Plum is a popular fruit crop that is known and loved both in Russia and abroad. Breeders have bred several dozen varieties of this plant, but it is the Bogatyrskaya plum that can be confidently called a favorite of gardeners for its many positive qualities.
Plum Bogatyrskaya was bred as a result of crossing the varieties Giant and Vengerka local; it was entered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1987. The name is a direct reference to the main advantage of this variety: the weight of the Bogatyr plum fruits reaches 30–35 grams. The fruits themselves are dark purple in color, oval, slightly elongated, with a waxy coating. The abdominal suture is clearly visible.
Bogatyrskaya plum belongs to mid-season varieties. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is spreading, medium-thickened, the branches branch off from the trunk at right angles. The leaves are obovate with a sharp base, dark green above, lighter below. The flowers are white, of medium size, the first of which appears in early May.
Plum Bogatyrskaya has a sweet and sour taste, tender juicy pulp of green-yellow color. The bone is separated from the pulp with little effort.
The fruits of the Heroic plum weigh up to 40 g each
It is very rare, but you can still find this plum variety under a different name - Bogatyr. Although this is rather a "folk" rather than a common name.
|High yield||Branches need support at high yields|
|Stable yield||On abundantly fruiting trees, plums become smaller|
|Frost resistant||The first harvest can be obtained only after 4-5 years|
|Fruit tolerates transportation well|
|The variety is slightly susceptible to diseases|
|Suitable for mechanized harvesting of fruits|
|Fruit does not crack in wet weather|
Choose a plum seedling in a specialized nursery. It should be free of signs of disease, without spots, 1 year old, with a stem thickness of at least 15 mm and well-developed roots from 25 cm in length.
It is better to plant plums in April, before bud break. This tree should be given a well-lit place (partial shade negatively affects the quality of the fruit) and provide protection from the wind (for example, planted under a wall or near a fence).
Soils are suitable clay or medium clay, rather heavy and moist, but without a close occurrence of groundwater. On the acidic ground, the plum will wither, and if it does bear fruit, it will be small and not very tasty.
At the final stage of planting, the earth around the trunk needs to be tamped a little
The trunk circle needs to be mulched - this will retain moisture in the soil for a long time
Plum Bogatyrskaya variety requires not complicated, but careful care. Watering, feeding, pruning and preparing for winter will ensure the tree has a quiet long life, and you will have a good harvest.
Plums need not frequent, but abundant watering (about 20-30 liters per week), especially during the period of fruit ripening. You need to pour water not near the trunk, but in special circular grooves dug in the near-trunk circle.
Loosening and mulching the soil after watering will help keep the soil moist for longer. However, you should not allow a large amount of moisture to stagnate: this threatens the tree with a fungal disease.
When watering, water is poured into the grooves in the trunk circle
During the first two years after planting, the plum does not need feeding - it will have enough nutrients laid in the planting pit. Fertilizers can be applied from the third year on.
|1st and 3rd decades of June||2 tbsp. spoons of fertilizer Ideal or urea per 10 liters of water (10 liters of solution for 1 tree, spraying in the morning or evening)|
|Early may||2 tbsp. tablespoons of urea per 10 liters of water (watering)|
|The beginning of June||2 tbsp. tablespoons of nitrophosphate per 10 liters of water (watering)|
|August||2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water (watering - 30 liters per 1 tree)|
|For fruiting trees|
|Before flowering||2 tbsp. spoons of urea, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water (watering - 30 liters per 1 tree)|
|While pouring fruit||2 tbsp. spoons of urea, 3 tbsp. spoons of nitrophosphate for 10 liters of water (watering - 20 liters for 1 tree)|
|1 bucket of compost or humus, 1 cup of chalk (sprinkle in the trunk circle)|
|After fruiting||2 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate, 3 tbsp. tablespoons of superphosphate per 10 liters of water (watering - 40 liters per 1 tree)|
There are two types of pruning of fruit trees - formative (aimed at creating a beautiful, non-thickened crown) and sanitary (removing diseased and dry branches). The best time for both pruning is mid-spring, before the leaves begin to bloom. Autumn cuts may not heal until the winter cold, and the tree runs the risk of freezing.
Pruning is always done only with a sharp tool - garden shears, garden hacksaw, pruning shears.
In April-May, it is necessary to cut off frozen, snow-broken, dry branches. All sections are immediately processed with garden var.
The plum also accepts summer formative pruning. It is best carried out in June, removing too actively developing long branches. The tree should receive a lot of light, and the thickened crown does not contribute to this, moreover, pests feel good in too dense foliage. Shoots with signs of damage, diseases and root shoots, together with weeds in the near-trunk circle, are subject to mandatory removal.
