The variety of garden strawberries (popularly and for a long time have been called strawberries) Zenga Zengana appeared a very long time ago, but still it remains one of the most common in our gardens.
The history of the variety began in Germany in 1942, when the issue of deep freezing of vegetables and fruits was relevant. The basis was taken from Marche strawberries with very dense berries that do not lose their shape after defrosting, but with low taste. After multiple crosses of the Marche with varieties that had good taste, several successful plant variants were obtained in the harsh military conditions in the summer of 1945 in Lückenwald.
However, with the end of the war, the direction of breeding changed, now yield, good taste, resistance to diseases and pests, and the ability to grow under different climatic conditions were put forward in the first place. The parents of the most successful three clones that survived the 1949 tick invasion were Markee and Sieger. By isolating and propagating the most productive seedlings, in 1954 breeders introduced a variety called Zenga Zengana.
The variety Zenga Zengana was included in the State Register in 1972 and zoned in the following regions:
Zenga Zengana strawberries are late ripening varieties. The bush is tall, compact, with dark green smooth leaves, the peduncles are on the same level with the foliage or under it. Plants form a small number of whiskers, as all the energy is spent on the formation of the crop. Up to 1.5 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush.
Strawberry flower stalks Zenga Zengana are located below the level of the leaves, the berries can sink to the ground
The plant is not a remontant type, it bears a crop once around mid-June. The first berries are large - up to 30 grams (average size 10–12 grams), by the end of fruiting they become smaller. The fruits grown in the sun have a rich dark red or burgundy color, in the shade they are bright red.
Berries of Zenga Zengan strawberries with a wide conical shape, without a neck, dark red in color, with deeply depressed seeds
The berries have a rich sweet-sour taste, very aromatic, with dense pulp, do not contain voids. The skin is shiny, the achenes are deeply sunk into the pulp. The purpose of the variety is universal: the fruits retain their shape and great taste in jam, compotes, and frozen.
Bushes without transplanting can bear fruit in one place for 6-7 years. The variety is able to grow on any soil, which makes it unpretentious and reliable.
Although this variety is prized for its unpretentiousness, you still have to work hard to grow a good harvest.
First of all, you need to choose a landing site. It should be sunny, well-ventilated, without stagnant water.
The best strawberry precursors would be:
Planting a number of berry crops prone to the same diseases is undesirable:
A favorable neighborhood will help to save the harvest: slugs cannot stand the smell of parsley, marigolds frighten off a nematode, and onions and carrots drive pests away from each other, thereby helping out strawberries.
Although the variety is not picky about the soil, loams with a neutral reaction are the best option. The soil must be cleaned of weeds, fertilized and, if necessary, limed. To reduce acidity, use:
Crushed eggshells will also be useful for deoxidation, and the earth will receive the necessary trace elements. The top layer of soil is mixed well after adding the deoxidizer.
Fertilize the soil 2-3 weeks before planting. To do this, 1 m2 you need to make:
Wood ash is also a potash fertilizer. It is undesirable to use potassium chloride, given the sensitivity of strawberries to chlorine.
You can plant seedlings in spring and autumn. But it should be remembered that plants take root best of all at this temperature regime:
The berry should not be thickened, the optimal planting scheme:
It is better to plant seedlings in the evening or in cloudy weather.
In healthy and well-developed plants, leaves are cut off, leaving at least 5, and too long roots are shortened to 8-10 cm. Planting is done as follows:
When planting strawberries, you need to ensure that the growth point is at ground level; when it deepens, the bushes will rip out
A layer of mulch up to 10 cm thick will protect the beds from drying out, reduce water consumption and help fight weeds
Zenga Zengana is easy to care for. It will take several dressings per season, namely:
After fertilizing, the plants must be watered. You should be very careful to moisturize Zenga Zengana strawberries, as they cannot tolerate excess moisture. In dry weather, once every 5–7 days is enough, while the soil should be soaked 20–30 cm deep. The best irrigation method is drip irrigation because the water flows directly to the plant roots.
