Marinda F1 is one of the popular cucumber varieties. Vegetable growers love it for its high yield even in bad weather conditions. Cucumbers are formed without pollination, have no bitterness. The maximum yield can be achieved by regular watering and feeding.
Cucumber bush Marinda F1 is strong, with few lashes. Forms bundle ovaries - 4–7 fruits in each sinus. The variety is parthenocarpic, that is, it does not require pollination. Hence, there are many advantages: there is no bitterness, the seed chambers are poorly developed, but the main thing is high yield. From 1 m² you can harvest 30 kg of delicious and crispy cucumbers, suitable for pickling and fresh consumption. The length of one fruit is 8–10 cm, the average weight is 72 g. The surface is dark green, covered with large tubercles. Cucumbers are aligned in shape and size.
The variety is early ripening, the first crop can be harvested 55–65 days after germination. The hybrid is especially good for greenhouses and growing in unfavorable weather conditions, when there are no bees and other pollinators.
Dark green cucumbers are aligned in shape and size
|Disease resistance (powdery mildew, viral mosaic, scab, etc.)||Possible diseases: anthracnose, angular spotting|
|Good commercial qualities: cucumbers without bitterness, crispy, have a beautiful appearance, can stay fresh in the refrigerator for a long time||Seeds are more expensive than many varieties, while in a package there are often no more than 5-7 seeds|
|Undemanding to weather conditions||Due to the popularity of the variety under this name, seeds of completely different cucumbers are often sold.|
|High yields with minimal maintenance||When grown outdoors and pollinated by insects, crooked fruits sometimes grow|
|Forms ovaries without pollinators|
Cucumbers are thermophilic plants, frosts are dangerous for them. Therefore, planting in open ground begins at the beginning of June, under the covering material - from mid-May, and in the greenhouse - at the end of April-May.
The optimum air temperature for cucumbers during the day is 24-28 ° C, at night - 18-22 ° C. At 15 ° C, growth slows down, at 8–9 ° C, plants die.
The germination capacity of Marinda cucumbers is high, they germinate in 1-3 days. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked until the root bud appears. Pure water or a solution of growth stimulants is suitable for this: Epin - 1-2 drops per 100 ml of water, Ecoel - 5 ml per 200 ml of water, Energen - 15 drops per 50 ml. Cotton pads are moistened with the solution, seeds are placed on them and covered with another disk. Be sure to read the instructions on the back of the seed bag. Often the seeds are sold already processed, then no stimulants are required.
Cucumber seeds Marinda F1 germinate in 1-3 days
It is better to grow seedlings in a greenhouse, greenhouse or on a glazed balcony. At home, on the windowsill, without a phytolamp, the cucumbers will stretch out, grow weak, and will be very painful during transplantation.
Features of planting cucumbers for seedlings:
Marinda F1 begins to bear fruit 2 months after seed germination. The variety can be sown in greenhouses - from mid-May, in open ground - in early June. Cucumbers will appear later than with the seedling method, but the yield will be the same with significantly less labor costs.
Features of growing cucumbers in the open field:
Water the cucumbers daily. The soil should always be moist. The entire bed under the lashes must be mulched so that dirt does not get on the leaves, flowers and fruits during rains and watering and fungi do not develop.
The roots of cucumbers do not go deep, but spread in breadth, so you need to water and feed the plants over the entire surface that the green mass occupies.
Cucumbers perceive a pause in leaving as a signal to terminate the growing season. The scourge begins to turn yellow, new fruits are not tied.
|When to feed||What to feed|
|During the period of growing green mass, before flowering||Infusion of mullein 1:10, bird droppings 1:20 or herbs 1: 5|
|In the flowering phase||Watering with grass infusion (weeds are poured with water 1: 5 and allowed to ferment for one to two weeks)|
|Fruiting||Infusion of herbs + 1 tbsp. ash (for 10 liters of infusion)|
|To prolong fruiting||30 g baking soda, 1 tbsp. ash per 10 liters of water|
A bucket of any top dressing is applied to 1 m² of a cucumber bed after watering.
