We grow currants: the basics of care


Once planted, a currant bush with proper care will be beneficial for many years. This healthy and tasty berry has long been loved by gardeners. The monks of Kievan Rus were the first to start growing currants. This happened back in the 10th century. Subsequently, the culture migrated to Europe.

Types of currants

In Europe and Asia, there are about 50 types of currants. Regardless of the color of the berries (red, pink, black, white, golden), the culture is easy to distinguish from the rest due to the shape of the leaves: 3-5-lobed, dark green above, with prominent (sometimes pubescent) veins below. Small 5-petal flowers are collected in clusters.

By the shape of the leaf, currants can be easily distinguished from other plants

The height of the bushes is from 1 to 2 m. Fruiting begins 2-3 years after planting. The currant bears fruit for 15-17 years.

Currant bush height - 1-2 m

Currants are conventionally divided into three types: black, red and white. Gardeners prefer fruitful, winter-hardy and disease-resistant varieties, for example:

  • black currant:
    • Bagheera,
    • Belarusian sweet,
    • Summer resident,
    • Black Pearl,
    • Vologda,
    • Perun,
    • Exotic,
    • Sophia;
  • red currant:
    • Transdanubian,
    • Jonker (Jonker) van Tets,
    • Natasha,
    • Sugar,
    • Generous;
  • white currant:
    • White fruitful,
    • White Fairy (Diamond).

Currant berries contain:

  • vitamins (C, I, P, PP, provitamin A),
  • micro- and macroelements (copper, iodine, zinc, boron, fluorine, magnesium, iron, molybdenum),
  • organic acids,
  • Sahara,
  • pectin.

The leader in vitamin content is black currant. The properties of this berry allow vitamin C to be preserved even during heat treatment. Therefore, its use is recommended on an ongoing basis for children and the elderly, as well as for sick weakened people.

Currant juice with honey is drunk with:

  • diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchi,
  • cough
  • hoarseness
  • low acidity of the stomach.

Black currant leaves and berries are used for kidney and bladder diseases, rheumatism and skin rashes. Dried leaves are brewed in winter - this tea becomes a source of vitamins.

Blackcurrant jam retains the same medicinal qualities as berries

Mashed black currant berries mixed with sugar or honey are used for diseases of the cardiovascular system. Eating red currant berries:

  • thins the blood
  • removes cholesterol,
  • lowers fever,
  • promotes bile secretion.

We always prepare concentrated red currant compote for the winter. Pour a third of the berries into a three-liter bottle, pour boiling water, wait 20 minutes, pour into a saucepan, add 300 g of sugar, boil, fill it again and wrap it with a blanket for 12 hours. A glass of such compote contains more aspirin than one tablet, therefore it lowers the temperature well. At the same time, it does not have the same diaphoretic effect as raspberries.

You can put berries with sprigs in red currant compote

White currant works as an antioxidant, improves brain activity and reproductive function, makes the skin elastic.

White currant berries are best eaten fresh

Due to the concentrated composition of nutrients, currants in large quantities can harm, for example, increase the pressure or acidity of the stomach. Therefore, you can drink one glass of compote once or eat a tablespoon of grated currants.

How to grow currants

To grow strong healthy bushes that give a good harvest, you need to know the characteristics of currants.

Features of the root system

The currant has a superficial root system. So that the plant does not suffer from a lack of moisture, the earth should not dry out. The soil around the bush is loosened and mulched to a height of 3-5 cm with straw, sawdust, peat or small shavings.

The best mulch option is humus. Then you will have to do only foliar feeding, since during irrigation, nutrients and beneficial bacteria will enter the soil along with water, helping the roots to assimilate micro- and macroelements.

It is recommended to pour 1-2 glasses of ash under each currant bush before mulching acidic soils.

In southern arid regions or regions with frequent winds, it is recommended to remove the part of the root system close to the surface so that the plants develop deep roots. This is done after fruiting and gradually. It is better to combine pruning with the removal of one large root or two or three small ones per year. The cut must be treated with garden pitch, sprinkled with earth and watered so that the earth is compacted.

Planting currants

The fastest way to acquire currant bushes is to acquire young plants and plant them on your site. When planting, the bushes are buried 5–6 cm from the original level (a trace from the ground will be visible on the lower part of the branches). It is recommended to spread the branches as far as possible to the sides. They are cut by 10-15 cm.

You can propagate currants by dividing the bush. This method is recommended when the plant is already old:

  1. The bush is dug up, a part with a young shoot is selected.
  2. Carefully cut into several pieces with a knife or secateurs.

    Dividing a bush is a quick way to propagate currants

  3. Places of cuts are processed.
  4. Such a plant is planted at an angle of 45about, deepening by 6-7 cm.
  5. Cut off, leaving branches with 3-4 buds.

    The currant bush is planted at an angle, the branches are cut, leaving 3-4 buds

From one old bush, you can cut 3–6 seedlings, which will yield a harvest the next year.

You can grow bushes from cuttings and seeds. But such methods are more time consuming, and the survival rate of seedlings is very low. And when grown by layering, it is difficult to grow a healthy plant, since the delicate green part becomes available to pests and is susceptible to disease.

Growing conditions

Currant is a light-loving plant. Bushes are planted in open areas at a distance of 2–2.5 m from each other. Currant care consists of the following:

  • Weed control, as they take moisture and nutrition from the soil. When weeding, do not forget that the roots of the currant are close to the surface.
  • Hilling the bush to avoid drying out the upper part of the root system.
  • Loosening the soil, which prevents it from drying out quickly, enriches the soil with oxygen (this is important for aerobic beneficial bacteria) and destroys weed seedlings. If the mulching layer is made of humus, then it is loosened to a depth of 6–9 cm. In other cases, the mulch is pushed aside, loosened to a depth of 3–5 cm and the soil is again covered. Loosening is carried out from the moment of swelling of the kidneys once a month. During a rainy summer, they loosen more often, preventing soil compaction.

    Loose earth keeps moisture longer

  • Regular watering will enable the currants to quickly grow new shoots and form a good harvest. Water every 10–12 days, taking into account precipitation. In hot weather, pour up to 50 liters of water per 1 m2.
  • Mulching the soil traps moisture and weed growth. The mulching layer is poured for the first time before flowering, with the addition of 1 tbsp. ash and 2-3 tbsp. l. fertilizer "Berry giant" for each bush. The second time - during fruit setting, adding 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate. The third time mulch to a height of 10 cm before freezing, adding 1 tbsp. ash.

    For mulching currants, you can use sawdust, peat, wood chips, straw

  • Feeding currants is carried out with fertilizers "Berry" or "Ideal" together with watering during flowering and fruit setting. And during the growth of the berries, foliar feeding is done with urea or fertilizer for foliar feeding, spraying the bush in the morning or in the evening to avoid sunburn.

    Fertilizer "Ideal" is suitable for feeding currants

Pruning a bush

Correct pruning affects the increase in yield, drought and winter resistance. In 2003, the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Breeding Fruit Crops completed studies that showed that in modern conditions (climate warming, temperature drops in the winter-spring period), pruning of the ends of branches should be carried out not annually, but after a year. Autumn pruning is more effective than spring pruning, since the size of the yield directly depends on the growth length of annual shoots.

