Zenga Zengana is a long-known and favorite variety of garden strawberries.


The variety of garden strawberries (popularly and for a long time have been called strawberries) Zenga Zengana appeared a very long time ago, but still it remains one of the most common in our gardens.

Zenga Zengana cultivar history

The history of the variety began in Germany in 1942, when the issue of deep freezing of vegetables and fruits was relevant. The basis was taken from Marche strawberries with very dense berries that do not lose their shape after defrosting, but with low taste. After multiple crosses of the Marche with varieties that had good taste, several successful plant variants were obtained in the harsh military conditions in the summer of 1945 in Lückenwald.

However, with the end of the war, the direction of breeding changed, now yield, good taste, resistance to diseases and pests, and the ability to grow under different climatic conditions were put forward in the first place. The parents of the most successful three clones that survived the 1949 tick invasion were Markee and Sieger. By isolating and propagating the most productive seedlings, in 1954 breeders introduced a variety called Zenga Zengana.

Description and characteristics of this strawberry

The variety Zenga Zengana was included in the State Register in 1972 and zoned in the following regions:

  • Northwest;
  • Central;
  • Volgo-Vyatsky;
  • Central Black Earth;
  • North Caucasian;
  • Middle Volga;
  • Nizhnevolzhsky;
  • Uralsk.

Zenga Zengana strawberries are late ripening varieties. The bush is tall, compact, with dark green smooth leaves, the peduncles are on the same level with the foliage or under it. Plants form a small number of whiskers, as all the energy is spent on the formation of the crop. Up to 1.5 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush.

Strawberry flower stalks Zenga Zengana are located below the level of the leaves, the berries can sink to the ground

The plant is not a remontant type, it bears a crop once around mid-June. The first berries are large - up to 30 grams (average size 10–12 grams), by the end of fruiting they become smaller. The fruits grown in the sun have a rich dark red or burgundy color, in the shade they are bright red.

Berries of Zenga Zengan strawberries with a wide conical shape, without a neck, dark red in color, with deeply depressed seeds

The berries have a rich sweet-sour taste, very aromatic, with dense pulp, do not contain voids. The skin is shiny, the achenes are deeply sunk into the pulp. The purpose of the variety is universal: the fruits retain their shape and great taste in jam, compotes, and frozen.

Bushes without transplanting can bear fruit in one place for 6-7 years. The variety is able to grow on any soil, which makes it unpretentious and reliable.

Video: Zenga Zengan berries in comparison with other varieties

https://youtube.com/watch?v=sAckf825mQI

Planting and growing Zenga Zengana strawberries

Although this variety is prized for its unpretentiousness, you still have to work hard to grow a good harvest.

Site selection

First of all, you need to choose a landing site. It should be sunny, well-ventilated, without stagnant water.

The best strawberry precursors would be:

  • legumes,
  • radish,
  • carrot,
  • beet,
  • onion,
  • garlic.

Planting a number of berry crops prone to the same diseases is undesirable:

  • black currant,
  • raspberries,
  • gooseberry.

A favorable neighborhood will help to save the harvest: slugs cannot stand the smell of parsley, marigolds frighten off a nematode, and onions and carrots drive pests away from each other, thereby helping out strawberries.

Soil preparation

Although the variety is not picky about the soil, loams with a neutral reaction are the best option. The soil must be cleaned of weeds, fertilized and, if necessary, limed. To reduce acidity, use:

  • dolomite flour (from 300 to 600 g per 1 m2 depending on the acidity of the soil);
  • chalk (100-300 g per 1 m2);
  • ash (1-1.5 kg per 1 m2).

Crushed eggshells will also be useful for deoxidation, and the earth will receive the necessary trace elements. The top layer of soil is mixed well after adding the deoxidizer.

Fertilize the soil 2-3 weeks before planting. To do this, 1 m2 you need to make:

  • 5-6 kg of humus;
  • 40 g superphosphate;
  • 20 g of potash fertilizers:
    • potassium sulfate;
    • potassium carbonate;
    • potassium nitrate.

Wood ash is also a potash fertilizer. It is undesirable to use potassium chloride, given the sensitivity of strawberries to chlorine.

Transplanting

You can plant seedlings in spring and autumn. But it should be remembered that plants take root best of all at this temperature regime:

  • air + 15 ... + 20 ° C;
  • soil +15 ° C.

The berry should not be thickened, the optimal planting scheme:

  • 25-30 cm between bushes;
  • 70–80 cm between rows.

