Doors experience heavy loads throughout their service life. It is not surprising that sooner or later they lose their original appearance: scratches, abrasions appear, the paint layer peels off. Wooden ones that react to changes in temperature and humidity are especially affected. Of course, it is easier to replace them, but this is not a cheap pleasure. Yes, and it is a pity to throw away an old door with history and unique design. The way out will be restoration.
First, assess the scale of the work ahead. Small scratches and abrasions can be easily removed without removing the canvas. If the damage is significant, you should start with dismantling.
First you need to remove the door and take it out of the opening. The order of work is determined by the design of the hinges. By the type of installation, hinges are:
It is more important to know the type of mechanism for dismantling, there are only two of them:
The split mechanism simplifies the task. To remove the door from the hinges, you only need a lever, which can be used with a crowbar, a nail clipper or a regular board.
Move the lever under the canvas
Raise the door to release the hinges
If the hinges are connected by a single pin, it is even easier to disassemble them. You don't even need a lever for this.
Remove the cap and take out the pin
Remove the decorative caps and take out the axle element. This is done with a hammer, since the pin in the loop sits tightly. Be careful not to damage the door.
Pick up the door and set it aside
If the rod is stuck due to corrosion, treat the hinges with a rust remover, WD-40 will do, and try again. After removing the pin, the door will easily detach.
Treat rod with rust remover and try again
They act differently with one-piece loops. For work, you need a screwdriver or screwdriver.
Remove screws from one card
If only the canvas will be repaired without replacing the hinges, twist the card from it.
Removing the plastic door is also not difficult. The design of its hinges is detachable, with one pin, or an axial element.
Pull the axle out with pliers
The canvas is removed, you can proceed to the next stage.
For a high-quality restoration, the canvas must be freed from all decorative and functional elements, and first of all from the handle.
Remove handles and other decorative items from doors
Interior door handles are classified into three types:
Stationary ones are the simplest and most reliable. There are no built-in locks, only a latch or pinch rollers. This makes them easy to dismantle.
Models with visible screws are disassembled using a screwdriver or screwdriver. If no fasteners are found, it is possible that the structure has a common threaded rod. It can be removed by fixing the handle on one side of the door and unscrewing it counterclockwise on the other.
For a handle with a mechanical latch, the screws are first twisted and the decorative overlays around the handle are removed. A latch-tongue and a quadrangular rod will be found. They should be removed, after which the handles can be easily removed.
The design of the lever handle is simple and reliable, which makes it popular for interior doors. Two L-shaped brackets are connected with a rod. When you press one of them, the latch is hidden and the door can be opened.
L-shaped brackets of the lever handle are connected by a rod
Dismantling such a handle will take a little longer than a stationary one.
Knob is a round handle with a built-in lock. Opening takes place by turning around an axis. The knob allows you to close the door with a key from the inside. As a rule, they are equipped with a locking pin with a small spring.
Knob allows you to close the door with a key from the inside
Detach the handle
Now the canvas is freed from accessories and nothing prevents you from going to the next stage. For paneled lacquered and painted doors, you will need to completely disassemble the canvas. This will help to better process embossed surfaces.
A paneled door is a frame made of wooden bars with inserts of thinner planks, plywood or hardboard.
You can do without disassembly, but then the work will require more effort and pedantry.
The tree reacts to temperature fluctuations and changes in humidity, so the door during operation can swell from moisture or dry out from lack of it. This leads to a violation of the geometry of the canvas.
If the fit of the leaf to the box is too tight, the door does not close well, sew the strapping, setting the required gap.
Slick end surfaces
Too large gaps between the door and the frame require a more thorough approach.
Attach the bar to the bottom end
Before starting the next stage, cover the furniture with foil, the work will be dusty. Better to do it in a workshop or garage.
Place the canvas on a horizontal surface. It is better if it is a large table, but stools, trestles or bars will do. The main thing is that the structure is stable.
There are several ways to remove old paintwork:
Mechanical involves the use of a grinder, grinder or drill with a grinding attachment. If no power tools are available, handle by hand.
