Sowing tomato


Sowing of tomatoes

Before sowing, the land destined for tomato cultivation must be worked; a plowing operation will be carried out at a depth of about fifty centimeters in the summer period prior to sowing, other completion works will be carried out in the autumn and summer seasons. In the case of particularly clayey soils, a very important operation will be that of harrowing which consists in breaking the clods of the soil finely in order to equalize the surface layer. This action is essential in the case of tomato cultivation given the small size of the seeds. Naturally, the tomato plant, like other plants, needs a right amount of nutrients essential for a correct and healthy development, such as phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The fertilizer rich in the first two elements will be administered in the preparation phase of the soil, while the one rich in nitrogen will be added in fractional phases during the transplanting or sowing and in the covering phase. Obviously the doses of these fertilizers will be greater where the production is more massive.


Direct sowing

Tomatoes can be grown starting from sowing in the open field or by transplanting seedlings, the latter used exclusively for greenhouse crops. Direct sowing is spreading more and more also in open field crops because it involves lower costs and develops very healthy and robust plants as they are not stressed by the transplant operation. The preferred soil for the tomato plant is of medium texture, not very calcareous and very well drained, while the optimal temperature for the cultivation and development of the seeds is between eighteen and twenty-six degrees. In the case of abundant sowing, the weaker seedlings must subsequently be thinned out. The seeds can be distributed on the ground in order to create single or twin (double) rows; in the first case a distance of about one and a half meters between the rows must be respected, while in the second of about forty centimeters. Growing in twin rows is more practiced as it has many advantages. The best time for sowing in the open field is March for the areas of southern Italy, while for the northern ones it will be done in April.


Sowing in a seedbed

If you want to make a transplant cultivation, you will need to start from the seedbed. Generally sowing in seedbeds is done in a sheltered environment to create the right temperature for the germination of the seeds; it can be carried out by broadcasting or with a single seed in a container or part of soil. In case of broadcast sowing, the transplant will be done with bare root, in the other two cases with the part of earth. As you can deduce, sowing from seedbeds is much quicker, cheaper, as there is no waste of seeds and it takes less time to give the first results. For greenhouse crops, the best period of sowing will be between the autumn season and the beginning of the winter one, for the early winter ones and for the postponed ones the summer one.

The new tomato seedlings will be ready to be transplanted when they have reached fifteen centimeters in height (usually after about two months); this operation is carried out in the months of April and May.


Sowing in pots

Sowing in pots must be done in March, the seeds will be deposited in the seedbed and will be covered with a thin dirt road; at this point the container with the seeds will be covered with a perforated fabric and the earth watered.

During the seedbed cultivation phase, the soil must always be kept moist and the container placed in full sun. After about two months, during the month of May, when the seedlings have reached ten centimeters, repotting will be carried out taking care not to damage the roots excessively; a pot of thirty centimeters in diameter will be fine to place a seedling.


Sowing tomato: The influence of the moon

When we carry out the sowing of tomatoes, we should also take into account and respect the phases of the moon; it was found that tomatoes sown in the waning moon phase produced smaller quantities and developed in a more limited and contained manner; while those sown during the waxing moon grew more vigorously, bearing fruit in greater quantities and of better quality.

Of course these can be considered popular beliefs but, believe it or not, below we will explain the two types of moon:

Waxing Moon: Also called the new moon, i.e. when the hump faces west. This phase lasts until the full moon.

Waning moon: also called old moon, in this case the hump faces east. This phase extends from that of the full moon until it becomes invisible. In addition to the sowing of the tomato, this period is excellent for the harvest.



Grow tomatoes from sowing to harvesting

How to grow tomatoes from sowing to harvesting, how to get the best seeds, when to sow and transplant, varieties, care and harvest.

Beautiful, good, red and juicy, i tomatoes are one of the main ingredients of Italian cuisine, it is used almost everywhere, in salads, to make sauce and to season pizza, even a slice of bread topped with tomato, oil and oregano with a pinch of salt, becomes a great dish of the Mediterranean tradition.

Grow tomatoes it is not difficult as long as you respect its nature, love the heat and hate the cold, in the southern regions the young seedlings are transplanted into the ground as early as the beginning of April and towards the end of May other plants are planted to have a harvest staggered over time.

In the northern regions, where the climate is more severe, tomato plants should be planted in the month of May, depending on the weather, at the beginning or in the middle of the month.


