Orchid Makodes petola


A plant such as Macodes Petola is a very rare precious orchid (Jevel Orchids). They are found in very small numbers from South America to Asia. Such plants are prized for their lovely velvety leaves. Experts classify as precious orchids plants of various genera of the extensive orchid family from the Goodyerinae subtribe. So, these are Macodes, Ludisia, Dossinia, Anoectochilus, Goodyera, Zeuxcine and others.

The foliage of such orchids has incredible beauty. So, on the velvety surface, you can see fancifully arranged veins, which can be painted in different colors. They seem to be made of small stones sparkling in the light. The more beautiful the leaf, the thinner its pattern, since in this case it shines very brightly and the flicker is noticeable even with very little movement.

Such orchids differ among themselves by the color of the veins, the pattern, the intensity of their arrangement, as well as the color of the leaf plate itself (for example: pale green, almost black, silvery, pale cherry and others). Often, the drawing on the leaves depends on the conditions in which the plant is located, as well as on its age. The racemose inflorescences are composed of relatively small flowers, which are often white in color. There are species whose flowers smell very nice. In natural conditions, precious orchids easily and simply interbreed with each other, in this regard, sometimes there are certain difficulties in determining the exact species.

Plant features

Makodes petola is represented by epiphytic, as well as terrestrial plants, which are directly related to the numerous orchid family. Their growth patterns are sympodial. This plant belongs to the group of "precious orchids" ("Jevel Orchids") and is prized for its very showy foliage. The name makodes comes from the Greek language, so "macos" means "extension, length", which is associated with the lip, which has an elongated shape.

A genus such as makodes unites about 7 species that can be found in the tropical rainforests of Oceania, as well as Southeast Asia. The most popular of the types is makodes petola. Such a precious orchid has truly beautiful leaves. One might get the impression that the pattern on the leaves is embroidered with gold threads, and they shine and shimmer in the sunlight. Thanks to such rare and very spectacular leaves, this plant is considered a kind of jewel.

Under natural conditions, such a "precious orchid" grows on the islands of Java, from the Philippines to Sumatra, New Guinea, Malaysia. Prefers to grow in tropical forests (in shady mountain forests), where there is high humidity. Makodes petola grows on fallen tree trunks, as well as on rocks covered with humus and moss.

Such a miniature orchid has creeping shoots, which, moreover, branch strongly and reach a height of only 7 to 8 centimeters. Velvety leaf plates can be painted in various shades from greenish gray to emerald green. On their surface, there are golden veins that shimmer in the light. The flowers of the plant are inconspicuous and very small. After the end of flowering, the rosette dies off, and at the same time babies (lateral processes) are formed. These plants are grown in collections, as well as in winter gardens.

Caring for the Makodes petola orchid at home

Lighting and location selection

Under natural conditions, this plant prefers to grow in dark places with high humidity. When growing it in a room, conditions similar to natural conditions should be provided. So, makodes petola requires not very bright lighting, high air humidity, which should be at the level of 80–90 percent, warmth and a substrate that is always in a humid state. For its cultivation, it is recommended to use a special greenhouse or florarium.

How to water

Water should not stagnate either in the substrate or in the sump, as this can lead to the formation of rot on the root system, as well as on the lower part of the shoot. It is necessary to water systematically. Watering is carried out as the soil dries up. Filtered or soft water is suitable for this.

Temperature regime

In summer, the plant grows well and develops at temperatures from 18 to 30 degrees, in winter - you need to make sure that it is not less than 18 degrees. A daily temperature difference is recommended, while the difference between day and night temperatures should be about 4 degrees. In the warm season, it is recommended to transfer this orchid to the street (to the balcony, to the garden). In this case, the plant must be protected from direct rays of the sun, precipitation and gusts of wind.

