The grape variety Sensation, to some extent, corresponds to its name: having an original shape and variable color of berries of excellent taste, it compares favorably with both its consumer properties and simple agricultural technology. Due to its frost resistance, the variety finds admirers in almost all climatic zones of our country.
Many grape varieties have a very interesting history. Far from all of them were born in the hands of scientists-agronomists, many were given a start in the life of amateur winegrowers, who did not even have a special education. A fairly new, but already very popular grape variety Sensation was bred a little over ten years ago in the Rostov region by the well-known Russian amateur winegrower Vasily Ulyanovich Kapelyushny. This is a hybrid form obtained by crossing the Talisman and Rizamat varieties. Thus, the parents of the hybrid are the same as those of the related Julian hybrid. The sensation belongs to the very early varieties in terms of ripening, it is fast-growing in terms of the beginning of fruiting of young bushes. Suitable for growing in various climatic conditions, it is used mainly fresh.
Nowadays, large-fruited forms of grapes with a complex of disease resistance and high frost resistance appear annually. But such a situation has developed not so long ago, and presenting a little more than a decade ago the Sensation, V. U. Kapelyushny said: This is a revolution in my viticulture.
V. Kapelyushny by his main specialty was not a biologist, but a mechanical engineer. He worked on the construction of railways, and then - by profession - at various Rostov enterprises, including Rostselmash. But since the 1960s, he has been growing grapes in his garden. By the end of the 1970s, he became interested in viticulture so seriously that he became famous in the appropriate circles not only for amateurs, but also for professionals. He finally became a winegrower in the early 90s, when he planted a vineyard of 300 grape bushes in the open field of the Aksai region, but he quickly abandoned wine varieties and began to deal only with dining rooms. V. Kapelyushny carried out the first experiments on selection in the mid-1990s together with the famous scientist I.A.Kostrikin. This is how Count Monte Cristo, Crimson, Melina appeared ... His wife, daughter, granddaughter acted as assistants in the breeding business.
Of course, not all varieties went into the series, but those that have become famous are truly unique. Sensation is also on this list - a very early variety, bisexual and vigorous, with very tasty berries and high frost resistance. The variety is highly marketable and attractive in appearance.
Grape bushes Sensation are large, powerful, grow quickly: over the summer, the shoots grow in size by 100-200%, while they have time to ripen almost the entire length: young shoots are shortened by no more than 30% during autumn pruning. Most shoots are fruiting. They have high frost resistance: both perennial wood and last year's shoots can withstand temperatures down to -24 aboutC. Currently, this indicator is characterized as an average degree of frost resistance. In the south, it does not require shelter for the winter, in the middle zone and in the northern regions, light shelter is required.
The variety is minimally affected by the main diseases of grapes: mildew, powdery mildew and gray rot. At the same time, the integral resistance to pests and diseases is estimated at only 2.5 points. Propagated in all ways inherent in grapes. The most popular is self-rooted cultivation (rooting of woody cuttings) and grafting on already growing bushes of other varieties.
Up to 45 eyes can be left on one bush. The flowers of the Sensation are bisexual, that is, they contain both pistils and stamens, other bushes do not need to be planted for the purpose of pollination. The type of bunches is rather loose or of medium density, the shape is conical or transitional from cylindrical to conical, their size is very large. The average weight reaches one and a half kilograms, and often more. The variety is distinguished by its very early ripening: from the beginning of the growing season (opening of the first buds) to the moment of full ripening of the berries, it takes 3–3.5 months, that is, even in central Russia, the first berries become edible by the beginning of August. But in the case of ultra-high yields, the ripening of berries is 1–2 weeks late.
The yield of the variety is very high, stable, but often much more berries are tied than the bush can withstand, and we have to ration the harvest by removing part of the bunches. If this is not done, the quality of the berries and their size deteriorate significantly. The bunches on the bush hold firmly, without requiring urgent removal: if overexposed, they do not deteriorate at all; in addition, the incidence of wasps, hornets and other flying insects is minimal. When left on the bushes, the berries do not rot or crumble, do not crack, even during the period of prolonged rains. They do not lose their presentation even when transported over long distances.
The berries in the brush are not very densely collected, but due to their size and weight, the brush looks very impressive
The berries in the bunch are very large, there are no peas. The comb has a pronounced red color. The shape of the berries is highly oblong, finger-like, so some specimens reach a length of up to 55 mm with half the thickness. The berry mass is from 16 to 30 g, on average - about 20 g, but in the composition of each bunch the berries are basically the same size.
The color of the berries differs depending on the stage of ripening. The first color after the original green can be characterized as yellow-pink, then turns into pure pink, and sometimes reddish.
The pulp is fleshy, very juicy. The taste of the berries is described as very pleasant and harmonious, sweet, with a subtle light aroma of nutmeg. The peel is of medium thickness, does not interfere with the use of berries. Thus, from the point of view of the consumer, the variety can be characterized as a very early table finger grape with large fruits with a diverse range of colors.
Sensation grapes have a variable color depending on the degree of ripening, but always have a great taste
Based on the description of the Sensation grape variety, with which we met, we can give its generalized characteristics, bringing together its advantages and disadvantages. Of course, the number of advantages will be much greater, but nothing in the world is perfect. So, among the obvious advantages of the Sensation are:
However, the high resistance to fungal diseases declared by the author has so far been only partially confirmed. Numerous owners of the Sensation grape variety almost unanimously note a very weak infection with mildew, but about resistance to mildew and gray rot, as well as to the most dangerous pest of the vineyard - phylloxera - they have not yet come to a consensus: we can say that this issue is still in stage of study.
There are very few obvious shortcomings of the Sensation variety (we will leave the attitude to phylloxera outside the brackets for now).
The disadvantages of winegrowers are:
Indeed, no matter how sorry it is for the winegrower, a significant part of the bunches has to be cut off: without rationing the harvest, the berries are small, and the clusters are sluggish and unattractive. The removal of the brushes should be carried out soon after flowering, as soon as their number on the bush is clearly visible.
As for frosts, it has been noticed that uncovered bushes remain alive after a harsh winter, but they get sick for a long time and do not give a good harvest. Despite the resistance to low temperatures declared by the author, the bush must be covered for the winter in the middle zone and northern regions. In severe frosts, moisture is sublimated from the vine, which has a bad effect on the bush as a whole.
Despite the noted shortcomings, it should be recognized that the Sensation is one of the most popular grape varieties grown both in summer cottages and on an industrial scale. The variety is not too capricious, it is able to grow in the southern regions, and in areas with a cold and humid climate. The sensation found its fans even in the territories of Siberia and the Far East.
In terms of the general principles of planting and cultivation, Sensation is no different from most grape varieties. Some features are associated with the need to restrain the growth of shoots and the excessive load on their crops. The variety reproduces well by cuttings (their rooting rate is close to 80%), but it can also be grafted onto other varieties. Although the bush is characterized by high vigor of growth, experts do not insist that the distance to neighboring bushes is too great, it is possible to keep within 1.5-2 meters. This fact makes the Sensation a very attractive variety even for owners of small summer cottages. A big plus to this is the self-fertility of the variety. Therefore, for personal needs in the country, you can generally plant just one Sensation bush and no longer think about grape planting.
Bringing the first ripe fruits in early August, Sensation allows you to keep them for a long time on the bush, and the high yield of the variety makes it possible for an average Russian family to feast on delicious and beautiful berries for 2-3 months.
Despite the fact that the variety can be grown in any climatic conditions, in order to obtain good yields of berries inherent in the Sensation, it is necessary to give the bushes the possibility of maximum sunlight. It is among the lightest areas available to the owner that a landing site should be chosen. The technique of planting grapes is described in detail in many articles and books, so we will focus only on the main points.
Like any grape, Sensation will grow best on chernozem soils, but any other types will do, as long as they need to be properly prepared. Add lime to too acidic soil, add sand to too clayey, add more humus, wood ash, some mineral fertilizers to any soil and dig it up well. This is about the area around the future bush, about 2 meters in each direction. And only then dig the landing hole.
The planting hole is dug as for fruit trees, but filling it for planting grapes is a little peculiar: drainage at the bottom is required
The best planting time is the second half of April, but in the south you can plant in October. Thus, in most regions, the hole must be dug in the previous autumn, and in the south - in the summer, 1-2 months before planting the grapes. The size of the planting pit for Sensation is standard, from 80 cm in all dimensions. On clay soils, drainage must be placed in the pit, consisting of a 10-15 cm layer of broken brick or crushed stone of any fraction. In especially arid regions, a vertical thick pipe must be drawn into the hole to the bottom for watering the bush in the first 2-3 years of its life. The grapes are planted deeply, but in clean soil, free of fertilizers. This means that a layer of fertilized soil must be poured onto the drainage layer: it is prepared from a fertile layer, mixing it with humus, ash and complex mineral fertilizers. Then it remains to put the seedling in the hole and cover it with clean earth, leaving only two buds above the ground level. After tamping the soil and good watering, the hole must be mulched with any bulk materials.