Top dressing can be more than four, ideally, fertilizer should be applied every 10 days. Organics alternate with mineral fertilizers or do without chemistry at all.
|Feeding time||Fertilizers and dosage per 10 l of water|
|Before flowering||1 tbsp. l. ammophos|
|In the flowering phase||20 g of potassium nitrate + 30 g of ammonium nitrate + 40 g of superphosphate + 1 tbsp. ash|
|Fruiting||25 g of potassium nitrate + 50 g of urea + 1 tbsp. ash|
|To prolong fruiting||Foliar dressing: 15 g of urea per 10 l of water|
On soil not infected with diseases, Marinda grows healthy, the leaves are not covered with spots, the whips do not fade until frost. However, pests and fungi can get on the cucumber garden from neighboring plantings, fruit trees, etc.
Pests often switch to cucumbers from cherries, apple trees, and viburnum growing nearby. Insects no more than 5 mm in size create large colonies on the back of the leaf or on the stems. 10-15 generations grow during the season. Aphids suck out the juices of the plant, which leads to its death.
Pests settle on leaves in large colonies
Ants and aphids usually live nearby. Anthills are built directly on young cucumbers. Numerous passages are laid under the roots. Cucumbers in such conditions slow down growth, do not develop.
An anthill is erected around a young cucumber
Orange or brown spots appear on the leaves. Over time, they merge, the leaf dries up and falls off. The disease affects all parts of the plant and leads to its death. Spores of fungi are especially active in damp and warm weather.
With anthracnose, the leaves are covered with yellow spots.
Prevention and control measures:
The disease develops in conditions of high humidity. Dark angular spots appear on the leaves. Drops of yellowish cloudy mucus collect on the reverse side of the leaf plate. Cucumbers become infected at all stages of development, starting with seedlings. Bacteriosis on adult plants leads to a lag in development, fewer fruits are set, and their quality decreases.
Angular spots on leaves acquire an oily sheen in wet weather.
Control and prevention measures:
Marinda cucumbers are used at any stage of maturity. For salads, they are allowed to grow up to 10 cm; for canning, small fruits are needed. The crop is harvested every 1-2 days, in the morning or in the evening. At the same time, you cannot turn and crush the leaves, pull the whips. It is advisable to cut the cucumbers with scissors, and leave the stalk on the plant. In addition to the fruits of a presentation, overgrown, rotten, gnarled ones are removed.
If the crop is not harvested regularly, then the plants will spend energy on ripening the already set fruits, and new ones will not appear.
Fresh Marinda F1 cucumbers can be stored on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, after placing them in a plastic bag. No need to tie or wrap tightly. Also, this variety is good in salting, pickling, fermentation and other winter preparations.
The hybrid is suitable for both fresh consumption and harvesting
Marinda F1 is a versatile variety not only in the use of fruits, but also in cultivation. It is also suitable for greenhouses, since it does not require pollinators, and for open ground, since the plant is early maturing and grows well in different climatic conditions.
Among all cucumbers, the Claudia F1 variety has long been appreciated by gardeners and professional farmers for quality, yield and resistance to disease. Today we will tell you what are the distinguishing features of these cucumbers and how to grow them correctly.
The hobby gardener or commercial cucumber grower wants the maximum yield at the lowest cost. The Chaikovsky F1 variety satisfies almost all the requirements that gardeners make for gherkins.
Major producers of cucumbers are Dutch. Agricultural scientists were given the task of obtaining a productive variety of cucumbers. In 2009, the specialists of Rijk Zwaan Zaadteelt En Zaadhandel B.V. developed a new variety, Kibriya. He did not justify the requests of the gardeners. Then breeders from the Netherlands modified it and gave the new hybrid the name of the famous Russian composer. So in 2013, the Tchaikovsky F1 cucumber variety appeared.
Tchaikovsky cucumbers look attractive in the garden. Bushes are compact, do not need a lot of space. The scourge is strong, copes well with the weight of the fruit during the fruiting period. Experienced gardeners still advise giving the whips a support, a peg stick or a rope garter. The leaves are small, which reduces the evaporation of precious moisture.