Earth mixture

To prepare the soil mixture with your own hands, you need to combine the fine-grained bark of coniferous trees, rotted leafy soil, coarse sand, foam plastic, sphagnum, charcoal, expanded clay, as well as broken shards. Do not forget to make a not very thick drainage layer at the bottom of the container. After planting the plant, a not very thick layer of moss should be laid on top of the soil mixture. Experts advise to transplant in March – April. Such an orchid needs a cramped pot, the diameter of which does not exceed 6 centimeters.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out carefully, as the delicate roots can burn out. From spring to autumn, they are fed once every 3 weeks, and after that - once every 5 weeks. To prepare a nutrient solution, 3 or 4 drops of fertilizer are poured into 2 liters of water. A high concentration of the solution has a detrimental effect on the root system. It is recommended to use a specialized fertilizer for orchids for feeding, since fertilizers for other indoor plants contain completely different nutrients.

Breeding method

When grown indoors, this plant can be propagated by cuttings or by dividing an overgrown specimen. When dividing, you need to make sure that there are at least 3 sprouts on each division. This plant has a branched, creeping stem. In the event that roots appear next to the adult leaves, it will be possible to carry out the grafting procedure. A part of the shoot is cut off on the cutting, while it must have 2 or 3 stem nodes and roots on it. Places of cuts should be treated with crushed charcoal or activated carbon. Then the cutting is dried and planted in the prepared soil mixture. Also, for rooting, a glass of water is sometimes used, to which crushed charcoal should be added. Leafless stem cuttings are also used for reproduction. They should be laid horizontally on moistened sphagnum, while the cutting should not be buried.

Transfer

Transplanting Macodes Petola into glass


Orchid makodes

In order to grow a flowering plant in your flower garden, it is important to know the intricacies of the content. Gardeners want to breed unusual plants. The care conditions for most types of flowers are different. A capricious plant requires a special approach. In this collection, the editors intended to provide several conditions to prevent disease when growing a rare plant. You should determine for yourself what type your pet is defined as.

Precious orchids and their gem leaves

Macodes Petola is a rare precious orchid (Jevel Orchids). Like gems, they are scattered across the Earth from Asia to South America. Jewels are valued not for flowers, like most other species, but for the amazing beauty of velvety leaves. Representatives of different genera of the orchid family from the Goodyerinae subtribe are usually referred to as precious orchids (Jewel orchids).

The leaves of precious orchids are amazingly beautiful indeed. On the velvety "medallions" multi-colored veins fancifully flow, as if made of tiny pebbles that sparkle in the light. And the thinner the patterns, the more noticeable their shine, the stronger the shimmer that occurs with the slightest movement.

Precious orchids differ from each other by the color of their foliage (light green, sometimes almost black, light cherry, silvery, etc.), the color of the veins, the pattern, the intensity of their arrangement. Very often, the pattern of the leaves depends on the conditions in which the orchid lives, its age. Flowers are medium-sized, collected in a brush, often white. Some of them have a pleasant aroma. In nature, jewels cross freely with one another, so it is sometimes difficult to determine the type of plant. - (photo: precious-leaved orchid Ludisia and Makodes Petola).

Makodes Petola - precious orchid

MACODES (Macodes (Blume) Lindl.) - Representatives of the genus terrestrial or epiphytic orchids of the Orchid family (Orchidaceae), having a sympodial type of growth. Belongs to the group "Jevel Orchids" ("precious orchids"), cultivated for decorative leaves. The name "Macodes" comes from the Greek "macos" (length, stretch), reflecting the elongated shape of the lip.

The genus Makodes has up to 7 species found in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia and Oceania. The most famous species of Macodes Petola belongs to the so-called few precious orchids, whose beauty of the leaves is mesmerizing. It seems that the leaves of the orchid are embroidered with golden threads that shimmer in the rays of the sun. It is because of the decorativeness of the leaves that the makodes orchid is called a jewel.

In nature, the Makodes Petola orchid is found on the islands of Java, from Sumatra to the Philippines, in Malaysia, New Guinea, where it grows in tropical forests (in mountainous shady forests) in high humidity conditions (on rocks covered with moss and humus, fallen tree trunks ).

The stems of this unusual miniature orchid spread over the surface of the substrate and branch out all the time, reaching a height of 7-8 cm. The color of velvety leaves varies from salad and emerald green to gray-green with golden veins that shine and shimmer in the light. Makodes petola blooms with inconspicuous small flowers, after which the rosette dies off, giving lateral processes (children). They are used in collections, exhibitions of winter gardens.

