Fresh vitamin greens on the table are always pleasing, but the quality and environmental friendliness of the bundles sold in the supermarket are often in doubt. The quality of products in baby food is especially important, so many mothers often wonder how to grow spinach on the windowsill of their own kitchen.
The successful cultivation of any culture in an apartment, first of all, depends on the creation of conditions as close as possible to natural ones. And if the plants at home receive everything they need for development, then they will certainly thank you with a generous harvest. It is not so difficult to create favorable conditions, the main thing is to follow some rules.
Growing garden crops at home often faces the main difficulty - providing a light regime. It is worth remembering the length of daylight hours in spring and summer in order to understand how much plants will miss short and often cloudy days in autumn and winter. Light-loving spinach will not grow normally at such twilight, so the plantings will have to be artificially illuminated.
In solving this issue, an ordinary room lamp will bring little benefit. The fact is that in household lamps there is a rather limited light spectrum and it is not suitable for plants. It is much more effective to use special, so-called phyto-tapes, which consist of diode lamps of a double spectrum - red and blue. It is these colors that are necessary for the normal development of greenery.
Growing garden crops at home often faces the main difficulty - providing a light regime.
Install a backlight at home directly above the container with crops, at a distance of 50-60 centimeters. You can turn on the lamp early in the morning or in the evening, but so that the total duration of daylight hours is at least 10-12 hours. In winter, in cloudy and rainy weather, it is recommended to leave artificial lighting for the whole day.
For planting spinach at home, use regular flower pots or small boxes. You can do with a very budget option - cut off one side of the tetrapak package and use the resulting box for planting. But remember, whatever container you choose, it must have drainage holes covered with a centimeter layer of gravel or broken brick. This will ensure air circulation in the soil and prevent water stagnation leading to root rot.
Now about the soil. If you undertake to prepare the mixture yourself, then you will need: garden soil, humus and sand. They are mixed in a 2: 1: 1 ratio and heated in an oven or microwave for about half an hour for disinfection. You can also use ready-made soil and buy in the store formulations designed for growing seedlings or any universal flower soil mixtures. The main thing to pay attention to is the absence of peat in the composition, which often acidifies the earth, which is unacceptable for spinach.
Video about greenery on the windowsill
Any cultivation always starts with the selection of the seed. After all, the early maturity and the amount of the future harvest depend on the varietal characteristics. Therefore, we will consider the characteristics of popular spinach varieties that are used for growing at home.
Video about planting spinach at home
It is recommended to soak spinach seeds for several hours in warm water before sowing to speed up their germination. When sowing, the following planting scheme must be observed: it is advisable to leave 2-3 cm between the plants, and to deepen the seeds - no more than 1.5-2 cm.Sometimes all the seeds are sown in one container at once, and after the spinach forms a rosette of 3 -x sheets, it is dived.
After sowing, the soil is moistened from the sprayer and the container is covered with a piece of glass. The "greenhouse" conditions created in this way promote favorable germination of seeds and after a little more than a week, the first green sprouts will appear. After germination, the shelter is removed, and the container is transferred to the illuminated place.
Growing outlets need to create a suitable temperature regime in order to prevent their blooming, which leads to a deterioration in the taste of greens. The optimum temperature for the development of spinach is considered to be 14-16 ⁰С. At home, this can be a place on a window in the corridor, on a glazed loggia or on a windowsill in a kitchen with mandatory protection from the warm air of radiators. To make the most of a suitable place, containers with crops are often placed in hanging pots, specially increase the width of the window sill or attach additional tables.
Further care of the crops consists in regular watering and spraying. Spinach is a moisture-loving plant and the drying out of an earthen coma negatively affects its development. And in winter, the air in the apartment is very dry due to the operation of heating devices, so you need to make an effort to humidify it. The first way to do this is to periodically spray the leaves early in the morning and in the evening, when they are not exposed to direct sunlight. But there is a second, less laborious way - to install open containers with water next to the plantings, which gradually evaporates and will maintain the required level of humidity.
Video about growing and harvesting
It is also worth dwelling on the question of fertilizers. As a rule, young plants do not need additional feeding. But if you doubt the nutritional value of the soil, then any organic matter can be added during watering. In an urban environment, you are unlikely to find manure or bird droppings, and it is not acceptable to use such fertilizers at home because of the characteristic smell. Therefore, humate solutions may be the best option. "Chemical" preparations of mineral fertilizers for spinach must not be used! The nitrates they contain will accumulate in greens and the benefits of such a product will be extremely doubtful.
