By: Amy Grant
When thinking about where peach trees are grown, often the warm climates of the southern United States, particularly Georgia, come to mind. If you don’t live in a warm region but love peaches, don’t despair; try growing Golden Jubilee peach trees. Golden Jubilee peaches can be grown in USDA zones 5-9. The following article contains information on how to grow a Golden Jubilee peach variety.
Golden Jubilee peach trees produce mid-season peaches that can be grown in cooler climates. They need about 800 chilling hours, temperatures below 45 F. (7 C.), to set fruit. They are a hybrid peach whose parent is the Elberta peach.
The Golden Jubilee peach variety produces yellow-fleshed, sweet and juicy, freestone peaches that are ready for harvest in summer. The trees bloom in the spring with scented pink-tinted blossoms that give way to yellow fruit with a flush of scarlet that can be used for canning or eating fresh.
Golden Jubilee peach trees are available in both dwarf and standard sizes and will attain heights of between 15-25 feet (4.5 to 8 m.) with an 8-20 foot (2-6 m.) spread. It is a rapidly growing tree that is adaptable to a variety of soils as well as cool climates. Golden Jubilee will begin bearing at the age of 3-4 years.
Growing a Golden Jubilee peach tree is an excellent choice for gardeners with smaller landscapes because it is self-fruitful, meaning it doesn’t require another peach for pollination. That said, like many self-fruitful trees, it will benefit from having another peach nearby.
Plan to plant the tree in the spring when it is still dormant. Pick a site that is in full sun, with at least 6 hours of sun per day. While Golden Jubilee peaches are not too picky regarding their soil, it should be well draining and with a preferred pH of 6.5.
Soak the roots of the tree for 6-12 hours prior to planting. Dig a hole that is as deep as the container the peach is in and a bit wider to allow for spreading the roots. Put the tree in the hole, spreading the roots out gently, and backfill with the removed soil. Tamp down around the tree. Golden Jubilee should be watered in well after planting.
Thereafter, rainfall may be sufficient irrigation, but if not, water the tree with an inch (2.5 cm) of water per week. Lay a layer of mulch around the tree, taking care to keep away from the trunk, to retain moisture and retard weeds.
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Read more about Peach Trees
Garden Gold Peach Tree is a dwarf variety that produces wonderful fruit in August. Plant one near an entrance or perennial bed as a delicious accent. You can also use one in a container on your patio as its dwarf nature makes it perfect for pots and small spaces.
Pink blossoms appear in spring on your Garden Gold, a lovely welcome to the warm season, and a hearty lure to pollinators. August brings yellow/orange foliage, a spicy accent for your yard as other plants fade. In between spring and fall, the true magic begins.
As your flowers slowly transition from flowers to fruit, you'll notice tiny, golden balls hanging amid the branches. Soon those tiny balls will grow into large, golden peaches, ready to be sampled right off the tree, still warm from the sun's rays. Freestone, with lovely yellow flesh and a delectable sweet flavor, your Garden Gold Peaches will be a late summer treat you'll come to eagerly anticipate every year.
It blooms later than most, so will be less prone to frost damage than other varieties. Garden Gold adapts to a variety of soils (even some poor ones), and doesn't even need a pollinator. It's generally a vigorous grower that demands little attention.
If seeking a peach tree to grace your yard, you can't really go wrong with Garden Gold. Small enough to fit into almost any space, it's an easy tree to try.
A peach tree will benefit from being grown in a container since it produces flowers as early as March. It also bears fruit earlier than many fruit trees. The container makes it easy to protect your peach tree by moving it indoors if frost or wind threatens the tree. Follow these steps for growing a peach tree in a container.
If you want to grow a peach tree in a container for its entire life, choose a dwarf variety, since a full-sized peach tree will probably not be able to grow to maturity in a container. Most varieties of dwarf peach trees vary between 5 to 15 feet in height, with a slightly smaller breadth than height. The Red Haven peach tree produces delicious fruit, grows 15 feet tall and is hardy in zones 5 to 9. The Golden Glory dwarf peach tree is another hardy tree that grows to only 5 feet tall, but still produces large, scrumptious peaches
If you plant a smaller dwarf like the Golden Glory, use a five-gallon container. For a larger variety, like Red Haven, use a larger 15-gallon container. Make sure the container has plenty of draining holes. Place the container on a tray and fill with several inches of gravel or pebbles so that water will drain better and the peach tree roots won't be in standing water.