It is a terrestrial precious orchid adapted to live under the canopy of a forest in high humidity conditions. Corresponding conditions for it are also required when kept in a culture. It can grow in fairly poor lighting, but requires a constantly moist substrate, high air humidity (at least 80-90%) and warm content. That is why it is recommended to grow the Makodes petola orchid in florariums or a greenhouse.

Stagnant water in the pan or inside the pot can very quickly lead to rotting of the bottom of the plant and roots, so watering should be regular, as the substrate dries. Use only soft or filtered water.

The temperature for it is necessary in summer - + 18-30 ° C in winter - not less than + 18 ° C. For the successful cultivation of the Macodes petola orchid, the night temperature can be 4 ° C lower than the daytime. In the summer, you can take the orchid outdoors: balcony or garden. Choose a place protected from direct sunlight, rain, winds.

A mixture of small pieces of coniferous bark with fibrous peat, sphagnum moss, rotted leaf earth, charcoal, coarse sand, expanded clay, foam plastic, broken shards are suitable as a substrate. A small layer of drainage is placed on the bottom of the pot. The surface of the substrate can be overlaid with fresh sphagnum. The best time to transplant is from early March to late April. Macodes Petola loves tightness, in accordance with this, a plastic pot is selected, no more than 6 cm in diameter.

Makodes petola is fed very carefully so as not to burn the delicate roots of the plant. Once every 3 weeks from spring to autumn, and the rest of the period every 5 weeks (3-4 drops per 2 liters). Too concentrated fertilization can negatively affect the roots. Fertilizers for domestic plants contain a slightly different composition of substances and their dosage is much higher, so it is advisable to use a specialized fertilizer marked "for orchids".

In indoor culture, this type of precious orchid reproduces vegetatively: by dividing an adult (large) bush into parts and by cuttings. With vegetative division, it is recommended to leave at least three shoots for each new plant. In makodes petola, the stem is creeping and branched. If roots have formed next to adult leaves, then cuttings can be carried out. Part of the stem is cut into a cutting, with 2-3 stem nodes and a root. The wound is disinfected, sprinkled with charcoal or activated carbon powder, dried and planted in a substrate. You can rooting in water with the addition of crushed charcoal. Makodes can be propagated by leafless stem cuttings, which are placed horizontally (without deepening) in moist sphagnum.

Makodes - a precious orchid and caring for it

Makodes (Macodes) is a plant of the Orchid family, native to the tropical rainforests of the islands of the Malay Archipelago, the Philippines, New Guinea and Oceania.

Translated from Greek "macos" - the length, extension and its name makodes received for the peculiarity of the structure of the lip on the flower.

Makodes petola (Macodes petola) is a precious orchid with a rhizome with a diameter of about 3-5 cm, fleshy creeping shoots and broad-egg velvety emerald green leaves with a network of bright golden veins shimmering in the light. Leaves 7-8 cm long and about 5 cm wide. Peduncle up to 25 cm high, small flowers (8-15 pieces) are collected in an erect raceme, red-brown, with a white lip directed upwards.

Orchid Makodes Petola / Macodes petola - review

In nature, Macodes petola is found in Malaysia, New Guinea and Sumatra, where it grows in humid forests on the ground at an altitude of 600 to 2000 meters above sea level. This type of orchid belongs to the so-called precious orchids, whose beauty lies not in the flowers, but in the leaves. The plant is miniature and reaches a height of about 8 cm. The leaves are velvety, light green with bright golden veins, burning in the sun. The flowers are inconspicuous, red-brown with a white lip.

Emerald beauty! (+ photo of my plant)

Today I want to tell you about the rare precious orchid "Macodes Petola".

The beauty is valued for the leaves, which seem to be sprinkled with the smallest emeralds, pierced with lightning. They sparkle in the sun, shimmer like a real precious jewel.

