In Russia, 300 varieties of potatoes, both domestic and imported, are grown. You need to choose a variety for the site that is suitable for your soil and climatic conditions. It is impossible not to notice Bellarose in the midst of this abundance.
The early Bellarose potatoes originated in Germany. German breeding is aimed at the quality of tubers and high yields without the use of genetic engineering. Therefore, today German potato varieties are credible.
The Bellarosa variety is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation and is recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth Region. Grows well in temperate zones. Widely distributed in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova. The variety has an ultra-early ripening period, the first digging is done after 45-50 days. Full ripening occurs 60 days after planting.
Bellarose tubers are oval, with a rough pink skin and light yellow flesh
Bellarose tubers are oval-rounded, with a rough pink skin and small eyes. Light yellow pulp, excellent taste. Each tuber weighs 120-210 grams. Ideal for sales. The starch content is average - from 13 to 16%. Harvest on the 45th day after full germination (first digging) - 143-277 c / ha, on the 55th day (second digging) - 170-385 c / ha.
Because of the pink color of the tubers, Bellarose is popularly called "Cherry".
Up to 10 Bellarose tubers can be harvested from one bush
Potato shoots appear together. The plant is very beautiful: the bushes are tall, 50–80 cm, the stems are straight, the leaves are large, with a slight waviness of the edge, the corollas are red-violet, of medium size. Potatoes do not bloom every year. At a temperature of + 22 ° C, flowers sometimes fall off. It happens that they are damaged by ladybirds or ground beetles. But this has little effect on the quality and taste characteristics of the tubers.
Bellarosa does not bloom every year, but the quality of the tubers does not depend on it.
Bellarose variety for table use. It is grown for human consumption due to its high taste characteristics. The friability of the tubers is medium, so they are suitable for mashed potatoes and for frying.
Bellarose tubers make delicious mashed potatoes
The Bellarosa variety has a lot of advantages and practically no disadvantages.
The only drawback of the variety is the lack of a compact arrangement of tubers, so you need to harvest carefully and carefully.
Bellarosa is unpretentious and does not require special attention.
Potatoes need a sunny area with loose soil. It is better to plant it after legumes, cabbage, cucumbers. In order for the yield to be high and the soil fertile, you need to alternate crops, that is, observe the crop rotation. After harvesting potatoes, plant mustard or rye in its place before winter. These are excellent green manures for the soil. They will enrich it and make it looser.
To enrich the soil, crop rotation must be observed: after harvesting potatoes, plant mustard or rye
They worry about soil fertility in advance. In the fall, fertilizers are applied for digging. The same is repeated in the spring using compost or humus.
In order for the soil for planting potatoes to be fertile, fertilizers need to be applied in autumn and spring
2-3 weeks before planting, the potatoes are taken out of storage and laid out on a flat surface in one layer in a bright room at a temperature of + 15 ° C. This will awaken the eyes, the seedlings will be friendly and strong. Pre-planting treatment with growth stimulants is acceptable, especially in regions with cold summers.
Before planting potato tubers, you need to stand in the light.
Potatoes are planted in different regions at different times, but most often in early May, when the soil warms up at a depth of 10 cm to +9 ° C. The prepared planting material is planted to a depth of 8–10 cm in one of the following ways:
Potatoes can be grown using the ridge method - this makes it easier to water the plants
Since up to 10 rather large tubers are formed in one Bellarose bush, the recommended planting pattern is 90x40 cm. With more frequent planting, the bushes will interfere with each other and block the light. The formation of tubers will slow down, which will affect the overall yield of the crop.
The variety does not require additional watering, being content with precipitation. Bellarosa can grow on any type of soil, except for heavy clay soils. For the rapid formation of tubers, the roots of the plant need oxygenation and timely weeding.
After rains, a hard crust forms on the soil, which interferes with the flow of air to the roots. Therefore, loosening is required: for the first time - when shoots appear, then - every time after rain.
After rain, it is imperative to loosen the soil to ensure aeration of the roots.
It is equally important to huddle bushes. When shoots appear, they are sprinkled with earth. So they will be protected from sudden cold snaps. In the future, with an interval of 2 weeks, re-hilling is required. By sprinkling soil on the stem, you stimulate the formation of new stolons, which increases the yield. Hilling bushes is done carefully, trying not to damage the roots. It is better to work in the morning or in the evening if the day is sunny, or choose a cool, cloudy day. If the soil is dry, it must be moistened a little beforehand.
Potatoes need to be sprinkled with moist soil, and work should be done in the morning or in the evening.