Pruning features:

  • It is recommended to cut off the upper part of the branches at the end of October by 10-15 cm in a year to increase drought and winter resistance, as well as yield.
  • Formative pruning of the bush begins from the moment of planting and ends in the 5th year with the formation of 12-15 skeletal branches.
  • Every year 3-4 well-developed new branches are left, the rest are removed.
  • 6 years after the first harvest in black currants and after 8 years in red and white, 1-2 old branches with dark brown bark are replaced with new basal shoots.
  • Sanitary pruning is carried out annually, cutting out frozen, damaged and excess (growing inside the bush or close to the ground, weak and criss-crossing) branches.
  • Sections of more than 0.5 cm are treated with garden varnish or varnish-based paint.
  • Shortening pruning is done after a year.

Formative pruning of currants is carried out every year

Video: planting currants and caring for it

Harvesting and storage

Features of collecting and storing currant berries:

  • Only ripe fruits are picked, because unripe fruits do not ripen after being picked.
  • Blackcurrant berries are not harvested all at once, but in two or three passes, since they do not ripen at the same time. The harvest period starts at the end of June in the south and ends at the end of August in the more northerly areas.
  • Red and white currants are plucked with brushes so as not to damage the thin skin of the berries. They are separated from the stalks only before processing or freezing.
  • During picking, the berries should not be wet (due to dew or watering).
  • Containers for harvesting should be filled to a depth of no more than 3-5 cm, depending on the size of the berries, so as not to crush.

    To prevent currant berries from crinkling, it is worth not filling the container completely

  • You can store fresh berries for up to 2 weeks in the refrigerator without preliminary washing in a separate chamber or in hermetically sealed containers (containers, glass jars with a lid or tight bags). Currant berries tend to accumulate heat: if the container is fogged up, it should be opened, ventilated and closed again.
  • Before being placed in the freezer, the berries are washed, dried, packaged and stored only with fruits.
  • Seedless jams and preserves (with heat treatment for at least 30 minutes once) are stored for up to 4 years; compotes and preserves with seeds are stored for no more than 2 years.

    Dry frozen berries are easily separated from each other

Caring for bushes after picking berries

After picking the berries, new branches begin to grow and flower buds form. To increase the mass and number of fruits of the future harvest, the following measures are necessary:

  1. Carry out formative pruning by removing excess branches and shoots growing inside the bush or intersecting, as well as located low to the ground.
  2. Carry out sanitary pruning (remove diseased, pest-eaten, branches broken during harvesting).
  3. Loosen the soil around the bush by removing the mulch.
  4. Treat bushes and the ground around with fungicides and insecticides (colloidal sulfur, Bordeaux mixture, etc.).
  5. Conduct regular watering until the end of October in the southern regions or until mid-October in the northern ones, so that new branches grow intensively.
  6. Feed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (Superphosphate, Potassium sulfate, Agrofoska - 20 g for each bush).

After harvesting and pruning branches, we add a glass of ash and 2-3 finely chopped banana peels under each bush when loosening each year.These natural fertilizers not only increase yields, but also increase the winter and drought resistance of currants.

Potassium from banana peel is easier for plants to absorb

Preparing for winter

In order for the currant bushes to winter well, it is recommended:

  • 2 weeks before the expected frost, stop watering so that the bushes lose their foliage.
  • Remove fallen leaves and old mulch residues.
  • Prune branches 10-15 cm if not done last year.
  • Loosen the soil and apply potash-phosphorus fertilizers, if they were not applied after harvest. On warm ground, mulch the ground around the bush to a height of up to 10 cm with fallen leaves of decorative bushes and trees or sawdust, without touching the branches.
  • Just before the frosts, if the soil around the bushes is dry, water it by moving the mulch aside, and then cover it again.
  • In the northern regions, in order to avoid freezing, the branches are bent to the ground to the height of the snow cover.

How to grow standard currants

In recent years, standard currant cultivation has been popular. This form is convenient for processing. The care steps are the same as for bush currants with the only difference - they remove all root shoots, except for the central one. The trunk will have to be tied up so that the winds or the severity of the crop will not break it.

Standard currant takes up little space and serves as a good decoration

Berries on standard currants ripen faster, but fruiting decreases in the 7-8th year. Such plants become more decorative than productive.

To grow such a tree, the following steps must be followed:

  1. Separate one erect shoot from a bush or grow from a one-year branch. Transplant in September to a permanent place.
  2. Remove all lower kidneys, leaving 3-4 upper ones.
  3. When the shoot reaches a height of 1 m, pinch the top.
  4. In early spring, remove all root shoots by treating the cut points.
  5. Pinch young shoots in the spring above the 3-5th leaf.
  6. In the 3rd year, when the currants begin to bear fruit, start pruning (formative and sanitary).

    To get the stem of the standard currant, remove all the lower buds

In areas with large temperature fluctuations for the winter, the trunk is treated with a Bordeaux mixture or simply whitened to keep the bark from cracking in the spring. In regions with cold winters, a young bush can be bent to the ground at the level of a snow cover, and from three years old it will have to be wrapped with paper-cardboard material, burlap or agrofibre. Standard currants, with proper care, also live for 15–17 years.

When covered with agrofibre, the top is tied to a supporting post, and the bottom is reinforced with stones, sand or buried in

Industrial cultivation

Currants, especially black currants, are used for the production of preserves, jams, candy fillings, and baby food. Therefore, the food industry creates demand for the cultivation of currant plantations.

Industrial cultivation of currants is possible in well-lit and ventilated areas

Industrial cultivation has already been transferred to mechanized cultivation, for which special early-growing varieties with erect shoots are being bred. These include:

  • Bagheera,
  • Memory,
  • Tatyana's Day,
  • Enchantress.

Their berries ripen at the same time and are resistant to transportation. But after 5-6 years, the bushes are already being replaced with new ones, as their productivity decreases.

Reviews about growing currants

The currant bush on the site will provide your family with culinary delights and improve health. You can grow white, red and black currants. The culture multiplies easily, is unpretentious in care, tolerates frost well, quickly begins to bear fruit. Even a novice gardener can handle the cultivation of currants.


Golden currant is a fruit shrub from the Gooseberry family, found naturally in Canada and North America.In cultivated plantings, the plant is grown all over the world, and in Russia it appeared at the end of the 19th century thanks to the efforts of the famous breeder Michurin, he also bred one of the first Russian varieties called the Krandalya Seedling.

Golden currant is a low shrub up to 2.5 m in height with a red bark of shoots. The leaves of the plant resemble gooseberry leaves, the flowering of the shrub is very abundant, occurs at the end of May and lasts almost 3 weeks. The flowers have a rich yellow tint, which is why the plant got its name.

The shrub bears fruit with orange, black or burgundy berries, depending on the variety. A distinctive feature of the species is its high yield; on average, 5 to 15 kg of fruits are harvested from an adult bush.


Varieties of currants

Today, breeders identify about 200 species of currant. Each variety has its own properties and characteristics. Most often, gardeners breed several types of berries.

Black currant

Black currant is the most common and famous. She has fragrant leaves and black berries have a bright taste. The plant is highly resistant to temperature extremes, attacks of pests and diseases, and various climatic conditions. It gives a high yield.

The plant is 1-1.5 m high. Old branches acquire a brown color, while one- and two-year-old shoots retain a green tint. The currant blooms in early summer (May-June), and begins to bear fruit at the end (July-August). Black currant holds the record for vitamin C.

Gardeners breed different varieties: Altai early, Little Prince, Bagheera, Dobrynya, Black Pearl, Otradnaya, Charovnitsa and others.

White

It is a red variety without pigmentation. Their description and taste are very similar. There are few varieties of white currant. In the gardens you can find Belaya Potapenko, Smolyaninova, Versailles, Snezhana, etc.