It is found on the islands of Java, from Sumatra to the Philippines, in Malaysia, New Guinea, where it grows in tropical forests (in mountainous shady forests) in high humidity conditions (on rocks covered with moss and humus, fallen tree trunks).

The plant can also bloom, but compared to other orchids, Makodes flowers are inconspicuous and it is better to pick them off so that the plant does not waste energy. The flower is so arranged that once having released the peduncle from the point of growth, the shoot no longer grows and gradually dies off, losing its precious leaves. But new shoots appear on the side and the growth cycle repeats again.

1. It can be found in a flower shop (I have never met it, but my acquaintances have seen it once),

2. Orchid collectors. It is a common orchid and is owned by many orchid growers.

3. Order online, through orchid forums and groups.

I bought a plant that was ordered from Germany from the supplier "Schwerter". The plant arrived healthy, planted in sphagnum moss, with roots. And it looked like this:

Makodes

Glory and universal love for orchids was brought by their beautiful flowers. But this statement is not true in relation to precious orchids, which include ludisia and makodes.

Makodes not in vain received the title of precious orchid. Its beauty lies not in flowers, but in velvet leaves, as if embroidered with copper, gold or silver threads. Most often, a soft green base color is found, but the range of possible variations is simply endless. Olive, brown, cherry, even almost black! If you have seen macodes at least once, it will be very difficult for you to resist purchasing it.

Makodes flowers are small and expressionless, but charming nonetheless.

The makodes orchid is demanding but not capricious. Caring for macodes is quite simple, you just need to learn a few immutable rules.

Temperature regime

In summer, makodes will feel great on the balcony. The optimum temperatures for it are 18-30 degrees Celsius. At night, the temperature decreases, which favorably affects the growth of makodes. In winter, it is advisable to keep the temperature difference. To do this, it is enough to air the room in the evening. It is advisable to keep the Makodes as far away from hot batteries as possible.

Air humidity and watering

In caring for macodes, follow the rule: the higher the air temperature, the higher the humidity level should rise. A level equal to 80-90% is considered sufficient. Equip the place where the Makodes is kept with a humidifier. If you do not have one at hand, place the pot over a container of damp expanded clay. You will quickly find out about the insufficient level of humidity by the state of the flower. The tips of the leaves will begin to dry.

Makodes is extremely sensitive to water quality. Use only soft, settled or filtered water. Complete drying of the substrate between waterings is unacceptable. It should always remain slightly damp. Remember that stagnant water in the pot will destroy the root system. Therefore, many holes should be made in the bottom of the pot.

Try not to let water get on the makodes leaves. Then it is worth wiping them with a paper towel. Extra water will not cause problems with the general state of health, but this will not affect the appearance in the best way. Leaves can be covered with a scattering of ugly spots.

Lighting

In no case do not allow direct sunlight to hit the leaves of makodes. The burn occurs very quickly. The makodes orchid reacts negatively not only to an excess of sunlight, but also to its lack. The ideal location for makodes is the west window. The experience of growing macodes under a luminescent paw will also be crowned with success.

Transplant and substrate

You will have to assemble the substrate for makodes yourself. To do this, you need pine bark, moss, pieces of peat, eggshells, leaf earth, expanded clay and polystyrene. The substrate must be moisture-absorbing and breathable. Growing macodes in hanging baskets is not possible.

Always wait for spring to transplant. You should not transplant makodes every year, this orchid does not like transplants. It is worth undertaking "resettlement" only if it is really necessary.

Reproduction

Reproduction of macodes is possible in two ways. The first is dividing the bush into parts. The second is by shoots. If you notice the appearance of new small roots in the middle of the stem of the plant, feel free to cut and plant it in wet sphagnum. Sprinkle the place of the cut with charcoal or grease with brilliant green.

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Popular types of orchids

If you dig deeper, in addition to the 25,000 open natural species of orchids, there are no less than 150,000 of their numerous hybrids. Naturally, such a variety is even difficult to clearly imagine.

Orchids in the wild

However, for objective reasons, not all representatives of this family are successfully bred indoors. Their natural effeminacy affects, therefore only rare species of them (and even then, mainly specially bred hybrids) can adapt to the climatic conditions of the subtropical and temperate zones, acclimatize indoors, and not outdoors.

