What to plant


Question: what to plant

I have a small garden exposed to the sun that plants can I put that resist the whole summer period thanks


What to plant: Answer: what to plant

Dear Luana, welcome to the section dedicated to questions from readers of our website. There are many species that can be planted in a garden that keep flowering throughout the summer. For example, you could plant beautiful gazanias or mesembryanthemums, which are both flowers to be placed in full sun with continuous flowering throughout the spring and summer. These plants are perennial and therefore once planted, barring unforeseen circumstances, they will bloom every year from spring to summer. If, on the other hand, you want to plant annual plants that last a season and then have to be removed, we recommend begoniettes, plants with fantastic flowering, or many other species of which we limit ourselves to indicating the name such as marigold, verbene, daliette, splendid sage, purslane, geranium zonal and cuphea fasciata. These plants are all beautiful annuals with wonderful flowering that can be found in any garden center and that live perfectly in full sun, guaranteeing flowers for the whole summer period.


What to plant and how to take care of the vegetable garden and the garden in January

The first month of the year has arrived, and with it the temperatures are freezing even in the mildest regions. In January, the work to be done in the vegetable garden and in the garden is certainly not numerous, but there are small precautions to follow, in order to enjoy many advantages in the spring months. If you have a vegetable garden, this is the ideal time to proceed with the fertilizing is rethink spaces, to be dedicated to the vegetables you choose for the spring months. Think back to the past year, to decide whether to give more space to certain plants, also using pen and paper to better organize your crops.


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Garden construction

For the construction of gardens that are beautiful, flowering and lasting it is important to carefully evaluate the characteristics of the place.

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Creating a garden means taking into consideration a series of factors such as climate, type of soil, available spaces and much more.

Create a beautiful garden

Creating a beautiful garden is the aspiration of all those who have an open space to arrange. It is advisable to follow some indications for a good result.
  • complements
    • driveway
    • lighting
    • gravel
    • flowerbed
    • furnishings
  • size
    • small
    • medium
    • large
  • realization
    • do-it-yourself
    • professional
  • style
    • Mediterranean
    • English
    • Japanese
  • typology
    • horizontal
    • vertical
    • Wall unit
    • vegetable garden
    • terrace

It is therefore a good idea, before setting out to design it, to observe all the elements that make up the surrounding landscape: the native vegetation, the typical materials, the local traditions, the uses and also the other gardens. All this will serve to achieve the purpose of creating something harmonious.

It is obvious that a garden will have to reflect the owner's tastes and needs and integrate perfectly with the house, to avoid following the fashions of the moment and stereotyped projects that are very distant from us.

Last but not least the budget is good to design according to your financial availability even a garden in which you plan to invest little can be beautiful, as long as it is designed and built with care. Everything has its place. The relationship between garden and environment is very close: climatic factors, local vegetation, etc., have a decisive effect on the appearance of the garden but above all they condition the choice of the elements that will make it up.

It is important to create something that blends perfectly with the spirit of the place so as not to give rise to "fractures" or the classic "punch in the eye".

It must be remembered that each place has its own style: for example if you are in the countryside, you will have to observe the type of vegetation present, the course of the land, the colors of the houses and in addition the type of agricultural crops (if present) and outdoor furnishings (dry stone walls, terraces etc.). The same places should suggest us what to do and observing them should give us the right inspiration. The use of plants belonging to the local vegetation could be appropriate for the creation of hedges, to make the transition between landscape and garden less abrupt.

Nevertheless, if the garden is located in the city: in this case, the style and time of construction of the house, the dimensions, the prevailing architectural features, the existence or not of a typical garden in the area or whether the garden itself is visible from the street, as the only gardens that give freedom to our artistic sense are only those completely closed and surrounded by walls, almost forming "secret gardens". The climate profoundly influences the characteristics of the places. The main climatic factors to be taken into account in the study of a garden are: the severity and duration of winter, the intensity of the sun in summer, the strength and direction of the winds, the rainfall. It is important to know, not only how many are the minimums in winter, but also how long they last when, and if, it is subject to frost and late frost.

The WIND should not be underestimated, which increases the effect of cold and dries the plants in summer (increases transpiration): therefore, before making changes in a garden, it is necessary to consider whether the arrangement of existing plants is not already correct. protection from prevailing winds.

The amount of rainfall and the seasonal trend greatly influence the structure of the garden, even the infrastructures to be used (walkways, porches, gazebos, pergolas), not to mention the plants: for example, never use water-loving plants in drought places. , even if you have a great irrigation system, they would never grow at their best.

Snow must also be taken into consideration: if you are in places where it snows frequently, the use of persistent leaf plants should be limited. SUMMER temperatures are important: in hot climates it will be advisable to create a shady place.

Remember that the structure of the territory greatly influences the climate: a hill can shelter from the winds, the lake mitigates the harshness of winter, the city is warmer thanks to the heating (if the temperature is higher, the frosts will be less frequent). We must start from the assumption of what is beautiful to see and what is better to hide if a landscape is particularly beautiful, it is necessary to organize the garden in such a way as to guide the eye on what is considered interesting. If you have a lawn, you will let it go in the direction you want, while the bushes or shrubs will be planted in places where there is nothing to see even the pots can serve the purpose, but you have to be careful not to insert important objects in such a way as to steal the attention of the beholder. The view should not be emphasized only when on hills, lakes or the sea even details can become important parts in an overall view, for example a group of trees, a centenary plant etc.

Even if a garden is located in the city it can have points of interest: for example, if it is based on particular architectural elements (bell tower, a beautiful building, etc.) it can be studied in order to enhance them and make them a center of interest, it's worth it if everything becomes one thing. If what we find interesting is outside the garden, it is worth emphasizing by creating a garden-landscape continuity, perhaps using native species to create a fence.

If the scene or detail turns out to be far away, then it should be framed with plants or pergolas in order to guide the eye towards that point (eg a beautiful cypress tree) foto1. Sometimes, however, we feel the need to hide something bad: to achieve this goal you don't always have to resort to hedges or rows of plants, it may be enough to make sure that the attention remains inside the garden itself (via particular objects).

We remind you that, when you want to hide something unpleasant, an object close to the viewer works better than a distant one, and therefore it can be even smaller photo 2 Each garden is unique: it is advisable to look at the elements and characteristics that you want to modify .

First you need to measure the size of the land, as you have to adapt the project to the space you have available. If the garden is small, we can make it look large simply by limiting the plants to the periphery and leaving a nice free lawn in the center. If, on the other hand, the land is rather large (for example a country garden), it becomes quite challenging to keep it well-kept, but we can do this: delimit with a small hedge, a border or simply pots, the surface we can take care of, considering the rest. as part of the landscape. If the space is small, it is not advisable to combine two or more different styles, while it is the right solution for moving a large garden. It indicates the type of terrain (regular, irregular, uneven position, etc.): the mistake is that of wanting at all costs to adopt situations in stark contrast to the place.

A rigid and regular design on a moving surface is absurd as well as wanting to create irregularities on a completely flat surface. Instead, the particularities of the place can be exploited as a source of inspiration: important modifications must be made only if it is not possible to use the land differently. For example, if it turns out to be very steep, terracing will have to be built. It is therefore preferable that the structure and style of a garden adapt to existing slopes, reliefs and floors. Thus, alternative solutions can be found for difficult projects: for example, on flat ground, paved areas with interstices can be alternated between them, where the same rock garden species can be planted. For example, you can accentuate certain characteristics of the soil that are particularly appreciated by using plants, or if you want to hide a slope, you will plant them at the base quite tall species (photo 1) while if you want to enhance a hump, the tall species will be planted summit (photo 2).


Many shrubs can be made "reborn" if subjected to a wise pruning: in these cases it is important to rely on experts.

If the plant is old and suffering and therefore also dangerous, it is good not to get too scrupulous and cut them as soon as possible.

Many others can be the elements present in a garden that can be enhanced in order to restore charm to the garden itself. If, on the other hand, the garden is newly created, it is important to observe the ground: often, being part of a newly built house, it can be made up mostly of construction debris. It would be good to remove them immediately and replace them with a layer of 30-40 cm of "good" earth, so as to ensure that the garden takes hold immediately and doing so immediately does not affect costs and mechanical means would not cause major damage. By microclimate we mean the set of climatic conditions of a small surface area. This can also be the same in two adjacent gardens. The neighboring buildings, a group of trees, a hill, depending on their position, can protect from the wind or create a shadow that significantly changes the temperature. An orientation to the south and sloping will be more sunny than a flat one if at the top of a hill it will be warmer than one located at the foot of the same because, as we know, the cold air tends to descend downwards. Furthermore, prevailing winds can be mitigated by a hedge, while made stronger by walls. In fact, when the wind encounters a fixed obstacle (eg a wall) (fig. 3) it creates very strong turbulence which generally damages the plants - therefore a hedge is preferable (fig. 4). The plants themselves create a microclimate: some, for example, prevent the formation of frost.

The important thing is, therefore, when we design our garden, to consider whether it enjoys a particular microclimate (for better or for worse), as it will preserve us from any disappointments.

пїЅ NORTH: it is not as tragic as you think as the garden does not undergo sudden changes in temperature or sudden frosts, as it heats and cools very slowly

SOUTH: it is always exposed to the sun, so it is best in cold areas, in hot areas it is good to arrange some shelter

пїЅ IN EAST: receives sun from morning until early afternoon. The defect is that it heats up quickly, but cools down just as quickly. It is subject to late frosts and is not suitable for plants with early blooms and fruit trees

WEST: the garden is very hot in summer, but cold in winter, suitable for plants that love the sun but better if rustic.

However, these differences may not be so marked. Well, this aspect must be considered, as the garden must be fenced in the best possible way and delicate and rare plants should not be planted in the places habitually frequented by animals.

How much $ do we have available?

And now we have to deal with the budget! These accounts are good to do at the beginning, so as not to leave the work in the middle. It is therefore important to get serious estimates from equally serious companies, setting the amount you want to spend in advance.

It is important to note that the garden is still an investment that increases the value of the house, so it is worth making it attractive for future interest. Even if we have a well-kept garden with rare plants etc., it will never be completely successful if it is in stark contrast to the style of the house. There should always be a very close link between the style of the garden, the plants, the house in order to create a homogeneous environment. Plants close to the house should enhance and be enhanced in turn. For example, if a house has dark colored walls they will need to be brightened up by plants with light and bright foliage, while if the walls are light, plants with deep green foliage are better. If the house is long, it can be enhanced by planting tall trees on one side and shrubs on the other. If the house has its own location in a specific era, the garden must adapt to the style in vogue at that time.

On the practical side, since the garden must also be lived in, it is good to create paths and resting places, made of the same material with which the house was built. We often get excited about the garden seen in a magazine or during a walk and we want to recreate it exactly like that. At this point, let's learn to ask ourselves some fundamental questions:

1. WHO WILL USE THE GARDEN? Depending on whether it is a young couple with many friends or a couple with children, or even an elderly couple, the needs are very different.

2. IS THIS A MAIN OR A SECONDARY HOUSE? If it is the main one, the garden will have to be cared for all year round, looking for plants that bloom in any season (including winter). If, on the other hand, it is secondary, do you only go there on weekends or in summer? In this case it is good to concentrate the blooms in the period in which you go and you must discard all the elements that would remain unused (pergolas in places where you go in winter etc.)

3. HOW LONG DO YOU HAVE AVAILABLE? That is, how much time are you willing to devote to the care and maintenance of the garden, thinking without getting caught up in enthusiasm. The best result, however, remains the one that uses species suitable for the climate, exposure and soil in which they must grow.

4. ARE THERE INVALID PEOPLE?

5. ESTIMATED COST FOR CONSTRUCTION

6. ESTIMATED MAINTENANCE COST

Garden photos

A small, inauspicious concrete balcony or square in a stately building can be easily and economically transformed
visit: photos of the gardens

Before the arrival of autumn first and then winter, September is the perfect month, but also the last, for planting and sowing vegetables. If we have a small greenhouse and the desire to have fresh vegetables, then it is the case to focus on winter lettuce, but taking care that the leaf of the plant does not go underground. If you love radishes, September is their month, as they love the outdoors and the late summer sun. The period is also perfect for lettuce and rocket, which we will then collect in the spring.

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Garden work in July: what to plant?

Garden work in July: what to plant?

With the arrival of summer, the desire to re-beautify the outdoor spaces of one's home also returns. But what you need to know before starting work in garden in the month of July?

Anyone who is a little familiar with the plant world already knows that every season or month brings with it new rules and schemes to apply. This is because the change in temperature can favor the growth of a certain plant and compromise the development of another.

If with the approach of the summer months you have returned the desire to devote yourself to gardening , here are some tricks you can put into practice in the month of July.

July Garden: things to know before leaving

That of the gardening it is a hobby that is anything but disengaged. In fact, good will is not enough to obtain satisfaction and results, but study and preparation are needed. Beautifying the garden in July, for example, assumes that those who take care of it know what the plants need at this precise time of the year. If this is not the case, there is nothing to fear. Here is a guide that might be for you.

July plants: where to start?