Fill half-way with a loamy compost soil. Place the sapling into the container and fill under and around the plant, filling the soil to within a couple inches of the top of the container. Be sure to plant the tree so that the graft line (where the dwarf was grafted to its parent) is not under the soil. Water thoroughly. The soil may settle if there are air pockets. Add some more soil if necessary and pat down. Mulching is helpful, but not necessary.
Place your container where it can get at least 6 hours of sunlight a day. A container-grown plant is much more dependent on its planter for nutrients as it doesn't have the room to spread out and search for nutrients in the soil. Apply a liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks, and water thoroughly when the soil dries out. Water enough so that there is standing water in the tray under the container. Water again when the water from the tray has evaporated. In cold climates, move your container indoors near a window or in a greenhouse from December to April. To encourage your peach tree to grow larger peaches, pinch off every other small peach. The more peaches on the tree, the smaller they will be. As your tree grows older, it will be able to hold a higher quantity of large peaches.
Peaches—botanical name Prunus persica—are native to Northwest China. Growing peach trees requires that the climate is dry and sunny, such as in temperate or continental areas. For the sweet, juicy fruits to ripen, the trees need a chilling period in winter. Then hot summers with temperatures between 68°F and 86°F (20°C – 30°C) are required to ripen fully.
You can plant peach trees in your garden if you live in USDA zones 4 to 9. Peach trees grow to between 10 and 13 ft. (3 – 4 m) if you prune them properly. If you have a compact garden or space is limited, then you could grow a dwarf variety of peach tree. Some types of dwarf peach trees that produce delicious fruit are “Stark Saturn,” “Golden Gem,” “Southern Sweet,” “Redhaven,” and “Bonanza II.”
In this article, you will learn about many of the most popular peach varieties—sweet and tart ones. You’ll find out about white donut peaches, nectarines, large yellow peaches, and many more. Descriptions and pictures will help you identify which of these peaches are your favorite.
peach Melba is the favorite dessert of one of my friends. Since she already grows her own raspberries, she asked me one day if she couldn't grow her own peaches as well. I replied I didn't see why not, since I do and with great success.
Although spring is the best time to plant peach trees, plans can be made now. The local harvest is just coming in. This is great opportunity to sample peach flavors and choose those varieties that have special tasty appeal.
A peach tree or two fits well into the average suburban yard. The standard size, which is much smaller than an apple or even a pear, needs an approximate 22 by 22 foot space. Some varieties come in dwarf size, which needs only a 10 by 10 foot space.
Tree‐ripened peaches are quite unlike store‐bought fruit. They are sweeter, less acid and juicier. Of all my fruits, none other, except maybe pear, gives such special pleasure.
But I don't take peaches for granted. A bountiful harvest is by no means rare, but it's not a sure thing every year.
Peaches thrive best in a temperate climate but they also need “chilling” — a certain number of hours below 45°. On the whole, peaches are more tender than apples or pears, more sensitive to changes in temperature. The potential crop is on the tree in winter. In a thaw, the buds may develop to the point where they lose resistance to cold and succumb in a deep freeze. Sub‐zero weather kills all the buds of some varieties, if not the tree itself. Even a light frost in late spring may kill open blossoms.
Large bodies of water have a tempering effect for peaches. The Great Lakes area and the Finger Lakes country of New York State are good peach areas. Much of Long Island Is suitable, also New Jersey. South County, Rhode island, seemed a benign environment for the white‐fleshed peaches with rosy hearts that my great‐aunts used to grow long ago in their poultry yards.
Extremely hardy varieties have been recently developed. There are now few places in the Northeast that cannot grow some kind of peach.
In the backyard, the best site for peaches has full sun, good drainage and free circulation of air. A gentle slope is good. The best soil is sandy loam, not over‐rich. I added broken‐down compost to my heavy clay soil, but did not mix in rotted manure. No fruit tree needs as much fertilizer as annual crops such as corn or squash.
Peaches should not grow within 500 feet of the wild chokecherry, the host for “X” disease. Once attacked by “X”, which passes by means of leafhoppers from chokecherry trees to peach, but probably not from peach tree to peach tree the tree eventually dies. When I set out my Golden Jubilee about eight or 10 years ago, the Extension Service of University of Massachusettts, warned me especially about chokecherry. However, there are no chokecherry trees here.