Nevertheless, even among a small number of indoor orchids, it will be possible to pick up different, unique, inimitable varieties. We want to talk about the most popular of them in this article.

Orchid Aganisia

This type is perfect for allergy sufferers, since the flowers practically do not exude any odors.

The variety is distinguished by a special structure of flowers.

Firstly, they are located in groups of up to 10 pieces on one peduncle.

Secondly, they have twisted, small petals, collected in single buds.

This home flower is quite miniature, and also does not belong to the number of capricious varieties.

Angraecum Orchid

A type of orchid with complex double-row leathery leaves extending from a dense trunk.

They are notable for the fact that even in indoor conditions they can grow up to 40-50 cm in height.

In the wild, there are varieties of more than 1 m.

The Angrekum variety is chosen mainly for its special, unique flowering.

On the bulbs, several adjacent flowers can form, which are large in size.

In some species, the petals reach up to 15 cm in length.

The color is different, but most of the domesticated species suggest delicate, light colors of the inflorescences.

Beallara Orchid

A complex hybrid obtained by crossing several varieties at once.

The main external features of this variety can be called wide leaves with pronounced central veins and thickened stems. Flowers are formed on bulbs.

They have delicate petals, and the main decorative quality lies in a special two-tone color: the petals themselves are most often light, but a complex pattern of dark spots of different sizes appears on them.

Bifrenaria Orchid

Basically, it is not so popular because of the pungent smell that it exudes, which may not please everyone (as they say, an amateur).

On the other hand, Bifrenaria is an original orchid.

A few species of this plant bloom in a similar way: the flowers are located on the peduncle, but below the bunch of abundant foliage that opens in the apical part.

Brassavola Orchid

This type is quite common, but the main thing is that it is quite simple to grow (even completely inexperienced growers can do it for sure), has its own original appearance.

The leaves are quite simple, growing from a dense cylindrical base - the stem. They are quite traditional and characteristic of many types of orchids. But in the case of the Brassavola variety, the foliage at the base is especially abundant, dense.

The petal-shaped flowers resemble stars. In almost all varieties, they are characterized by gentle color tones.

The Brassavola orchid is famous for its aromas, which are especially strong at night.

Orchid Brassia

There is a point of view that it is better to start acquaintance with Orchids with the Brassia variety. The first reason is excellent unpretentiousness. The second is a truly original appearance.

The Brassaria Orchid is also known as the Spider Orchid - due to the fact that the flowers and ovaries of the plant form hanging petals and antennae, strongly resembling the legs of insects. The decorative qualities of this species are high.

First of all, because of the variegated color of flowers: one main dominates, the second is chaotic spots and oblong stripes.

There are no less than 30 varieties of the Brassaria cultivar. It is believed that the most important thing to watch out for in the care is maintaining high humidity in the room where this plant stands.

Vanda Orchid

A classic orchid with a long peduncle, a bunch of long leaves closer to the base and a thick, powerful stem.

Species differences are, perhaps, only in the coloring of flowers - it is special.

This feature is that at their base the petals usually have one solid color, and in the middle they open in a different spotted pattern from spots that are lighter in tone.

Thus, each individual flower, even on one orchid, can remain unique in its own way.

These flowers are very popular with gardeners. Often they are grown even outdoors, but only in the subtropical and tropical zones.

Orchid Grammatophyllum (Grammatophyllum)

This orchid is one of the tallest grown indoors.

In the standard, it, together with the peduncles, reaches 60 cm in height. But there are instances that are much higher.

Several flowers are formed on each peduncle.

They differ significantly in different species, but the most common color option is yellow petals with black or brown blotches (almost like a leopard skin).

Dendrobium Orchid

A rare but invariably beautiful strain that's popular for two things.

First, it is by its nature very unpretentious (in the wild it grows on rocks, stones or tree trunks, sometimes almost not fixing itself on the ground).

Secondly, it is extremely decorative, thanks to its almost waxy flowers.

