How and when to plant strawberries with a mustache

If you have ever bought good varieties of strawberries, then you know firsthand that such excellent samples of breeding work are not cheap. Therefore, we can often afford to purchase only a few bushes. But a true gardener from a few bushes can easily grow an entire strawberry plantation. This is easy to do if you know how to plant and when to propagate strawberries with a mustache.

Landing dates

When to propagate plants with a mustache is up to you. You can plant strawberries in early spring, as soon as you have the opportunity to do garden work. Still, most gardeners insist on the benefits of autumn planting. Why?

When you transplant strawberries in the fall, next season you will be able to enjoy the berries that will grow on new bushes. Of course, one should not hope that there will be a lot of berries, because the peak yield falls in the second year of fruiting. But still, you will not be left completely without strawberries. If you decide to plant the plants in the spring, then in the summer they will not bear fruit, and to enjoy the taste and aroma of the berries, you will have to wait another whole year.You need to update the strawberry bed every four years. Already in the third year of fruiting, the yield decreases markedly, and in the fourth year you may be left completely without berries. To prevent this from happening, you can go for a little trick - plant 3 beds of plants, and then you will have to update the beds only once every 3 years. You can also plant strawberries in August, but remember that the autumn planting must be completed before September 15th. Therefore, you should not delay with this case. To transplant strawberries, choose a cloudy day, then there is a high probability that the bushes will take root.

Useful predecessors

When choosing a place for a future strawberry plantation, keep in mind that you need to pay attention to the predecessors. There are crops after which it is strictly forbidden to plant strawberries. Planting berries after eggplants, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers is far from the best idea, because they can transmit their viral diseases to strawberries.

The best predecessors of berries are carrots, various greens, radishes and beets.

Planting technique step by step

When inexperienced gardeners buy several bushes of a good variety of strawberries, they forget that the bush must produce either berries or a mustache. There are no options here. But the scale of expectations of non-craftsmen can only be envied: if there are berries - then a bucket, if seedlings - then for the whole plantation. As a result, strawberries, having spent all their strength on fruiting, gives a weak mustache. As a result, the planted plants give a poor harvest, the berries lose their presentation, the strawberries get sick too often. What to do? Don't chase two birds with one stone.

Therefore, you should start breeding strawberries with a mustache by choosing uterine bushes. To do this, immediately after planting the plants, remove the mustache from all the bushes and wait for the berries to appear. Then it's time to take a closer look at the strawberry bushes. Those that were able to survive all the weather whims well, and also gave very large berries, need to be marked with a sticker, an ordinary stick or a knot. This is not so important, as long as you can then notice these bushes. They will be uterine.

You can even put them on another bed if you want. This is not an extra waste of time and effort, believe me, this way you only simplify your task. And when the mother bushes bloom next season, remove all the buds, because we do not need the plants to bloom, and even more so to tie the berries. Then the bushes, willy-nilly, will put all their strength not into seeds, but into vegetative reproduction (in a mustache).

Already in June, the plants will give a mustache, on which rosettes will soon be tied. Leave only a particularly large, as well as powerful mustache, do not regret a trifle, cut it off, it will not be useful to us.

If you have the opportunity, then shorten the strawberry whiskers, leaving only the outlet that is closest to the mother plant. Of course, if you need a large number of seedlings, then you can leave the second sockets. When they take root, then your plan of action may have two options:

  • Attach the rosettes to the ground, slightly deepening them into the soil. After that, they need to be watered and looked after, as for ordinary seedlings.
  • Don't separate the rosettes from the mother plant, just plant each in a small pot. Soon, the rosettes will be able to develop an independent root system.

Care after

Caring for strawberries requires a lot of work, as well as knowledge. If you decide to plant plants with a mustache, then know that after planting, you must take care of the bushes.

If you choose to plant strawberries in the fall, then the rains will moisten the soil. But in dry weather, you need to water the seedlings every day until they take root. Pour up to a liter of water under one bush. Remember to remove weeds as well as loosen the soil. Strawberries are a big lover of loosening.

Even if the planting is successful, it is not a fact that the plants will give a good harvest next season. After all, they may simply not survive the winter. No one can predict the vagaries of the weather, so it is better to warm the strawberries in advance with sawdust, spruce branches, peat. Straw will also come in handy.

In the next season, some of the bushes can be used for berries, the rest for breeding. Therefore, do not forget that planting seedlings from the whiskers of the best mother plants is a great way to preserve the variety as well as the yield of the berries.

Video "How to propagate strawberries"

On the recording, Pavel Trannois tells how to plant a strawberry mustache, while saving precious time without compromising the result.

