Breeding rabbits: basic rules and secrets


Breeding rabbits is possible in various directions: as favorite pets or for the sake of obtaining meat and skins. In any case, rabbit breeding requires some effort from the owner. Before you start rabbits, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the theoretical rules for caring for animals, how and what to water and feed them, what conditions are required for their maintenance. After learning about breeding technology, breeding rabbits for novice breeders can turn into an exciting experience.

Breeding rabbits at home

In household conditions, the cellular system is more often used for keeping and breeding rabbits.

Breeding rabbits at home is a very lucrative home business, as the animals are characterized by high reproductive capacity and early maturity. During a calendar year, one healthy rabbit can give up to six litters, on average 6-8 rabbits per litter, which will result in about 60 kilograms of meat, as well as about 20 skins. It all depends on what breed of rabbits to choose.

The decision on how to breed rabbits is made by the breeder based on his capabilities. In household conditions, a cage system is often used for keeping and breeding rabbits, which should provide the animals with sufficient space, no dampness and good lighting. It is necessary to link the simplicity of the design with the convenience of giving food, cleaning the cages, access to the animal and other factors. In the practice of domestic rabbit breeding, a wide variety of cage systems are used, which often depend on the availability and cost of materials. Waste of commercial production, plywood, boxes are often taken. For easy maintenance, rabbit cages are installed on stands at a height of 70 cm from the ground.

Rabbit breeding video

Keeping rabbits in cages all year round, which are placed in the open air, increases not only immunity, but also improves the breeding qualities of animals, and has a beneficial effect on the quality of their coat.

Some amateurs use a combined method: they place cages with animals in the yard in spring, summer and autumn, and in winter they are transferred indoors for the period of coverings and marriages.

Breeding rabbits in pits

This old, long forgotten method is gaining more and more popularity today. Rabbits, breeding, rearing, feeding which is greatly simplified, feel much freer and calmer. It will be possible to contain them in this way in almost any locality. The main task is to dig a hole in the right place. To maximize the safety of the home from flooding, the pit should be located on a hill, even with a low groundwater level. Flooded pits are a threat to the death of rabbits and the occurrence of disease.

It will be possible to contain them in this way in almost any area.

You cannot make a pit on a plot of land that is flooded by a spring flood.

Having chosen a place for the construction of the future housing of rabbits, you can proceed to its construction. The size of the pit depends largely on the area of ​​the available land plot and the planned number of heads. The most optimal size is considered to be 2 x 2 meters. A pit this size will be easier to clean and can hold up to two hundred rabbits.

Sometimes rabbits dig rather long and very intricate burrows, which always go at a slight angle downward or horizontally. Moreover, as soon as the animal has the slightest sense of the possibility of escape, it will be able to dig a hole to the surface. Given this nuance, the pit should be at least a meter deep, and preferably one and a half. It is also necessary to strengthen the walls in the pit. They can be overlaid with slate or bricks. This will prevent them from collapsing and also prevent the rabbits from burrowing in all directions. One of the walls must be left unprotected - animals will build their nests in it.

Video about the secrets of breeding rabbits

Industrial breeding of rabbits

Industrial rabbit breeding is a unified system characterized by high economic efficiency and minimal costs. A powerful rabbit breeding complex includes a feed mill, several dozen buildings in which several thousand females are accommodated, a replacement and breeding herd, males, and a slaughterhouse. As a rule, the breeding of rabbits in the technological cycle includes all the necessary conditions for keeping broodstock, raising livestock, slaughtering, cutting carcasses, storing meat, as well as selling finished products in the retail network. In some cases, it even provides for the production of compound feed, veterinary drugs and artificial insemination.

For keeping rabbits on an industrial scale, special metal cages equipped with feeders and drinkers are used.

To enhance sanitary safety and minimize transportation costs, the entire complex is located in one area. To ensure year-round operation, the farms are constantly maintained at temperatures of up to 25 degrees and a relative humidity of 68%. For keeping rabbits on an industrial scale, special metal cages equipped with feeders and drinkers are used. Feeding is carried out with granulated compound feed, which includes grass flour made from alfalfa. The industrial technique in rabbit breeding, due to its scale, gives a significant economic result.


Breeding cows as a business: profitability and productivity

Breeding of beef cows

Dairy products have always been in demand in our country.

Without them, it is impossible to imagine either a festive or a daily table.

Therefore, many private entrepreneurs, choosing a field of activity for themselves, prefer cow breeding as a business.

The profitability of such a business is irrefutable, especially as modern technologies for gene modification of products are developing, which makes it difficult for people to find quality products.

If you provide the consumer with a quality product, very soon the manufacturer will have a good reputation, a lot of regular customers and the business will be successful.


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How to keep rabbits at home without the hassle

Keeping and breeding rabbits at home has a variety of goals. Many keep it for themselves - to provide their families with delicious and very healthy dietary meat. Or for sale - to make a profit on meat, skins, fluff. For whatever purpose you breed rabbits, you will definitely need the most complete information about their content. After all, competent care is the key to the health, fertility and good mood of your pets.

However, keeping rabbits in beginner cages can be challenging. Here are some tips to avoid them.

So, you have decided on the choice of the breed and are preparing to purchase rabbits. To this end, it is best to contact reputable farms, to professionals - so as not to run into a marriage in the breed from unscrupulous sellers. Of course, before you go after the rabbits, you have already taken care of housing for them.

Cells

Everything here is very individual. And it depends on the breed. If you are planning to become the owner of Flanders, Gray Giant, Risen, or other large rabbits, then you will need very spacious cages for rabbits. Rabbits should not feel pinched or constrained. There are several breeds of rabbits that are calm about the mesh floor. But these are a minority - most often delicate paws suffer from the mesh, wounds appear. Therefore, the floor in the cage is best done with a rack. And, of course, put a sufficient layer of bedding on it - from sawdust or straw. The cells must be disinfected once a year, treated from parasites. It is advisable to do this at the end of the summer-autumn season - before wintering. There are several ways. Two of the most common - to walk with a gas burner - to burn out all the "evil". The second is to treat it with a chlorine solution. But then the cells will need to be thoroughly rinsed and ventilated. Place the cages so as to avoid drafts. Rabbits are very sensitive to sharp currents of cold air. In addition to the cages, if the area of ​​the site allows, it would be good to make a separate walk - fence off sufficient space with a net and let the rabbits go for walks. This is especially important for the young.

Stern

Rabbits are fed seasonal. In the summer, they should eat fresh grass or lightly dried hay. Meat rabbits are supposed to have grain, beans, corn, soybeans. Eared people will not refuse fresh fruits - apples, pears. They also love vegetables - pumpkin, rutabagas, turnips, cabbage. Be sure to let your pets chew on the twigs.

In winter, food is slightly less varied, but its value should not fall. Winter is compound feed, vitamin and mineral supplements, hay, boiled or raw carrots, branches. Pay special attention to the water. She should be in the drinkers all the time. Especially - among females that have sprouted. In winter, when the water can freeze, it is replaced with pure snow (rabbits do not gnaw ice). Like cows, rabbits sometimes like to lick salt. Do not deny them this pleasure.

Prevention, treatment, vaccinations

High-quality food, regular check-ups are the best prevention of rabbit diseases. Each owner is afraid of this trouble: rabbits are susceptible to infections, they all live side by side. One is sick - everyone is sick. Sometimes it happens that one sick and unselected rabbit dies and "pulls" the whole herd with it. This is incredible frustration and loss. Each rabbit breed has its "weak points". Some have eyes, some have a nose, others have ears. Knowing the characteristics of your rabbits, you can easily avoid problems with their health. There are also a number of diseases that vaccines can help you avoid. This is myxomatosis and hemorrhagic viral disease. Your veterinarian will get you vaccinated.

Decorative rabbits for an apartment

If you want to have a rabbit not for meat and wool, but as a pet, then this is a completely different story. You should buy decorative rabbits from breeders. Professionals will tell you about the characteristics of each breed, give you valuable advice. But the most important thing is that if you have a decorative rabbit, you must pay a lot of attention to the animal and love it. This is not sentimental nonsense, but the real state of affairs. Decorative rabbits for the home - grown for people, for children. And without attention - they wither.

For whatever purpose you decide to buy a rabbit, the result will not disappoint you in any of the cases. These are very smart, beautiful, long-living animals, communication with which will bring only positive emotions.

