasnoyarsk Territory

My neighbors are constantly struggling with powdery mildew. How many times have I said that you just need to process seeds, weed weeds and mulch pumpkin plantings. They always twisted my finger at my temple. And the plants are planted the next year in the same place. I usually plant pumpkin after carrots. Yields are always excellent, powdery mildew does not touch. Sometimes it happens that aphids appear. But I quickly spray the infected plants and beds around, and everything quickly disappears. In general, when a pumpkin grows, diseases and pests do not touch it, if you cover it with a covering material in time, prevent high humidity and spray it with diluted ash three times a season.

Evgeniy, Sverdlovsk region

I have a second year to attack - melon aphid. I destroy weeds all the time, where it comes from is not clear. A neighbor suggested a very interesting idea - to breed ladybirds. I brought 80 pieces from the field, released them, there were no aphids at all. Hope my advice will be helpful to someone. In general, I am opposed to fighting aphids with chemical agents. Ladybirds are somehow nicer.


How the phases of the moon affect

When planning the time of planting seeds in the ground or in seedling pots, you need to take into account the phases of the lunar calendar. The moon has a powerful effect on plants. In the phase of its increase, sap flow in the stems and leaves increases, growth accelerates. During this period, seeds germinate well. Astrologers recommend carrying out planting work at such stages.

On the waning moon, seeds germinate poorly, sap flow slows down. In this case, the root system absorbs moisture more actively. In this phase, you need to carry out root dressing, but do not plant plants, do not transplant them.


Each vegetable has its own garden

The indigenous people of Surgut say that in the middle of the last century, practically all the necessary vegetables grew in local gardens. Only sunflowers and tomatoes did not ripen. There were no greenhouses, the ridges were covered with winter window frames, which were exposed from the house with the onset of summer days. Later, small greenhouses appeared. They were mainly used for growing tomatoes. Potatoes in sandy, humus-fertilized soil grew excellent.

Now around Surgut there are more than 25 horticultural cooperatives. The residents of Surgut pass from ten to 40 km to get to their cherished land plots. The celebration was attended by 54 residents of the city. They showed the fruits of their labors in six nominations: "The Merry Scarecrow", "Miracle Vegetable", "Harvest of the Year", "Best Flower Arrangement". 20 owners of garden plots competed in two nominations - "Best Plot" and "Best Florist". Such an abundance was presented at the holiday that it was just right to get lost among the flowers, shelves with vegetables, seedlings and various summer cottages. And having entered the makeshift courtyard, one might think that you were in the village. There were chickens, guinea fowls, and goats.

The biggest pumpkin this year was raised by the specialists of the "Severny" state farm. “The pumpkin seed was planted in open ground, they didn't take care of the plant, they just watered it,” says the deputy. state farm director Sergei Gedrov. - In the open field we grow cabbage, eggplants, zucchini. And cucumbers, lettuce, dill, parsley, tomatoes are in the greenhouse. In general, in our conditions, everything can be grown with a great desire. "

Vagit Kalimullin, a participant in the “Harvest of the Year” nomination, echoes Sergei: “For 12 years my wife and I have been working at the dacha. In the open field we grow greens, beets, cabbage, peppers, zucchini. We plant something in greenhouses. We also have berries: raspberries, strawberries, currants, irga. Every year, something is managed to grow, something is not. Therefore, we try to plant several varieties of the same species. For example, we have six varieties of potatoes. We grow it by the Meatlider method. We have about 10-12 beds up to 12 m long, located strictly from south to north. Width - 45 cm, between them - 110 cm of free space. The wife has studied this method, we are harvesting quite a good harvest, there are enough potatoes until the next harvest. "

There are individuals who manage to grow even grapes in their summer cottages. Of course, in a greenhouse, but this is also a risky viticulture. “Ten years ago, a stalk of Isabella grapes was brought from the south and planted in a heated greenhouse. He began to grow as in his natural conditions. It requires only seasonal pruning and feeding with complex fertilizers, - says Anna Evmenkina, a member of the team of the city station of young naturalists. - This year we have harvested a bucket of seven ten-liter grapes. It doesn’t go for canning - it’s not tasty.Young naturalists eat berries fresh ”.

Youngnats and vegetables are grown. The main thing, in their opinion, is to plant the seedlings on time - not early so that the frost does not spoil it, and it is not too late for the harvest to ripen. Due to the humid climate, pebbles or a plank are placed under the fruits of a pumpkin or zucchini so that the vegetable does not rot.



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