Online vegetable garden and productive garden: sowing and cultivating with the moons

An easy and free tool to get a good harvest every month. It is in fact essential to consider the seasons, the calendar and obviously the moon: a correct sowing period, an adequate cultivation, a correct pruning allow to have a vegetable garden and a productive garden.
Let's see month by month what should be done, what and how to plant and, finally, what can be harvested.

Click on the month, on the plant of interest or on the sowing guide table

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

JANUARY

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In heated seedbed: basil, pepper, tomato, eggplant
In heated culture jars: cucumber and melon
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In pots, in a heated seedbed: begonia, cineraria, carnation, petunia, ornamental sage, annual flowering plants

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In heated seedbed: head lettuce
In heated culture jars: sliced ​​lettuce, sliced ​​and plucked radicchio, valerian, radish, rocket, agretto
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: prune trees by removing dead branches and cutting useless ones. Prune the rose.

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: Cabbage (broccoli, cap, Brussels, savoy cabbage), radicchio, leek
In protected cultivation: agretto, rocket, radish

FEBRUARY

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In heated seedbed: first half of the month basil, pepper, tomato, eggplant
In heated culture jars: watermelon, cucumber, melon, courgette
In a seedbed in protected cultivation: second half of the month basil, pepper, tomato, eggplant
At home in protected cultivation: aromatic herbs such as thyme, savory, lavender
Outdoors: second half of the month mustard
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In pots, in a heated seedbed: begonia, cineraria, carnation, petunia, ornamental sage, annual flowering plants

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In heated seedbed: first half of the month, celery
In a seedbed in protected cultivation: second half of the month spring head lettuce, celery
Outdoors: second half of the month shallot, onions, lettuce and radicchio, spinach, valerian, chard, pea, chard, carrot, parsley, radish, agretto, rocket
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: prune and trim the trees and shrubs that bloomed in December and January. Prune the rose, poinsettia and hydrangea. Prune and adjust hedges

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: Cabbage (broccoli, cap, Brussels, savoy cabbage), radicchio from Treviso and Verona, leek
In protected cultivation: radicchio, rocket, radish, parsley, valerian

MARCH

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In heated culture jars:first half of the month watermelon, basil, cucumber, melon, pumpkin
In jars in protected culture:
second half of the month watermelon, basil, cucumber, melon, pumpkin, courgette
In a seedbed in protected cultivation:
basil, pepper, tomato, eggplant
A dwelling in protected crop: second half of the month bean, green bean
A dwelling in open field: aromatic plants
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Rustic annual plants (marigold, chrysanthemum, poppy, sweet pea and beautiful at night)
Potted:
aster, snapdragon, dahlia, beautiful men, bell, petunia, zinnia, ornamental sage and annuals

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In a seedbed in protected cultivation:second half of the month, celery, curly endive
In the outdoor seedbed:
spring-summer cabbage, onion, head lettuce
At home outdoors: onion, lettuce and radicchio, spinach, lamb's lettuce, chard and garden chard, pea, carrot, parsley, radish
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: Rosa, complete the pruning of deciduous trees and shrubs

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: leek, radicchio di Verona, spinach, valerian
In protected cultivation: asparagus, lettuce, parsley, radicchio, radish

APRIL

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In jars in protected culture: first half of the month watermelon, melon, pumpkin, courgette
In the seedbed outdoors: end of month basil, cabbage
Outdoors: sorrel, dill, coriander, cress, cumin second half of the month bean, watermelon, cucumber, melon, tomato, pumpkin, courgette
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Potted: star, handsome men, climbing bell, zinnia
In the greenhouse: annual dahlia
Outdoors: marigold, chrysanthemum, poppy, iberis, cornflower, violet, wallflower

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the seedbed in protected cultivation: first of the month curly endive
In the outdoor seedbed: head lettuce, leek, curly endive, escarole, celery
Outdoors: onion, lettuce and radicchio, spring spinach, chard and garden chard, carrot, parsley, radish, rocket
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: prune the evergreen hedges, trim the rose, thin out and perform the pruning of regulation of the potted planes

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: Cabbage (broccoli, cap, Brussels, savoy cabbage), radicchio, leek
In protected cultivation: rocket, radish, agretto, valerian