Any potato needs at least three additional dressings: during the budding period, before and after flowering. They increase the immunity of plants and help to get a high yield. Most often, diluted mullein and wood ash are used for feeding. This fertilizer saturates the soil with phosphates, magnesium and potassium. When planting, it is brought into each hole in 5 tablespoons. The plants are fed with a solution of ash (1 kg per bucket of water) during the growing season. To prevent late blight during wet periods, foliage and stems are covered with it.
Top dressing is applied after rains.
Ash protects plants from disease and enriches the soil
Bellarose potatoes are resistant to almost all diseases - scab, bacterial rot, nematodes, late blight, potato crayfish, spotting. However, with prolonged rains, late blight still affects this variety.
The following nuances should be taken into account:
Potatoes are harvested 2 months after planting. Full ripening is signaled by yellowing tops. A week before digging, it is cut off at a level of 15 cm above the ground. During this time, the tubers ripen, the peel coarsens and is almost not damaged during harvesting.
After digging up the potatoes, standard procedures are carried out: drying in sunny weather for a week, removing damaged and diseased tubers, selecting seed material for planting next year and placing it in storage. Usually early varieties do not last long, but Bellarosa is an exception. Loss of potatoes during storage is not more than 6%. In a ventilated room, tubers can be stored for 7–8 months at a temperature of + 4 ° C.
Bellarosa is an early potato variety that allows you to harvest twice a season in a warm region. The potatoes planted in early May are dug up at the end of June and planted again in July. The second harvest is obtained in September.
Another method can be used. Bushes with good, healthy tops are removed from the ground and the ripe tubers are carefully removed. Then the plants are returned to the ground again, deepening a little more, and watered with water. In the early days, the tops get sick and wither, but they quickly recover and re-yield.
Bellarosa can produce two crops in one season - at the end of June and in September
Reviews of Bellarose among gardeners are positive. There is no negative. There are nuances in susceptibility to late blight and storage, but this depends on the care of potatoes and compliance with all agrotechnical processes. The wide prevalence of Bellarose in all regions suggests that this is a successful selection.
Bellarosa potatoes are an attractive variety with excellent taste characteristics. Everyone can grow it, even a novice gardener.
A detailed description of the potato variety, a photo and a description of common species and the peculiarities of their cultivation - will help make a deliberate decision in choosing the best species for planting. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the climatic features of the territory and the composition of the soil.
In Russia, apricot is considered a southern plant, which means that it is not cultivated in its harsh climate. And only a few gardeners know that there are at least two varieties that grow and bear fruit well in central Russia.
Before growing root crops, you need to determine which potato varieties are suitable for your area. The photo and description will help you choose the right planting material and clarify the features of care. To do this, you should pay attention to the following criteria:
varieties of medium early potatoes are presented in less variety.
potato Variety Adretta
Germany supplies the potato variety Adretta. Table variety. The plant is erect, tall. The leaf is large, light green. flower Corolla white. The tubers are round-oval, yellow with a white tinge, the skin is smooth, the color is light - from yellow to yellow pulp. Palatability Contents. good starch 17.6%. Keeping quality satisfactory and good. The cultivar is resistant to cancer and stem nematode. Susceptible to Potatoes.
late blight Visa
Mid-early potatoes Visa sale is supplied by the Research Institute of Agriculture of the North-East (Kirovskaya State National University), Falenskaya breeding station region. The variety of the dining room destination. The plant is erect. The leaf is green. flower Corolla white. Tubers are oval-rounded, smooth skin, light yellow flesh color. Taste qualities are good. Starch content 18.4%. The storage capacity of tubers is good. Productivity 32.6 t / ha. The variety is resistant to cancer, moderately susceptible to tops and late blight resistant to tubers.
Potatoes Elizaveta Severo represents the Western Research Institute of Agriculture (Leningrad Region), the Vsevolozhsk selection station. Table variety. upright plant. The leaf is green. Flower corolla Tubers. white light beige, with small eyes. white pulp. Good taste. Content Preservation 13–18%. starch of tubers during storage is satisfactory and yield. good 29-40 t / ha. The cultivar is resistant to cancer, moderately susceptible to cultivars.
late blight of potatoes Zekura
The potato variety is supplied by Zekura Germany, Samara-Solana CJSC. canteen Variety of destination. The plant is erect. Leaf Corolla. the green flower is red-violet. Tubers eyes, oblong small. The peel is yellow, the flesh - Taste. yellow qualities are good. Starch content 13-18%. tubers Good storage stability. Productivity is 20–32 t / ha. resistant Variety to cancer. The special value of the variety is its resistance to late blight.
Ilyinsky VNIIKH's potatoes are developed by leading agronomists. Table grade. oval Tuber, weighing 54 - 158 g. The peel is smooth. red Tuber, white flesh. Starch content 15, 7 - 18%. Marketable 93%. Keeping quality yield 17, 6 - 34, 6 t / ha. The variety is resistant to crayfish tops, while potatoes are susceptible to late blight.