Caring for adult bushes consists of watering, periodic feeding, obligatory skillful pruning and light shelter for the winter. Watering Sensations are needed sufficient, but not frequent, especially grapes need water during intensive berry growth, and watering is contraindicated 2-3 weeks before harvesting. Top dressing should be done on time and without unnecessary fanaticism: especially do not abuse nitrogen fertilizers, it is better to give nitrogen to grapes in the form of organic matter, burying in early spring or late autumn next to bushes 1-2 buckets of compost or well-decomposed manure. And you can pour a lot of wood ash under the bushes, this is one of the most valuable and, most importantly, environmentally friendly fertilizers.
The sensation is declared as having increased resistance to fungal diseases, but periodic preventive spraying against mildew, powdery mildew and gray mold cannot be abandoned. It is safest to treat the vines with a solution of ferrous sulfate immediately after opening the bushes from hibernation, and at the slightest sign of trouble during the growing season - with Bordeaux liquid.
Heavy artillery in the form of synthetic pesticides should be used only in emergencies and not at all during the filling of berries.
As for pruning, remember that each grape variety has its own optimal scheme. Early spring pruning should be cosmetic, removing dry and obviously redundant shoots. The main work on the formation of the bush is carried out in the summer and consists in breaking out the excess growing shoots while they are still very small and green. In this case, it will be easy to deal with the bush in the fall, before sheltering the vines for the winter. Autumn pruning is the most important. At this time, the shoots are shortened, cutting off unripened areas, as well as pieces, for each variety of its size. On the bushes of the Sensation, the shortening is carried out at the level of 6-8 buds, but only 2-3 pieces can be left on a number of shoots. The most acceptable bush shape for this grape variety is fan.
A real vineyard is always well tended: strong trellises, irrigation circles, well-cut bushes
After the autumn pruning, the vines are removed from the trellises and covered with light materials, optimally with spruce or pine spruce branches: it will also protect from mice. It is necessary to free the bushes from shelter in the spring, around the end of March, with the onset of the first fine days.
There are still not many reviews of Sensation. In them, the growers note the similarity of Sensation with the Julian variety, as well as with the Preobrazhenie variety from the V.N.Krainov collection. On numerous forums, a separate thread dedicated to the Sensation has not yet been found. However, the variety can be highly recommended for both industrial use and summer cottages.
The sensation grape variety, created about ten years ago, still remains a small mystery: with all the advantages and disadvantages, many professionals give very restrained recommendations for using it in the gardens of novice summer residents.But, reading into the characteristics of the variety and discussing it by professionals, you are convinced that this is a very worthy table variety with a very early ripening period.
Graduated from the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University in 1981. Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor.
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Roman, 38 years old, Zaporozhye
We are familiar with the Malvina strawberry variety firsthand, we have been growing it for several years. We bought frigo seedlings in a Polish nursery. Now we are updating and expanding the plantation with our own seedlings. It bears fruit in our country in the third decade of June, when the berries have already departed on all early varieties, and most of the remontant ones are resting. The harvest pleases not so much with the quantity as with the quality of the berries. They are almost ideal in shape and size: mostly large and medium, there are almost no small ones. Some grew up to 50 g. Ripe fruits are evenly colored dark red, have a rich sweet and sour taste and delicious aroma. It is impossible to pass by such a berry indifferently!
Victoria, 44 years old, Kemerovo
Among the strawberry novelties, Malvina noted for herself. The variety is very promising, hardy, competitive. The bushes are voluminous and lush, they need to be planted at a sufficiently large distance from each other and between the rows (at least half a meter). The berries are all hidden under dense foliage that protects them from sunburn. I liked that neither prolonged heavy rains nor summer heat affected the quality and taste. The pulp is dense and juicy, not watery or dry, moderately sweet, with a pleasant slight sourness. Plants overwinter safely as long as they do without losses. They also tolerate drought normally, but of course it is better to water them. They respond well to fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers and organic matter.
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