MAY

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: early cauliflower, cabbage (summer-autumn cap, cabbage)
At home outdoors: thistle, basil, bean, courgette by the first half of the month, watermelon, cucumber, melon, tomato, pumpkin and courgette
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Outdoors: biennial plants (poets' carnation, primrose, bellflower, foxglove, forget-me-not)
In the open ground in furrows:
cornflower, California poppy, Iberis
Sowing and planting outdoors: wallflower

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: celery, curly endive, lettuce, leek, escarole
At home outdoors: chard and garden chard, carrot, parsley: by the middle of the month, lettuce and radicchio, summer spinach, radish, rocket
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: pruning perennial herbaceous pruning to rejuvenate the foliage of shrubs, pruning the stem of chrysanthemums to obtain flowers

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: asparagus, chard, carrot, cabbage, cucumber second half of the month, agretto, white onion, chives, rocket, pea, parsley, radish, spinach
In protected cultivation: bean, head lettuce, aubergine, tomato, courgette

JUNE

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: cauliflower, cabbage (early autumn and late autumn-winter cap), savoy cabbage
Outdoors: first half of the month thistle, kidney beans and climbing beans, basil, kidney beans and kidney beans, courgette
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Outdoors in the open ground: biennial plants (carnation of the poets, primrose, bellflower, hollyhock, foxglove, forget-me-not), wallflower

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: first half of the month early Chioggia radicchio, sugar loaf, curly endive, lettuce (cap and Roman summer), leek, escarole, celery
Outdoors: chard and garden chard, parsley, early fennel towards the end of the month
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: trim the main stem of the chrysanthemums to obtain flowers, trim the vines to favor the flowering of the following year, prune the non-re-flowering roses after flowering

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: sorrel, garlic, basil, chard and garden chard, carrot, white onion, cress, curly endive, lettuce (cap, romana, cut), pea, parsley, celery, spinach, courgette second half of the month green bean, potato
In protected cultivation: second half of the month watermelon and melon, cucumber, eggplant, pepper, tomato

JULY

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
At home outdoors: first half of the month kidney beans and kidney beans, courgette, early autumn and winter cabbage, agretto
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Outdoors in full ground: biennial flowering plants (poets' carnation, primrose, hollyhock, foxglove, forget-me-not, wallflower), herbaceous perennials

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: Catalonian chicory, curly endive, summer-autumn head lettuce, leek, endive, radicchio (from Verona, from Castelfranco, sugar loaf) first half of the month radicchio (from late Chioggia, from early Treviso)
At home outdoors: first of the month early fennel, chard and garden chard, radish, parsley at the end of the month fennel harvested in autumn
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: towards the end of the month, when flowering is over, prune the non-re-flowering climbing roses, perform light adjustment pruning of hedges, flowering shrubs and hydrangea bushes, gardenia, oleander

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: basil, chard and garden chard, thistle, cabbage, onion, bean and green bean, curly endive, romaine and head lettuce, aubergine, melon, tomato, pepper, parsley, radicchio, endive, celery, courgette

AUGUST

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
No sowing
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Transplant: plant the narcissus and crocus bulbs

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: Catalonian chicory, Verona radicchio, white onion, parsley, radish
Outdoors: first of the month fennel harvested in autumn, second half of the month lettuce and radicchio, spinach, valerian
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: after the end of flowering, prune non-flowering climbing rose bushes, prune withered trees and shrubs, trim evergreen creepers, lightly prune the hedges

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: watermelon, basil, chard and garden chard, thistle, cabbage, cucumber, bean, green bean, curly endive, lettuce (romaine, cap, cut), aubergine, melon, tomato, pepper, parsley, radicchio cut, escarole, celery, pumpkin, courgette

SEPTEMBER

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
No sowing
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Outdoors in full ground: calendula, convolvulus, poppy, sea alyssus, sweet pea and other rustic annual plants second half of the month essences to form new areas of lawn and to reinforce the thickening of the existing one

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: first half of the month white onion, parsley, radish
At home outdoors: lettuce for cutting, radicchio for cutting and for plucking, spinach, valerian
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: eliminate the extra buds on the Dahlia plant, remove the side buds from the chrysanthemum crown buds, carry out trimming and regulate the vegetation of the shrubs, cut the exhausted rosebushes

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: watermelon, basil, chard and garden chard, carrot, cabbage (Brussels cauliflower, cap), cucumber, bean, green bean, fennel, curly endive, romaine and cap lettuce, melon, tomato, pepper, leek, radicchio for cutting , Catalonian chicory, celery, pumpkin, courgette first of the month aubergine towards the end of the month lettuce cut