Strawberries: planting and care in the fall in the open field

Author: Natalia Category: Fruit and berry plants Published: February 28, 2019 Last revised: November 02, 2020

  • Listen to the article
  • When to plant strawberries in autumn
    • Dates of autumn planting
    • When to plant strawberries in the regions
  • Planting strawberries in the fall in the ground
    • Preparing for landing
    • Then you can plant strawberries.
    • Soil for strawberries
  • How to plant strawberries in the fall
    • Autumn planting rules
    • Planting strawberries with a mustache in open ground
    • Planting strawberries on agrofibre
  • Transplanting strawberries in autumn
    • When to transplant strawberries
  • Autumn care for strawberries
    • Watering
    • How to feed strawberries
    • Treatment
    • Pruning
    • Mulching strawberries
    • Preparing strawberries for winter
  • Literature
  • Comments (1)

Strawberries are one of the most attractive garden berries, they have a great taste and bright aroma. It ripens one of the first and due to its constituent antioxidants and microelements it is a vitamin salvation for the human body weakened during the winter. But strawberries also have disadvantages - they are whimsical and capricious, so only experienced gardeners can safely grow it from year to year. However, for a person who is ready to learn, nothing is impossible, and yesterday's beginner can cope with a more difficult task tomorrow than growing strawberries.
In this article, we are ready to share with you a few secrets about how to plant and care for strawberries in the fall.

Landing in August

The best period for planting strawberry seedlings is late summer and early autumn. These days there is no longer intense heat, which contributes to the good formation of the rhizome of the plant. Let's figure out how to plant strawberries in August.

The first step is to determine the place where the culture will grow. She will live on this site for two or three years, this must be taken into account. Then we dig up the earth as shallow and deeper as possible (somewhere on a full bayonet of a shovel). It is important not to forget to fertilize the soil. All roots and weeds are removed from the soil; it would be good to add a remedy for diseases and pests. Often gardeners ask the question: "When to plant strawberries with a mustache?" So, August is the most suitable time of the year for this, more precisely, from the twentieth. The main thing is to choose a cloudy or rainy day, or to land in the evening. So the root system of the plant will be able to go through the first adaptation as much as possible and take a good start.

Most popular technology

Transplanting a strawberry with a mustache has its own characteristics. Firstly, the best seedlings are obtained from the first outlets. Therefore, we collect them and remove most of the whiskers. In this case, you need to mark the strongest bushes. In the first year, they hardly give a mustache. These bushes direct the main forces to the berries. But next year it is they who will give the best mustache. In the fall, we transplant the planned bushes to a separate garden bed. The distance between them should be at least half a meter, and even better 60-70 centimeters. Until the beginning of spring, the plants will get stronger. To get strong seedlings, we remove all flowers. You have to sacrifice the harvest in order to get excellent specimens for growing strawberries. Over time, we choose the largest mustache for planting. It is not worth planting a trifle. It is not a fact that such plants will be accepted at all. They will need to be watered twice as often. In addition, they will still give a harvest not as good as the summer resident would like. Therefore, it is very important that we have good strawberry seedlings. The mustache of a plant can quickly enough plant a decent piece of land. I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that the strongest and most capable of taking root shoots are obtained from bushes that are 2-3 years old. Over the summer, they produce at least a dozen mustaches suitable for transplantation. That is, 10 bushes will give you at least 100 shoots. In two seasons, you can get a huge strawberry plantation, enjoy homemade vitamins and be proud of your own achievements.

Methods for breeding strawberries with a mustache

The resulting sockets can be planted immediately to a permanent place. True, in this case, the layers cut off from the adult bush will take root for a long time. To prevent the plant from dying, it is important to separate only branches with a well-formed root system.

Another way to transplant strawberries is to plant specimens selected for future planting in cups with fertile soil. This method is the least traumatic for young shoots. The probability of death for such specimens is minimal.

Cups with planted young specimens are left in the garden bed, next to the mother bushes. If the wind periodically "walks" around the clearing, it will be better to dig in the containers slightly

First, you need to prepare new shoots for transplantation. It is best if cuttings formed in mid-July are selected for propagation of garden strawberries. The antennae themselves begin to appear from the end of May to the beginning of June. When rosettes appear on the branches, you can start thinking about seedlings.

Take the processes of the first and second row, carefully examine them. If young shoots are free from defects, cups of soil are placed under them. A recess of 3-4 cm is made in the container, the lower part of the daughter outlet is laid there. The planted sprouts are pressed down and watered. The rest of the shoots are ruthlessly removed with scissors or pruners.

Selection of strawberry varieties

Before planting the bushes, you still need to choose the right variety. Mustaches give only those varieties that originate from wild strawberries and bear fruit once a year. But there are also those varieties that were derived from nutmeg or strawberries. This is a slightly different kind of strawberry that does not produce whiskers and its plants are male and female. And only women bear fruit. Although the varieties that were bred from this plant are almost never found, since they were everywhere replaced by ordinary garden strawberries. Although the name is strawberry and stuck with her.