Bushes reach 1.5-2 m in height. The plant is drought-resistant, therefore it does not like abundant watering. Begins to bear fruit in early summer - June. The color of the berries is white with a slight yellowish tinge. And their taste is sweet, a little sour.

Red

Red currant berries are bright in color. It tastes tender, sweet with a slight sourness. The branches are grayish. In height, it can reach 2 meters. The currant begins to bloom in late spring, and bears fruit in mid-June. The berries grow on long clusters.

Unusual views

In addition to all the usual types of currants, there are several more exotic ones. Many do not eat because of the too sour taste, but they are used for decorative purposes. Unusual varieties are:

  • Icy. It can grow up to 4-5 m in height. It blooms in April-June with red-brown flowers. The berries are reddish and very sour in taste.
  • Dikusha. This variety grows in the Far East and Siberia. It gives berries large dark color with a waxy coating. They have a light aroma and sweetish taste. The plant is winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests.
  • Alpine. The bushes grow compact and neat. It blooms with yellow-green flowers, and the berries become pinkish. They taste a little starchy. You can meet her in Africa, Europe and the Caucasus.
  • Gold or Gold. She received this name for the shade of the leaves, which at the end of summer become purple-yellow. It also blooms with yellow flowers. The taste is pleasant. This type of currant is grown in Canada, Mexico, but is found in Central Russia. Recommended reading - Golden currant: description, cultivation and care.
  • Blood red. The fruits of this species have a bluish-black color with a bluish bloom. They ripen at the end of August and are practically tasteless. But the bush is used for decorative purposes. It blooms with beautiful, vibrant colors of red and pink.

Photo of blood red currant


Black currant: growing and care

In order for berry bushes to develop well and bear fruit, it is necessary to provide proper care for black currants throughout the growing season.

Spring care for black currants

Before the appearance of buds, all old, dried or diseased branches are cut to a healthy stem, the wounds are covered with garden var. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied (up to 80 g of ammonium nitrate or 50 g of urea per plant) for two-year-old bushes. After feeding, the soil is dug up and watered.

Sanitary currant pruning

At the time of the formation of the ovary until the beginning of June, watering is carried out at the rate of up to 30 liters of water per bush, every 5 days. This is done in the evening using warm water (10-15 degrees Celsius) at the root. For watering, it is recommended to make circular grooves 15 cm deep at a distance of 30 cm from the seedling. Water ingress on leaves can lead to the development of powdery mildew.

Watering a young currant bush in spring

To improve the moisture resistance of the soil, mulching is desirable. You can use peat, straw or newspaper. It is important to do this during the green cone and bud formation phase to prevent moisture loss.

Summer currant care

In the first half of June, organic feeding should be carried out: up to 15 kg of humus per 1 bush, or liquid feeding (bird droppings diluted with water 1:10).

When there is no rain for a long time, timely watering is especially necessary. Usually a bucket of water a week is enough. Watering currants in summer becomes more frequent from late June to mid-July during the ripening of berries, and is done every 5 days.

Currant care in June also includes pinching the young stems of the tops by 2 buds to increase the number of side shoots. This procedure promotes the development of new shoots. The timing of the pinching is postponed to a later date in order to delay the fruiting of the bush.

During the ripening of the fruits, foliar dressing is applied: mixing 5 g of potassium permanganate, 40 g of ferrous sulfate and 3 g of boric acid. Dissolve them separately, and then mix together in a 10 L bucket of water. Spraying is carried out in the evening or on a cloudy, windless day.

Spraying and caring for currants in summer

After fertilizing or watering, it is recommended to remove weeds and gently loosen the soil up to 5 cm so as not to touch the root system of the plant located at a depth of 30 cm.The row spacing is loosened to a depth of 10 cm.

Harvesting berries must be done by the piece, and not plucked in a bunch. This is less likely to damage the plant. Watering and fertilization is completely stopped two to three weeks before harvest.

Care for currant bushes in autumn

After completing the harvest, starting in mid-August and throughout September, watering is carried out once a week, with loosening the soil to a depth of 5 cm. In dry autumn, preparation for winter includes increased soil moisture - half a meter deep.

At the end of September, organic matter (4-6 kg of poultry droppings) must be introduced, or fed with minerals: 20 g of potassium sulfate and 50 g of superphosphate. In any case, when fertilizing, add 200 g of wood ash. After that, the soil is dug up and mulched to increase fruiting for the next year.

Feeding currant bushes with organic matter

Before the onset of the first frost, it is necessary to prune underdeveloped and weak shoots, as well as those that grow in the middle of the bush and thicken it. Poorly developed young branches are also subject to removal, of which only 3-4 of the strongest are left. An adult bush usually consists of 15 shoots from different years of life.


Summer processing

Some people believe that summer is the best time to cultivate trees. But in our case we are talking about those "garden dwellers" who are from 3 years old or more. The same people claim that shaping in the summer months allegedly leads to the active growth of new shoots.

How true this statement is is difficult to say. After all, there are many nuances in each case.As an experiment, you can try to prune a tree in the summer and see the result. And draw conclusions based on this.

At the same time, it was noticed that if pruning is carried out at the time of pouring the fruits, their quality increases markedly.

Another plus of summer pruning is the sap secreted by the tree. It covers the wound, and this leads to early healing.

Nevertheless, the vast majority of experienced gardeners advise pruning when the tree is resting. Therefore, they most often give their preference to early spring.


How to care for currants from spring to autumn, preparing for winter, growing stock currants, photo - garden and vegetable garden

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They say that the first month of winter ends the old grief, paving the road with new happiness. In December, although it gets dark early, the day is still increasing, albeit by less than half an hour, which also inspires optimism.

Many summer residents are interested in growing and treating such a useful medicinal plant as Rhodiola rosea. I also decided to join this topic, because for many years I have been growing this amazing and healing plant.

Sea buckthorn is propagated by woody and green cuttings, root shoots and seeds. To prevent sea buckthorn seeds from losing their germination, they must be stored in a dry place.

In summer cottages, mole rats, shrews and moles live in large numbers. However, not all of them are harmful and we must fight them, we will also get acquainted with useful "underground inhabitants".

The grapevine at all times aroused an increased interest of gardeners. Even IV Michurin tried to accustom this southern culture to the temperate climate of the northern black earth.

Several types of hibiscus are grown as perennial herbaceous plants. Most often in culture there are hybrid varieties of F.N. Rusanov and their seedlings. In autumn, stems that can be more than two meters high

Anemones - tender and Apennine - are covered with dry leaves for the winter with a layer 10-12 cm thick. It is safer not to leave the crown anemone in the open field, but to plant it in spring.

It does not hibernate in this area without shelter.Since the akebia's shoots, although long, are thin and flexible, after the leaf fall, the lashes are removed from the supports, straightened in length and tied into one bundle

Unlike western thuja, the biota is less winter-hardy. In winter, on frosty sunny days, it can burn significantly from the sunny side. It is recommended (especially young plants) to shade from the winter sun with some kind of fabric

Many amateurs often have questions about whether it is necessary to cover certain plants for the winter? In this article, we will briefly talk about which plants and how to cover for the winter.

The most capricious root crop in storage is carrots. What they just do not do to protect it from rotting during winter storage. Carrots are sprinkled with sand, chalk or lime, placed in plastic bags

In recent years, residents of the southern regions of the country are increasingly complaining about the death of the potato crop during storage from voracious small caterpillars. Under the skin and inside, the tubers are completely riddled with winding passages.

In September, they continue to look after late-ripening varieties of white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, as well as radishes and green crops - parsley, dill, lettuce and spinach. Warm September days are more conducive to the ripening of many vegetable crops.