OCTOBER

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
No sowing
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In crate: annual plants to be planted at the end of winter, the sowing of lawns continues

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
In the outdoor seedbed: lettuce for cutting and for plucking, spinach, valerian, radish
IN THE GARDEN
Works: remove the bulbs from bulbous plants that have finished flowering (dahlie, gladioli, etc.). The bulbs are left to dry in a ventilated and sheltered environment for a few days, they are cleaned and left to overwinter in crates, stratified with sand, in a cool environment or hung in mesh bags, prepare the holes to plant the new rose strains

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: basil, chard and garden chard, thistle, carrot, cabbage (cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels cap, cabbage), bean, green bean, curly endive, lettuce (Roman, cap, cut), aubergine, tomato, pepper , leek, parsley, radicchio (from Chioggia, Treviso, for cutting, for picking, sugar loaf), endive, radish, spinach, celery, valerian, pumpkin, courgette

NOVEMBER

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
No sowing
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Transplant and planting: bury the early and spring flowering bulbs, plant the tulip bulbs, plant the early and spring-summer flowering bulbs, until the end of the month, as long as the ground is not frozen, plant the new rose stumps or bushes, divide the tufts rhizomatosis of lilies and transplant them in the open ground

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
At home in protected cultivation: lettuce and radicchio, valerian
At home outdoors: spring pea (only in mild climate locations, otherwise postpone to the end of winter), rocket
Transplant and planting: garlic bulbs outdoors until the ground is frozen
IN THE GARDEN
Pruning: wisteria, rose, hedges, trees and shrubs with fallen leaves
Works: complete the eradication of the dahlia tubers that have exhausted their vegetative cycle and store them in a sheltered room until the next use, prepare the ground for new plantations

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: chard, thistle, carrot, cabbage (cauliflower, Brussels, broccoli, cabbage, cabbage), Catalonian chicory, fennel, curly endive, lettuce, aubergine, pepper, leek, parsley, radicchio (cutting, from Chioggia , sugar loaf, root), rocket, escarole, celery, spinach, valerian

DECEMBER

CRESCENT MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
No sowing
SOWING IN THE GARDEN
Transplant and planting: plant new stumps or rose bushes as long as the ground is not frozen, plant and transplant trees, shrubs and vines as long as the temperature remains above freezing for a few days

FALLING MOON

SOWING IN THE GARDEN
At home in protected cultivation: lettuce and radicchio, radish
Works: prepare the soil for spring crops, hoe and carry out the basic fertilizations, proceed to forcing the Belgian chicory and red radicchio
IN THE GARDEN
Works: prepare the soil for spring plantings

COLLECTION OF THE MONTH
Vegetable garden: thistle, carrot, cabbage (cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels cap, cabbage), escarole, spinach
In protected cultivation: cutting lettuce, catalonia chicory, cutting radicchio, radish, valerian

WATERMELON

Climate: warm temperate (possibly dry during the ripening phase)
Temperature: optimal for growth 25 ° C, minimum 15 ° C
Exposure: sunny, it needs a lot of light and heat
Ground: pH 5.5 / 6.5 loose, deep, fresh, fertile, well drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: February to March (warm climates)
Sowing in the field: from April to May
Collected: from July (early varieties) to October (late varieties)

ASPARAGUS

Climate: highly adaptable, it resists both cold and high temperatures, but prefers a temperate climate
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 10/12 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7 deep, fresh, fertile, well drained, without pebbles
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: February to March (warm climates)
Sowing in the field: from March to June
Collected: two years after implantation, from March to May

BASIL

Climate: prefers warm temperate
Temperature: optimal for growth 25 ° C, minimum 10 ° C
Exposure: from partial shade to sunny
Ground: pH 7 medium mixture, soft, fresh, fertile, well drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from February to March
Sowing in the field: from April to July
Collected: from May to October

BEET FROM COSTE

Climate: it adapts to different climatic conditions
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: from partial shade to sunny
Ground: pH 6 / 7.5 medium mixture, well drained
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in February
Sowing in the field: climb from March to August
Collected: from May to December

BEET FROM THE GARDEN

Climate: it adapts to different climatic conditions
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 7/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6 / 7.5 medium mixture, loose, deep, moist
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in the field: from February to May
Collected: from May to September depending on the sowing period

