Sowing calendar


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Moon Phases of February 2021: The waning moon or old moon is up to 10 and from February 27.

In the vegetable garden - Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Summer cabbages, Melons, Celery, Watermelons, Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Zucchini, Basil, Aubergines, Radishes, Peppers. Sowing in the open ground: Chicory, Beets, Turnips, Spinach, Beets, Lettuces, Onions, Rocket, Carrots, Radishes, Broad Beans, Peas. Plantations and transplants: Onion bulbils, Garlic, Asparagus (legs).

The first sowings begin, in sheltered and well exposed places, or on a warm bed, of Lettuce, Radish, Peppers, Tomatoes, Aubergines. Manure is prepared for Potatoes, Tomatoes, Pumpkins, etc.

Lettuce, cabbage and what is ready are transplanted, without ever letting the seedlings age in the seedbed.

The vines are pruned, the strawberries and the sparagiaie are planted.

The tamping of the Artichokes is removed, weeds and fertilizations are started on all the woody and herbaceous weeds, large and small.

If there was still some soil to work, expect that the earth is well drained by the rain water, it should be borne in mind that sowing and planting done in too wet earth, never succeed.

You can make eye grafts in Peaches and more, while those in March will be done at the time of the enlargement of the buds.

In the garden -

Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Snapdragon, Gaillardia, Colcus, Primula, Fior di vetro, Zinnia, Agerato, Verbena, Amaranth, Masebriantemo, Statice, Asparagus, Dahlia, Carnation, Violet, Calendula, Cosmea, Nasturtium, Sage, Celosia, Tagete, Clarkia, Digitalis, Petunia, Kochia, Portulacca.

Sowing in the ground: Sweet pea, Iberis perennial, Speronella, Poppy, Cornflower.

Remember that: For cutting vegetables it is advisable to sow in the crescent moon (new moon) for the greatest vegetative development of the same, with the exception of legumes (beans, croissants, peas) which can be sown in both moons.

The other varieties should be sown in the waning moon (old moon).

Waning Moon February - Summary of the works

Garden Vegetable garden Orchard
Sowing in a heated seedbed: celery in a seedbed in protected cultivation: spring lettuce, celery outdoors: white and colored onion, spring onions, lettuce and radicchio, spinach, lamb's lettuce, chard
Transplant and planting
planting outdoors: garlic, onion, shallot, Jerusalem artichoke
Pruning prune or trim shrubs that bloomed in December and January deciduous trees and shrubs hedges if it is not cold pink poinsettia rejuvenate aromatic plants suffruti things farm pruning to prune currant, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, vine, apple, pear, quince, peach, plum, apricot and almond trees
Grafting take the scions from the one-year branches of the stone fruit for grafting the scions should be closed in plastic bags and stored in the refrigerator
Works work and fertilize the soil prepare the soil and fertilize, tuck the peas sown in autumn: pre-heat the potato tubers whiten the Treviso and Verona radicchio prepare the soil for the aspara giaia prepare the ground for spring plantings tidying up and cleaning the orchards

Crescent Moon February - Work summary


  • The days of the month, with date and day of the week.
  • The moon phases of 2021 with indication of full moon, new moon and waning, waxing phase (see the legend).
  • Box with sowing of the month and box with transplants of the month. By following the vertical lines you can understand if they are suitable sowings to be done according to peasant tradition in a waning or increasing phase. The sowing periods are necessarily approximate (to be verified according to your area).
  • Box with the work to be done in the field.
  • Illustration by Marina Fusari (with a garden insect).
  • Peasant proverb or cultured quote.

The period indications for sowing and transplanting are necessarily approximate and may vary according to the area and the vintage. The OdC sowing table is more precise in this, conceived in three versions (north, center, south Italy). You can also download this for free.


Moon Phases of March 2021: The waning moon or old moon is until 12 and from 28 March.

In the vegetable garden - Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Peppers, Summer cabbages, Zucchini, Aubergines, Tomatoes, Basil, Celery.

Sowing in the open ground: Peas, Beets, Parsley, Beetroot, Tomatoes, Rocket, Cilpolle, Carrots, Scorzobianca, Pumpkins, Radishes, Chicory, Scorzanera, Leeks, Zucchini, Turnips, Valerian, Lettuce, Spinach, Potatoes. Plantations and transplants: Onion bulbils.

You sow and plant everything you need to provide vegetables for summer and autumn, from asparagus to pumpkin.

We begin the sowing, at intervals of about fifteen days, of Radishes, Minutina, Chicory, Lettuce and Peas, in order to have the harvesting climbed. Warm beds are monitored and onion and leek transplants are carried out.

The artichokes are planted, the asparagus and all that is already developed are weeded, fertilized and piled up.

In the garden

Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Calendula, Agerato, Asparagus, Cosmea, Gaillardia, Amaranth, Glass flower, Sage, Zinnia, Petunia, Snapdragon, Statice, Verbena, Carnation, Celosia, Tagete, Clarkzia, Mesembriantemo, Portulacca, Dahlia, Nasturtium, Digitalis, Kochia, Coleus, Prirnula.

Sowing in the open ground: Campanella, Cosrnea, Calendula, Godezia, Zinnia, Cornflower, Astro, Ornamental squash, Annual cypress, Gypsophila, Sweet pea, Chrysanthemum, Nasturtium, Elecrisium, Phlox, Carnation, Glass flower, Petunia.

Plantations and transplants - bulbs: Buttercup, Agapantus, Anemone, Gladiolus, Lilium, Acidanthera, Ciclanino, Lily of the valley, Amaryllis, Montbretia, Calla, Incarvillea, Begonia, Peony, Gloxinia, Iris, Dahlia, Liatris, Dicentra, Gloriosa.

Meadow: Clover, Loietto, Extra-fine and universal mixture, Agrostide, Variety of original mixtures for English stable carpets and sports fields.

Remember that: For cutting vegetables it is advisable to sow in the crescent moon (new moon) for the greater vegetative development of the same, with the exception of legumes (beans, croissants, peas) which can be sown in both moons.

The other varieties should be sown in the waning moon (old moon). Forecast: fogs and thunderstorms alternating with a few sunny days.

Waning Moon March - Summary of the works

Garden Vegetable garden Orchard
Sowing in seedbed in protected cultivation: celery, curly endive in seedbed outdoors: spring summer cabbage, colored onion, head lettuce outdoors: onions, lettuce, radicchio, spinach, lamb's lettuce, chard
Transplant and planting
outdoor transplanting: onion outdoor planting: potato, Jerusalem artichoke, horseradish, comfrey, onion, garlic
Pruning finish the pruning of trees and shrubs with pink deciduous leaves rejuvenate aromatic plants suffruti things finish the pruning of production and the vamento of stone fruit, rosaceae, actinidia, small fruits, vineyard
Grafting apple, pear and stone fruit
Works prepare the soil for molding the seedlings clean the soil clean and hoe the under-foliage of trees, shrubs and rose gardens, repot the houseplants prepare the flowerbeds for new sowing and transplanting fertilize, tuck up the asparagus bean remove the artichoke bleach the leek mulch the strawberries fertilize and distribute manure treat fruit trees clean the soil renew the under-tree mulch

Crescent Moon March - Work summary


Moon phases of October 2021 - The waning moon or old moon is until the 3rd and from the 19th of October.

What to sow in the garden in October - Sowing in the open ground: Turnip greens, Remolacci, Rocket, Beets, Chicory, Peas, Broad beans, Valerian, Carrots, Spinach, Lettuce, Radishes, Parsley. Plantations and transplants: Early Onions, Asparagus, Artichokes, Garlic, Onion Bulbils.

In addition to the sernine, which as far as possible are carried out in well exposed places and protected from strong frosts, transplants are also carried out, possibly in sheltered places, in fact in this period the last endives, lettuces and beets, as well as cipollini, fennel are transplanted. , Cabbages, etc.

The first beans from the garden are sown for early harvesting and the strawberry and artichoke fields are planted. Cabbage and lettuce, fennel and carrots are fertilized. In the garden -

Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Campanula, Snapdragon, Gazania, Alisso. Sowing in the ground: Sweet pea, Gypsophila, Speronella, Calendula, Poppy, Elecrisium, Godezia, Cornflower

Meadow: Clover, Agmstide, Loietto. Variety of original mixtures for English stable carpets and sports fields.

Remember that: For cutting vegetables it is advisable to sow in the crescent moon (new moon) for the greatest vegetative development of the same, with the exception of legumes (beans, croissants, peas) which can be sown in both moons.

The other varieties should be sown in the waning moon (old moon).

Forecasts: Consistent decrease in brightness with rainy days and evenings with fog.

Waning Moon October - Summary of the works

harvest and
pick fruit
to keep

Crescent Moon October - Work summary


Collection calendar

The harvest calendar is important for the home garden, by planning the crops in the garden rationally and with gradual sowing, it is possible to always have fresh and self-produced vegetables to bring to the table. So I will explain to you every month what you can harvest in the garden, without resorting to heated greenhouses. These indications are particularly useful for those who make a home garden under the house: in family crops it is nice to plan sowing according to family consumption.


The waning moon or luna Vecchia is until 12 and from 28 January.

What to sow in the garden in January:

Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Peppers, Celery, Summer Cabbages, Tomatoes, Aubergines, Basil. Sowing in full ground: Peas, Broad Beans.

Plantations and transplants: Onion bulbils, Garlic, Artichokes, Asparagus (legs). The tillage of the land is finished, to have it ready and melted by the frost at the time of sowing and planting the most important in the spring.

Manure and soil are prepared, dismantling, turning and wetting, if necessary.

Tools, spray pumps, etc. are repaired.

The necessary for the planting of warm beds is prepared, to carry out the first sowings, that is, glazed or polyethylene frames, cane and straw mats.

Pits are opened for the shooters, to be planted in February.

Winter fruit-bearing treatments are carried out and polysulphides are given to the peach trees.

The necessary seeds are obtained, the offshoots are made, the transplants are started in good sheltered positions or under glass, of lettuce and white cabbage.

Poles and reeds are prepared, that is the stakes for Vines, Tomatoes, Peas and Dahlias of the garden, the Vines, shrubs, fruits, roses are pruned, using the suitable residues of the pruning to obtain the stakes for climbing peas keeping in order, as much as possible, flower beds and stalks.

Keep in mind that peas must be fertilized and infused when they are young.

In the garden - Sowing in warm beds or under glass: Chinese Carnations, Pansy.

Remember that: For cutting vegetables it is advisable to sow in the crescent moon (new moon) for the greater vegetative development of the same, with the exception of legumes (beans, croissants, peas) which can be sown in both moons. the other varieties should be sown in the waning moon (old moon).

Forecasts: intense cold with the possibility of snowfall in the first fortnight.

Waning Moon January - Work summary

Garden Vegetable garden Orchard
Sowing in heated seedbed: head lettuce planted in protected cultivation: cutting lettuce, cutting and plucking radicchio, valerianella
Pruning pink dead, broken, slanted or useless branches pear, apple, currant, raspberry, cleaning of suckers and thinning of the chestnut foliage
Grafting collect branches and grafts for grafting
Works wash and disinfect pots and seedbeds check tools clean and superficially work the soil fertilize, fertilize and weed the artichoke and asparagus forcing the chicory and bleaching the radicchio design the vegetable garden fertilize prepare the soil for the spring plant cleaning the trunk

Crescent Moon January - Work summary



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