The plant looks great in most interiors, as almost all of its trunk is neatly and attractively covered with medium-sized flowers.

They really girdle a strong cylindrical root almost from the very root collar of the orchid.

The color of the petals is different: from classic white, yellow, red tones, to exotic lemon, pink, purple.

Leaves are formed oval and long, but at the moment of flowering they fade into the background of perception.

Orchid Zygopetalum (Zygopetalum)

This type of orchid can be found quite often due to the fact that, in principle, it is absolutely unpretentious, but at the same time it blooms for a long time and beautifully, looks neat and grows, one might say, by itself.

There is only one characteristic feature of the plant - it lets out creeping pedicels, which, during flowering, are completely covered with inflorescences of completely different shades - from bright to dark.

It is interesting that after it fades away, Zygopetalum starts up new pedicels, but not in the place of the old ones, but a little higher.

Thus, the flower ascends a ladder or, as they say, "creeps" higher, to the side, occupying an ever larger area.

Caleana major orchid

A real find for an experienced gardener. The Caleana Orchid grows only in Australia, and even then in a small area of ​​Queensland.

In indoor floriculture, she also divorces, but it is insanely difficult to care for her.

But the reward can be worthy. The plant has a thin stem and only one narrow leaf, but flowers of unimaginable shape.

They rarely exceed 2-3 cm in length, but they grow so surprisingly unusual that they resemble a duck frozen in flight.

Orchid Catasetum (Catasetum)

Also a difficult species for home breeding, but unique in its own way.

The main feature of the Katasetum variety is flowers of different shape, color and size on the same plant.

It's all about a rare feature: male, female and bisexual flowers are formed on the bush at once.

Each of them has its own peculiarity.

Cattleya Orchid

Perhaps the most beautiful orchid, very close in appearance to the ancestor of the plant, from which all today's varieties have gone.

The main decorative quality of this variety is the presence of large double flowers with elongated, light petals up to 10 cm long.

Most Cattleya orchid lovers agree that they can be valued for their species diversity alone.

So, the variety includes up to 200 varieties with completely different colors of flowers. In addition to the basic and long-familiar shades, the plant can bloom with petals of light green, olive, dark beard, lilac and many other flowers.

The variety blooms for a very long time. If you humidify the air well and do not keep the flower in the sun, then it can delight with flowering from the beginning of spring to the very first cold weather.

The leaves of the plant are large, leathery, oblong.

Purchase advice. Flowering is the most important thing for which the Cattleya orchid is valued. But to enjoy the flowers at home, you need to buy a young sprout with at least 4 pseudobulbs. If their number is less, then such an orchid with a high degree of probability will fade only once, after which it will die.

Cochlioda Orchid

Almost a standard orchid with classic leaves, peduncles and flowers.

Up to 12 colors can be formed on the receptacle.

Their color is often bright: red, white, less often yellow, purple, pink.

This variety is chosen with enviable consistency because it is less capricious than most other varieties.

Orchid Lelia (Laelia)

Quite a simple-looking orchid.

It has, as a rule, only one pedicel and one leaf encircling it. The flowers are large, growing to the side.

There are not very many varieties of the variety, and most of them have flowers of light colors.

The key feature is high resistance to low temperatures. Therefore, the peak of its flowering occurs in winter and continues until early spring.

Obviously, at this time of the year, there are not many indoor flowers that can please with spring colors.

Orchid Ludisia (Ludisia)

A very valuable orchid from a decorative point of view, which is attractive both by the color of its foliage and by its flowering.

The bush grows quite abundantly, the foliage within one plant shimmers, moving from classic green tones to purple and even gilded.

Interestingly, these decorative characteristics are maintained even without sensitive care - this species is extremely unpretentious.

Flowers cover high pedicels almost the entire length. Most often they are painted in light, delicate colors.

People call the variety “precious”, and if you think about it, the whole bush really resembles some kind of intricate, outwardly expensive jewelry like a pendant or a necklace.

Orchid Makodes

An amazing orchid, which is most valuable not due to flowering (that's right!), But due to its exquisite, amazing leaves. They are large, oval, pointed at the end of the variety.