ARTICHOKE

Climate: warm temperate with mild winter
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 4/5 ° C
Exposure: sunny and sheltered
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7 of wide adaptability, it prefers that of medium mixture
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in March
Sowing in the field: from April to May
Collected: from January to July, depending on the variety

THISTLE

Climate: it prefers the temperate one, but adapts to different climatic conditions
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 5/6 ° C
Exposure: sunny and sheltered
Ground: pH 6/7 of medium texture, deep, fresh and fertile
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in March
Sowing in the field: from April to May
Collected: from September to February

CARROT

Climate: tempered
Temperature: optimal for growth 18 ° C, minimum 6 ° C. Carrots grown at optimum temperatures produce longer, more intensely colored roots
Exposure: partial shade or sunny
Ground: pH 6/7 fertile, deep, soft, well drained, without pebbles
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in the field: from February to September
Collected: from May to December, according to the sowing period

BROCCOLI CABBAGE

Climate: it is a rustic plant, however it prefers the temperate one
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 6/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny and sheltered from the wind
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7.5 prefers medium-textured, fresh, fertile, deep and well-drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in the field: from May to July
Collected: from December to February

CAULIFLOWER

Climate: prefers cool and humid temperate. It fears frost, dry heat and sudden changes in temperature
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 6/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 5.5 / 7.5 of medium texture, fresh, fertile, deep and well drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in the field: from May to July
Collected: from September to December according to the varieties

CABBAGE HOOD

Climate: rustic plant, it adapts to different climates, resists cold, fears dry heat
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 6/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7.5 medium mixture, fresh, fertile, well drained
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from February to March
Sowing in the field: from April to July
Collected: from August to February

VERZA CABBAGE

Climate: rustic plant, it adapts to different climates and temperatures
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 6/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7.5 of medium texture, fresh, fertile, deep, well drained
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from February to March
Sowing in the field: from the end of March to July
Collected: from June to January

CUCUMBER

Climate: warm temperate, can stand the cold
Temperature: optimal for growth 25 ° C, minimum 15 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 7 loose, deep, fresh, fertile and well drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from mid-February to March
Sowing in the field: from April to May. It can also be sown in July for late production
Collected: climb (every 2-3 days) from June to October

CHICORY

Climate: rustic plant of wide adaptability, it prefers the temperate one. It has a fair tolerance to low temperatures, but suffers from persistent frosts
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 5.5 / 6.5 adapts to different types of soil, but prefers medium-textured, fresh, fertile soil with water retention properties
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse:
chicory Catalonia in February
Sowing in the field:
chicory or radicchio from April to September
cut chicory from March to November
chicory Catalonia from March to August
Scalar harvest (every 2-3 days):
chicory or radicchio from April to March
chicory for cutting from March to December
chicory Catalonia from June to November

CIME DI RAPA

Climate: warm temperate with mild winters
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6/7 of medium mixture, loose, fresh, fertile
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in the field: It can be sown in late winter for a spring-summer harvest, in summer to harvest in autumn
Collected: climb every 2/3 days for 4/5 times in spring / summer or autumn depending on the sowing period

ONION

Climate: it adapts to different climates, but prefers temperate ones
Temperature: optimal for growth 20 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6/8 light, loose, fresh
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in February
Sowing in the field: from March to September according to the varieties
Collected: it takes place in different periods depending on the use of the product, from April to December

BEAN

Climate: warm temperate, it fears the cold and frost
Temperature: optimal for growth 25 ° C, minimum 15 ° C. Plants die below 3-4 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 5.5 / 7 of medium texture, soft, fresh, fertile
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in March
Sowing in the field: from April to August
Collected: it begins in the month of June in stages, up to October

BEAN BEAN

Climate: prefers temperate climates
Temperature: optimal for growth 18 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 5.5 / 6.5 medium mixture, basically clayey, fresh. It fears both drought and stagnation of water
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in the field: October / November in the southern and central areas. February in the northern areas
Collected: climb 7/8 times in 3/4 weeks from April to July

FENNEL

Climate: it prefers the warm temperate one. Protects from intense cold (resistance to cold varies depending on the variety)
Temperature: optimal for growth 20 ° C, minimum 6/8 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6 / 7.5 of medium texture, basically loose, fertile, fresh, deep, well drained
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in the field: from May to September
Collected: from September to December depending on the sowing period. The collection of the buds is carried out when they have reached the maximum size and the sheaths are well tightened and compact