First of all, it is necessary to know that irrigation becomes a process of fundamental importance in the month of July, gripped by often unbearable heat: the advice is to water plants and flowers daily, obviously checking the doses according to the needs of the plant species. Also, July is the right month for mow the grass, which however we recommend not to completely reduce to the ground. This phase is necessary to protect the nutrients plants, which would otherwise evaporate due to the heat.

What to plant in July?

If, on the other hand, you are wondering what is best to plant in July, you are spoiled for choice. Although during this period of the year many flowers finish their flowering, this time is recommended to unearth the bulbs, clean them and put them to rest in cool but also dry places. What are the flowers that can be sown at this time of the year? Let's see it together.

Among the most suitable flowers for the period we find:

  • The snapdragon
  • The violaviolets
  • The pansy
  • Petunias

Those who have decided that the time has come to recreate a baby vegetable garden in the garden. Let's see what are the vegetables to sow.

During the month of July it is recommended to sow the autumn vegetables, which can then be harvested from September, such as fennel, radicchio and cabbage. Also during this month it is also possible to sow peas, courgettes and radishes. The heat allows the seeds to germinate and also helps in the fast development of vegetable plants.

Finally, it must be remembered that the July heat also brings with it the arrival of parasites, a plague that can be fought with the use of organic products. The choice of the latter must be carefully considered, so as not to risk contamination of the vegetables.


Choose the right wind resistant plants

A plant that is resistant to salty winds will not necessarily be resistant to a cold wind. Here is a small guide that allows you to choose some species based on your situation.

Plants resistant to cold winds

  • persistent: the Scots pine and dwarf mountain pine they are two pine trees that are very resistant to wind and cold. the boxwood it's a species we can rely on, as most are heather, accustomed to the windy lands of Scotland. In bamboo, opt for Phyllostachys aureosulcata. It is a very aesthetic yellow bamboo, whose canes turn red in spring. Very resistant (- 30 ° C) its foliage seems to resist cold winds.
  • out of stock: among the tall stems, it is always nice to hear the murmur of the foliage of Birch when the wind shakes them (read: Trees swaying in the wind), or constantly see the leaves of the aspen that embellish themselves with the cold (their color becomes orange). the Ginkgo bilobathe amazing fan-shaped deciduous conifer is also a beautiful tree endowed with unerring resistance. Among the fruit trees, note the dogwood which can be found at the forefront of a windbreak hedge.

Spray resistant plants

  • persistent: cypress, Chamaecyparis (Lawson's Cypress), thuyas. there are many conifers that withstand winds laden with sea spray, but they are not the only ones. Fruit shrubs (strawberry tree, elderberry. ) or flowers (Escallonia), cut hardwoods (coal of Japan, eleagnus), bamboo (Phyllostachys flexuosa soft, flexible foliage), ground coverings (heather, thyme, Delosperma, sedum… ).
  • out of stock: the tamarisk and its vaporous flowering is the emblematic tree of the sea. Deciduous viburnums are also, for the most part, of the party type Viburnum burkwoodii whose beautiful ball-shaped inflorescences perfume the air with a pleasant scent of orange blossom. Among the perennials, do not hesitate to turn to plants of the Lamiaceae family: Nepeta faassenii (mint cats) and its abundant blue-purple bloom (rich in nectar!), or even Perovskia with long and light ears. Do you want more vibrant colors? Opt for crocosmias. Budding, the great Stipa gigantea with tall cobs of bearded spikelets, or the more modest Leymus arenarius with beautiful green foliage, they are particularly resistant to splashes.

Read also: spray resistant plants


Greenhouses, caissons and tunnels

The most decisive intervention for protect vegetable plants and facilitating both late and early production, consists in adopting a stable shelter such as that provided by a greenhouse or a covered tunnel with sheets of resistant material.

These structures maintain a temperature within them that is a few degrees higher than the outside and ensure a more favorable environment for plant growth. While greenhouses can be rigid in structure, with metal or wooden frames and glass or polycarbonate panels, for the tunnels just use the non-woven fabric (TNT) which is very resistant, does not rot, allows water, light and air to filter and protects vegetables from wind and cold, limiting the day-night temperature range.

Early sowing to grow new seedlings, but also to prolong the production of low vegetables, are favored by the use of boxes with cliftable lid which provide an ideal microclimate. They can be built by making a wooden or iron frame and using thick nylon cloth. Even simple canopies leaning against the house, if adequately equipped with transparent panels, provide a safe shelter and a favorable environment.



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