Crown - VNIIKH, JSC "Stolovy". KROSIA grade. The tuber is oval-rounded, 137 72 - weight g. The peel is yellow. The pulp is white. starch Content 13, 2 - 15, 6%. Keeping quality 95%. The variety is resistant to cancer, susceptible to late blight tops.
Lily Belorusskaya - Belarusian Potato Research Institute. Table variety. Plant Leaf. semi-upright green. The corolla of the flower is white. round Tubers are oval, with small eyes. Peel pulp, yellow light yellow. Palatability Contents. good starch 12.8 - 16.6%. The safety of tubers during this storage of the variety is very good (96%). The variety is resistant to cancer, slightly susceptible to nematodes.
Potato variety Variety
Nevsky potato Nevsky in the form of seed counters is supplied to stores from the North-Western Research Institute of Agriculture (Leningradskaya Oblast). Table variety, good taste. Starch content 10, 7 - 12%. The variety is high-yielding, has ecological plasticity and gives high yields on types of different soils in different soil and climatic conditions. Leaves. large, light green conditions. Flower Tubers. white, round-oval, white, peel eyes, smooth pink on the tubers. The pulp is white. good Keeping quality. The variety is resistant to cancer, moderately viral diseases are affected.
The potatoes were developed by Ryabinushka Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station (Leningradskaya Variety). dining area. The plant is semi-erect. dark leaf green. Corolla of violet-Tubers flower. blue oval, with small eyes. Peel Pulp. red cream. Good taste. starch Content 11, 9 - 15%. The storage safety of tubers is good and satisfactory (90%). Productivity 22, 0 - 23, 4 t / ha. The variety is resistant to cancer, medium susceptible tops and tubers to late blight.
Reserve - VNIIKH. canteen Variety of destination. The leaf is light green. white corolla. The tubers are round, light beige, with small eyes. The pulp is white. Palatability Contents. good starch 14-18%. The keeping quality of tubers is good. resistant Variety to cancer, moderately resistant to late blight.
Romano potato variety
The potato variety Romano was first proposed by AGRICO V.A. Table variety. upright plant, tall. The leaf is green. Corolla is red-violet flower. Short-oval tubers, eyes Peel. small pink, light cream flesh. Taste qualities are good. Starch content 10-13%.The storage capacity of tubers is good. Productivity 11–32 t / ha. The variety is resistant to cancer, susceptible to common scab. Average late blight resistance.
Potato variety Svitanok Kievsky
potato Svitanok Kievskiy variety was developed in Soviet times by the Ukrainian Research Institute of Potato Growing. The variety is universal. The bush is erect, low. Leaf Corolla. green light red-violet. Tubers are light, rounded pink. The peel is smooth. The pulp darkens, not creamy when cut. Taste content, excellent starch 16-19%. The variety is resistant to cancer, it is moderately affected by late blight.
Sante Potatoes are actively improved by such organizations as Kamchatka Research Institute of Agriculture, Sakhalin Research Institute of Agriculture. The variety is universal. The plant is tall, erect. Leaf Corolla. flower green white. Tubers are oval, small eyes. The peel is yellow, the pulp is light. Yield. yellow, the storage safety of tubers and taste qualities are excellent. The variety is resistant to cancer. value A special variety is resistance to late blight and potato Yavar.
nematode - Belarusian Research Institute of Potato Growing. The variety of the destination of the dining room. The plant is spreading. The leaves are green. flower Corolla red-violet. Tubers rounded-Peel. oval creamy, creamy pulp. Good taste. Starch content 13%. The yield is high. good Keeping quality. The variety is resistant to cancer, susceptible to late blight tops. In order to avoid hollowness, it is necessary to remove timely tops.
Not all gardeners know about Kiwi potatoes, as they cannot be purchased in ordinary stores. Those who grew it appreciate it for its high yield, unpretentiousness and immunity to diseases and pests.
about super kiwi potatoes:
Potatoes "Kiwi" were bred by amateur breeders of the city of Zhukov (Kaluga region).
The variety is not included in the State Register and has not passed any state tests.
You can grow it almost throughout the territory of Russia, however, the leaders are:
Various varieties of potatoes:
The Kiwi variety has the following advantages:
A significant drawback is the long heat treatment process - more than 40 minutes.
Characteristic features of the variety:
Even novice gardeners are able to grow the Kiwi variety, as it is absolutely unpretentious to care for. Potatoes are responsive to fertilization, abundant sunlight, loosening of the soil, and regular watering. But observance of some nuances contributes to obtaining a rich harvest:
REFERENCE: Kiwi potatoes are never grown from seeds; pre-germinated tubers are used as planting material.