ENDIVE

Climate: rustic plant, of wide adaptability, it prefers the temperate one
Temperature: optimal for growth 18/20 ° C, minimum 5/6 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7.5 of medium texture, fertile, fresh, soft, permeable, well drained
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in February
Sowing in the field: from March to October
Collected: in June the slow-growing varieties sown in spring, in autumn the early varieties with summer sowing and in winter the cold-resistant varieties sown in late summer or early autumn

LETTUCE

Climate: it prefers the temperate one, but the wide range of varieties make it one of the species of wide adaptability to climatic conditions
Temperature: optimal for growth 15/20 ° C, minimum 5 ° C
Exposure: sunny
Ground: pH 6/7 for spring and autumn crops, loose soils with drainage capacity are preferable, for summer varieties, on the other hand, medium-textured soils with the ability to retain water are preferable
Sowing with: falling moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from November to February for the autumn-winter varieties, in February for the spring-summer varieties
Sowing in the field: from March to April the spring varieties, from May to June the summer ones, slow to mount, from August to September the autumn varieties, medium-early, in October in the areas with a favorable climate the winter varieties are planted
Scalar harvest (every 2-3 days): from January to March the varieties grown in greenhouses, from May to June the spring varieties, from July to September the summer ones, slow to mount, from October to November the autumn varieties

AUBERGINES

Climate: warm temperate
Temperature: optimal for growth 22/24 ° C, minimum 15 ° C
Exposure: sunny and warm sheltered from the winds
Ground: pH 6.5 / 7 of medium texture, loose, fresh, fertile and well drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from February to March
Sowing in the field: from April to May
Collected: climb (every 2-3 days) from June to September

MELON

Climate: warm temperate, dry during the ripening phases
Temperature: optimal for growth 25 ° C, minimum 15 ° C
Exposure: sunny, it needs a lot of light and heat
Ground: pH 6/7 loose, deep, fresh, fertile
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: in February-March with transplantation in April
Sowing in the field: from April to June
Collected: climb from June (early varieties) to September (late varieties)

SWEET PEPPER

Climate: high temperatures
Temperature: optimal for growth 20/25 ° C, minimum 15 ° C
Exposure: sunny sheltered from the winds
Ground: pH 7 / 7.5 prefers medium-textured, generally loose, deep, fresh, fertile and drained
Sowing with: Crescent moon
Sowing in a greenhouse: from February to March
Sowing in the field: from April to May
Collected: climb from July (early varieties) to October (late varieties)

PEA

Climate: si adatta a differenti condizioni climatiche ma preferisce climi temperati
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15°C, minima 5°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 5,5/6,5 medio impasto, sabbioso, fertile, fresco
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in campo: da ottobre a novembre nelle zone meridionali e centrali, da febbraio a maggio nelle zone settentrionali
Raccolto: scalare da aprile a luglio

POMODORO

Clima: temperato caldo, teme il freddo
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 20/22°C, minima 12/13°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/6,5 di larga adattabilità predilige quello di medio impasto, tendenzialmente sciolto, profondo, fresco, fertile
Semina con: luna crescente
Semina in serra: da febbraio a marzo
Semina in campo: da aprile a giugno
Raccolto: è manuale (per evitare di rovinare il pomodoro) e scalare. Si effettua ogni 3/5 giorni e può durare 2/3 mesi, da giugno a novembre

PORRO

Clima: preferisce climi temperati, tollera il freddo non molto intenso
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 medio impasto, tendenzialmente argilloso, profondo, fertile, senza ristagni idrici
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in serra: in febbraio e marzo
Semina in campo: da aprile a luglio
Raccolto: manuale da settembre a febbraio

PREZZEMOLO

Clima: di larga adattabilità, resiste abbastanza al freddo
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C. In primavera l'abbassamento della temperatura o gelate persistenti, seguiti da rialzi di temperatura possono provocare nelle piantine il fenomeno della prefioritura
Esposizione: mezz'ombra o mediamente soleggiata
Terreno: pH 5,5/7 si adatta a diversi tipi di terreno
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in serra: a febbraio, si presta bene per la coltura in vaso o anche in serra nei mesi invernali
Semina in campo: a scalare da marzo a ottobre
Raccolto: periodicamente per buona parte dell'anno