Remove old paint from doors
First, coarse-grained sandpaper is used, with which the entire canvas is roughly sanded. Panels, glazing beads and patterns are processed by hand.
The paint is removed with a coarse sandpaper
After that, the surface is sanded again, but this time with a medium grit sandpaper. It will smooth out roughness and remove raised fibers.
As a general rule of thumb for abrasive woodwork, the grain size of the skin decreases with each pass.
With the thermal method, a building hair dryer is used. The paint coating softens under the influence of high temperature and is easily removed with a spatula. After such treatment, the remaining paint is removed with an abrasive cloth and the surface is polished.
Old paint is warmed up with a hairdryer and removed with a spatula
The problem is that along with the paint, the wood on which it is applied also heats up and softens. Having experience in such processing of a wooden door, I can say that careless work with heated wood leads to its delamination and scuffing with a spatula. Such defects will then have to be additionally putty.
To avoid problems, do not overheat the surface, hold the spatula as close as possible to it, do not try to remove all layers of paint the first time, if there are several of them. It is better to walk in one place two or three times than to ruin the canvas.
Do not use this method for doors faced with fiberboard. Together with the paint, the top layer of the board also peels off.
The chemical method is the most gentle. Apply paint stripper to the surface with a brush. Wait for the time indicated in the annotation for the reaction between the liquid and the paint to occur.
After the paint is blotted out, it is removed with a spatula.
Carefully remove the swollen layer with a spatula, rinse the canvas. It is permissible to treat the remaining stains with a construction hairdryer, blowtorch or iron. Wrap the iron in a thick cloth. Adjust the temperature to avoid damaging the belt.
Remove paint completely, down to wood. The previously primed places also need to be cleaned.
When all the paint has been removed, go for a fine-grained sandpaper. This will remove the residue and sand the blade. Sanding along the wood fibers, otherwise there will be traces that will not be masked by the new coating.
Doors with decorative inserts are beautiful, let in light and are often installed in interior openings. But they have one drawback - glass tends to break. In this case, it becomes necessary to replace it. It is not difficult to do this, but as in any business, the process has its own nuances.
First of all, the glass itself. It will have to be ordered from a glass workshop, since there is hardly a finished product of a suitable size and pattern on sale. In addition, glass must be of increased strength, ordinary glass will not work. The best choice is triplex, toughened impact-resistant glass.
But first you need to remove the fragments and measure. How to do this depends on the design of the door. The most common option for attaching the insert is using quarters, sometimes called glazing beads. Whatever you call it, the essence does not change: these are curly slats that hold the element in the canvas.
The procedure in this case is as follows:
Take measurements to order glass
It's a little more complicated if the insert is inside the canvas. But this is not an insoluble task either.
When disassembling the quarters, try not to damage them and the canvas. Found chips, dents and other defects are removed with putty.
Before repairing damage, wipe the surface with a damp cloth to remove any residual sanding dust. If the surface has not been primed, it is primed and dried twice.
The choice of the composition depends on the size of the defect. For small scratches and dents, use an acrylic putty for wood, it is recommended to cover more serious damage with a cover made of the same type of wood, sticking it on the damaged area.
After drying, acrylic putty becomes colorless, which is important if the coating does not hide the structure of the wood.
Masters advise using a mixture of small sawdust with PVA wood glue as a restoration composition. The ingredients are mixed until a thick paste is obtained, which is used to seal the damage. After drying and sanding, the repair site is almost invisible.
Remove dust after sanding the surface
Putty is carried out in two stages: the first layer is applied, dried, sanded. Then the process is repeated. Do not forget to wipe the canvas with a napkin after each step to remove dust. This algorithm allows you to make the surface perfectly flat.
After preparing the canvas, you can start painting it. It is carried out in two stages: the first layer is applied with white matte enamel, with the second layer the coating is tinted, it is given the required shade.
When choosing a paint, pay attention to hiding power. How well it hides surface defects depends on this characteristic.
To work you will need:
Brush on the profiled edges
Apply paint on the panel with a roller
After applying paint with a roller, smooth it with a brush
For lovers of natural wood, another method is suitable - opening with varnish. It does not hide the structure of the tree, but emphasizes it. The method can only be used on canvases without significant defects, otherwise the putty areas will shine through the varnish.