Water the flowers in time, do not let the soil dry out. Spray your green pets regularly, give them a shower. Do not forget to loosen the soil after these procedures.

At the beginning of the month, continue to divide and transplant rhizome perennials (this can be done before the active growth of shoots begins).

It manifests itself on all aboveground plant organs when growing eggplant in open and closed ground. The disease manifests itself on the stems, leaves, fruits in the form of decay and mucousness of certain areas of the tissue.

Continue propagating and replanting plants. Many indoor flowers suffer from the bright spring sun and can get burns. Watch your green pets carefully, shade them with tulle or gauze if necessary.

In the spring, flower growers have a lot of things to do, and each of them is of paramount importance. All attention is now focused on the seedlings. It's no joke, fragile delicate plants grow rapidly and stretch towards the sun.

May beetle, or eastern May beetle (Melolontha melolontha) is a polyphagous pest. Distributed from Western Europe to Siberia. Inhabits mainly virgin, turfed areas of sandy loam and light loamy soils.

For several years now I have been making medicinal tea. Relatives and friends, invited to a tea party, always ask to brew my own, branded ... Perhaps, my recipe will also please the readers.

The prevalence and harmfulness of the garden plots monster is growing every year - meet the common bear (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa), a polyphagous pest from the Orthoptera order. Her portrait is well known to everyone who had the misfortune to find a bear on their site.

Late blight is a disease of eggplant, which is the most common and harmful. It manifests itself on leaves, stems and fruits. On the stems and petioles, the spots are elongated, often merge, they are large dark brown in color on the leaves and fruits

In some hot and humid years, the disease spreads in the open field. It also manifests itself in greenhouses, especially at high temperatures in the phases of fruiting and ripening of eggplant fruits.

The disease is widespread in open and closed ground. It appears on leaves, petioles, stems, flowers, fruits. The external signs of the disease depend on the pathogen.

The less common vegetable plant, which will be discussed, is better known under the name "field salad" or "valerianella spikelet", or "veggie", the Latin name is Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade, synonym for Valerianella olitoria (L.) Poll.

Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.

Pumpkin is grown by many summer residents, because this vegetable is useful, and it is stored wonderfully. All winter you can cook fresh salads and juice from tender yellow-orange pulp, fried, stewed, added to rice

During the growing season, pumpkin is rarely watered, but abundantly (the soil layer should be moistened up to 40 cm). On loose light fertile soils, plants may well do without watering.

It's a pity, because its fruits are very useful, superior, especially in hot and dry summers, so our Moscow quince is healthier than the southern one.

Quince loves light and warmth, so it must be grown in the best places in the garden and well looked after, especially in spring and summer (cut and shape, water, feed, mulch, loosen the soil, etc.)

The fact is that the substances contained in raspberries are easily absorbed by the body, promote the absorption of other products, and neutralize organic acids of animal origin.

The next year, a crop is formed on last year's stems, and new replacement shoots and offspring grow from the buds on the rhizome and roots. Old stems dry up after fruiting.

The best place for planting raspberries is a flat slope, without groundwater outlets and saucers of stagnant water. The site should be well protected from winds, but without the accumulation of cold air masses.

A raspberry bush for gardening can be compact (1) or spreading (2). Many shoots can form (more than 30 per 1 m of a row or 10 per bush), the average number

A modern variety of raspberries for a summer cottage, an amateur garden, must have the following qualities: winter hardiness (in particular, the ability not to lose hardening during thaws or

During this time, the soil is depleted, weeds, pests, pathogens accumulate on the plantations, plants age, lose their resistance, and reduce productivity.

Raspberries grow successfully, bear fruit abundantly and more easily endure all hardships with the systematic application of organic fertilizers to the soil. They are various composts and rotted manure.

Raspberry seedlings are placed in one or more rows. Distances between seedlings for single-row placement and belt cultivation 0.3-0.7 m, depending on the quality of seedlings

In the first year, for intensive use of the area between raspberry bushes, you can plant early vegetables: dill, garlic, onions, turnips, radishes, carrots, beets for summer borscht

To decorate the site, raspberries can be grown in the form of a hedge, the so-called vertical flat trellis, tunnels (4), flower beds (2), borders, rabatok, standard plants

At the end of September, while the raspberry shoots are flexible, even if the leaf fall has not ended, they are tilted to the ground, intertwined or tied to neighboring ones, pinned with pegs and hooks.

The outer covering tissues are cracked and peeling as a result of a sharp change in weather in the fall: early snow, which then melts, rain and snow, a decrease in temperature

I prefer summer, June green cuttings: seedlings can be obtained quickly, they are not infected with kidney mites and take root well. In addition, green cuttings make it possible

No other disease of fruit trees has such a destructive effect as fire blight of fruit trees. It happened that due to its strong spread, it was necessary to cut down trees

Autumn is the time to tidy up the lawn and prepare it for winter. Those wishing to get a beautiful, even fluffy grass cover next summer need to carry out a number of activities.

Vegetable crops have different requirements for organic fertilizers. The most demanding (cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin, zucchini, squash). These vegetables can even be fertilized with fresh manure.

Among the most useful crops I consider beets. It has been known since ancient times in Greece, Rome and the Mediterranean countries. Beets came to Europe in the XIV century.

The tomato culture has found wide application due to the high nutritional value and versatility of the fruit. They contain carbohydrates, organic acids (malic, citric, etc.)

When growing seedlings from sowing to emergence, the temperature is maintained at 18-21 °. After emergence within 4-5 days, the temperature should be 14-16 ° during the day.

The plot for tomatoes should be dug up in autumn to a depth of at least 20 cm.In the spring it is fertilized (per 10 m2: 1 kg of ash, 200 g of ammonium nitrate, 400 g of potassium salts

Preventive measures to protect tomatoes from pests and diseases include: compliance with crop rotation, timely implementation of agricultural practices, removal of post-harvest residues

Gooseberry is the most fruitful crop among berry plants. The best varieties yield up to 32 kg per bush. The gooseberry is currently experiencing a rebirth.

Plum fruits are high in calories, surpassing apples, pears, apricots, peaches, currants, raspberries and strawberries. 100 g of plum fruit contains 6 - 14 g of sugars

Nikolay Pavlovich, Moscow: "My mother-in-law recently bought a raspberry tree in the nursery. And I haven't even heard of this plant. How to grow it and can you get a harvest from it?"

Cold dew in late summer is a scourge for many vegetables, but tomatoes are especially affected. If brown spots appear on the lower leaves, and brown elongated strokes appear on the stems

The Moscow state has been eating cucumbers only since the 16th century. Cucumbers are native to northeastern India and were cultivated several millennia BC. Then the plants

Otherwise, Vitluf is called - a white leaf - because bleached young heads of cabbage from leaves are mainly used for food. In general, this plant belongs to the tsikorny salads.

From its homeland - the middle part of North America - the artichoke as a cultivated plant was introduced to southern Europe and North America and is widely cultivated there.

This herb will certainly be served to your table in Georgia, and delicate narrow-leaved shoots will surprise you with a spicy aroma and pungent taste. Transcaucasian cuisine is unthinkable without tarragon - as tarragon is called here.

Small nondescript fruits of this plant remain green even at full maturity. They look clearly unappetizing. But whoever tastes them once will remember this peculiar taste and strong

An interesting story happened with pineapple - a story as a result of which it began to bloom, one might say, by the will of man. But first, a few words about the features of this plant.