RAMOLACCIO

Clima: preferibilmente temperato
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C. Con le temperature elevate tende a prefiorire
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 di medio impasto, preferibilmente soffice, sciolto e fresco, a bassa salinità
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in campo: da maggio a settembre
Raccolto: scalare da settembre a febbraio

RAPA

Clima: preferibilmente temperato, si datta a diverse condizioni climatiche. Teme le gelate persistenti
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 di medio impasto, preferibilmente soffice, sciolto e fresco, a bassa salinità
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in campo: da luglio a ottobre
Raccolto: scalare da ottobre a gennaio

RAVANELLO

Clima: preferibilmente temperato
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C. Con le temperature elevate tende a prefiorire
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 medio impasto, soffice, fresco, a bassa salinità
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in serra: febbraio
Semina in campo: da marzo a novembre
Raccolto: scalare da marzo a dicembre

RUCOLA

Clima: preferibilmente temperato, si adatta facilmente a diversi clim, ma teme le gelate persistenti
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 5°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 preferisce quello leggero, fresco e ricco di calcio
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in serra: febbraio
Semina in campo: da marzo a ottobre
Raccolto: scalare da aprile a dicembre

SEDANO

Clima: temperato caldo, umido. Teme le gelate e la siccità
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15/20°C, minima 7/8°C. Con sbalzi termici tende a prefiorire
Esposizione: moderatamente soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/6,5 di medio impasto,fertile, fresco e ben drenato
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in serra: da febbraio a marzo
Semina in campo: da aprile a giugno
Raccolto: scalare da giugno a novembre

SPINACI

Clima: temperato fresco
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 15°C, minima 5°C. Rischio di prefioritura con alte temperature
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 6/7 medio impasto o tendenzialmente sabbioso, sciolto, ricco e ben drenato
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in campo: da febbraio a maggio per poi raccogliere in primavera-estate, da settembre a novembre per raccogliere in autunno-inverno
Raccolto: scalare a seconda delle varietà

VALERIANA

Clima: temperato fresco
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 10/15°C, minima 5°C. Con le temperature elevate tende a prefiorire
Esposizione: non ha preferenze di collocazione
Terreno: pH 5,5/7 predilige quello sabbioso o di medio impasto, sciolto, freso
Semina con: luna calante
Semina in campo: da marzo ad aprile, da luglio a ottobre
Raccolto: a maggio-giugno e da settembre a marzo

ZUCCA

Clima: temperato caldo
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 25/30°C, minima 10°C. Teme il freddo e le brinate. Le piante non sopravvivono sotto i 4/5°C
Esposizione: soleggiata
Terreno: pH 5/7 profondo, fresco, fertile, permeabile
Semina con: luna crescente
Semina in serra: a marzo con trapianto in aprile
Semina in campo: da aprile ad giugno
Raccolto: scalare da settembre a dicembre

ZUCCHINO

Clima: temperato caldo
Temperatura: ottimale per la crescita 25/30°C, minima 15°C. Teme il freddo e le brinate. Non sopravvive sotto i 4/5°C. Temperature troppo alte provocano l'aborto floreale e l'appassimento
Esposizione: soleggiata, necessita di molta luce e calore
Terreno: pH 5/7 permeabile, soffice, fresco, fertile
Semina con: luna crescente
Semina in serra: da febbraio a marzo
Semina in campo: da aprile ad agosto
Raccolto: scalare da maggio a novembre


Fasi di una pianta di pomodoro

Il ciclo di vita di una pianta di pomodoro , da seme a seme , varia da 65 a più di 80 giorni. Il giardiniere di casa che capisce le fasi di crescita delle piante di pomodoro in grado di sfruttare il potenziale di crescita vigorosa della pianta del pomodoro per la produzione di piante sane e abbondante raccolto. Molte varietà e tipi di pomodori sono disponibili come semi o piantine . Anche se diverse per dimensioni e tipo di frutta , tutti passano attraverso le stesse fasi di crescita .
Seed

Il seme è la fase dormiente o di riposo del ciclo di vita dell'impianto . Ogni seme di pomodoro pesa circa 100 mg ( 3/1000 di un grammo ) e rimane vitale per circa 5 anni . Pacchetti di semi danno nome della varietà , profondità di semina , temperatura del suolo per la germinazione , la spaziatura delle piante e il numero di giorni fino alla raccolta , e indicare se la varietà è determinato o indeterminato nel portamento .
Piantine
pomodoro piantina .