It is better to plant seedlings in the evening or in cloudy weather.

In healthy and well-developed plants, leaves are cut off, leaving at least 5, and too long roots are shortened to 8-10 cm. Planting is done as follows:

  1. Prepare wells and pour 150-200 ml of warm water into each.
  2. At the bottom of the holes, earthen mounds are formed and plants are placed on them, carefully straightening the roots.

    When planting strawberries, you need to ensure that the growth point is at ground level; when it deepens, the bushes will rip out

  3. Cover the seedlings with earth, gently compacting the soil.
  4. Water the plantings and mulch the soil around the plants with humus, straw, sawdust. Moss, leaves and freshly cut grass must not be used.

    A layer of mulch up to 10 cm thick will protect the beds from drying out, reduce water consumption and help fight weeds

Video: how to plant strawberries correctly

Care features

Zenga Zengana is easy to care for. It will take several dressings per season, namely:

  1. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in early spring. One tablespoon of urea is dissolved in 10 liters of water, no more than half a liter of solution is watered at the root for each plant.
  2. Before flowering, they feed:
    • complex fertilizers (Nitroammofoskoy or Ammofoskoy);
    • potash fertilizers;
    • organic fertilizers.
  3. After harvest. First, the soil is weeded and loosened, old leaves are removed, then superphosphate is added under the root.

After fertilizing, the plants must be watered. You should be very careful to moisturize Zenga Zengana strawberries, as they cannot tolerate excess moisture. In dry weather, once every 5–7 days is enough, while the soil should be soaked 20–30 cm deep. The best irrigation method is drip irrigation because the water flows directly to the plant roots.

Video: how to organize drip irrigation

After watering, you need to loosen the soil and remove weeds. You should also cut off the mustache in a timely manner to increase the yield. The cultivation of strawberries on agrofibre, which protects the berries from contact with the soil and does not allow the development of weeds, greatly facilitates the care of plantings.

Combining the planting of strawberries on agrofibre with drip irrigation, you can achieve the best yields

Reproduction methods

Due to the fact that the Zenga Zengana variety forms a small mustache, it can be propagated by dividing the bush or by seed.

  • Division of the bush. You need to dig up a 4-year-old plant, remove dry leaves and shake slightly to crumble some of the earth. Then lower the roots into a basin of water, and after soaking, carefully divide the bush into separate outlets.

    The horn (rosette with a root) may begin to bear fruit as early as next season

  • Sowing seeds. From large, fully ripe berries, the top layer is cut off, dried and rubbed in the hands to separate the seeds. Before planting, they are stratified: they are placed between layers of gauze, moistened with water and kept for 2 weeks in a refrigerator at a temperature of 5 ° C, preventing drying out. Then the seeds are sown in boxes, pots or peat tablets and covered with a film, which is removed after the sprouts appear. When 3-5 leaves appear on the plants, they can be planted in the ground.

Video: how to grow strawberries from seeds

Disease and pest control

The variety is rarely exposed to diseases such as powdery mildew and verticillosis.... However, it is not resistant to leaf spot and is often attacked by strawberry mites. The flower stalks of Zenga Zengan strawberries are weak, which is why the berry lies on the soil and is exposed to gray rot, especially in rainy years.

Gray rot

The main disease of Zenga Zengana strawberries is gray rot. This fungal infection spreads very quickly and can destroy up to 90% of the crop.

When damaged by gray rot, the berries become overgrown with a dense bloom and rot

Since the main problem can appear with cool and rainy weather, it is advisable to inspect the bushes regularly, and if a disease is detected, take measures to eliminate it:

  • collect and destroy all affected berries;
  • use chemicals: Apirin-B, Switch, 1% Bordeaux liquid;
  • spray with iodine (10 drops per 10 liters of water) and a solution of mustard (dissolve 50 g of powder in 5 liters of hot water, after two days of infusion, dilute the composition with water in a 1: 1 ratio).

And yet, the main ways to combat gray rot are preventive:

  • do not thicken the planting;
  • weed in a timely manner;
  • deoxidize the soil;
  • mulch with straw or pine litter;
  • add garlic to strawberries;
  • change the landing site after three years;
  • timely destroy diseased berries;
  • remove leaves after harvest;
  • during the fruiting period, try to raise the berries from the ground.

Brown spot

The disease begins with the appearance of brown spots, similar to scorch marks, along the edges of the leaf. They grow, merge and lead to drying of the foliage.

Brown speckles look like burns caused by fire

Landings should be handled:

  • fungicide Oxyhom;
  • Bordeaux liquid (3% - before bud break, 1% - before flowering and after picking berries).

Opponents of chemical control agents can spray diseased bushes with such a solution:

  • 10 liters of water;
  • 5 g of potassium permanganate;
  • 2 tablespoons of baking soda;
  • 1 bottle of iodine;
  • 20 g soap (add after the rest).

Strawberry mite

The strawberry mite is a microscopic insect that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Plants affected by it can be identified by deformed leaves, which gradually change color to brown and dry out. As a result, the growth of the bush slows down, and the berries become smaller.

Strawberry mite deforms the leaves, causing them to dry out

For prophylaxis, plantings can be sprayed with a 70% solution of colloidal sulfur. If the pest has already affected the plants, then insecticides Actellik or Iskra M. should be used.

Reviews of experienced gardeners

The contradictory reviews about the Zenga Zengana variety are associated with the cultivation of strawberries in different climatic conditions, on different soils. Deterioration of characteristics can be associated with improper reproduction. So, the grade changes when planting with seeds or when taking outlets from old beds.

You might think that Zenga Zengana is outdated and there are many varieties that surpass it in characteristics. However, it is too early to write off this reliable, productive and unpretentious strawberry, it will still be able to please us with a harvest of fragrant sweet berries.

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Strawberry Zenga Zengana - a hybrid of German quality

Not every garden strawberry tolerates the harsh Russian climate as well as the berry of the Zenga Zengana variety. The crop was bred under the leadership of the German breeder R. von Sengbusch from the parental pair Markee and Sieger in the middle of the twentieth century and until recently served as a yield standard for European producers.

Zengana is still quite popular among amateur gardeners. This strawberry is unpretentious, resistant to low temperatures, and has excellent taste.

  1. Description of the variety
  2. Garden strawberry bushes
  3. Flowers and berries
  4. Yield
  5. Transport and processing
  6. Benefits
  7. disadvantages
  8. Photo of strawberry Zenga Zengana
  9. Planting and breeding methods
  10. Mustaches and rosettes
  11. Dividing the bush
  12. Seeds
  13. Care
  14. Watering
  15. Transfer
  16. Fertilizing and feeding
  17. Diseases and pests
  18. Prevention measures
  19. Useful video

Zenga Zengana - German strawberry variety

Zenga Zengana is an undeservedly forgotten garden strawberry of European selection. Once it was the best industrial variety, but today, thanks to its unique qualities, it has become interesting for amateur gardeners. We will learn what is unusual about this strawberry, and how to grow it in our area.

garden strawberry "Zenga Zengana" ripens in mid-June

fruiting of the variety "Zenga Zengana" lasts until the beginning of September

berries of garden strawberry "Zenga Zengana" weigh 10-15 grams, but there are specimens and 30 grams

Garden strawberry (aka strawberry) of the Zenga Zengana variety was bred in Germany (Hamburg). The variety originated from the crossing of the Sieger variety and the wild self-seeder Merge. The breeders set a goal - to bring strawberries for industrial use. Breeding work began in 1942 and ended in 1954.

This well-deserved variety, although it has lost its popularity over 70 years, remains a real brand. Having spread rapidly throughout Europe, Zenga Zengana has long been the leading industrial grade.

Zenga Zengan has always been unique. At the beginning of its "career" one of its main advantages was the possibility of freezing. Today, many varieties of strawberries have this quality. But its other quality still remains unique - according to gardeners Zenga Zengana does not lose varietal qualities for 7-8 years.

Among the positive qualities of the variety are also:

  • consistently high yield
  • excellent taste
  • good transportability
  • undemanding to soils.

One of the most important advantages of the old German variety is the ability to grow in any soil. Zenga Zengana bears fruit even on heavy, loamy and depleted soils. The disadvantage of the German variety can be considered the need for pollinators.

The Zenga Zengana variety is capable of bearing fruit with short daylight hours. If the duration of the latter is 12 hours, the buds are laid.

The main characteristics of the variety:

  • Ripening dates are late. The first berries appear in mid-June.
  • Productivity - 1.5 kg per bush.
  • Bushes bear fruit in one place for 6-7 years.
  • Non-repairing variety - bears fruit once a season.
  • A small number of whiskers - the plant spends all its energy on the formation of fruits.
  • The weight of the berries is 10-12 g. The first berries are the largest - up to 30 g. As they bear fruit, they become smaller.
  • The dense, without voids, pulp has a sweet and sour taste and rich aroma.
  • The purpose is universal. Berries do not lose their shape in compotes and jam. Suitable for freezing.
  • The variety is resistant to heat, drought and low temperatures.

Brief botanical description:

  • Bush. Tall, not spreading, but well leafy. Peduncles are located on the same level with the leaves or under them - the berries can touch the ground. The leaves are dark green, smooth.
  • Berries. Medium size. The form is broad-conical. The color depends on the amount of sun - in the shade the berries are bright red, in the sun they are dark red. Ripe berries turn dark cherry. The seeds are deeply depressed.

Watch a video review of Zenga Zengana garden strawberries presented by an experienced gardener:

This German variety, although unpretentious, requires some care. And it starts with the correct landing. Although Zenga grows in any soil, the gardener's job is to create favorable growing conditions in order to get the most out of it.

Choice of location and timing

Seedlings in temperate climates are planted mainly in early spring, late summer or early autumn. The best time for planting is the first decade of spring. In the central regions, seedlings are planted on March 10-20. It is best to plant seedlings in the evening of a dry, sunny day. Read more about planting strawberries in spring here.

Before preparing the seedlings, choose a suitable planting site. Optimal characteristics of the site:

  • Sunny, well-ventilated place, no stagnant water. It is desirable that the site is located on the south side, but not blown by the winds. Lowlands and soils with high acidity are not suitable.
  • Strawberries grow best after legumes, radishes, carrots, beets, onions, and garlic. Unwanted predecessors prone to diseases affecting Zenga Zengana are black currants, raspberries, gooseberries.

Soil preparation

Despite its undemanding soil conditions, the variety has its own preferences - it grows best on loams with a neutral reaction.

  1. Remove weeds from the area. If the soil contains larvae of May beetles, wireworms and other pests, treat it with an ammonia solution - dilute 10 ml in a bucket of water.
  2. Dig up the soil 2-4 weeks before planting. During the digging, fertilizers are applied, per 1 sq. m:
    • humus - 5-6 kg
    • superphosphate - 40 g
    • potash fertilizers - 20 g.
  3. Check the acidity of the soil. And if it is increased, add dolomite flour - 300-600 g per 1 sq. m. Instead of flour, you can add chalk or ash, respectively, 100-300 g and 1-1.5 kg per 1 sq. m. m.

Wood ash can be used as potash fertilizers, but it is not recommended to use potassium chloride - strawberries are too sensitive to chlorine.

Landing patterns

Saplings of the Zenga Zengana variety are planted according to typical strawberry schemes:

  • One line. The spacing between the rows is 70 cm. Between the adjacent bushes in the rows is 20 cm.
  • Two-line. Several rows are planted on one bed. 70 cm is left between the beds, 30 cm between the lines, 20 cm between the bushes.

When growing strawberries, the growing method using covering material is very popular. The planting pattern is the same - lowercase, but the soil is covered with a black film. And so that the roots do not overheat under the film, it is covered with a layer of straw.

Transplanting

Optimum temperature conditions for planting seedlings in open ground:

  • air - from +15 to +20 ° С
  • soil - about +15 ° С.

Healthy, well-developed seedlings are selected for planting. They leave about 5-7 leaves, the rest are cut off. The optimal root length is 8-10 cm, longer ones are cut off. Before planting, the roots of the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator.

  • Holes are dug on the prepared beds - according to the number of seedlings. The depth is about 15 cm. A small earthen mound is formed in each hole.
  • The seedling is lowered into the hole, carefully straightening the roots.
  • Sprinkle the roots with earth, compacting the soil with your hands. The growth point of the seedling should be at ground level. If the point is deepened, the bushes will begin to rip out.
  • Each hole is watered with warm water - about 1 liter per bush.
  • It is advisable to mulch the soil with humus, straw or sawdust. It is forbidden to mulch the soil with leaves, moss and freshly cut grass. Mulch layer - about 10 cm.

Care features

Caring for Zenga Zengan strawberries is not particularly difficult. It is only important to follow all the care instructions on time.

Watering

The variety is hygrophilous, so the plantations are regularly watered - every 1-2 weeks. They take into account weather conditions and the amount of precipitation. In hot weather, the frequency of watering increases.

When watering, the soil should be moistened 20-30 cm deep. Water is poured so that drops do not fall on the leaves. The best time to water is in the morning. The most important watering is before flowering, then they are carried out as needed.

Top dressing

Strawberries are fertilized with organic and mineral fertilizers. They begin to feed the plantings in early spring. When feeding, it is important not to overdo it with nitrogen fertilizers. They are applied in the spring because they cause the growth of green mass. An excess of nitrogen will have a bad effect on yields.