Tchaikovsky F1 forms a bunch of two or three fruits in one node
Tchaikovsky grows and bears fruit in different conditions. The variety is suitable for lovers of greenhouses and greenhouses, since it does not need to be attracted to pollinate insects (bees, other pollinators). When planted outdoors, the plant easily tolerates difficult weather conditions. In a rainy summer, when the bees do not fly, the bushes continue to grow, bloom and produce crops.
The variety belongs to the early ones. From the formation of seedlings to the first ripe fruits, four decades (40 days) pass. The short growing season allows the variety to be used during the entire period of field work.
Cucumber Tchaikovsky F1 is a variety that does not require pollination (scientific characteristic - parthenocarpic, self-pollinated). The peel of zelentsov is thin, tender, soft. The pulp is light green, with small seeds that remain in an underdeveloped state, which improves the taste of the cucumbers. There is no bitterness in the fruit.
Cucumbers grow cylindrical in shape. Gherkins are ready to eat when they reach 4–5 cm in length. The ideal size for harvesting is 6–8 cm. The weight of one fruit varies from 60 to 90 grams. The surface is lumpy, without yellowness or longitudinal stripes of a lighter green hue.
|Self-pollinated||In the climatic conditions of the Far East and Siberia, it is grown only in greenhouses|
|Tolerates hot and cool weather|
|Not susceptible to most typical cucumber diseases||To increase yields, it needs feeding|
|Grows quickly, reaches fruiting early||Cucumbers-gherkins strewn with thorns|
|Zelentsov lacks bitterness|
|The fruits ripen together, the plants bear fruit during the entire period of growth.|
|The variety is characterized by a high yield.|
|Fruits are stored for a long time without loss of taste, they tolerate transportation well|
Tchaikovsky cucumbers are hybrids. This is indicated by the F1 mark on the bag. This means that the plant is obtained by crossing different varieties with their selection according to certain characteristics. However, they will not transfer distinctive qualities to their offspring, so there is no point in collecting seeds on your own.
Experienced gardeners are advised to harden the seeds before planting. To do this, you need to send them to the refrigerator for two or three days.
Cucumbers are thermophilic crops. But it must be borne in mind that direct sunlight is destructive for them. Sunshine leads to a rapid loss of moisture, the plant dries without water.Leaves may burn. The ideal place is considered to be well-lit, but shaded from direct sunlight. Nearby trees, hedges or tall plants (sunflowers, corn) will protect the cucumbers from drafts.
Cucumbers grow well in loose soil. The most suitable is loam. It retains moisture for a long time and remains crumbly. Even novice gardeners will be able to easily handle it and maintain conditions suitable for cucumbers.
The Tchaikovsky variety can be grown in two ways:
The first method is suitable for getting an early harvest in the summer, the second - for collecting greens in late summer and autumn.
To grow cucumber seedlings:
Cucumber seedlings are ready for planting in the ground when 4-5 true leaves appear
Seedlings and seeds can be planted in the ground when it warms up to 16 degrees, provided there are no night frosts and a sharp cold snap. The seeding pattern is as follows:
The earth must be prepared the day before. Prepare the soil like this:
Planting seedlings in a greenhouse will allow you to get an early harvest
The seedling method will allow you to get the first gherkins two to three weeks earlier than when sowing seeds in the ground. The quality and quantity of the final harvest will remain unchanged.
Cucumber is a plant that loves water. Its fruits are 80% moisture. But it does not tolerate excessive dampness.
Moisture consumption is calculated depending on the place of growth of plants and their age. After planting, it is enough to pour out a bucket of water per square meter. When the lash reaches one meter, the consumption increases (10 liters per bush). In rainy and cloudy weather, humidification is canceled, and in hot weather, cucumbers should be watered more often. The procedure is recommended to be carried out in the evening and early morning hours. The water temperature for irrigation should not be lower than 10 degrees.
Experienced gardeners recommend moistening the soil between the bushes. To retain moisture, loosen the soil after each watering or rain.
To obtain a bountiful harvest of Tchaikovsky cucumber, timely feeding is required.
There are two ways to place cucumber lashes:
The first is the most preferable for growing the Chaikovsky F1 variety. For the bushes, vertical supports are created, to which you can tie whips. The plant receives support, does not encounter obstacles to development and receives full ventilation.