The table below presents data on the yield of other potato varieties:
|Nikulinsky||Late maturing||From 170 to 300 centners per hectare.|
|Cardinal||Late maturing||From 1 hectare harvested from 200 to 350 centners of potatoes.|
|Rocco||Late maturing||From 350 to 400 centners per hectare.|
|Kiwi||Late maturing||From 1 kg of planting tubers it reaches 20 kg.|
|Picasso||Late maturing||From 1 hectare about 20 tons.|
|Borovichok||Early ripe||200-250 centners per hectare of land.|
|Elmundo||Early ripe||250-350 centners per hectare.|
|Felox||Early ripe||250 centners per hectare.|
|Bellarosa||Early ripe||The yield from one bush is 8-10 tubers.|
|Natasha||Early ripe||From 130 to 190 centners per hectare.|
|Forty days||Superearly||Up to 300 centners of potatoes are harvested from one hectare of soil.|
|Karatop||Superearly||From 18.5 to 27 tons per hectare (Middle Volga region), from 20 to 43.5 tons per hectare (North-West region). The maximum yield is 50 tons per hectare.|
|Riviera||Superearly||After the first digging on the 45th day after the emergence of potato shoots, it is from 134 to 225 centners per hectare. The maximum yield by the end of the growing season reaches 450 centners per hectare.|
|Zhukovsky early||Superearly||Harvest from one bush - up to 15 tubers.|
|Minerva||Superearly||Fertile soils allow harvesting the first harvest up to 230 centners per hectare. By the end of the growing season (45-50 days), the maximum yield is reached - up to 430 centners per hectare.|
|Crane||Mid late||640 centners per hectare.|
|Sorcerer||Mid late||The yield varies from 27 to 35 tons per hectare.|
|Mozart||Mid late||The average yield is about 430 kg / ha.|
|Grenada||Mid late||Up to 60 tons of potatoes can be harvested from one hectare.|
|Ramona||Mid late||The yield is consistently average from 10 to 15 tons per hectare.|
|Yanka||Mid-early||The average harvest reaches from 195 to 315 centners per hectare.|
|Giant||Mid-early||The average harvest is from 290 to 424 centners per hectare.|
|Tuscany||Mid-early||The yield varies from 210 to 400 centners per hectare.|
|Purple Haze||Mid-early||The yield varies from 182 to 309 centners per hectare.|
|Santana||Mid-early||The yield on average varies from 164 to 384 centners per hectare.|
How to care:
REFERENCE: It is not recommended to apply fertilizers more than three times.
Two weeks before harvest, you need to trim the potato tops. Harvesting dates are late September - early October. The harvested crop must be well dried, sorted out, cleaned from the ground, removed spoiled tubers and stored.
The table shows data on the mass of marketable tubers (grams) of different varieties:
Reviews about the variety and about taste
About potatoes "Kiwi" only positive reviews of gardeners. Since it is resistant to diseases and pests, it is unpretentious and gives a rich harvest.
The potato variety "Kiwi" is quite popular among gardeners, who constantly grow it on their backyard plots, due to its exceptional characteristics. It has a long shelf life, without losing its original shape and taste.
How to choose the right potato variety:
Recommended related articles
experts Many believe that for effective potato cultivation in different regions of the country, different planting material is needed. Given the climatic conditions, mid-season Potatoes are recommended for the middle zone of Russia.
One of the earliest and most immune to diseases is the Rosara potato variety, which is often grown on Tubers. sale ready for harvesting after 65-70 first days of germination.
For the first time, a description of the Rosara potato variety was made in Germany by the breeders who bred it. The average fruit yield of a vegetable is 15–20 per bush.
potato Variety Luck is a successful result of the work of domestic breeders. This early ripe representative of Solanaceae is different to adapted soils. The taste is pleasant, the flesh is not very loose, snow-white.
Potato Luck characteristics are high yielding:
root crop This was bred in Germany. Mid-season Form. the variety of tubers is oval. The pulp is yellow. The Adretta Potato varieties gained popularity due to their high taste qualities, immunity to many viruses, and good yields.
view Late. Practically unaffected by the Colorado potato beetle and Resistant. a wireworm to infections and many common diseases. good yield - from 1 kg of planting material you can get up to two buckets of root crops.
Kiwi potatoes unpretentious characteristic:
There are 290 higher-yielding types of potatoes. For planting on your site, you need to choose varieties that are most suitable for the climate in your region. This will allow you to avoid unnecessary problems in caring for the plant, as well as get a good harvest. The best reviews and recommendations of Moscow region gardeners have early potatoes of the varieties Rosara, Bellarosa, Gala.