Terms and types of feeding of Zenga Zengan strawberries:

Loosening, weeding and mulching

The soil is loosened before each watering, and after watering it is mulched. Usually the soil is sprinkled with sawdust - a layer of 5 cm. During loosening, weeds are simultaneously removed.

The most intense loosening is in spring, when there is a lot of melt water in the soil. The aisles are loosened to a depth of 10 cm. Closer to the bushes, the depth of loosening is less - so as not to damage the root system. Bushes, during loosening, huddle a little - to sprinkle the roots.

Preparing for winter

Preparation for winter consists of several agrotechnical measures:

  • The site is carefully weeded and loosened.
  • Planting is sprayed with compounds against pests and diseases.
  • Trim off all whiskers and leaves.
  • Sprinkle the planting with a thick layer of mulch - sawdust or peat. Where there is a little snow, straw can be used, in regions with harsh winters - spruce branches.

After wintering, the planting must be cleaned - mulch and weeds are removed.

Reproduction methods

Most often, gardeners use division for breeding Zenga Zengan strawberries. But, if desired, this variety can be propagated by any of the existing methods:

  1. Division of the bush. The best option. They dig up a 4 year old plant, cut off the dry foliage, immerse the roots in water, and when they soften, divide the bush into several parts - a cut.
  2. Mustache and rosettes. In this way, you cannot get a lot of seedlings - due to the limited number of mustaches. Shoots - antennae appear in July, it takes root, and together with rooting, a small bush appears - a rosette. Shoots of the most productive bushes are selected. The earth is loosened and watered, helping the development of the first two outlets. Then the mustache is cut off so that it does not pull nutrients from the mother bush. When the growth is sufficiently developed, it is dug up and transplanted.
  3. Seeds. Zenga's flowers are female. And it is impossible to get seed material from fruits with a set of qualities of the mother plant. Unless a hybrid of Zengan and its pollinator will grow. The breeding process is standard:
    • The seeds are stratified - soaked and kept in the refrigerator at +5 ° C for two weeks. The seeds are moistened in time - so that they do not dry out.
    • The change is sown into a container and covered with foil. When sprouts appear, the film is removed.
    • Plants are planted in the ground when 3-5 leaves appear on the bushes.

Pollination Tips for Zenga Zengana

The variety has only female flowers and cannot bear fruit without pollinators. Pollinating varieties have to be planted near Zenga Zengana. For pollination, strawberries are selected, which bloom at the same time as Zenga - in the second half of May.

Disease and pest control

The main pest threatening the old German cultivar is the strawberry mite. And the most dangerous disease for Zenga Zengan is gray rot.

Zenga Zengana pests / diseases and control measures:

Spray with chemicals - Apirin-B, Switch, 1% Bordeaux liquid.

For gray rot, gardeners often use a mustard solution. Dissolve 50 g of dry mustard in 5 liters of hot water. Insist for two days, and then dilute with water 1: 1.

The damage from gray mold and mites can be catastrophic, so it is important to prevent the problem in time. Preventive measures:

  • prevent thickening of plantings
  • weed the weeds in time
  • deacidify soil
  • plant garlic between rows
  • mulch planting with straw
  • trim the leaves after harvest
  • destroy the affected berries in time
  • prevent berries from touching the ground.

Collection and storage of berries

The variety was bred as an industrial variety, so it is not surprising that it tolerates transportation well. Still, the berries require maximum attention during collection and storage.

Cleaning and storage tips:

  • It is best to pick berries in the morning or evening, always in dry weather. But if it rains, and the berries are ripe, you still have to remove them - otherwise they will rot or slugs will damage them.
  • Only ripe berries are harvested; unripe fruits taste and smell worse.
  • It is important to start picking on time - overripe, the berries deteriorate very quickly.
  • The berries are picked together with a sepal and a short "tail" - then they do not lose their taste for a long time.
  • The berries are collected immediately in a container for storage - so as not to shift again.
  • Defective berries affected by rot or other diseases are immediately laid aside.
  • So that the berries do not crumple, they are laid in three layers, no more. Choose a well-ventilated container - boxes made of cardboard or plastic. Store berries in a cool place.

The variety is unpretentious, so even beginners can start growing it. Zeng Zengan's main problem is gray rot. If the gardener takes all the necessary measures to prevent this scourge, then a bountiful harvest of delicious berries awaits him.


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