In the Non-Black Earth Region, watercress is promising among green vegetables. This culture was already well known in antiquity in the countries adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea. Abundance of vitamin C

This root crop is appreciated for its cold resistance and early maturity, for the fact that for the inhabitants of the northern regions of agriculture it is a source of valuable vitamins, protein substances, and mineral salts.

There are many varieties of basil, including those that have the pleasant smell of allspice and are specially cultivated as a garden crop. Basil is widespread in Georgia

During storage, potatoes may develop dry rot. At the same time, dull brown spots with wrinkled skin appear on the tubers. The pulp under them becomes dry and rotten.

Flower buds appeared on the apple tree, and suddenly trouble: instead of swelling and blooming, they seem to stick together with some sweetish liquid.

After all, the survival of the tree in a new place depends on this. If you have to move it over a long distance, then you cannot do without a machine or tractor.

When growing seedlings, it is very important that plants of equal strength fall on the beds: this is an indispensable condition for obtaining a high, evenly ripening yield.

In June, the time for sampling of green onions comes from seeds sown before winter. With good care at the end of the month, you can start picking onions sown in April.

Gray rot is a very annoying disease for those who grow garden strawberries. Almost every year she "collects tribute" from strawberry beds, and in some years, especially if the summer is damp and cool

So CALCIUM. With this element, not everything is completely clear. Plants absorb it in fairly large quantities, but its physiological role is not fully understood.

IRON is also one of the most essential elements. Without it, chlorophyll does not form in the leaves, although this element is not included in chlorophyll. There is a lot of iron in the soil

The method of grafting with a graft for the bark is one of the simplest. It is good when the stalk is much thinner than the rootstock branch. The cut (and the cut for a thick branch) should be even, smooth.

For seeds of heat-loving crops, there is an agricultural hardening method. Seeds swollen after soaking, which have begun to function (some of them have spiked)

Many growers are aware of the benefits of cubed seedlings. Let's talk about how best to make them at home. Well-decomposed peat is the main material.

The reasons are most often the following: fresh (previous year) seeds were taken for sowing, in addition, they were not pre-warmed up; the plants in the garden are placed too densely; the beds are shaded with something

However, it is better to do this without waiting for autumn: dig up the shoots while still young, reaching 15-20 centimeters, and plant them for growing separately, in loose soil. By autumn

Tomatoes do not need to be watered too often - just once a week is enough. It is important that watering is regular, otherwise, with an uneven flow of moisture, tomatoes can get sick with apical rot.

Those who have learned how to grow them under captivity begin to pick garden strawberries two weeks earlier. Of course, there are a lot of additional troubles with it, but they pay off with an early and bountiful harvest.

Summer is just beginning, and in the raspberry plantations there is trouble: recently young shoots have appeared from the soil, and already some of them have turned black and bent down the tops.

The peculiarities of the development of berry bushes are such that they begin to bloom in the spring earlier than other plants in the garden. That is why it is important to carry out the bulk of the work required for them in the fall.

Many people are familiar with this picture: in August and September, on the shelves of shops and markets in the central regions of Russia, there are heaps of apples, in the orchards there are a lot of fruits, and worn-out business executives are trying

Digging up the garden, clearing the garden of dead foliage and grass, rolling away a stone from the path, you see how disturbed beetles, large and small, black and colored, shimmering with metal and dull, rush to flee.

In dry weather, it is necessary to clean up all wounds and cracks on the skeletal branches and boles of fruit trees, treat them with a 3% solution of copper or 5% solution of ferrous sulfate

But the June dropping of the ovaries is not at all a sign of some kind of trouble, but an inevitable physiological process when a tree naturally frees itself from unnecessary stress.

This variety, according to the famous Russian pomologist L.P.Simirenko, was bred in Saxony in the 19th century and bears the name of the originator Drogan. The variety is self-fertile (pollinators

Many of you may be surprised to learn that among the nightshades there are vines. But it is so. Bittersweet nightshade is a beautiful woody liana and belongs to the same family

The readers of the site learned about the medicinal and nutritional qualities of one of the types of scorzonera - black root, or black carrot, as this plant is often called by amateur vegetable growers, from an article by Professor A. Turova.

Many bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of vegetable crops are transmitted through seeds. Therefore, they are pickled before sowing. Etching contributes not only to the destruction of pathogens

To do this, the boles are tied with polyvinyl chloride captivity, you can use roofing roofing paper, spruce branches. Not only the bark of boles and the forks of skeletal branches are closed from hares and elk with a lapnik.

Many amateur gardeners, taking up a sprayer, think only of how to quickly destroy insects in the garden, forgetting that among them there are many useful ones - the gardener's allies.

For several years now I have not used pesticides in my garden. I make do with herbal pest control products. Nature has created many plants. Possessing insecticidal properties.

We have already talked about Chinese lemongrass on the Dacha Council website. Many are aware of the merits of this culture from other sources as well. But from correspondence with many amateur gardeners, I know

In Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, this shrub grows wild. There is a lot of it in mountainous areas, on limestones, along river banks, in moist coniferous forests, along the edges of peat bogs.

In the middle lane at the end of March, pruning and formation of berry bushes begins. The past winter turned out to be favorable for overwintering black and red currants, so they are pruned as usual.

Premature shedding of leaves on a pear, a decrease in the annual growth of shoots, abnormal development and death of buds, a decrease in yield - this is not a complete list of the tricks of a malicious pest

The weather conditions of this year in many regions have delayed the ripening of currants, gooseberries and raspberries. Naturally, the timing of post-harvest care has also shifted.

And during winter dormancy, the life of deciduous trees continues, albeit in a latent form. Respiration in dormant plants is comparatively intense even in severe frosts.

With what impatience the gardeners await the harvest! And now he is ripe. It is good when the berries are whole, fragrant, juicy: and so that they are always like this, the berry growers need good care.

The weather is known to have a strong effect on fruit plants. For successful horticulture, it is necessary to solve not only the issues of improving the general production culture

Polina Lebedeva, Bryansk: "An old pear with beautiful, tasty, well-stored fruits grows in our garden. Is it possible to cut it for rejuvenation, forming a new tree from the growth that has appeared on the trunk?"

Will cherries bloom and bear fruit today? Alas, successful seasons are less and less common. And she gives a good harvest only with skillful tree care from early spring!

Cherries are infected with coccomycosis. The main symptom of coccomycosis on cherries is spotted leaves (Fig. 2). Sick trees completely lose their green outfit by the beginning of August.

Petr Bolyshev, Solnechnogorsk, Moscow region: "I bought a plot, and with it a monster that lives in the soil - dark brown, about 5 cm long, hairy, with front legs like pincers.

If in the past you have had failures with eggplants, but at the risk of still growing seedlings of these healthy and tasty vegetables, try this time to take into account all your past mistakes and get a good harvest.

Everybody knows that the home clothes moth is the enemy of woolen and fur products. However, many of its relatives can be dangerous for various garden plants. One of them is apple moth.

Signs of the disease - a mosaic of alternating green and light yellow areas on the leaves - are found already a month after planting the seedlings in the ground. Such mosaic plates remain small.

The caterpillars of the ringed silkworm are very bright and catchy. They are fairly easy to spot when moving in the crown of a tree. The length of an adult caterpillar reaches 5 cm, the main background of the body is bluish-gray

From spring to late autumn, in gardens, especially in thickened ones, there are many different weevils. They eat up buds, petals, ovaries, but this is not so bad. But when will egg-laying begin?