The Tchaikovsky F1 variety is resistant to the main diseases of the crop: cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew and brown spot. But there are ailments that the plant cannot cope with on its own.
Pick the cucumbers before they overgrow. Otherwise, they become thicker, coarser and lose their flavor characteristics. Reaching a length of 12 cm is an indicator for the collection of gherkins. You can store fresh in the refrigerator, preferably on the bottom shelf for 1 month. Tchaikovsky cucumbers are transported without damage, they retain their presentation for several weeks.
Despite the early ripening period, gherkins can be preserved and pickled. They retain the firmness and crunch of a young cucumber.
I would advise planting cucumbers from the Dutch. The best are considered from the firm Reik Zwaan and Nunems. And you will always be with cucumbers. Kibriya, Tchaikovsky, Barvina, Satina, Komponist, Bettina. Of the bee-pollinated - Ajax (it is considered unsurpassed in taste in salting and very fruitful). There is also a VERY good salad Orzu F1, but once I got caught and I can't find any more seeds.
For Russian gardeners, the Tchaikovsky F1 cucumber is still unfamiliar. However, its taste, disease resistance and excellent yield will impress lovers of crispy gherkins.
The first fruits of Marinda ripen in 40-50 days after the emergence of seedlings from seeds, approximately at the end of June. 25-30 kg of cucumbers are removed from 1 m². You need to collect them every 2-3 days after reaching the normal length for the variety (8-10 cm). This has a positive effect on productivity and prevents the fruits from overgrowing and turning yellow.
The best time to harvest is early morning or evening after sunset. Cut the cucumbers with a sharp knife or scissors. The stalk must remain on the plant. You should not tug or twist the whips.
Marinda cucumbers surprise with high yields
At a temperature of 5–8 ° C and high humidity (85–90%) in an open plastic bag covered with a damp cloth, cucumbers will lie for 15–20 days. You do not need to wash them before this. Move fruits as far away from other vegetables and fruits as possible - many of them release ethylene, which promotes the ripening of cucumbers. Those for home canning should be recycled as soon as possible.
Marinda is a multi-purpose variety, cucumbers can be eaten fresh or prepared with homemade canned food
There are some tricks you can use to extend the shelf life of your cucumbers:
Genuine Masha seeds are sold processed (inlaid), have an emerald, blue, orange, burgundy color. The special composition in which the planting material is kept contains pesticides that protect against insects, rodents, pathogens, and are also growth stimulants. Therefore, the seeds are not soaked, but planted in the ground or pots dry.
Masha F1 seeds do not need germination
Cucumbers Masha F1 are grown in greenhouses and in the open field. The best predecessors are potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, greens, and legumes. You cannot plant in the same greenhouse with tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, since nightshades require different conditions for growth. In the open field, choose a sunny place, sheltered from the winds. In the southern regions, the bed is made in a slightly shaded place, for example, next to a building or shrub.
The garden bed is placed in a sunny area, sheltered from the winds.
Before planting, the earth is dug up, adding a bucket of humus and 0.5 liters of ash per 1 m², and foliage, stale sawdust, and peat are added for looseness. Planting pattern when grown on trellises or stakes: 20 cm in a row and 1 m between rows. If it is not planned to tie the whips, then the cucumbers are planted according to the 60x80 cm scheme.
To get early fruits, cucumbers are grown in seedlings. By the time of planting, the seedlings should be 25-30 days old, and the temperature at the permanent growing site should not fall below 15 o C.
Favorable conditions for growing cucumbers: humidity - 70–80%, temperature - 25–30 o C. At 15⁰C, growth slows down, and at 10⁰C, development stops.
The roots of the cucumber are very tender, so each seed is sown in an individual glass. It should be easy to remove without damaging the root system. The best option is considered to be pots with walls made of peat or pressed paper, from which you do not need to remove the seedlings at all.
Seedlings can be planted in the garden without removing them from the cups
It is easier to buy soil in the store than to mix it yourself. A special soil mixture for cucumbers or a universal soil mixture for vegetables is suitable. The soil is pre-disinfected: spilled with boiling water, a solution of Fitosporin (2 g per 1 l), potassium permanganate (a solution of bright pink color), heated in the microwave, ignited in the oven.