My yearling trees were shipped from their respective nurseries already pruned. I'd never have “dared” cut them back so severely. Dwarf trees must be staked even standard trees benefit from staking. Newly set trees need regular watering — a good pailful once a week rather than a daily dribbling. Mulch keeps in moisture. Use hay or even stones or gravel. A bare circle, two feet wide around the base of the trunk, discourages mice and also shows up attack by the peach tree borer. This yellow‐white caterpillar with brown head tunnels through the trunk near the base and feeds on the inner bark. Sign of its presence is a mass of sticky gum (the tree's sap). With a sharp knife follow the tunnel, locate and destroy the worm.
Peach trees are usually grown in a bowl shape with a center open to sun and air. Early spring is the best time to prune. Since the fruit buds for next year's peaches are formed on this year's young wood, the tree must be encouraged to send forth new growth yearly. One nursery also recommends pinching back two inches off the ends of soft leafy shoots, this to be done in June, and again a little later.
Some years, too much fruit is set for the tree to nourish. The excess may fall off naturally in the June “drop“. If not, thin the fruit to eight to 10 inches apart. A thick cluster will never become big peaches.
The peach harvest of any one variety comes and goes more quickly than apples or pears — lasting about two weeks. Go over the tree daily. A fully ripe peach comes off the twig with just a slight twist. of the hand. Such peaches will keep a week or so in a cool place. I use mine up each day, eat or give them away or can the surplus. Peaches freeze well, too.
In a good year, a dwarf tree will bear somewhat more than half bushel of fruit, each peach as large or even larger than the fruit of a standard tree. The latter, however, is capable of a three to five bushel harvest, sometimes more. The dwarf tree may start bearing the year after it is planted. The regular tree takes a few years longer.
After the harvest, get rid of all the brown wizened “mummies” which may spread the disease brown rot. My greataunts’ hens cleaned up. For country people, henyards are still a practical site for peach trees.
Unlike apple trees, peach trees rarely become venerable, though they live longer now than they used to. Twenty or more profitable years can be expected. My mother's standard Elberta was probably exceptional. Planted in 1939, it did not die until 1976. The last few years, it consisted of two great arms which had to be propped up under the burden of the harvest.
The best‐know peach and the leading commercial and canning variety, Elberta has large handsome fruit, yellow with red cheek. It's freestone, yellow fleshed and most important, hardy in bud. Elberta ripens in September.
The following are September peaches: Belle of Georgia (which I have often heard called The Belle of Southern New England) with immense creamy‐white peaches with rosy blush. The trees are hardy. White‐fleshed peaches contain’ less Vitamin A than the yellow‐fleshed, but in some opinions their flavor is more delicate and desirable. J. H. Hale has extra large, yellow‐fleshed fruit with rich flavor. It keeps exceptionally well. J. H. Hale needs another variety for pollination.
Golden Jubilee peaches and Fall Red raspberry provide fruit for my own Peach Melba. Both ripen in late August. Introduced some years ago by the New Jersey Experiment Station, Golden Jubilee resembles Elberta, but the fruits seem larger. My dwarf Jubilee has borne 139 plump peaches in one harvest, but most years, the count is less.
Other August varieties: Red Haven, introduced by the South Haven Experiment Station in Michigan. Somewhat earlier than Golden Jubilee, it has handsome fruit, red all over with yellow‐fleshed. It hangs on the tree well when ripe. Champion is an old reliable variety, whitefleshed with large fruits of fine flavor. Blake has bright skin, with yellow flesh and is a vigorous trees.
Varieties for a cold climate include: Richaven, originated at Michigan State. It has survived —19° with no permanent damage to the tree. The golden fruits are overlaid with red and are yellow‐fleshed. Harvest starts in late August. Reliance is hardiest of all. Reliance was developed at the University of New Hampshire. In trials, it survived —25° and the next August bore a good crop.
The earliest peach, Sunhaven, is another Michigan State introduction, which ripens in late July. Crawford is an oldfashioned variety, almost 150 years old, and has been reintroduced. The beautiful fruits have skin in all shades of red with yellow‐flesh. Rochester is another oldfashioned variety, related to Crawford for earlier harvest. ■