Summer residents have long noticed: the earlier the snow melted and the warmth came, the more terrible the return cold and frost for the plants.However, from such natural disasters in late spring and the very beginning

Cabbage seedlings are already asking for a permanent place. The time of harvesting and the harvest depends on when you plant it. Whatever your nursery, but the techniques for arranging the future garden

Let us remind you that oculeated rootstocks are called oculators. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the harness from them (if they did not do this before winter) and check the survival rate of the grafted kidneys.

Temper seedlings. On warm, quiet days, take the seedlings out into the open air, shading them from the direct sun. Gradually, over 10-12 days, reduce shading time

In the middle lane, early varieties and hybrids of cabbage (Aigul Fv Golden hectare 1432) are planted in a permanent place from late April to May 5.

The potato, like a vacuum cleaner, absorbs the disease-causing infection. It is deposited in storage tubers, and we plant them again next year. But even such unhealthy potatoes are eaten by pests.

Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.

A reliable way to deal with the Colorado potato beetle. The Colorado potato beetle used to adapt to crop protection chemicals that were used year after year.

The copper-yellow worm-like larva of the click beetle is probably no less harmful than the Colorado potato beetle. The most dangerous are the larvae of older instars, they are especially active if the ground is wet.

Some are sure that it needs to be dug up. Others argue that grass should grow in the trunk circle - as in nature. So where is the truth? And to understand who is right

Tatyana Ogareva, Smolensk: "In the literature on the subject of summer cottages, they often write that for one tree for irrigation, you need so much water in buckets. Of course, this is convenient when there are 2-3 trees in the garden.

Proper watering for fruit trees is most directly related, because without moisture they will die. And even if they survive (many crops are very tenacious), then they will definitely not give a good harvest.

Such feeding is done, as a rule, when it is necessary to urgently "heal" the plant. If you fertilize the garden every year according to all the rules, foliar feeding is not needed.

Most summer residents plant their apple and pear trees in the spring. But recently, in books and magazines, there are more and more expert tips who recommend planting trees in the summer.

Devices for fine atomization of solutions are so different that, choosing the right one, it is easy to get confused. Several types of sprayers may be useful

Watering in the country is a large-scale business! Plants, especially vegetables, almost like people, are 75-80% water, so they are waiting for it, rejoicing in it, grateful for every drop.

However, for a very short time, the ground under the vegetables may not remain dry, but dry. The main thing here is not to cross the critical line. Clear symptoms indicate that the plants are already suffering.

Moisture-charging irrigation (with a hose) is needed to create a reserve of moisture in the soil. So water the beds before planting seedlings of vegetables in the summer. Or before filling the containers with soil.

To get a good harvest, vegetables need a large supply of moisture. The fact is that vegetables consume up to about 300 liters of water per 1 m2 per season.

Watering cans are now so different that their eyes run up. For the garden, we choose a comfortable one, and let the color, shape and other design delights become a pleasant, but not an obligatory addition.

The roots of cucumbers are weak and are located in the surface layer of the soil, which dries quickly. In addition, plants have large leaves, they evaporate a lot of water. Therefore, cucumbers are often watered by sprinkling.

Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before sowing, planting. In the second half of the summer, they are not needed, and sometimes even harm. Foliar top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers is undesirable - a lot of nitrogen is lost.

Top dressing is an addition to the diet of vegetables.If the soil is initially rich in nutrients, vegetables need not be fed. But, alas, this almost never happens in the middle lane.

It is prepared like this: the mullein is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio (for example, half a bucket of manure and half a bucket of water), tightly covered with a lid (this is important!) And kept warm and dark for 7-10 days

Any summer resident knows: the most unpleasant job on the site is weeding. Especially perennials such as thistle, bindweed and wheatgrass. No matter how you cut them with a hoe, they climb into the light of God.

Elizaveta Ukhova, Tver. Against powdery mildew, I spray the whips with a solution of urea (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). And if I don't have this fertilizer, milk diluted in water helps

If you do not go into details, the depth of loosening for herbaceous annuals is 10-12 cm, and for perennials and dwarf shrubs up to 20-30.

It has long been known to all gardeners that plants get everything they need from compost for their development. There is no exact recipe for what and how much to put in the compost heap

Even a novice summer resident knows that the land in the beds, under the bushes and in flower beds should be loose. The crust must be regularly destroyed, armed with the appropriate tool.

Tomato bushes are persistent and tenacious, they do not give up easily to infections or addictive insects. But even poisonous leaves and stems of plants do not frighten pests.

Loosening that dry watering. Summer residents are well aware of the paradox of dry irrigation, when instead of water consumption, the soil surface is broken into small lumps. In terms of efficiency, two loosening

Cucumbers attract and attract not only people, but in general all living things. In the heat, there are insects that, although they cannot crunch green leaves, suck the juices out of the vines.

Gooseberry is a light-loving and demanding crop for soil fertility. The best place to plant is well-lit, sheltered from the wind, where a lot of snow accumulates in winter.

The best time to plant gooseberries is late September - early October. Container-grown seedlings can be planted throughout the summer and fall. It is advisable to leave a distance between the plants

In the second and third years, 350 - 500 g of saltpeter are introduced (half - in early spring on thawed ground, and then in mid-May). Fertilizers are scattered around the bush at a distance of 30-50 cm from the base.

Pruning is of great importance for gooseberries. Without it, the bushes become very thick in the first years, and it is difficult to work with them, to harvest, they are more susceptible to damage by pests and diseases.

Winter cold can cause great harm to ornamental, fruit and berry crops. But do not forget that summer heat, autumn frosts and spring thaws are no less dangerous for plants.

Soon after the New Year holidays, I looked at the summer cottage and it seemed to me that the buds swelled too early on the currant bushes. Can this happen when it's still so cold outside?

For lovers of the earliest honeysuckle berry, breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry made a gift - seven new varieties. These are Barballeta, Vlada, Koketka, Laura, Lenarola, Masha, Renata.

Anna Vorobyova, Tver: "What is the Dasha apple tree (some gardeners call her Dasha)? This variety is praised at sales of seedlings, but nowhere is there a description of it

Valentin Prigogine, Tver: “Last season, some strange green bug attacked my beets and almost left me without a crop. Do bugs eat beets?

Garden strawberries are planted in spring and autumn, so if you cannot thoroughly prepare the site in the near future, do not worry, but simply postpone planting until the end of August - September.

The potatoes are out of luck this year. The cold soil in the spring broke the usual planting dates, the germination of tubers was difficult, and even the pests did their job - they gladly ate the young seedlings.

Yuri Popov, Ryazan: "Please tell us about the largest and sweetest varieties of cherries that can be grown in central Russia. I want to plant in my garden, but I'm very afraid to make a mistake

Ostroumova, Moscow: “I worked at the Klinsky state farm near Moscow for many years and have my own garden plot.

In July, the gardener seems to have nothing to do in the garden. The sowing tension is over, the harvesting harvest is just unfolding - it would seem that you can take a break

Today, in our field of vision, mainly the apple tree neighbors in the orchard who have fallen asleep for the winter, and some general techniques, rules, and patterns of pruning.

So that trimming does not cause much trouble, and the work goes quickly, so that the cuts are of high quality, first of all, take care of the inventory, learn how to use it, and also fix the problems that arise.

Hardly anyone will object to the statement that potatoes are the second bread. For some today, it has become the first and almost the only food product.

When choosing varieties of potatoes for planting, it is better to give preference to domestic varieties and not only out of patriotism, but also because of common sense. They are more adapted to our climate

In summer cottages, vegetable peas are sown somewhere in the backyard, along the fence, almost near the compost heap. Yes, peas are modest and picky, but on the site they simply have no price!