Dopo semi sono piantati nel terreno umido , una serie di reazioni metaboliche che si verificano rottura dormienza . La germinazione richiede solitamente 6 a 10 giorni . Foglie di semi ( cotiledoni ) emergono in primo luogo , seguita da foglie pelose con bordi seghettati . Mentre la piantina è ramificata , crescita vigorosa si verifica sotterraneo . Un fittone cresce fino a 22 cm di profondità in 3 settimane . Il fittone è solitamente rotto durante il trapianto , e un sistema radicale fibroso sviluppa . Fornire una luce forte e spazzoli le parti superiori delle piante due volte al giorno con le mani per migliorare la piantina il vigore .
Vegetativa fase

Durante la fase di crescita vegetativa , la pianta sviluppa sopra e sotto terra , raddoppiando di dimensioni ogni 12 a 15 giorni . La giovane pianta vegetativo inizia in ramo , spesso abbondantemente . Piante determinate sono di solito più piccoli , con una crescita di ogni stelo che termina quando i fiori sono prodotti . Piante indeterminati crescono continuamente perché i fiori sono prodotti su germogli laterali . La celebrità popolare ibrido è chiamato semi - determinata , producendo solo 3-4 steli principale . Suckers , germogli con radici , appaiono . Molti giardinieri domestici rimuovere tutte le ventose , i piante e sottile fogliame fitto di frenare un eccessivo sviluppo vegetativo .
Fioriscono fase
pomodoro fiori .

Il passaggio alla fioritura si verifica quando punte crescenti hanno zuccheri in eccesso . Giallo brillante, fiori a cinque petali compaiono alle estremità dei gambi in gruppi chiamati " capriate ". Bistecca coltivatori di pomodori eliminare alcuni dei fiori in un traliccio per evitare la rottura steli da frutta pesante . Fiori emesso polline nelle giornate di sole 10:00-16:00 , a seconda bombi e vento per il trasferimento di polline , che contiene spermatozoi , dalla parte maschio ( antera ) per l'organo femminile ( pistillo ) dello stesso fiore . La fecondazione si verifica quando un tubetto pollinico cresce verso il basso attraverso il pistillo , che trasportano lo sperma di un ovulo ( seme immaturo ) nelle ovaie . Le basse temperature e bassa umidità interferiscono con allegagione . Ogni seme in un frutto pomodoro è il risultato di un evento fecondazione. La fioritura continua fino al gelo uccide la pianta .
Fruit - grado di maturazione
frutti di pomodoro con i semi .

Dopo frutti di successo impostati , petali di fiori appassiscono . Frutta giovani iniziano come sfere dimensioni di un pisello . Maturazione dalla fine fiore , subiscono una serie di cambiamenti di colore , dal verde pallido al bianco al rosa , e poi rosso , arancione, giallo o nero violaceo . Il frutto matura circa 45 a 50 giorni dopo la fecondazione . Semi salvati da ( non ibridi ) varietà a impollinazione producono progenie quasi identici ai genitori . Conservare semi in condizioni asciutte, buio, fresco .


Semina pomodoro - giardino

Pianta determinata, bassa, vigorosa bocca medio piccola a forma di lampadina.

Semina : da Gennaio a Giugno

Trapianto : 1 mese dopo la semina. Le piante devono essere alte 15/20 cm

Distanza : 70 cm tra le file, 40 cm sulla fila

Raccolta : da Maggio a Settembre

SEMI POMODORO SAN MARZANO lo trovi nelle Categorie:

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The pomodoro teme:

  • la dorifora,
  • le larve dell’agrotide che attaccano il colletto delle giovani piantine
  • la peronospora che colpisce le foglie, il fusto e i frutti invadendone i tessuti e formando una muffa biancastra
  • il mal del piede causato dall’eccessiva umidità.


Vicini indesiderati pomodori

Oltre alle idee sul perché non germogliare pomodori, su questa cultura non fa male per imparare e qualcos'altro. Pomodori non piace coesistere con alcuni ortaggi e colture ornamentali. Ad esempio, un quartiere con patate e narcisi effetto negativo sui pomodori fruttiferi.

Ma piante come calendule, non solo decorano l'aiuola, ma proteggono anche i pomodori da parassiti (es nematodi). Piantato accanto ai pomodori, aglio e basilico saranno anche scoraggiare gli insetti indesiderati. giardinieri esperti raccomandano l'irrigazione ogni settimana infusione di pomodori aglio.



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