If you have ever bought good varieties of strawberries, then you know firsthand that such excellent samples of breeding work are not cheap. Therefore, we can often afford to purchase only a few bushes. But a true gardener from a few bushes can easily grow an entire strawberry plantation. This is easy to do if you know how to plant and when to propagate strawberries with a mustache.
When to propagate plants with a mustache is up to you. You can plant strawberries in early spring, as soon as you have the opportunity to do garden work. Still, most gardeners insist on the benefits of autumn planting. Why?
When you transplant strawberries in the fall, next season you will be able to enjoy the berries that will grow on new bushes. Of course, one should not hope that there will be a lot of berries, because the peak yield falls in the second year of fruiting. But still, you will not be left completely without strawberries. If you decide to plant the plants in the spring, then in the summer they will not bear fruit, and to enjoy the taste and aroma of the berries, you will have to wait another whole year.You need to update the strawberry bed every four years. Already in the third year of fruiting, the yield decreases markedly, and in the fourth year you may be left completely without berries. To prevent this from happening, you can go for a little trick - plant 3 beds of plants, and then you will have to update the beds only once every 3 years. You can also plant strawberries in August, but remember that the autumn planting must be completed before September 15th. Therefore, you should not delay with this case. To transplant strawberries, choose a cloudy day, then there is a high probability that the bushes will take root.
When choosing a place for a future strawberry plantation, keep in mind that you need to pay attention to the predecessors. There are crops after which it is strictly forbidden to plant strawberries. Planting berries after eggplants, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers is far from the best idea, because they can transmit their viral diseases to strawberries.
The best predecessors of berries are carrots, various greens, radishes and beets.
When inexperienced gardeners buy several bushes of a good variety of strawberries, they forget that the bush must produce either berries or a mustache. There are no options here. But the scale of expectations of non-craftsmen can only be envied: if there are berries - then a bucket, if seedlings - then for the whole plantation. As a result, strawberries, having spent all their strength on fruiting, gives a weak mustache. As a result, the planted plants give a poor harvest, the berries lose their presentation, the strawberries get sick too often. What to do? Don't chase two birds with one stone.
Therefore, you should start breeding strawberries with a mustache by choosing uterine bushes. To do this, immediately after planting the plants, remove the mustache from all the bushes and wait for the berries to appear. Then it's time to take a closer look at the strawberry bushes. Those that were able to survive all the weather whims well, and also gave very large berries, need to be marked with a sticker, an ordinary stick or a knot. This is not so important, as long as you can then notice these bushes. They will be uterine.
You can even put them on another bed if you want. This is not an extra waste of time and effort, believe me, this way you only simplify your task. And when the mother bushes bloom next season, remove all the buds, because we do not need the plants to bloom, and even more so to tie the berries. Then the bushes, willy-nilly, will put all their strength not into seeds, but into vegetative reproduction (in a mustache).
Already in June, the plants will give a mustache, on which rosettes will soon be tied. Leave only a particularly large, as well as powerful mustache, do not regret a trifle, cut it off, it will not be useful to us.
If you have the opportunity, then shorten the strawberry whiskers, leaving only the outlet that is closest to the mother plant. Of course, if you need a large number of seedlings, then you can leave the second sockets. When they take root, then your plan of action may have two options:
Caring for strawberries requires a lot of work, as well as knowledge. If you decide to plant plants with a mustache, then know that after planting, you must take care of the bushes.
If you choose to plant strawberries in the fall, then the rains will moisten the soil. But in dry weather, you need to water the seedlings every day until they take root. Pour up to a liter of water under one bush. Remember to remove weeds as well as loosen the soil. Strawberries are a big lover of loosening.
Even if the planting is successful, it is not a fact that the plants will give a good harvest next season. After all, they may simply not survive the winter. No one can predict the vagaries of the weather, so it is better to warm the strawberries in advance with sawdust, spruce branches, peat. Straw will also come in handy.
In the next season, some of the bushes can be used for berries, the rest for breeding. Therefore, do not forget that planting seedlings from the whiskers of the best mother plants is a great way to preserve the variety as well as the yield of the berries.
On the recording, Pavel Trannois tells how to plant a strawberry mustache, while saving precious time without compromising the result.
Author: Natalia Category: Fruit and berry plants Published: February 28, 2019 Last revised: November 02, 2020
Strawberries are one of the most attractive garden berries, they have a great taste and bright aroma. It ripens one of the first and due to its constituent antioxidants and microelements it is a vitamin salvation for the human body weakened during the winter. But strawberries also have disadvantages - they are whimsical and capricious, so only experienced gardeners can safely grow it from year to year. However, for a person who is ready to learn, nothing is impossible, and yesterday's beginner can cope with a more difficult task tomorrow than growing strawberries.
In this article, we are ready to share with you a few secrets about how to plant and care for strawberries in the fall.
The best period for planting strawberry seedlings is late summer and early autumn. These days there is no longer intense heat, which contributes to the good formation of the rhizome of the plant. Let's figure out how to plant strawberries in August.
The first step is to determine the place where the culture will grow. She will live on this site for two or three years, this must be taken into account. Then we dig up the earth as shallow and deeper as possible (somewhere on a full bayonet of a shovel). It is important not to forget to fertilize the soil. All roots and weeds are removed from the soil; it would be good to add a remedy for diseases and pests. Often gardeners ask the question: "When to plant strawberries with a mustache?" So, August is the most suitable time of the year for this, more precisely, from the twentieth. The main thing is to choose a cloudy or rainy day, or to land in the evening. So the root system of the plant will be able to go through the first adaptation as much as possible and take a good start.
Transplanting a strawberry with a mustache has its own characteristics. Firstly, the best seedlings are obtained from the first outlets. Therefore, we collect them and remove most of the whiskers. In this case, you need to mark the strongest bushes. In the first year, they hardly give a mustache. These bushes direct the main forces to the berries. But next year it is they who will give the best mustache. In the fall, we transplant the planned bushes to a separate garden bed. The distance between them should be at least half a meter, and even better 60-70 centimeters. Until the beginning of spring, the plants will get stronger. To get strong seedlings, we remove all flowers. You have to sacrifice the harvest in order to get excellent specimens for growing strawberries. Over time, we choose the largest mustache for planting. It is not worth planting a trifle. It is not a fact that such plants will be accepted at all. They will need to be watered twice as often. In addition, they will still give a harvest not as good as the summer resident would like. Therefore, it is very important that we have good strawberry seedlings. The mustache of a plant can quickly enough plant a decent piece of land. I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that the strongest and most capable of taking root shoots are obtained from bushes that are 2-3 years old. Over the summer, they produce at least a dozen mustaches suitable for transplantation. That is, 10 bushes will give you at least 100 shoots. In two seasons, you can get a huge strawberry plantation, enjoy homemade vitamins and be proud of your own achievements.
The resulting sockets can be planted immediately to a permanent place. True, in this case, the layers cut off from the adult bush will take root for a long time. To prevent the plant from dying, it is important to separate only branches with a well-formed root system.
Another way to transplant strawberries is to plant specimens selected for future planting in cups with fertile soil. This method is the least traumatic for young shoots. The probability of death for such specimens is minimal.
First, you need to prepare new shoots for transplantation. It is best if cuttings formed in mid-July are selected for propagation of garden strawberries. The antennae themselves begin to appear from the end of May to the beginning of June. When rosettes appear on the branches, you can start thinking about seedlings.
Take the processes of the first and second row, carefully examine them. If young shoots are free from defects, cups of soil are placed under them. A recess of 3-4 cm is made in the container, the lower part of the daughter outlet is laid there. The planted sprouts are pressed down and watered. The rest of the shoots are ruthlessly removed with scissors or pruners.
Before planting the bushes, you still need to choose the right variety. Mustaches give only those varieties that originate from wild strawberries and bear fruit once a year. But there are also those varieties that were derived from nutmeg or strawberries. This is a slightly different kind of strawberry that does not produce whiskers and its plants are male and female. And only women bear fruit. Although the varieties that were bred from this plant are almost never found, since they were everywhere replaced by ordinary garden strawberries. Although the name is strawberry and stuck with her.
Mustache are called, first of all, those varieties that belong to remontant garden strawberries, or, as it is also called, garden strawberries of continuous fruiting. Their reproduction is carried out using seeds. Strawberries give a mustache, but in small quantities. In addition, seedlings obtained from these mustaches are usually not very vigorous. And it is not suitable for further cultivation. Here are examples of similar varieties:
All these are remontant varieties. They are tasty, bear fruit from the first year, and the fruiting period lasts from May to October. But mustache breeding is not available to them. For the inexperienced gardener, it is better to choose unpretentious plants from early, middle or late varieties. In order not to be mistaken with the choice of the variety, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the photo and video, which show the shape of the leaves and berries of the variety of interest to the gardener. Here are the most interesting varieties:
As already mentioned, there are two types of remontant strawberries - NSD (neutral daylight hours) and DSD (long daylight hours). The former bear fruit continuously, while the latter give two or three harvests per season. In addition, remontant varieties are divided into those that form a mustache and those that do not, as well as small-fruited and large-fruited. We offer you a description of varieties of remontant strawberries for growing in warm regions, in the middle lane and Siberia.
The best varieties of remontant strawberries for the Moscow region:
In addition to those described, remontant strawberries for the Moscow region of the varieties Cascade, Cardinal, Queen Elizabeth 2, Ostara, Sweet Evi, Avis Delight, Evi 2, Elsanta, Selva, Figaro, Florin, Floriant, Everest, hybrids Merlan, Pikan, Roman and others have proven themselves well ...
It is not easy to grow heat-loving plants in the harsh Siberian climate, and not every strawberry variety will be able to fully develop and bear fruit in such conditions. However, there are varieties that can be grown here: they give the first harvest together with ordinary garden strawberries, and in order to wait for the second harvest, you will have to use a film to cover the beds. The best varieties for Siberia are:
In order to determine which variety of remontant strawberries is better than others, you need to be aware of what you expect from it. Some gardeners are more interested in the size of the berries, others in the taste, and still others in the ability to form a mustache, because it is desirable to be able to propagate the variety you like. We offer you a description of different varieties, and you yourself determine which one you need. So, the best remont strawberry:
Recently, breeders have developed new varieties and hybrids of remontant strawberries that may be of interest to gardeners. For example: