Read the previous part. ← Growing watermelons: basic rules, promising varieties
It is well known that watermelon 80-95 percent water. However, this does not detract from healing properties the world's largest berry.
On the contrary, the combination of a large amount of liquid and a tangible diuretic effect that occurs when drinking watermelon makes the latter a unique natural remedy for eliminating or alleviating the symptoms of intoxication resulting from any disease, poisoning or excessive alcohol abuse.
In addition to the abundance of water and the diuretic effect, the detoxifying ability of watermelon is also explained by the active absorption of toxins by the fiber in the intestines. Stimulated by fibers and purines contained in watermelon pulp, intestinal peristalsis ensures rapid elimination of harmful substances from the body. The vitamin-microelement complex contained in watermelons directly stimulates metabolism in the liver, contributing to the activation of the neutralization of toxins of various origins.
The already mentioned combination of excess fluid and diuretic properties of watermelon makes it a very valuable gift of nature for people suffering from urolithiasis. Moreover, watermelon is the main and irreplaceable component in the kidney cleaning procedure described in numerous books on alternative medicine. Some patients assure that with a good "watermelon load", the sand from the kidneys is excreted much more actively, and the painful sensations are much less pronounced. Note that not only the pulp has diuretic properties, but also a decoction of fresh watermelon peels.
Vitamins and trace elements, the presence of a large amount of water and easily digestible sugars endow watermelon with the ability to stabilize metabolic processes in the liver, improve the qualitative composition of bile, and prevent stone formation in the gallbladder. That is why it is recommended to include watermelon in the diet of patients suffering from chronic hepatitis, cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia, etc.
Nutritionists recommend spending watermelon fasting days for patients suffering from obesity, gout and some other ailments. The large amount of pectin and fiber in watermelon pulp allows it to be used in the dietary treatment of constipation.
In terms of iron content, watermelon is second only to lettuce and spinach. That is why the green-striped giant is useful for patients with iron deficiency anemia.
As established by medical scientists, watermelon is a champion in the content of folic acid, the most valuable for the human body, which actively participates in the processes of hematopoiesis, affects the maintenance of the balance of biochemical processes. Due to the favorable combination of this acid, magnesium and iron, watermelon is recommended as an effective remedy for anemia. It is especially useful when antibiotics are prescribed to the patient. The combination of folic acid with vitamin C promotes the elimination of cholesterol from the body, and therefore the vegetable is recommended for atherosclerosis, hypertension, gout, arthritis.
Even the green watermelon rind is used in medicine. Raw or dried, it improves bowel function and is also used as a diuretic. Crushed and pounded in cold water, watermelon seeds (1:10) (the so-called watermelon milk) are used in folk medicine for feverish conditions.
Due to the high content of folic acid and other valuable organic substances, watermelon juice perfectly tones the skin. Cosmetologists recommend washing your face with watermelon juice throughout the fall: moisten your face with freshly prepared juice several times (or even better, apply a pulp mask for 15-20 minutes), and then wash yourself with cold water. A watermelon juice mask improves skin color and refreshes it.
The abundance of miraculous and juicy watermelons in the summer-autumn season will delight you and, along the way, cleanse your body of toxins.
But, despite the fact that watermelon has long been considered a delicious delicacy and an indispensable medicine, it can be hazardous to health. The trouble is that watermelons tend to accumulate chemicals that were used both in their cultivation and storage. And as practice shows, sanitary standards, alas, are often violated.
First, increasing doses nitrogen fertilizers leads to an accelerated increase in the mass of watermelons, which is directly beneficial in the case of growing them for sale. It is impossible to determine this fact by the appearance of a watermelon, but it is quite possible to be convinced of the excess of nitrates and nitrites in the pulp by cutting such a striped handsome man. In this case, you can find in its pulp yellowish compacted areas ranging in size from 0.5 to 2 or more centimeters. At the same time, the veins in the pulp are also yellow, and the taste of the watermelon will be watery. Eating it in food is fraught with gastrointestinal dysfunction, which is especially dangerous for young children.
Secondly, until recently, the so-called "artificial ripening" of watermelon was actively practiced thanks to injections of ordinary potassium permanganate. At the same time, of course, there was no ripening, but the watermelon miraculously turned from white to red. True, he, naturally, did not become sweeter from such an injection. It is also very simple to make sure of this: you will see a red center, filled with white bones. It's better not to talk about the taste of such a watermelon. Such phenomena are encountered even now, but, thank God, much less frequently.
It is worth recalling another important factor. Sanitary doctors do not recommend cutting a watermelon when buying. The fact is that on its surface there may well be a mass of pathogens of intestinal infections, which, if the integrity of the not previously washed crust is violated, easily penetrate into the pulp and pose a serious threat, because while you bring the striped handsome man home, wash it and cut out the pulp around the incision, bacteria already safely move inside the fetus.
So, frankly speaking, your own greenhouse watermelons are much safer, and tastier in addition. And they will certainly benefit, not harm. It seems to me, finally, I persuaded you to start melon growing?
S. Shlyakhtina, gardener, Yekaterinburg
Makhorka is interesting in that it can be grown in cold latitudes, since it is a cold-resistant crop.
Distinguish between cultivated and decorative varieties of tobacco. As a rule, tobacco and tobacco are industrially bred.
Tobacco leaves contain toxic alkaloids, including nicotine, as well as glucose, various enzymes, and niacin.
Europe was introduced to tobacco by Christopher Columbus in the 16th century. At first, tobacco was considered a medicinal herb and was used in the form of a tincture as a laxative, tobacco smoke was prescribed for coughs and asthma.
Over time, smoking tobacco became fashionable and commonplace, and people did not immediately realize that it was addictive and addictive. Now everyone knows that nicotine is a powerful poison, and smoking is harmful to human health.
But the plant tobacco as such can be useful to a person. The nicotinic acid (vitamin PP) contained in it is necessary for humans, it takes part in redox processes and is an integral part of enzymes important for life. For pain in the heart, liver, duodenal ulcer and stomach, vitamin PP (or B3) is needed. It is recommended to use this vitamin in case of high blood cholesterol and diabetes.
Leaves tobacco have disinfecting properties, in folk medicine they are applied to wounds, boils and abscesses. A decoction of the leaves is used for dermatosis and scabies.
It is impossible not to mention the use of tobacco dust by gardeners and gardeners as a means of controlling insect pests. Orchards are fumigated with it from apple sucker, tobacco dust mixed in equal proportions with lime does an excellent job with garden flea beetles.
In conclusion, we can conclude that tobacco is not only harmful, but also useful. The main thing is without extremes.
Sveta-nsk: “The soil for sowing must also be sandy. I took my usual seedling mixture (garden soil + some sand). "
Nadia: “I previously snapped watermelon seeds with tongs, they hatched much faster in a wet cloth, I read it here on the forum. I pinch with a surgical clamp. They are not injured, I squeeze slowly and very carefully. "
Tulip: “It’s better to put them in separate cups right away, of course. Because the roots are very delicate and easily injured. "
Seedlings of watermelons appear in 5-7 days.
We all know from childhood that watermelon is a berry. So this yellow berry can weigh from three to ten kilograms in a ripe state (while a berry grown in the northern regions is unlikely to be heavier than five kg), it has a juicy, but not too sugar pulp, which simultaneously has a taste of mango, lemon and pumpkin ... One of the advantages for the consumer of yellow watermelon over red is the low number of seeds.
The shape of a yellow watermelon can be round or oval, it tastes less sweet, but juicy and tasty. Round watermelons are grown on a large scale in Spain, and oval watermelons are popular in Thailand. In Russia, they also began to grow yellow watermelons on an industrial scale in Astrakhan.
Interesting! The largest watermelon in the world grew in the United States of America in the state of Tennessee in 2013. Its weight was 159 kg and broke the record of the previous giant by as much as 20 kg. Now you need to try very hard to raise a new record holder.
It turns out that yellow watermelon has many varieties.
Here in Russia the most popular for cultivation is considered to be the "lunar" variety. This variety is distinguished by the fact that it ripens early and tolerates cold well, gives mango to taste. But Russian melon growers grow other varieties as well. "Prince Hamlet" is a variety of Russian origin, which is now grown abroad. It is very early ripening, after planting in a couple of months you can taste the first fruits. Golden Grace is a Dutch variety, but people love to grow it in our country. Its advantage is that it is resistant to cold weather, and also that its fruits are very juicy and large enough - up to eight kilograms.
In thailand the most popular variety of yellow watermelon is Yellow Dragon, in the Czech Republic it is Prima Orange, in the USA it is Yellow Doll, and in Israel it is Seedless Imbar. All varieties are sweet and juicy, the only difference is in shape, number of seeds, size and taste.
Interesting! Breeders from Ukraine have brought out a new variety of kavbuz - a hybrid of watermelon and pumpkin. It can be eaten raw, but it tastes better when baked, as well as in preserves and jams, since this hybrid tastes closer to pumpkin.