There are summer residents who have no time to seriously engage in the garden, but they want to grow the most necessary vegetables. For them, there are varieties that almost do not require attention. Among tomatoes, one of these few varieties is Yablonka Rossii, which bears fruit early and quite abundantly. The fruit can be used fresh and is ideal for canning.
Tomato Yablonka of Russia is a representative of varieties that do not give record yields or very large fruits of unsurpassed quality. This is just a very reliable variety, planting which, you can without any problems and guaranteed to get good tomatoes, and in the early stages and very elegant in appearance.
The Yablonka Rossii tomato variety was bred by breeders of the Sady Rossii company at the end of the last millennium. It is mainly intended for open ground, but can be grown in greenhouses if necessary. There is an opinion among the people that this is not an independent variety, but some kind of derivative from a rather old variety of Tamina tomatoes, known for more than thirty years. However, experts refute this assumption.
The variety was registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2000 and was recognized as suitable for growing in absolutely all climatic regions. Of course, this does not mean that it can be cultivated, for example, in the unprotected soil of the Far North: this is impossible by definition. But where, in principle, tomatoes grow, the Apple tree of Russia feels good.
According to the official document, the variety is recommended to be grown in small farms: in summer cottages and personal subsidiary plots, with farmers. For industrial production Yablonka of Russia is not recommended for some reason. In addition to our country, these tomatoes are successfully grown in the neighboring ones: Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova.
I would like to say a few words in defense of summer residents: the tomato Yablonka of Russia has an insulting nickname, a variety for the lazy. Yes, we are not lazy, lazy people will not plant anything in the garden at all. Indeed, in most cases, the summer resident even gets to his site only on weekends, and there are so many things to do! I would correct this nickname and call the Yablonka of Russia a variety for the busy.
According to the State Register of the Russian Federation, this tomato is recommended for fresh fruit consumption. It's good that the document cannot order! After all, the Apple tree of Russia bears fruit with tomatoes of this size, which are ideal for whole-fruit canning and look very appetizing in any standard glass jar. And since our person knows many recipes, he has long proved that the variety is perfect for preparations: pickling, pickling, etc.
This tomato has a standard plant, the variety belongs to the list of determinant, the bush is not capable of unrestrained growth, the usual height is about 80-100 cm. The shoots are quite thick and resistant. The branching of the bush and its foliage are at an average level, and the leaves are very much like potato leaves. The first inflorescence is above 7-9 leaves.
Under certain conditions, the Apple tree bush of Russia resembles a small tree
Fruits are almost spherical, smooth, without seams, medium-sized: average weight 70–80 g. At the same time, almost all tomatoes on the bush are of approximately the same size and ripen almost simultaneously, the variety cannot boast of a great elongation of fruiting. Inside the fruit, there are only two seed nests with a lot of seeds. Each cluster can contain up to eight tomatoes. Ripe fruits are bright red in color and have a good taste: in an unripe state they are slightly sour, in a state of full ripeness the taste is characterized as sweet.
The total yield for an early maturing variety, namely Yablonka of Russia, is high and amounts to at least 5-6 kg / m2, and with good care, one bush can give such an amount of fruit. The first fruits are ready to be harvested in 95-100 days after germination, then the mass harvest begins quite quickly, and until the end of the season the variety continues to bear fruit in a few tomatoes. They are kept fresh for quite a long time and are well tolerated over long distances.
The variety easily tolerates the vagaries of the weather: it has a fairly high drought and cold resistance, the bushes rarely get sick. With prolonged precipitation, cracking of the fruit is not observed
Why did Yablonka of Russia get its name? Probably, it is precisely for the appearance of the fruits: they are round, medium-sized, brightly colored. It is noteworthy that there is no large variation in the size of the fruits: they are all about the same size.
The fruits of the Yablonka of Russia tomatoes are distinguished by exceptional uniformity in size.
Since there can be several dozen tomatoes on the bush at the same time, the bush looks very elegant and even festive.
Many fruits grow on the bush at the same time
Reading numerous reviews about the Yablonka Rossii variety, it is impossible to find any shortcomings in it. Of course, this does not happen, and if you find it hard, you can probably find them. Still, the taste of fresh tomatoes is generally only rated as good, but not great. However, among the early maturing varieties, there are not often those that can boast of excellent taste: unfortunately, this trend applies not only to tomatoes.
Honestly, I would like to call it a disadvantage that the variety gives off the bulk of the crop almost simultaneously, and then the yield drops sharply. But many will disagree, calling this fact rather a virtue and, probably, will be right. Indeed, it is not difficult to find other varieties for a year-round harvest, especially among the indeterminate ones.
The apple tree of Russia is often compared with the older, well-known variety White filling. Indeed, the characteristics of the fruits are very similar. However, the fruiting of the White filling is more extended, but the resistance to diseases in Yablonka is significantly higher. The undoubted advantages of the variety include:
Tomato Yablonka of Russia is extremely unpretentious, therefore, the most important feature of its agricultural technology is that its care is minimal. Of course, without care, on its own, it will not grow or give a minimum yield, but the variety does not require daily care, and the gardener's knowledge can only be at an initial level. Like all tomatoes, the variety is grown mainly through the seedling stage, but in the southern regions it is quite possible to sow seeds directly into the garden with the onset of relatively warm weather: the harvest will be late, but will have time to fully ripen.
Since fruiting in Yablonka Russia will begin about 3.5 months after sowing the seeds, the seeds should be sown around the beginning of May to harvest at the end of summer, but all the benefits of early ripening will be lost. And even at the beginning of May, it is impossible to sow seeds in open ground in the middle lane. In the south, this opportunity exists and is widely used in practice.
So, in the southernmost edges and regions, the weather that allows sowing tomato seeds directly into the garden (albeit temporarily and under a film) may already occur in mid-April, and at the end of the month it is obligatory. Therefore, few people there are engaged in seedling business, unless, of course, they want to feast on tomatoes in the spring. Seeds can be sown both in a seedling bed, and immediately on a permanent place, by preparing holes about 50 cm from each other and sowing the seeds to a depth of 2-3 cm.
However, in the overwhelming majority of regions, any tomatoes are grown through seedlings, and Yablonka of Russia is no exception. Care for seedlings begins in March: in the middle lane, the optimal time for sowing seeds in boxes falls on the 20th of this month. Previously, it was only for greenhouse growing of tomatoes, but there is no point in planting an Apple tree in a greenhouse: it grows well in unprotected soil, and it is much more profitable to occupy a greenhouse with tall varieties. For Siberia and the Urals, the first days of April are more suitable for sowing seeds for seedlings.
In the process of growing seedlings, each stage is important, but not all gardeners perform them scrupulously, and in the case of this variety, you can make yourself some indulgences. So, for example, in the preparation of seeds, one should not neglect their disinfection (half an hour bathing in a dark solution of potassium permanganate), especially if the seeds are taken from their own harvest, and not bought in a reliable store. But you can do without hardening the seeds. And it's not worth wasting time on germination.
When preparing the soil, if it is not purchased in a store, it is important to comply with the condition of its air and moisture permeability, and peat and humus help well in this. If you mix them, as well as sod land in approximately equal quantities, it will be just right. But it will be useful to disinfect the mixture (spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate).
Anyone who plants only a few plants can sow seeds directly into peat pots. But since the Yablonka of Russia is usually grown for canning, they are not limited to a dozen bushes. Therefore, seeds are sown, as a rule, in a small box, followed by picking into a large box (or individual cups). The height of the box should be at least 5 cm, seeds are sown into it to a depth of 1.5–2 cm at a distance of about 3 cm from each other.
Until the emergence of seedlings, the crops are kept at room temperature, and then immediately transfer the box to a bright light in the cool: no higher than 18 aboutC, where they are for five days, after which the temperature is again raised to room temperature. At the age of 10–12 days, the seedlings dive, slightly pinching the root. If in a large box - they are seated at a distance of 6–8 cm from each other, if in separate glasses - with a capacity of at least 250 ml.
All seedling care consists in moderate watering and hardening a week before planting in the ground. You can do without feeding. Only if the growth stops and the leaves brighten, it is worth feeding the plants with full mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions for it). The seedlings ready for planting near the Apple Tree of Russia should not be very high: 20–25 cm is enough. If a brush with buds appears, great.
In Yablonka Russia, seedlings rarely outgrow and remain rather stocky
Planting seedlings in the garden is possible with the onset of warm weather. And, although this variety is quite cold-resistant, the seedlings, of course, will die from frosts, therefore, if it is time to plant, and the weather is unstable, it is better to provide for a temporary shelter.
The apple tree of Russia will grow on any soil and in any place, but it is better that the site is sunny and closed from cold winds.
The recommended doses of fertilizers applied for the autumn digging are about a bucket of rotted manure, a liter of wood ash and 40 g of superphosphate per 1 m2.
This tomato is planted quite densely: at a distance of 50-60 cm between plants. The landing technique does not differ from the generally accepted one:
It is often convenient to fill the holes to the mud, and it is in the mud to plant seedlings
The less the earthen ball is damaged, the faster the seedlings will take root.
When watering, you should try not to flood the leaves, but the soil should be saturated with water with high quality
It is best if seedlings are planted in cloudy weather or, in extreme cases, in the evening.
Caring for this tomato variety is extremely simple. It consists of watering, loosening the soil, destroying weeds and rare top dressing. Serious formation of bushes is not required: not everyone is even engaged in pinching with this tomato, it does not have to be tied up, although, of course, in the case of abundant harvests, it is better to help the bushes not to fall to the ground under the weight of the fruit.
Often watering Yablonka is not required: this is done only in the absence of rain for a long time. It is best to plan watering for the evening, when the water is warmed by the sun's rays; watering with tap water from a hose is undesirable. To prevent the formation of a soil crust, after watering it is necessary to slightly loosen the soil if the bushes have not yet grown very much. When the tomatoes begin to color, they are watered only in case of extreme drought, and that is not abundant.
It is highly desirable to feed tomatoes: without this, the yield will be significantly lower. But for the busy, it will be enough to sprinkle wood ash around the bushes about once every two weeks, at least from the consequences of a barbecue weekend. But if you have time, it is worth watering the tomatoes under the root with mullein infusion or, in its absence, with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizer, once every 2-3 weeks. Plants also respond well to infusions of weeds.
The variety does not require the formation of bushes, but if there is time and desire, it is worth a little help to the plants. Of course, tying to pegs is desirable: after all, more than 50 fruits can form on each bush, and collecting them on the ground is not very aesthetically pleasing and convenient. At first, you can also do pinching, leaving 2-3 stems for subsequent growth. In the future, few stepsons are formed, and you can ignore them.
In addition to late blight, this variety is almost never visited by other diseases. And late blight is an infrequent guest. Therefore, prophylactic spraying with onion peel infusion is usually sufficient, except for very extremely cold and wet seasons. If the sore nevertheless caught up, they try to use relatively harmless drugs like Fitosporin or Ridomil.
Harvesting in case of bad weather is better a little ahead of time: brown tomatoes ripen well in indoor conditions. It is better to harvest them unripe than to overload the bush. This is especially true for the last fruits, which ripen at the end of summer and even the beginning of September.
The Russian apple tree tomato is an example of tomatoes that the most inexperienced summer resident in any region of our country can grow. Its fruits cannot be considered ideal, but they are great for both summer salads and canning. The harvest for the early ripening variety is quite good, and the quality of the tomatoes clearly exceeds the effort spent on obtaining them.
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|Shape, weight of fruits:||Klusha - flat round, 100 g, Superklusha - round, 150-250 g|
|Bush yield:||Klusha - up to 2.5 kg, Superklush - up to 3 kg|
We recommend sowing the seeds of this variety of tomatoes for seedlings 55-60 days before the intended planting in the ground. When disembarking to a permanent place of 1 sq. It is recommended to place up to 4 plants per meter of plot.
Many gardeners claim that Tamina and Apple tree of Russia it is the same tomato. What do you think?
The description of the characteristics of the Polbig f1 tomato suggests that it was created primarily for commercial use, as an early variety that appears on the market one of the first and can be grown far from its points of sale. It has a very high yield, early ripening (especially when grown in greenhouses), good keeping quality and transportability.
The variety has a very high yield. More than 4 kg of large fruit can be removed from one bush. But this is possible only if it is provided with the correct agricultural technology, one of the conditions of which is to plant no more than 6 bushes per 1 sq. m of the area of the garden.
Despite the smaller size of the "greenhouse" versions of Polbig, due to its greater height, as well as due to the use of a three-stem scheme for forming a bush, it is possible to obtain the same yields in greenhouses as in open ground.
The fruiting period is also relatively short (compared to the ripening time) and is about 2 weeks. Usually, ripe tomatoes are removed from the brush without waiting for all the tomatoes on it to ripen.
The fruits of this variety are considered universal, however, it is recommended to use it fresh (juices, purees, sauces, etc.). If Polbig will be used in conservation, it is advisable to use it as a whole, without dividing into parts or cutting.
The plant is highly resistant to the following diseases:
This tomato is exposed to fungal diseases only when kept in a greenhouse in conditions of high humidity. As a preventive measure, the greenhouses should be regularly ventilated.
According to gardeners, the Polbig tomato has the following advantages:
However, along with a lot of advantages, the variety also has disadvantages: