The sweet creation of the Ionians: the Attica grape


Many varieties of foreign selection have taken root and feel great on our lands. Each of them won the authority of winegrowers with their special qualities, competing with domestic varieties. The Attica variety is no exception, which is distinguished by a very early ripening period, disease resistance and stable yield. But first things first.

Beauty of the Balzac Age - Attica

Sometimes you can find the second name of this variety - Attika seedless, which means Attica seedless

Soon it will be forty years since the dark raisins of Attica pleases the growers with stable and abundant harvests. This grape appeared in one of the oldest cities in the world, the Greek capital Athens (Greek Αθήνα) at ​​the Institute of Viticulture in 1979. Its creator Michos Vassilos (Mihos Vassilos) crossed the French black grape Alphonse Lavalle with the Central Asian black Kishmish. The result was a completely seedless Attica.

The grape is named after one of the southeastern regions of Central Greece. Sometimes you can find the second name of this variety - Attika seedless, which means seedless Attica.

What is good about Attica: description of the variety

Attica is an early ripening table raisin grape, very sun-loving.

The bushes have an average vigor, develop well, and their shoots ripen well. The bisexual flowers of Attica are consistently pollinated regardless of the weather.

The bunches are formed in a cylindrical shape, tapering slightly downward, sometimes with wings. Their density is moderate. On young bushes, the infructescence is less large; with age, Attica gives more massive clusters.

Ripe round or somewhat oval berries turn dark purple, almost completely black. There are practically no seeds in them, there can only be their rudimentary remains.

The taste of berries is harmonious, very sweet, vaguely reminiscent of cherry or chokeberry. The pulp is firm, crunchy. The skin is thick, covered with a waxy coating, does not have a tart aftertaste.

The yield is consistently high. Already the first fruiting can consist of eight clusters weighing up to 1 kilogram.

The variety has good resistance to frost and fungal diseases.

The bunches removed from the vines are perfectly stored and transported without losing their commercial qualities.

Kishmish variety Attika - video

Variety characteristic - table

To make Attica comfortable on your site: cultivation features

Attica is undemanding to soils, successfully grows and develops in almost all its types

Attica grapes can be planted on your site in spring or autumn. The place for the bushes is chosen so that it:

  • it was flat and located in the southern part of the site;
  • unimpeded by the sun;
  • not blown through by drafts.

The Attica is undemanding to soils, successfully grows and develops in almost all of its species, except for salt marshes and wetlands.

When planting this raisins, the following planting steps must be observed:

  1. For a seedling, depending on its size, a hole is dug with a depth of 20-50 cm and an area of ​​the size of the roots.
  2. The soil selected from their pits is mixed with organic matter and complex mineral fertilizers in a small amount.
  3. The bottom of the hole is covered with rubble (layer thickness 10-15 cm), and thin planks or twigs are placed on top of it.
  4. To organize the future good watering and feeding of the plant, a plastic tube Ø10 mm is placed in one of the corners of the hole, protruding above the edge of the hole.
  5. In the center of the hole, a mound of prepared soil is formed.
  6. The roots of the plant are immersed in the creamy mash of their rotted mullein and clay (ratio 2: 1).
  7. The planted shoot is cut into two buds. The cut is treated with melted paraffin.
  8. The seedling, ready for planting, is lowered into the hole, spreading the roots along the surface of the mound.
  9. The hole is filled with the rest of the soil, tamped, watered with four to five buckets of warm water.
  10. The soil surface near the seedling is mulched with compost or rotted manure.

If several bushes of the Attica variety are planted, they are placed at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from one another.

To reduce the load on the branches with a high yield, vertical supports and trellises are used. This will minimize possible damage to the vine.

It is better to leave the ripe bunches on the vine for a few more days for the full development of the berry flavor.

In areas with low winter temperatures exceeding the frost resistance limit of Attica, the vines are additionally covered. Before organizing a winter shelter, it is recommended to treat the grapes with a 5% solution of copper or iron sulfate, protect the grape trunks from damage by rodents.

To organize a winter shelter, young grape bushes, having been removed from the support, are bent to the ground. Adult plants are left on a support and provide protection from the cold in the form of a greenhouse. In both cases, breathable materials are used - pine needles or paws, burlap, hay. Under no circumstances should synthetic films be used.

Agrotechnics of the Attica variety is similar to the activities carried out for other varieties of grapes: regular watering, timely feeding and processing.

Based on the fact that Attica is perfectly pollinated regardless of the weather, it does not require treatment with gibberellin (a growth stimulant), but it must be treated twice with fungicides per season, since the resistance of the variety to diseases caused by fungi is average.

This raisin can be propagated by grafting to any vigorous rootstocks. It is only important that they grow in a well-sunlit place.

Winegrowers reviews

The table grape variety Attica has been growing among our winegrowers for several years. It is easy to take care of him, you just need to follow the method and adhere to the rules of care. It is grown for personal consumption raw, making juices, homemade wines, raisins, and also in larger quantities for sale.

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Watch the video: ΦΥΤΕΥΣΗ ΕΝΑΛΛΑΚΤΙΚΩΝ ΠΟΙΚΙΛΙΩΝ ΣΤΑΦΥΛΙΟΥ ΣΤΟ ΠΛΑΙΣΙΟ ΤΗΣ ΣΥΜΒΟΛΑΙΑΚΗΣ ΓΕΩΡΓΙΑΣ


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