Plum pruning scheme in the first years after planting
To prepare trees for winter, you need to clear the near-trunk circle of weeds and fallen leaves, and dig up the ground to a depth of about 10 cm. This preventive measure will protect against pests, the larvae of which wait out the cold in plant debris and the upper soil layer. After digging, it is necessary to water (the so-called water charging). There should be enough water to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 1 m. Damp earth stores heat better and prevents the roots from freezing.
Then the plum should be whitewashed - lime will protect the tree stem from sunburn and damage by rodents. The trunk circle must be mulched with a 7-centimeter layer of sawdust or peat. In areas with cold winters, you can cover the tree trunk with spruce branches, burlap or synthetic material (for example, lutrasil).
Whitewashing the plum will protect the trunk from rodents and sunburn
Although the Bogatyrskaya plum variety has good resistance to diseases and pests, you should be aware of methods of dealing with some of them.
|Diseases and pests||How do they manifest||Prevention and control|
|Hole spot||The appearance of brown spots on the leaves. Loss of affected tissue and the formation of holes. Stains can also occur on branches, causing cracks and gum release.|
|Brown spot||The appearance of small brown-yellow spots on the leaves. The leaves dry up and fall off.|
|Fruit mite||Due to the vital activity of the tick, the leaves turn brown and crumble.|
|Moth||Caterpillars eat up passages in shoots and fruits. The damaged parts of the plant dry out.||Treatment with a salt solution (0.5 kg per 10 l of water) after flowering (up to 5 l per tree).|
|Plum aphid||Young shoots damaged by aphids stop growing and curl, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.||Treatment after the fall of flowers with Sumition, Fufanon preparations (the solution should fall on the underside of the leaves).|
The best way to prevent the appearance of diseases and pests is to take preventive measures in a timely manner. Among them - the right choice of seedlings (they must be healthy), regular cleaning of plant residues and spraying trees in late autumn or early spring with 1% Bordeaux liquid or milk of lime (1-2 kg of lime per 10 liters of water).
Plum Bogatyrskaya begins to bear fruit 4–5 years after planting. The yield is high and constant, the trees yield from 70 kg per season.
Collecting of plums begins in the second half or at the end of August. Fruit should be picked in dry weather and in dry boxes. Plum is stored well (2–4 weeks in the refrigerator in an open package), and also easily and almost without damage transfers transportation.
The fruits are suitable both for processing (preparation of compotes, jelly, jam) and for fresh consumption.
Plum Bogatyrskaya is perfectly stored and transported
I planted the Bogatyrskaya plum. First, it is homemade. Secondly, it is self-fertile. Thirdly, it is very productive. If Hungarian let me down with the harvest, then Bogatyrskaya will feed me, there is no doubt about it.
The newest plum Bogatyrskaya in our country has not yet yielded fruit, although it is 4 years old.
Plum Bogatyrskaya lives up to its name - its fruits are large and beautiful. In addition, gardeners will like the frost resistance of the variety (which is especially appreciated in central Russia), self-fertility and high yield. True, the first fruits of the tree will have to wait at least 4 years from the year of planting, but they are worth it.
Plum is one of the most common fruit trees in orchards. Its fruits are fresh for summer consumption; jams and preserves are prepared from them for the winter. Many gardeners dream of a variety that does not require special care and still get a rich harvest of sweet fruits. Plum Etude just meets such wishes. In this article, we will talk about the characteristics of the species, how to plant and grow, how demanding the Etude plum is to care for.
Back in 1912, the famous Russian breeder I.V. Michurin raised a seedling from a stone of the Belaya Samara plum and pollinated it with Washington material from American specialists. The result was a hybrid that became known as the Peach plum for the dessert taste of its fruits.
You may find other names for this variety: Royal Rouge or Red Nectarine. This is explained by the fact that the culture came to us from Western European countries, the ancestor of the Peach plum was bred in France in the 19th century.
The variety has a summer ripening period, for good vegetation and active fruiting, it needs abundant sunlight and warmth. Therefore, this plum is mainly grown in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine. On the territory of Russia, you can usually find it in the following regions:
The active growth of a tree occurs in the first years of life, it reaches a height of up to 4 m, and stops there. The crown is round, not thickened, with an average level of leafiness, compact at the beginning of growth. It becomes spreading over the years and may require pruning of branches. The central branches and their main shoots are rather thick, covered with large oval dark green leaves. The flowers of the Peach plum open late, but the ripening of the fruits begins in the middle of summer, therefore the variety is classified as early-ripening.
The branches of the Peach plum are very spreading, and during fruiting they may need props
Fruits are round or slightly ovoid with an indistinct longitudinal groove, attached to the branch by a low peduncle of medium thickness. The weight of each reaches 50 g, some even 70 g. The color of the plum is sunny yellow with a slight greenish tint, a reddish blush spreads almost over the entire surface. The dense skin is covered with a light waxy coating. The stone is almost flat, rounded. When the fruit is fully ripe, it can be easily separated from the pulp. From the inside, the fruit is juicy, golden-yellow, with a pronounced aroma and slight sourness. The pulp of Peach plum grown in cold weather conditions can become tart and harsh.
The peach plum has rounded fruits with a pale pink blush.
Another feature of this variety is the late entry into the fruiting period. Many gardeners refuse to grow Peach plum for this very reason: the first fruits have to wait at least 5 years, or even more. After that, for several years the yields are low, but already at the age of 11–12, the ripe plum begins to actively bear fruit, and you can harvest up to 50 kg of juicy, fragrant fruits from each tree!
The Stanley variety is partially self-fertile. In order to harvest a large harvest every year, pollinating plums need to be planted near the tree:
Stanley requires pollinating trees
When choosing a place in the garden, it is important to take into account the following features of the Stanley variety:
Important! Low-lying areas are not suitable for growing plums.
The further development of the tree depends on the health of the seedling.
Criteria for choosing a quality plum sapling:
During transportation, the root system is wrapped with a damp cloth and foil.
If the seedling was purchased in the fall, and planting is planned for the spring, it should be dug in a shaded and damp place in a groove 50 cm deep. Sprinkle the tree with soil to a level of 20 cm above the root collar and dug it out just before planting.
Plum planting is best done in spring or autumn.
You can plant a plum tree in the spring, before the buds begin to bloom, or in the fall, 1.5 months before the soil freezes. Many gardeners prefer the first option, since this way the plum has time to harden before the temperature drops.
Step-by-step process of planting Stanley plum:
The root collar should not be buried in the soil; it should exceed the surface by 5–6 cm, since the earth tends to settle.
Further proper care of the tree will help to get a high-quality harvest. It includes pruning, watering and feeding, loosening and weeding.
Regular watering is the key to a bountiful and tasty harvest. Irrigate additionally during flowering, bud-setting, fruiting, and before hibernation. After that, it is imperative to loosen, remove weeds and mulch to keep moisture in the ground longer.
Plums require a lot of nutrients. Therefore, fertilizers are applied already in the second year after planting.
In the spring, apply a mixture of fertilizers: urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate, 150 g each. Mix all substances and sprinkle evenly in the trunk circle. It is advisable to dig it in right away so that it begins to dissolve in the soil.
But in the autumn, give preference to organic fertilizers. Spread them in a layer of 15-20 cm. This will provide an additional insulation layer for the winter and will slowly nourish the plant until spring.
Pruning is recommended in spring and autumn. Sanitary pruning is required annually to remove old shoots affected by pests and diseases, broken and improperly growing shoots. In the spring, it is carried out until the buds swell, until active sap flow begins. How to cut plums in the summer, read here.
It is also important to carry out the formation of the crown of the plum. A sparse tiered system is usually used. Leave 5-7 branches in the first order and the same number of secondary ones. The first tier runs at a height of 0.6 m from the ground and consists of 3-4 branches, the second at the same distance from the first and includes 2-3 more branches. All shoots are cut by ⅓ so that the crown does not thicken.
From time to time they carry out the removal of improperly growing shoots.
The cherry plum variety Mara is very rarely exposed to any diseases or pest attacks. But in the absence of proper care of the culture, the following diseases may occur.
Methods of control and prevention
Red leaf spot
At the beginning of the growing season, for prevention, it is necessary to spray with fungicides.
Cleaning of wounds and subsequent treatment with a solution of copper sulfate (1%)
Cutting and burning shoots with leaves that have acquired an uncharacteristic silvery sheen
Methods of control and prevention
As a preventive measure, trees can be treated with "Fufanon" or "Iskra"
Regular insecticide treatment
On the one hand, Peach plum is rather capricious, loves favorable conditions and can change its taste. But, on the other hand, if you carry out the correct agricultural technology, then it will give a rich and tasty harvest.
I am the chief editor of this site. I prefer to embody new ideas on the garden plot, try different growing methods, introduce modern methods of increasing the yield. But at the same time, he is a supporter of the "old-fashioned" methods of feeding and treating garden plants using folk methods.
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