After each coat of paint has dried, use a fine-grained sandpaper over the canvas.
It happens that the restoration requires a laminated door. There are some peculiarities here.
Despite the strength and durability of the laminate flooring, it does not last forever. The resulting scratches and abrasions spoil the surface and make it look untidy. The way out will be the restoration of the canvas, which is carried out in several ways.
Wax, paste, a marker for the restoration of the laminate will help get rid of minor defects. To use them, you don't even need to remove the door from the hinges.
Match the marker to the color of the coating and carefully paint over the defect. Apply a mild wax on top. After hardening, polish with a felt cloth.
Fill in deeper scratches with hard wax. It is sold in the form of pencils of colors of various wood species, requires warming up before use.
Waxes of different colors can be mixed to obtain the desired shade
Sand the edges of the scratch, degrease and dust. Melt the wax and apply with a spatula to the damage with a margin. After hardening, remove excess and polish the surface with felt.
By mixing waxes of different colors, you can achieve the desired color scheme, suitable for a particular coating.
Doors with significant damage can be painted. To do this, first of all, you need to remove the protective coating and give the surface a matte finish for better adhesion (adhesion).
A less troublesome option is pasting with foil or veneer. In this case, it is important not to rush, to act carefully so that no air bubbles remain under the coating. Pre-sanding and priming is also required. Painting and pasting of plastic doors is carried out according to the same scheme.
The veneer is glued to the surface using a heated iron
The top layer of the laminate is a high strength plastic with very poor adhesion.
Metal doors are most often installed at the entrance, where they are exposed to external influences. If the door is painted, then after a while rust will inevitably appear on it.
Over time, rust appears on the metal door
The situation can be corrected, for this you will need:
You can completely transform an old metal door with your own hands.
Much more often now you can find metal doors with a decorative strip. It can be laminate, MDF or wood. In this case, the restoration is carried out in the same way as for doors from the corresponding material. The cover can also be installed on an old canvas.
We have already figured out how to remove the old loops. First, they remove the door, then unscrew the fasteners from the cards on the canvas and box. Or vice versa, if the hinges are one-piece.
It happens that the screws do not give in. In this case, you can try to moisten them with kerosene and wait a little. Or warm up with a hairdryer. In advanced cases, the fasteners will have to be drilled out.
Now you can install new hinges. But first you need to choose the right one. To give preference to a detachable or one-piece model is a matter of taste. One has only to take into account that it is easier to install a door with split doors on your own, without outside help.
What really matters is the choice of right or left hinges. Determining which ones you need is quite simple: stand in front of the door so that it opens on you. If the loops are on the right, then these are exactly what you need. If left, your option is left hinges.
Now it remains to install them. It happens that the old hinges are too deep in the box. In this case, the installation of a hardboard lining, cut according to the nest template, will help. The same is done on the canvas, if necessary.
The nest, which does not correspond to the new hinges, is increased to fit with a chisel. After that we fasten the card to the box with long screws. In a similar way, we install the top cards on the door leaf.
It remains only to install the canvas. Using an improvised lever made of scrap, a nail clipper or a board, we lift the door and connect the halves of the hinges.
Raise the canvas and connect the hinges
We check the performance of the structure and lubricate the hinges for quiet and smooth operation. For this purpose, modern aerosol lubricants are suitable, but you can also use the old old-fashioned way - graphite.
It is better to lubricate the hinges before installing the canvas.
Lift the door slightly and slide a piece of soft pencil lead into the gap between the touching hinge parts. Open and close the door several times to turn the lead into powder. No squeaks and smooth running are provided.
Do-it-yourself restoration will not only allow you to significantly save money. It is also a fun process that allows you to return the door to its original appearance or even improve it. And this is not such a difficult task. Arm yourself with patience, the necessary tools, follow the recommendations and you will succeed.
A couple of decades ago, there was no question of any metal-plastic windows and doors. In each apartment there were good old "Soviet" windows, which were painted from year to year, and glued with newspapers or duct tape for the winter. With the doors - the same: touch up, rubbed glass - and all the repairs. With the development of building technologies, people can afford windows for every taste, color and wallet. Those who prefer only environmentally friendly materials put wooden ones, who do not want to spend too much - choose the simplest metal-plastic ones.
However, there are still many apartments and houses where, due to the numerous layers of paint, the pattern on the platbands, and even on the doors themselves, is no longer visible. You can also find old wooden windows, where instead of glazing beads there is old loose putty and bloated, in places peeling paint. You can breathe new life into them.
If you do everything yourself and do not involve specialists, then the restoration of wooden doors will cost you 10, or even 15 times cheaper than buying new ones. In addition, the new door must be skinned, varnished or putty and painted in the same way, hinges and handles must be cut into it in the same way. Therefore, if you have just wooden, not pressed doors, then do not rush to throw them away.
The restoration of wooden windows is practically the same as the restoration of doors. You just have to buy all the outdoor materials that are weatherproof. Restoration of windows is more "jewelry", everything needs to be done carefully, you can get hurt and spoil the glass.
The restoration technology of windows and doors depends on their condition. You can simply sand the old varnish and, if everything is in order, cover the product with a new one. You can also vice versa: remove five layers of old paint from the door, then cut out its rotten areas with a jigsaw, insert others, putty and paint. The topic of my article is the restoration of neglected windows and doors.
When installing an interior door yourself, there are many nuances and features. The most common ones will be announced in the instructions.
It is best to measure the prepared doorway when the old door leaf along with the frame has already been removed. This is the only way to get the right result. To measure, it is necessary to determine the narrowest point and measure the width and length of the opening along the wall. So, the dimensions outside the door frame should be less than the measured value. If, for example, a value equal to 78 cm is obtained, then the block is installed with parameters of 70 cm, since the wider version will no longer fit into this opening. Usually, builders immediately set standard sizes in apartments, so it will not be difficult to choose a door from the assortment presented in the store.
If it is necessary to install a door in a non-standard opening, an individual order will be required.
After the desired door has been purchased, you must immediately prepare the tools that you will need during work:
The technology for installing an interior door involves the initial trimming of the racks to the length of the doorway. The evenness of the floor is measured with a level, if the characteristic is satisfactory, then the racks are performed the same. When calculating, it is important to understand that the racks are always 1 - 2 cm longer than the canvas itself, taking into account the cuts, and there is a gap of 1 cm under the door.
After determining the length of the racks, the lintel is sawn off, the length is greater than the indicator of the width of the door leaf. Additionally, a clearance of 7 - 8 mm is included in the length, which is distributed:
Since the doors are made of wood that changes their original dimensions, the gaps will allow the leaf to open freely under any conditions. After collecting the box. Methods for connecting the strips to each other:
If the setting of a threshold is meant, then the box turns out to be similar not to the letter P, but to a rectangle. For the threshold, you need to correctly determine the location. This is done after collecting the U-shaped box and applying the canvas to it. 2.5 mm recede from it and a threshold is attached to this place.
Assemble the parts on the floor.
Do-it-yourself installation of an interior door involves inserting 2 hinges, but in some cases there may be 3 hinges. They are placed at a distance of 20-25 cm from the top and bottom of the door leaf.
The attachment point should not contain knots if the door is made of solid wood.
To begin with, the hinges are mounted on the door leaf according to the following algorithm:
After the canvas is placed in a box, the necessary gaps are set on the side of the hinge mechanisms at 6 mm, in the upper part and on the opposite side - at 3 mm, fixed with wedges. Mark the places on the box where the second part of each loop will be located. After that, a recess for the hinges is created on the door frame.
As a rule, interior doors are sold without handles. Therefore, in the process of installing an interior door with your own hands, you will have to think about this. The location of the handle is determined by the owner depending on his height and ease of use. As a standard, a handle and a lock, if it is supposed, are attached to the canvas at a distance of 0.9 to 1.2 m from the floor. This is the most convenient place for the average person to use.
Before installing the door frame of the interior door, you need to knock out everything in the opening that may interfere with installation or fall off. In the case of problematic walls, they are pre-treated with deep penetration primers. If there are large holes, they are sealed with a plaster mixture. A prepared opening is a step towards the correct installation of an interior door.
After preparation, the door frame is exposed with a check of its verticality not only with a level, but also with a plumb line. It is installed in such a way that the canvas subsequently creates a single plane with the wall. If the wall is not even, then the door frame is not positioned along it, but vertically.
In order to avoid skewing, before putting the door, temporary spacers are mounted on the floor in the door frame, giving it greater rigidity.
After the selected position of the door frame, it is fixed with mounting wedges made of wood or plastic, which are placed on both sides of the lintel and above the racks. The verticality of the fixed door frame is checked. At this stage, a sheet is inserted into the box and the possibility of unhindered opening of the door is checked. If everything suits you, then you can start fixing.
There are several ways to attach the door frame to the opening:
The first type is more reliable, but leaves behind visible fastener caps on the box. To fix the interior door, it will be enough to install two self-tapping screws in the hinge recesses in the box and the area for the lock on the other side. In this case, you need to ensure that the head of the screws is buried in the material and does not interfere with the installation of the hinges. Door frames are now also available with decorative strips that hide the attachment points.
To install an interior door in this way, you will need to drill holes in the concrete with a drill for screws. If desired, you can drill through holes in other parts of the box, and cover their location with matching pads.
The second method is to pre-fasten the mounting plates from the back of the box, which help fix the door. This option allows you to skip drilling the door frame and wall.
Thus, after installing the box, you can start foaming the gaps between it and the wall.Before this, the wall must be moistened with water for better polymerization of the polyurethane foam. The amount of material is needed that fills the space by no more than 2/3. If you squeeze more, the foam can blow the box inward.
To avoid deformation of the box when foaming, it is worth installing spacers.
The foam curing time is indicated on the packaging and may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. As soon as the substance has completely hardened, the spacers are removed, the door leaf is hung and the operation of the new door is checked.
The doorway after installing the doors in the apartment requires additional finishing to make it more decorative. There are several options here:
Installing an interior door according to step-by-step instructions is a difficult process that requires some skill. But, if all the features are taken into account during installation, then it is quite possible to do this without the need to contact specialists.
Much depends on the careful selection and careful installation of door structures. It's not just aesthetics. Well-chosen designs will serve faithfully for decades.
It is better to have an assistant when installing the door.
The door can become a real interior decoration
Taking into account the economic state of the world, in order to preserve the purchasing power of the population, manufacturers are trying to combine the quality and low cost of door leaves. In this segment of marketable products, the following countries are positively characterized by:
It is necessary to choose products with proven quality so that the doors can serve for a long time, withstanding mechanical stress.
Illustration: How to update interior doors with your own hands - the photo shows how to prepare the door for painting
To keep all the strips completely straight, cut off the excess tape with a utility knife.
After you've painted the surface of the door next to the tape, you can continue using the roller. Caution: Avoid roller movements that could get ink under the tape.
Be patient and wait for the paint to dry completely. Depending on the composition, this takes from 24 to 48 hours.
A fun decorative idea - you can add a door knocker to the door handles.
I hope my story on how to update interior doors with your own hands will be useful to you.
ON THIS TOPIC…
Installing a sliding interior structure with your own hands is an easier job compared to installing a swing one. The requirements for the doorway in this case are also simpler.
Self-installation of the door block is carried out after the end of all work where water or aqueous solutions are involved: putty, painting, and so on. High humidity leads to deformation of the door leaf.
To assemble an interior door with your own hands you will need:
To successfully install interior doors, you must carefully follow the instructions that come with the roller system. The assembly can be done independently, but it is recommended to invite an assistant, since the door leaf has considerable weight and cost, and its damage is undesirable.
When installing the structure according to the second option - a suspended door, work is carried out to install only the upper rail. In the video, the process of assembling a sliding system with your own hands is shown in detail.
Good afternoon, tell me where you can find out the cost of such doors with the entire mechanism.
Good afternoon, Eugene. Need a single sliding door. Width 900-1000.
Good afternoon. We need a 4-door partition, opening size 320 × 200 .. Cost with installation? Maybe these doors are not metal, but made of veneer.