In the spring, in April - May, all tree branches damaged by frost are already clearly visible: they either do not come to life at all, or their buds open with a delay. If the shoots still started to grow

Improved copulation is usually done when the thickness of the scion and rootstock is approximately the same. First, determine the branch to which you will graft the cutting. Place a blade at the grafting site

Grafting with butt is used when the stock is thicker than the cutting. First, cut the branch at the grafting site at a right angle, make a small bevel on one side of the cut. On the other side of the end of the branch

You bought a substandard drug. To avoid buying "left-handed" chemicals, contact specialized reputable stores. The market and private traders are more likely to

Fishing belts are wide strips (15-20 cm) made of straw bundles, thick paper, matting, shavings applied in rings to the trunks and thick branches of trees to destroy pests.

Experts have described about 30 types of plums. They differ in a number of specific features. The most important species is the domestic plum (Primus domestica L.). This species is rich in varieties

Real Hungarian, Renklods and Mirabelles in Russia are mainly cultivated in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the Rostov Region and the plum-growing regions of the North Caucasus

However, this requires special techniques and technologies. For those who do not have this knowledge, the optimal planting period is spring and autumn. At this time it goes down

Plants are planted quickly, protecting the roots from damage and drying. This is done as follows: fathoms are lowered into a hole, on a mound or flat surface

First, it is thinned out, removing to the base low-lying, as well as broken, intertwining, weak, diseased and low-yielding branches of all ages. Usually such plants

Gooseberry shoot aphid. Damages leaves on young gooseberry shoots. In the spring (during the period of bud swelling), the larvae hatched from eggs that overwintered on the shoots

American powdery mildew (spheroteka) on gooseberries. The most dangerous gooseberry disease. Young parts of plants are affected: leaves, petioles, shoots, green and ripening berries.

Strawberries attract gardeners all over the world with amazing, almost fabulous qualities, which, in a rare combination, are collected only in one: outwardly attractive, fragrant

At the end of last autumn, in November, after a long Indian summer, night frosts suddenly hit - right on the bare ground. And after an unfavorable winter, the spring return cold lasted for a long time.

I am constantly hunting for new varieties of strawberries. The year before last, the unexpected trophy was the "strawberry tree" - at least that's what a saleswoman in one of the Moscow firms called it.

Alas, our garden "princess" - strawberries are not long-lived. It is well known that the planting of strawberries has to be renewed every three to four years, giving it a new place of residence each time.

Galina Rogova, Mozhaisk: "I usually start working in the garden with sowing radishes. Are there any new varieties this year? Which ones are better to choose? What to look for when buying and sowing seeds?"

Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers have already been removed from the dacha greenhouse. It stands empty and dull, as if asking: “Prepare me for the next season.” How best to do this?

Soil is a special complex natural formation. The system works on the principles of self-regulation, and a person should not rudely interfere with the laws by which it develops and exists.

It turns out that in the winter cold, plants can quickly give a crop. In an apartment on the windowsill, you can get such unconventional healthy greens that you will not find in any vegetable market.

Not all plants are capable of producing fruits without pollination. In warm weather, this is usually no problem, insects do their job, and in cold weather, you will have to take care of pollination.

Valentina Laskina, Moscow: “I recently read in your newspaper that wild pollinating insects are much more resilient than domestic bees and better pollinate gardens, especially in bad weather.

Do you want miracle trees and unusual shrubs to grow in your garden? If so, then learn to graft plants. This will require not only skill, but also excellent, perfect tools.

For this, after planting, one or two of the strongest, most well-located shoots are left in the bush. On these shoots, all buds are removed from below up to a height of 30-40 cm.

Anna Bykova, Ramenskoye, Moscow region: "Apples, which had to be removed after a week or two, suddenly began to become covered with tiny brown spots, at first small

Vera Pichugina, Mikhnevo, Moscow region: "This spring, due to rainy weather and heavy floods, I could not sprinkle my fruit trees with anything. Instead of the expected white-pink

Gennady Zotov, Tver: "There were a lot of fallen apples this year. The trees seem to be healthy, and the fruits fall prematurely. Why is this happening?"

The pear leaves rolled into a tube are the result of the activity of the polyphagous tube-worm. This beetle is fairly widespread, but usually causes minor harm.

Many people are very worried when a tiny butterfly appears in the apartment - a clothes moth, whose caterpillars in just a season can greatly ruin the clothes stored in closets.

Vera Skvortsova, Galich: "Apple trees of summer and autumn varieties grow in my garden. This year we have a good harvest. But when to pick the fruits, I do not know exactly. How to determine these terms

Many summer residents have transformed their garden by creating stationary raised ridges, edged with wood or other material. Growing vegetables this way not only makes work easier

Patisson is a type of bushy hard-bark (ordinary) pumpkin. They eat both young ovaries and fruits, as well as larger ones, similar to plates with a border. Their pulp, although dense, is very tender.

Summer is in full swing and gardeners are starting to harvest. Since early spring, they have been grooming and nurturing their green pets and waiting for the plants to be thanked for their care.

In recent years, many housewives have complained that the seeds of peas, beans and beans that they store at home are severely damaged by some pest, after which they are no longer suitable for food.

In the middle lane and to the north, some gooseberries and currants began to turn red in June. One would think that they began to ripen before the deadline.

To make the horseradish juicy, even and fleshy, you can plant its cuttings now, and dig up the finished roots in the fall of next season, letting them gain strength in a year and a half.

In order for actinidia and lemongrass to grow well and bear fruit, they need not only to be properly planted, but also to install supports and regularly cut the vines. Today we will tell

The American Indians called it tomato, from the Spaniards and the French came the name tomato (love apple, golden apple), but we call this culture this way and that.

Actinidia are southern subtropical plants; in their natural environment they live in Japan, Korea, China, India and other countries B, and Southeast. Asia. In Russia, actinidia are common in the Far East

Fruits and berries are essential in human nutrition. Of greatest interest are those that contain a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and other substances.

If irga does not grow on your site, then you probably have at least heard of korinka. So the real scientific name for cinnamon is round-leaved irga, or ordinary. But she's not quite ordinary.

We are used to the fact that apricots grow mainly in the south. Much has changed in recent years. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, they can now be grown near Moscow.

Alla Kashina, Ramenskoye: "My grown-up children planted the entire plot with flowers and beautiful shrubs, leaving only a few beds for the garden. I'm not complaining, the garden has become very beautiful

Vegetables in the room are more demanding on the soil than on the garden bed, because in a pot the plant is forced to develop a root system in very cramped conditions. Therefore, the soil must be close to ideal.

All gardeners plant dill, but not everyone grows it juicy and lush. Often, skinny bushes are cast red or yellow and bloom quickly.

The fact is that the correct preparation of the site and the introduction of pre-planting fertilizers is 50% of the guaranteed yield within 3-4 years. After all, as the people say: "The earth

Recently, more and more columnar apple trees are found in gardens. They almost do not form lateral branches and grow into one trunk vertically upward, therefore they are usually called columns.

Both adults and children love sweet and fragrant garden strawberries, but it's a pity that you can feast on them in the Moscow region for only a month - from the end of June to the end of July. And so you want

It is known that it is not enough to grow and collect a rich harvest, it is important to preserve it. In preserves, compotes and jams, there are not too many valuable substances for which you worked so hard all season

If you want to replenish your garden with new varieties of apple and pear, rely on varieties that are winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests. When choosing and buying seedlings, be very careful.

Any gardener wants to sow seedlings early in order to get, as they say, a longer run in time and, therefore, an early harvest. But if you plant it sooner, you won't end up with a hassle!

Now I'll tell you about where I sow the seeds and why. Sprouted seeds of tomatoes and peppers of the first stage, as well as all cucumbers (they don't like picking), I sow in high transparent containers

Oddly enough, but the reason for the oppression of seedlings and vegetables on the windowsill can be ordinary water with which we water the plants.

Irina Sazonova, Troitsk: “I have long dreamed of planting jasmine with strawberry aroma in the garden, I finally bought it. Last year the bush bloomed profusely, but the promised fragrance was not there.

In our article, we are talking about general cleaning of the greenhouse, so that before early planting there are no pests and microorganisms left in the soil and construction details that contribute to the development of plant diseases.

Scarce information is given in books for gardeners about sawdust. It is only said that they acidify the soil. So summer residents are afraid to use sawdust. And in vain!

There is always something missing in the room for the growth of vegetables: sometimes there is not enough space, sometimes the soil is poor, sometimes it is dark outside the window. Everyone solves such problems in their own way. You can approach this comprehensively.

It is known that on cloudy days the light intensity on the windowsill is 10 times less than that required by the plants. Due to the lack of light, the sprouts stretch out, develop much more slowly

The author of the article is candidate of agricultural sciences. Sci. Lydia Yurina explains the causes and mechanism of sunburn of fruit trees in gardens at summer cottages. The publication introduces the varieties of fruit trees included

Most often in the middle lane, varieties that are valuable in taste, but not winter-hardy enough suffer from sunburn (for example, apple varieties such as "Lobo", "Spartan", "Melba", "Biforest", "Clos")

Cherry is one of the most beloved horticultural crops; gardeners love it for its early maturity. Most of its varieties begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting, and some even from the second year.

Bolotovskaya (Sverdlovsk Experimental Gardening Station) - the variety obtained from free pollination of steppe cherry. Late ripening variety (first decade of August).

Cherry has been known in Russia since the 12th century. It was widespread in Russian orchards and in terms of "importance" has always followed the apple tree. It was appreciated for its yield, delicious and healing fruits.

Common cherry is common in the European part of Russia. Its northern border is conventionally considered the line St. Petersburg - Vologda - Kirov. Limits cherry promotion to

Steppe cherry, it is also called Bushy, Siberian, Ural, Samara. The natural area of ​​its distribution from the Center of Europe through Ukraine, the Volga region, the Southern Urals to Western Siberia.

Felt cherry, or it is also called fluffy. Chinese, Ando, ​​Tomentosa. From China it penetrated the Far East, and then into Siberia, the Urals and the European part of Russia.

Felt cherries propagate like currants by cuttings and seeds. The method of propagation by seeds is available to every gardener, while, as you know, plants are easier to adapt to new conditions.

The life span of the bushes is 12-13 years. Planting and care are the same as for currants and gooseberries. The authors had a chance to grow felt and common cherries in the Middle Lane

Sea buckthorn, say, in our suburbs began to spread back in the forties. The emergence of this culture was greatly facilitated by T.T. Trofimov.

Growing from seeds. It is better to sow seeds in spring, because during autumn planting during thaws, the seeds begin to germinate, and die in winter. But with seed reproduction about

Sea buckthorn prefers light sandy loam soils. If the soil is heavy, clayey, then before planting, it is necessary to add two to three buckets of river sand for each square meter.

Feed or not? How often do amateur gardeners ask themselves this question. And, of course, doubts are not in vain, since there is not always a need for summer feeding of fruit and berry plants.

Lettuce in Russia is cultivated everywhere: in the Far North and in the Arctic, in the south in the Middle zone. In the north, both head and leaf can be successfully grown. Its seedlings can withstand frosts down to -2 ° С

A shady seating area and a flat lawn, a small water mirror and several boulders nearby - not only will decorate the site by themselves, but will also increase the variety of plants

For an amateur who first received a plot for a garden and vegetables, its development can be a serious problem. Usually, this work should take 2-3 years.

Relief formation is the most important operation in preparing a site for planting. Those who got an area with a slope of the surface or, for example, with a ravine, should not be upset

Anatoly Kuzenko, Belgorod region: "I bought a plot on the site of a former collective farm field. I am going to plant a garden in the spring, set up a vegetable garden. I heard that all crops should be planted separately, and not alternately."Is it so?

The beginning of the dacha harvest usually coincides with the purchase of seeds and occurs long before leaving the city. This is a very important stage in the life of a gardener, because yields largely depend on his success.

We will try to help you. It is precisely such plants, adapted to the short and cool summer, which is common in the middle lane, and not suffering from diseases, that breeders tried to create.

At the end of April, in order not to bother with sowing seeds and growing seedlings, you can immediately buy high-quality young plants of resistant varieties. The safest way to buy them is in large

Anatoly Bystrov. Taldom: We have high groundwater. In the fall, I made flower beds, holes for seedlings of fruit trees, filled them with fertilizers. Are there any features of planting and caring for plants in flower beds?

The main early spring event is spraying the plants at the very beginning of bud break. Please note that apple and pear trees may not be harvested due to weevils and other pests.

Our summer cottage village almost burned out this summer - there are peat bogs all around, and we have solid peat on our site. Is it possible to somehow change the structure of the soil?

Banding is the removal of bark all the way to the wood around tree branches. As a result of such an operation, nutrients are retained at the site of the ring, which contributes to

Pruning trees and shrubs correctly and on time will keep them healthy and look as beautiful as you want them to be. We are often completely in vain afraid to approach the plant and remove the excess.

The first, sanitary, is simple, applies to most plants and is carried out to maintain their health. Even an inexperienced gardener can learn it. You need to start with it in any case.

Such trees take root well if they have not been outside the soil for too long. For better growth and development, root pruning is very helpful.

An experienced gardener understands: before planting something, you need to "know" the land. What is its composition, acidic or not, how many organic substances it contains, what is the density

The acidity (pH) or alkalinity of the soil is the reaction of the soil environment. The agrochemical properties of the soil and plant growth depend on this indicator. On soils with high acidity

The mechanical (granulometric) composition of the soil is the relative content of particles of different diameters in the soil. Soil contains four essential components

Soil moisture is the content of moisture in the soil in three states (solid, liquid and gaseous). Soil moisture is expressed as a percentage of dry soil mass or volume.


What to do with fungal diseases of strawberries (garden strawberries)

If the berry bushes are infected with fungal diseases, it is extremely difficult to cure them, and therefore preventive measures must be taken to prevent the development of infection.

Look at the photos of strawberry fungal diseases and find out about the fight against them:

First, you need to lay the beds with varieties that are resistant to these types of diseases, such as Zenga Zengana, Belrubi, Redgontled, Holiday, etc.

Secondly, use preventive spraying with copper-containing fungicides (Abiga-Peak 40 g per 10 l of water), in early spring and before ripening no later than 20 days.

Thirdly, do not cultivate strawberries in one place for more than 2 years and do not allow thickening of the plantings, that is, regularly clean and remove unnecessary whiskers.

Fourth, and subsequent, to carry out protective preventive measures using biological drugs such as Alirin-B, Gamair and growth stimulants: Novosil, Narcissus, Extrasol, etc.

What else to do with fungal diseases of strawberries? After harvesting, the affected plants are grubbed, and subsequently strawberries are not planted in this place for 4-6 years. If the plants are weakly damaged, then after harvesting, all damaged leaves are cut, raked out and burned. Then the plantings are again sprayed with copper-containing preparations.

If all of the above conditions are met, you can consistently have healthy and productive plantings of this berry crop.



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