There are many important nuances in the cultivation of cucumbers. To get a rich harvest, you need to familiarize yourself with them. So, some leaves must be removed, while others should not be touched under any circumstances.
The lower part of the green mass is rather weak and does not benefit the plant, since it practically does not participate in the process of photosynthesis. But she actively consumes nutrients that could get to the fruit. In addition, it often touches the ground.
Because of this, it dries out for a long time after watering, it can pick up phytophthora from the soil surface.
By removing the bottom greens, you eliminate the risk of an unpleasant disease, help the plant evenly distribute nutrients between the fruits. This will not only make the vegetables larger and tastier, but will also speed up their ripening.
The foliage can turn yellow and dry out due to the appearance of parasites or if the greens have exhausted their resource (this is not a disease, but a natural process). Regardless of the cause of the yellowing, such foliage must be removed, because it no longer brings benefits, but actively takes up the plant's resources, thereby interfering with the development of fruits.
The same goes for damaged greenery. She will take away the strength of the cucumbers, without bringing any benefit.
If the plant is attacked by parasites, in addition to removing the affected areas, use fungicides or folk remedies that will help get rid of insects. The main thing is to choose a drug that will not harm vegetables and your health.
If you decide to grow cucumbers in an upright position, do not forget to remove the side shoots in a timely manner. Thus, you will evenly distribute the load over the entire surface of the bush, you will be able to redirect most of the nutrition to the development, ripening of the crop.
You can remove side shoots after 2-3 sheets or completely: it all depends on the variety of cucumbers, your preferences.
If the leaf is next to the fruit, it cannot be cut until the cucumber is picked. The fact is that such greens are an important source of nutrition for the fetus, therefore, its removal can lead to a slowdown in growth, a deterioration in the taste of the vegetable.
When the cucumber is plucked, the greens become unnecessary: they can be removed. This will help the plant redistribute nutrients, accelerate the ripening of the remaining fruits.
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One of the important stages in the care of cucumbers is pruning, which helps not only to increase the number of fruits removed from the bush, but also to significantly improve their quality. The fact is that the cucumber often forms male shoots on the main stem, which later turn into so-called "barren flowers", which do not bear fruit. They need to be pinched, which will contribute to the formation of female shoots, which are formed on the lateral parts of the stem.
Even if the harvest is good, you should not shake over the precious leaves, which consume a large amount of nutrients and moisture necessary for the development and ripening of fruits. It is especially important to remove dry and diseased elements so that infections and pests do not spread further along the bush and lead to a complete loss of the plant.
It is also not necessary to rip off the bush completely. It is correct to leave part of the leaves, since healthy tops provide the plant with the necessary oxygen and ultraviolet light, without which the culture can die.
Now that we have learned that it is still necessary to pick off the leaves from cucumbers, we can begin to consider the question: which of them should be removed. Here you can answer briefly: those that interfere with the normal life of the plant. Among them:
The leaves mentioned above take away some of the nutrients, but do not give anything in return. Also, for example, in the case when some of them are affected by some kind of disease, if you do not carry out the cleaning procedure, then it can spread to the entire seedling, which will subsequently die.
So, hopefully, it has become a little clearer for what purpose we recommend removing the lower leaves of a tomato, but we did not tell what the advantages of this removal are, but they undoubtedly are.
First plus - this is that after removing the lower leaves, the plant becomes slightly more open, air masses circulate freely at the base of the bushes, moisture normally evaporates from the soil surface and from leaf blades, the risk of tomato phytophthora, as well as other infections, is sharply reduced (but does not disappear completely !).
Second plus - this is that we remove tomato leaves that are at risk, because, as we mentioned above, they are the first to usually get sick, this is also a plus in favor of minimizing the risk of phytophthora in your area.
Plus the third - we remove excess parts of the vegetative mass of the tomato bush, therefore, we slightly reduce the evaporation of moisture by the plants themselves (that is, its consumption from the soil, which is especially important for summer cottages) and reduce the consumption of substances to maintain the existence of these leaves, which leads to the fact that these the very substances will go to the formation of the fruit.
Tomato bushes with trimmed bottom leaves
It is most convenient to trim the tops with small sharpened scissors, which cut the petiole rather than wet it. The blades are pre-wiped with an antiseptic (chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide or alcohol).
The leaf that needs to be cut is taken by the edge, pulled back a little and cut off, leaving a stalk of 2-3 cm. The scissors are brought in so that they do not damage the rest of the plant tissues.
All cut leaves are immediately removed from the garden. Do not leave the tops near the plantings, so as not to breed pests.
Whether or not to cut off the leafy part of the beets should be decided by each gardener independently. A decrease in the volume of the tops will negatively affect the size of the root crops, therefore, the procedure should not be resorted to without an urgent need.
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