Video Keeping rabbits outdoors in winter

Video Keeping rabbits in aviaries


Rabbit meat demand

Rabbit meat is a healthy and nutritious food that can be consumed by people of all ages. Low fat and cholesterol content allows those who suffer from high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, liver and gastrointestinal tract diseases to use it as a dietary product. Therefore, the demand for rabbit meat, which is not only tasty, but also healthy, is constantly growing.

Rabbits are very fertile and mature quickly. Therefore, breeding these animals at home is becoming not only a hobby, but quite a profitable business.

Raising rabbits at home, you can get 4-5 kg ​​of dietary meat from one individual, as well as valuable natural fur. You can keep them in a minimum amount only for your own needs, or you can breed an entire farm. Raising these animals is not very costly and laborious. To breed them at home, you need to take into account some factors and nuances.


Planting ready-made sets

Ready-made onion sets are grown at home in two ways - in the ground and in water. Disembarkation can be started at any time of the year. It is preferable to plant sevok on the windowsill from January. Before that, you need to warm it up for a week. For this, a kitchen is suitable, a place near the battery. When the sevok has thawed a little, it will start sprouting, it can be planted. When planting in the ground, it needs to be kept in a dark place for several days in order for the root system to form. If you immediately put it on the windowsill, the sprouts will begin to reach for the light, because of which the feathers will grow, and the roots will not form and the plant will begin to rot.

When growing in water, make sure that the onion is not completely submerged in it. Water should cover about 1/3 of the bulb from the root side. Water must be topped up in a timely manner and made sure that the onions do not start to rot.

Planting onions in the water

Location and lighting

Planting onions in the ground at home is not enough; you need to provide him with normal care. 3-5 days after planting, the container with onions should be placed on the windowsill to natural light. In winter, onions are displayed on loggias or insulated balconies so that the plants do not freeze. Onions cannot be stored in an unheated room, because they will begin to get wet, freeze and deteriorate.

For large-scale onion cultivation, indoor polycarbonate greenhouses or greenhouses can be used. It is necessary to artificially extend daylight hours using phytolamps. The light can be left on around the clock. The more light the bow has, the better.

Temperature regime

Onions do not develop well in the heat, they belong to cold-resistant plants, therefore, when planting at home, it is recommended to observe a temperature regime of up to + 20 ° C. It is important that the container with onions does not overheat, because this activates the growth of pathogens. In strong sunshine, you can wrap the container with foil, which will reflect the light and protect the soil from warming up.

Planting onions in the ground

When the temperature rises to + 29 ° C and above, the feathers wither. Subject to the rules of planting and care, after 2 weeks you can enjoy juicy greens from your own garden on the windowsill. When planting in the ground, you need to water as the soil dries up. For irrigation, it is recommended to use settled water at room temperature.


Income from sales

One of the reasons why broiler farming is highly attractive as a business is to get quick results. After a month and a half of proper fattening, the chicken is ready for slaughter for a full-fledged meat carcass.

You should not grow a broiler for more than two months, as this will be a completely futile waste of feed.... In addition, the quality of meat deteriorates over time.

The average weight of the processed carcass is 1.5 kg. If we take into account the market value of chicken meat for $ 3 per 1 kg, one bird can be sold for about $ 4.5.

Returning to the costs included in the business plan, it can be calculated that the following fixed costs were incurred per bird:

  • to buy a chicken - $ 0.4
  • for fattening - $ 1.85.
  • for electricity and related expenses - $ 0.25.

We must not forget about the construction of cells. But the amount spent will pay off after the first sale of the product.

So, the total cost of raising one individual will be approximately US $ 2.50. Thus, at a price of $ 4.5 per carcass, each chicken in one and a half to two months will bring $ 2 in profit.

I must say, 44.4% is more than a high profitability for a small business at home. Although, if we were talking about 100 chickens and their fattening, the profit would be only $ 200!

It is unlikely that this amount would be worth so much trouble and work. But for 500 birds, the profit comes out quite significant - $ 1000. With a successful outcome, the second batch of chickens can be increased to 1000 pieces, and the income can be already 2000 dollars.

It turns out, having decided to grow broilers for subsequent slaughter for meat, it is advisable to start not with small, but medium volumes. With a competent approach to business, the risks are low, and most importantly, they are fully justified.


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