That, perhaps, is all about growing spinach at home. I wish you success in organizing your indoor "garden" and generous harvests at the window!
Usually they practice growing greens in the open field or in a greenhouse during the warm season, but spinach on the windowsill in the cold season is not uncommon. If you follow the simple sowing rules and create favorable home conditions for plant growth, greenery on the windowsill can be grown all year round. For this purpose, windows or glazed balconies facing the south side of the house are suitable. Although, if you provide the plant with additional lighting, it is possible to grow greenery on the windowsills of windows facing north.
Depending on the timing of ripening, spinach can be:
Separately, we can note such a variety as Strawberry Spinach, which, in addition to tender juicy leaves, grows edible red berries that look like raspberries, but with a strawberry aroma. You can eat them fresh, as well as cook jam, compotes and other sweet dishes. Fruiting until late autumn, but not as abundantly as in summer.
Mid-season spinach gives viable and ready-to-harvest shoots only 30-60 days after planting the seeds
Yes it is possible. Growing radishes at home allows you to enjoy delicious fruits all year round. To get a rich harvest, you need to know in advance the nuances of planting and care. Understand when and how to properly plant radishes from seeds or at home, what soil and container to take, what water to water and other points. Next, choose the best place for seedlings in the apartment. If necessary, consider the sources of additional lighting, since the plant does not tolerate darkness.
Attention! If you wish, you can grow a radish on a balcony or loggia. However, these premises must be insulated.
1. Of course, herbs and herbs... It is relatively easy to grow them, you can start your gardening experience with the least whimsical specimens. And how pleasant it will be to eat fresh herbs in winter, inhale spicy aromas, brew fresh herbs in tea, take aromatic baths. The greenery will delight us, provide us with vitamins and bring a little spring and summer into the house.
The most popular herbs and spices for growing at home are:
You can also grow lavender, rosemary, tarragon and other plants
2. The task will be more difficult grow vegetables in the apartment, but nothing is impossible in this. The network is replete with photos shared by proud amateur gardeners who were able to grow and, importantly, harvest tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers right in their apartment. So, if you do not have a summer cottage, and the spirit of gardening is in your blood, feel free to start laying your home garden.
What kind of vegetables do people grow at home:
3. Exotic lovers will also be able to use their forces in an interesting direction for them. And in this matter, nothing is impossible. Our resourceful people grow lemons, kiwi, pineapples, tangerines, palms and other plants unusual for our places at home.
Of course, getting such pets for yourself, you need to be prepared that they can grow to a significant size and keeping them in an apartment can be problematic. So, before deciding to grow some kind of exotic, you need to carefully study, and what can grow out of this :)
Better for growing this berry is a glazed balcony facing south. It is there that there is enough light for the plant to feel comfortable. Otherwise, you will have to take care of additional lighting. For this, LED and phytoluminescent lamps are suitable.
Before planting, choose a strawberry variety. Not all types of strawberries are suitable for home use. You need to pay attention to the following characteristics:
If the balcony is on the north side, then it is worth giving preference to such varieties as "Elvira" or "Temptation". They adapt well to adverse conditions. Festivalnaya, Desnyanka, Homemade Delicacy, and World Debut have proven themselves to be excellent. The latter is appreciated not only for its delicious berries. It has beautiful deep pink flowers that make the balcony look like a garden. You can also try growing varieties that do not produce tendrils, such as Bolero. It is easier to care for such bushes, however, you will have to use seeds for reproduction.
Also, strawberries grow at home, for example, the "Tuscany" variety. It produces fragrant berries. In addition, it blooms almost constantly, so it will become an ornament.
Each individual bush requires a lot of land. Therefore, the pot should be 4-5 liters in volume. Land can be safely bought in a specialized store, do not forget about the organization of an additional drainage layer. You can safely plant tomatoes "Balcony Miracle": growing at home.
These are the main aspects of how to make a vegetable garden on a windowsill in winter for beginners. If you have no experience in growing crops at all, then it is better to start with greens. But, do not be afraid to grow cucumbers, tomatoes or peppers. All this is quite possible, the main thing is the observance of certain technologies, a sufficient amount of light and moderate watering.