Mustache are called, first of all, those varieties that belong to remontant garden strawberries, or, as it is also called, garden strawberries of continuous fruiting. Their reproduction is carried out using seeds. Strawberries give a mustache, but in small quantities. In addition, seedlings obtained from these mustaches are usually not very vigorous. And it is not suitable for further cultivation. Here are examples of similar varieties:

  • Strawberry "San Andreas"
  • Strawberry "Monterey"
  • Strawberry "Albion"
  • Strawberry "Queen Elizabeth"

All these are remontant varieties. They are tasty, bear fruit from the first year, and the fruiting period lasts from May to October. But mustache breeding is not available to them. For the inexperienced gardener, it is better to choose unpretentious plants from early, middle or late varieties. In order not to be mistaken with the choice of the variety, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the photo and video, which show the shape of the leaves and berries of the variety of interest to the gardener. Here are the most interesting varieties:

  • Early strawberry "Honey"
  • Early strawberry "Anita"
  • Medium grade "Marshal"
  • Medium grade Moskovskaya Yubileinaya or "Mashenka"
  • Late variety "Princess Diana"
  • Late grade "Maestro"

Remaining strawberry varieties

As already mentioned, there are two types of remontant strawberries - NSD (neutral daylight hours) and DSD (long daylight hours). The former bear fruit continuously, while the latter give two or three harvests per season. In addition, remontant varieties are divided into those that form a mustache and those that do not, as well as small-fruited and large-fruited. We offer you a description of varieties of remontant strawberries for growing in warm regions, in the middle lane and Siberia.

Varieties for the Moscow region

The best varieties of remontant strawberries for the Moscow region:

  • Aromas - a highly productive variety, resistant to powdery mildew and strawberry mite with large, dense, shiny berries of high taste
  • Vima Rina - a Dutch variety of a neutral day, almost no whisker forming, beginning to bear fruit in the second half of June and ceasing to form fruits with the first frost. The berries of this variety are dark red, large - weighing up to 75 g, not very dense consistency, with high taste
  • hybrid tristan - a compact early flowering variety, almost no whisker forming and fruiting throughout the summer with sweet berries of dark red color and medium size. The flowers of this variety are large, juicy pink
  • Garland - one of the best remontant varieties, which has no equal in terms of yield. In addition, it is highly decorative, since on the bush you can simultaneously see flowers, ovaries, and red sweet fruits weighing about 40 g. Strawberries of this variety are grown both in the beds and in vertical culture
  • Diamond Is an American high-yielding variety with the best taste indicators to date. Diamond fruits are dense, large - up to 50 g in weight, shiny, dark red in color. Since the flesh of the berries is light, it is not used for processing. The bushes of this variety are capable of forming a mustache, which greatly facilitates its reproduction.

In addition to those described, remontant strawberries for the Moscow region of the varieties Cascade, Cardinal, Queen Elizabeth 2, Ostara, Sweet Evi, Avis Delight, Evi 2, Elsanta, Selva, Figaro, Florin, Floriant, Everest, hybrids Merlan, Pikan, Roman and others have proven themselves well ...

Varieties for Siberia

It is not easy to grow heat-loving plants in the harsh Siberian climate, and not every strawberry variety will be able to fully develop and bear fruit in such conditions. However, there are varieties that can be grown here: they give the first harvest together with ordinary garden strawberries, and in order to wait for the second harvest, you will have to use a film to cover the beds. The best varieties for Siberia are:

  • Queen Elizabeth 2 - a winter-hardy variety with early fruiting, the berries of which, bright red, excellent taste, with dense pulp, sometimes reach 100-110 g in weight
  • Mount Everest - unpretentious to the composition of the soil, resistant to diseases and pests, a variety with powerful, densely leafy bushes, tall peduncles and bright red small berries of a conical shape and good taste. This variety forms a mustache only in the first year of growth.
  • Inexhaustible - a large-fruited, productive variety, bred by crossing the varieties Inexhaustible and Upper Silesia and forming a medium-height slightly spreading bushes with large dark green foliage, on which large, blunt-pointed, shiny berries of excellent taste are ripening. The pulp of this variety is light pink in color. The variety forms a mustache little, it is also susceptible to powdery mildew.
  • Russian size - large-fruited hybrid variety, resistant to frost and disease, with juicy berries of excellent taste
  • Hell - a high-yielding variety of German selection, capable of forming a large number of mustaches. Berries are bright red, medium size, shiny, elongated-conical, with an average weight of 5-6 g. White pulp with a red heart, friable, pleasant sour-sweet taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the instability to strawberry mite and white spot of leaves.
  • Diva - also a hybrid variety with powerful bushes, tall peduncles and bright red sweet berries.

The best varieties of remontant strawberries

In order to determine which variety of remontant strawberries is better than others, you need to be aware of what you expect from it. Some gardeners are more interested in the size of the berries, others in the taste, and still others in the ability to form a mustache, because it is desirable to be able to propagate the variety you like. We offer you a description of different varieties, and you yourself determine which one you need. So, the best remont strawberry:

  • Brighton - mustacheless NSD variety, bred by American breeders. In protected ground, this strawberry bears fruit for up to 10 months a year, and in open ground - from spring to late autumn. The fruits of this variety, red, shiny, sweet and sour in taste, reach 50 g in weight. During the period of cold snaps they become larger and stretched. The variety differs in cold resistance, as well as resistance to diseases and pests
  • Crimean remontant - one of the best varieties of Ukrainian breeding DSD - high-yielding, continuously bearing fruit from the end of May to October. The berries of this variety are leveled, juicy, large, dark red, with the aroma of wild strawberries. The advantages of the variety are also high decorativeness, winter hardiness, resistance to strawberry mites and diseases. The crop is formed both on bushes and on rosettes
  • Autumn fun - one of the first varieties of DSD Soviet selection, bearing fruit twice a season. The juicy fruits of this variety reach 20 g in weight, have a firm pulp and excellent dessert taste. The variety forms a mustache, is resistant to nematodes, strawberry mites and fungal diseases
  • Novel - a hybrid variety NSD, which differs from others in its high decorativeness due to pink flowers on long peduncles, which effectively stand out against the background of juicy green leaves. Strawberries bear fruit in protected ground with proper care for up to 10 months a year. Fruits are even, weighing up to 25 g, excellent taste and pleasant aroma
  • San Rival - a variety of French selection of medium yield. The first berries of the harvest are irregular, ribbed, comb-shaped. Subsequently, the fruits develop of medium size, round, without a neck, shiny and pubescent. The taste of the berries is sweet and sour, the pulp is juicy and tender. Another advantage of the variety is the ability to form a large number of whiskers, which greatly facilitates the cultivation of strawberries.
  • Selva - a variety of American selection, bred by crossing the varieties Brighton, Pajero and Tufts. Bushes vigorous, with large leaves, but compact. The berries are large, light red, firm, shiny, cone-shaped, with dense juicy pulp, but have a rustic taste and an expressionless aroma. The variety is resistant to diseases of roots and leaves, but does not differ in frost resistance.
  • Herzberg Triumph - a winter-hardy variety that forms a set of mustaches, bred by German breeders, with dark red, shiny truncated-conical small berries weighing up to 6.5 g with a dense, but tender and juicy pulp of sweet taste. The disadvantage of the variety is the instability to angular and white spots
  • Yellow miracle - mustacheless variety for lovers of wonders. This is a disease and pest resistant yellow remontant strawberry with medium-sized fruits weighing up to 3 g of elongated conical shape, growing on compact bushes up to 25 cm high. The variety does not differ in special aroma.

New varieties of remontant strawberries

Recently, breeders have developed new varieties and hybrids of remontant strawberries that may be of interest to gardeners. For example:

  • Albion - resistant to weather stress, anthracnose, late blight, rot and wilting Californian variety with dark red, large shiny conical fruits, a unique strong aroma and intense sweet taste. The fruits ripen well to the very tip. Young leaves have a strong shine
  • Gigantella Maxi - Dutch variety with very large berries reaching 100 g in weight
  • Crown - also a Dutch variety with aromatic red fruits of excellent taste that tolerate transportation well
  • Kimberly - a variety with sweet red berries reminiscent of caramel in taste
  • Galya Chiv - a new highly productive Italian large-fruited variety - the average weight of bright red fruits, characterized by high sugar content, 45 g
  • Lyubava (or Lyubasha) - unpretentious, high-yielding and the most winter-hardy of all remontant varieties with small dark red oval-rhombic berries weighing 20-30 g, with an intense taste and aroma. This strawberry forms berries on both bushes and rosettes, therefore it is used for vertical cultivation.
  • Portola Is a high-yielding variety bred in California in 2009. Its large, shiny, regular conical shape fruits are similar to Albion berries, but slightly lighter and more harmonious in taste, practically devoid of acid. Fruit weight is about 30 g. The variety can be grown both in protected and open ground. The disadvantages of the variety are the instability to fungal and viral diseases.
  • San Andreas - one of the newest NSD varieties, characterized by high yields, resistance to spots and other diseases, as well as to pests. The bushes of this variety are powerful, the berries are bright red, large, weighing up to 30 g, shiny, also resembling the fruits of the Albion variety. The pulp of the berries is juicy, fleshy, sweet, of high taste.

Previous Article

Hollyhock Flower Removal: Do Hollyhocks Need To Be Deadheaded

Next Article