After watering, you need to loosen the soil and remove weeds. You should also cut off the mustache in a timely manner to increase the yield. The cultivation of strawberries on agrofibre, which protects the berries from contact with the soil and does not allow the development of weeds, greatly facilitates the care of plantings.
Combining the planting of strawberries on agrofibre with drip irrigation, you can achieve the best yields
Due to the fact that the Zenga Zengana variety forms a small mustache, it can be propagated by dividing the bush or by seed.
The horn (rosette with a root) may begin to bear fruit as early as next season
The variety is rarely exposed to diseases such as powdery mildew and verticillosis.... However, it is not resistant to leaf spot and is often attacked by strawberry mites. The flower stalks of Zenga Zengan strawberries are weak, which is why the berry lies on the soil and is exposed to gray rot, especially in rainy years.
The main disease of Zenga Zengana strawberries is gray rot. This fungal infection spreads very quickly and can destroy up to 90% of the crop.
When damaged by gray rot, the berries become overgrown with a dense bloom and rot
Since the main problem can appear with cool and rainy weather, it is advisable to inspect the bushes regularly, and if a disease is detected, take measures to eliminate it:
And yet, the main ways to combat gray rot are preventive:
The disease begins with the appearance of brown spots, similar to scorch marks, along the edges of the leaf. They grow, merge and lead to drying of the foliage.
Brown speckles look like burns caused by fire
Landings should be handled:
Opponents of chemical control agents can spray diseased bushes with such a solution:
The strawberry mite is a microscopic insect that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Plants affected by it can be identified by deformed leaves, which gradually change color to brown and dry out. As a result, the growth of the bush slows down, and the berries become smaller.
Strawberry mite deforms the leaves, causing them to dry out
For prophylaxis, plantings can be sprayed with a 70% solution of colloidal sulfur. If the pest has already affected the plants, then insecticides Actellik or Iskra M. should be used.
The contradictory reviews about the Zenga Zengana variety are associated with the cultivation of strawberries in different climatic conditions, on different soils. Deterioration of characteristics can be associated with improper reproduction. So, the grade changes when planting with seeds or when taking outlets from old beds.
You might think that Zenga Zengana is outdated and there are many varieties that surpass it in characteristics. However, it is too early to write off this reliable, productive and unpretentious strawberry, it will still be able to please us with a harvest of fragrant sweet berries.
Rate the article:
(0 votes, average: 0 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Not every garden strawberry tolerates the harsh Russian climate as well as the berry of the Zenga Zengana variety. The crop was bred under the leadership of the German breeder R. von Sengbusch from the parental pair Markee and Sieger in the middle of the twentieth century and until recently served as a yield standard for European producers.
Zengana is still quite popular among amateur gardeners. This strawberry is unpretentious, resistant to low temperatures, and has excellent taste.
Zenga Zengana is an undeservedly forgotten garden strawberry of European selection. Once it was the best industrial variety, but today, thanks to its unique qualities, it has become interesting for amateur gardeners. We will learn what is unusual about this strawberry, and how to grow it in our area.
garden strawberry "Zenga Zengana" ripens in mid-June
fruiting of the variety "Zenga Zengana" lasts until the beginning of September
berries of garden strawberry "Zenga Zengana" weigh 10-15 grams, but there are specimens and 30 grams
Garden strawberry (aka strawberry) of the Zenga Zengana variety was bred in Germany (Hamburg). The variety originated from the crossing of the Sieger variety and the wild self-seeder Merge. The breeders set a goal - to bring strawberries for industrial use. Breeding work began in 1942 and ended in 1954.
This well-deserved variety, although it has lost its popularity over 70 years, remains a real brand. Having spread rapidly throughout Europe, Zenga Zengana has long been the leading industrial grade.
Zenga Zengan has always been unique. At the beginning of its "career" one of its main advantages was the possibility of freezing. Today, many varieties of strawberries have this quality. But its other quality still remains unique - according to gardeners Zenga Zengana does not lose varietal qualities for 7-8 years.
Among the positive qualities of the variety are also:
One of the most important advantages of the old German variety is the ability to grow in any soil. Zenga Zengana bears fruit even on heavy, loamy and depleted soils. The disadvantage of the German variety can be considered the need for pollinators.
The Zenga Zengana variety is capable of bearing fruit with short daylight hours. If the duration of the latter is 12 hours, the buds are laid.
The main characteristics of the variety:
Brief botanical description:
Watch a video review of Zenga Zengana garden strawberries presented by an experienced gardener:
This German variety, although unpretentious, requires some care. And it starts with the correct landing. Although Zenga grows in any soil, the gardener's job is to create favorable growing conditions in order to get the most out of it.
Seedlings in temperate climates are planted mainly in early spring, late summer or early autumn. The best time for planting is the first decade of spring. In the central regions, seedlings are planted on March 10-20. It is best to plant seedlings in the evening of a dry, sunny day. Read more about planting strawberries in spring here.
Before preparing the seedlings, choose a suitable planting site. Optimal characteristics of the site:
Despite its undemanding soil conditions, the variety has its own preferences - it grows best on loams with a neutral reaction.
Wood ash can be used as potash fertilizers, but it is not recommended to use potassium chloride - strawberries are too sensitive to chlorine.
Saplings of the Zenga Zengana variety are planted according to typical strawberry schemes:
When growing strawberries, the growing method using covering material is very popular. The planting pattern is the same - lowercase, but the soil is covered with a black film. And so that the roots do not overheat under the film, it is covered with a layer of straw.
Optimum temperature conditions for planting seedlings in open ground:
Healthy, well-developed seedlings are selected for planting. They leave about 5-7 leaves, the rest are cut off. The optimal root length is 8-10 cm, longer ones are cut off. Before planting, the roots of the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator.
Caring for Zenga Zengan strawberries is not particularly difficult. It is only important to follow all the care instructions on time.
The variety is hygrophilous, so the plantations are regularly watered - every 1-2 weeks. They take into account weather conditions and the amount of precipitation. In hot weather, the frequency of watering increases.
When watering, the soil should be moistened 20-30 cm deep. Water is poured so that drops do not fall on the leaves. The best time to water is in the morning. The most important watering is before flowering, then they are carried out as needed.
Strawberries are fertilized with organic and mineral fertilizers. They begin to feed the plantings in early spring. When feeding, it is important not to overdo it with nitrogen fertilizers. They are applied in the spring because they cause the growth of green mass. An excess of nitrogen will have a bad effect on yields.
Terms and types of feeding of Zenga Zengan strawberries:
The soil is loosened before each watering, and after watering it is mulched. Usually the soil is sprinkled with sawdust - a layer of 5 cm. During loosening, weeds are simultaneously removed.
The most intense loosening is in spring, when there is a lot of melt water in the soil. The aisles are loosened to a depth of 10 cm. Closer to the bushes, the depth of loosening is less - so as not to damage the root system. Bushes, during loosening, huddle a little - to sprinkle the roots.
Preparation for winter consists of several agrotechnical measures:
After wintering, the planting must be cleaned - mulch and weeds are removed.
Most often, gardeners use division for breeding Zenga Zengan strawberries. But, if desired, this variety can be propagated by any of the existing methods:
The variety has only female flowers and cannot bear fruit without pollinators. Pollinating varieties have to be planted near Zenga Zengana. For pollination, strawberries are selected, which bloom at the same time as Zenga - in the second half of May.
The main pest threatening the old German cultivar is the strawberry mite. And the most dangerous disease for Zenga Zengan is gray rot.
Zenga Zengana pests / diseases and control measures:
Spray with chemicals - Apirin-B, Switch, 1% Bordeaux liquid.
For gray rot, gardeners often use a mustard solution. Dissolve 50 g of dry mustard in 5 liters of hot water. Insist for two days, and then dilute with water 1: 1.
The damage from gray mold and mites can be catastrophic, so it is important to prevent the problem in time. Preventive measures:
The variety was bred as an industrial variety, so it is not surprising that it tolerates transportation well. Still, the berries require maximum attention during collection and storage.
Cleaning and storage tips:
The variety is unpretentious, so even beginners can start growing it. Zeng Zengan's main problem is gray rot. If the gardener takes all the necessary measures to prevent this scourge, then a bountiful harvest of delicious berries awaits him.