Their main feature is hidden in a special pattern of numerous veins, which stand out against a dark green background with yellow, white, beige stripes.

From afar, they can resemble oriental carpets skillfully embroidered with gold threads or a fantastic landscape pattern of rivers and mountains, captured from a height.

At the same time, flowering in Makodes species is extremely inexpressive and short-lived. Some gardeners even deliberately cut off the set flowers so that the plant does not waste energy.

This variety, by the way, is also very picky about the illumination of the place. If he lacks the sun (but not direct rays, but scattered ones), then the leaves most often become unattractive, monochromatic or simply with a rather poor pattern.

Orchid Odontoglossum (Odontoglossum)

This type of orchid can rightfully be called one of the most difficult to care for, capricious and sensitive to any changes in the environment. But, believe me, all this concern is worth the candle.

The Odontoglossum variety is really extremely rare. In indoor floriculture, it is found in a few cases, and mainly grows in the wild.

In the same turn, the appearance of the variety is extremely exotic, extraordinary. Literally translated, its name means "tooth" and "tongue".

So the plant was characterized for the bizarre shape of flowers: from their lips (where sepals grow together), special and very rare processes that look very much like teeth extend.

The color of the petals is also unusual - often two-tone. There is a dominant color and dark spots along the entire length of the hanging petals.

The inflorescences densely cover the small stem of this variety, which creates the illusion of a large and richly decorated plant. Although in fact, this orchid rarely grows more than 40-50 cm in length.

Orchid Oncidium (Oncidium)

Another variety of orchids is notable for the fact that it has a special shape of flowers.

When blooming, they are colored in several colors: brown, red, burgundy.

In this case, the petals located at the base of the flower, attached to the lip, always have a light color

In fact, the result is a motley picture with a chaotic alternation of different shades.

It is for this reason that the variety became famous under another popular name - a dancing orchid or a dancing doll.

With special skill you can make the flowering of the Oncidium variety as abundant, voluminous and long-lasting as possible. To do this, the trunk of a young plant at the base, without removing it from the pot, must be cut in half lengthwise, leaving at least 3 pseudobulbs on each side of the cut. Then, over time, the orchid will grow as if in two different bushes, but in one pot.

Rhynchostylis Orchid (Rhynchostylis)

The original varieties of the Rinkhostilis orchid are notable for the fact that they grow quite strongly to the sides.

They are characterized by the presence of sprawling, dense, leathery foliage and peduncles up to 20 cm in length.

Often, peduncles do not grow vertically up, but to the side.

Sometimes they even hide under the leaves because of this.

Phalaenopsis Orchid

Delicate and small in size orchid with small spreading leaves and vertical peduncles.

This plant blooms willingly, densely covering almost the entire peduncle with bright small flowers.

One gets the feeling that this compact indoor flower seems to be bathed in inflorescences tightly adjacent to each other in the apical part.

In apartments and houses, the Phalaenopsis orchid can be found most often.

Orchid Fragmipedium (Phragmipedium)

A widespread and extremely diverse genus of orchids, which primarily differs from the usual idea of ​​these plants in the amazing shape of their flowers.

They strongly resemble fabulous shoes. Hence came the second name of the variety - "shoes".

The leaves of the plant grow in neat bunches, are rather long and have pointed tips.

More reminiscent of exotic palms than, in fact, the orchids themselves.

Flowers grow at the top of the peduncles. In color, they are green, yellow, white, red and two-colored. At the moment of peak flowering, they exude a persistent, pleasant aroma.

Orchid of Habenaria Radiata

An extremely rare specimen of this outlandish plant, which arouses the greatest interest because of its uniquely shaped flowers.

They are often compared to a flying egret.

In other words, they can be described as small flowers adorned with fluffy eyelash petals.

It is not difficult to grow this flower, but not everyone succeeds in achieving long-term flowering.

Coelogyne Orchid

A diverse genus of orchids with flowers that are very different from traditional forms.

They grow on a flower noticeably drooping, characterized by long curly petals, often of delicate shades (white, green, pink).