Heat treatment is carried out so that steam comes from the ground. This means that the moisture in which the fungi settle has heated up to a boil and become sterile.
The seeds of Masha F1 are sown not germinated, and in this case there are always doubts about germination. Therefore, in each pot you can sow two seeds, and then pinch the extra shoots near the ground, without disturbing the roots of the remaining one. The seeding depth is 2 cm. The soil is watered and the pots are placed in a warm place (25–30⁰C).
Before planting in the garden, the seedlings need to be hardened.
Seedlings will appear in 3-5 days. They are transferred to a light window or balcony. The temperature is lowered for 4-6 days to 20⁰C so that the seedlings do not stretch out. The soil should be moist and loose. Before planting in open ground, the seedlings must be hardened (taken out into the fresh air, first for an hour, increasing the time every day).
Seedlings are planted in the evening or on a cloudy day. The first 2-3 days the plants are shaded.
Competent care of cucumbers (proper watering, timely feeding, installation of support) is a guarantee of an excellent harvest.
Water the cucumbers every 1-2 days with warm water, skipping cloudy and cool days. Strong pressure is not needed, so you can bare the roots and cause rotting of the stem. Drip, furrow or sprinkler irrigation is preferred. If the cucumbers are grown without a garter, then you need to water the entire area on which the whips lie.
|Development phase||Watering rates|
|Before the first flowers appear||4-6 liters per 1 m² or 1 liter per bush|
|From the beginning of flowering to the end of fruiting||9-16 liters per 1 m² or 2-2.5 liters for one plant|
After watering, mulching is mandatory so that the cucumbers lie on a dry and breathable mat (straw, dry grass).
Cucumbers on mulch will always be clean and dry
|Term of top dressing||Fertilizers||Application rate|
|First feeding at the beginning of flowering.||Organic: infusion of mullein (1:10), infusion of bird droppings (1:25), herbal (nettle) infusion (1: 5). Add 1-2 tbsp to any of these solutions. wood ash.|
Ready-made complex: Fertika Lux (20 g per 10 l of water), BioMaster for cucumbers in granules (25 g per 10 l of water), Agricola for cucumbers (25 g per 10 l), etc.
These fertilizers can be alternated. All dressings for cucumbers are applied only in liquid form after watering.
Even in the open field, you can arrange trellises for a cucumber. But at the same time, the bed should be covered from the wind so that the lashes do not break off the supports with strong gusts. When grown vertically, plants receive more light, are better ventilated, and are less susceptible to disease. There is a minus - cucumbers curling along the support create a thick shadow near them. Therefore, the garden bed must be oriented from north to south, then the neighboring plantings will be in the shade early in the morning and late in the evening.
When grown vertically, the plants receive more light, are better ventilated, and get sick less
Stakes, stretched threads or a net can be used as supports. Cucumbers, as they grow, will themselves cling to the trellises with antennae, you just need to follow this process, wind up, guide the whips. When the stem reaches the top of the support, pinch its tip.
The buds of growth in the axils of the lower four leaves "blind", removing the ovaries formed there. This technique will enhance the growth of the root system and will not affect early maturity in any way.
Since Masha is a hybrid with bouquet ovaries, as she grows, all lateral shoots (not ovaries!) That come out of the sinuses are removed. In these places, short shoots will appear again when the central stem has yielded all the fruits.
Immediately after processing with biological products, you cannot eat cucumbers, you need to wait 3-4 days. Therefore, before using the solution, the entire crop is harvested, and then the plants are sprayed.
I would recommend planting cucumbers from the Dutch. The best are considered from the firm Reik Zwaan and Nunems. And you will always be with cucumbers. Kibriya, Tchaikovsky, Barvina, Satina, Komponist, Bettina. Of the bee-pollinated - Ajax (it is considered unsurpassed in taste in salting and very fruitful). Another VERY good salad Orzu F1, but I got caught once and can't find any more seeds.mopsdad1
For Russian gardeners, the Tchaikovsky F1 cucumber is still unfamiliar. However, its taste, disease resistance and excellent yield will impress lovers of crispy gherkins.