The name of the variety "Tselogin" can be literally translated as "hollow". The genus of orchids received such a characteristic for the characteristic fossa located on the column of flowers.

Almost all known indoor varieties bloom in either white or greenish flowers. They differ in shade only in their receptacle, which contrasts with the dominant color.

Epidendrum Orchid

To some extent, this species is one of the founders of all types of orchids domesticated by man.

According to one version, the spread of orchids in Europe began precisely with the first varieties of Epidenrum.

This plant has large flowers, but the most important characteristic is a very long flowering, which can take almost the entire warm season.

The color of the buds is very different. According to the most conservative estimates, at least 1,500 species and hybrids have been bred from Epidenrum today, each of which, obviously, has its own trump cards.

However, most Epidenrum orchids are epiphytes. Even the name of their variety is translated as “living on a tree”.


How to propagate ludisia on your own?

To get a new plant of the "precious orchid", it is recommended to propagate it by dividing the overgrown bush, by rooting the apical cuttings or stem segments.

Since Lydisia does not have a pronounced rest period, it is possible to reproduce at any time of the year, but it is preferable to do this in the spring.

The process of dividing an adult ludisia bush should be combined with the next orchid transplant. Then the plant is removed from the pot and with the help of a sharpened knife it is divided into parts so that 2-3 processes remain on each of the divisions. Then it is recommended to powder the slices with activated charcoal or charcoal powder and plant the parts in prepared pots with a suitable substrate.

If the plant propagates by apical cuttings, then the workpiece is cut from the shoot, so that it has 2-3 nodes and air roots and dormant buds in the leaf sinuses are present. The cut is sprinkled with powder from crushed charcoal or activated carbon and dried for some time. Then the cutting is planted in a pot filled with moist sphagnum moss, and the deepening goes to the level of the base of the leaf plate. You can wait for the formation of root shoots by placing the cutting in a container with water, dissolving activated carbon in it. The cuttings are wrapped in a plastic bag or placed under a glass vessel, you can take a plastic bottle and cut off the bottom in it, leaving the neck with a lid (for ventilation).

A leafless stem segment can also serve as a blank for reproduction. In this case, it is recommended to cut the stem in such a way that each of the segments has several internodes. Then the cutting should be laid horizontally in a bowl filled with damp chopped sphagnum moss and crushed pine bark. It is not necessary to deepen such a cutting, but only slightly press it into the substrate, without sprinkling it. The container is wrapped in plastic wrap or placed under glass. There is no need to heat the soil for rooting. Cuttings take root within 2-4 weeks. If you look closely, you can see young roots along the edges of the cutting.

In any case, it will be necessary to carry out regular ventilation and moistening of the soil when it dries up with a fine spray gun. When the first leaf blades form on the handle, the shelter is gradually removed (starting to increase the amount of time for airing), accustoming ludisia to its absence, but at the same time, the humidity indicators in the room where the plant is kept should be increased. If flower-bearing stems are formed on a young "precious orchid", then it is recommended to remove them so that they do not weaken the still stronger plant.


Description and characteristics of the precious orchid

Originally from the rainforest, precious orchids are a short shrub that is 15 to 20 centimeters high. Elongated velvety leaves are densely located on creeping fleshy stems, forming rosettes of 3-4 pieces.

Variety and types

Ludisia discolor - the only one that occurs in nature, has a twisting stem with dark green leaves, which at the same time grows up to 6 leaves with longitudinal silvery veins. The lower petals form a slightly sloping lip, which is crowned with many white flowers on a long peduncle.

Alba, corduroy, odin and dawson views

  • Ludisia Alba - devoid of shades of red and brick colors inherent in many, with an ornate pattern of light veins on bright sheets - is an excellent representative of the family.
  • The velvety, hand-caressing texture of the leaf with clear veins is a distinctive feature of the Ludisia Velvet orchid.
  • The symmetry of the silvery-white veins on the dark leaves is the wealth of Ludisia Odin.
  • Ludisia Dawson is a red-brown overflow of large leaves (up to 30 centimeters).
  • Ludisia Rubrevenia has bronze leaves with copper veins.



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