Why do we need autumn transshipment of land and when is it better not to do it?

To increase the fertility of the soil, summer residents are trying to improve the methods of its cultivation. Any material is used: plow, harrow, shovel, pitchfork and others. There are even more methods of using them.

What is transshipment and how is it different from digging

Transshipment is a land cultivation method in which the excavated soil is placed not in its place, but in the adjacent furrow. Unlike conventional digging, during transshipment, layers of soil are shifted among themselves in order to preserve as much useful microflora as possible.

In addition, this method activates the natural process of soil restoration. And if the soil is very dense, then this will improve drainage.

During the procedure, it is advisable to remove the roots of the weeds, and not to bury them. But it's okay if you missed a few pieces. During transshipment, they will move into deep soil layers, from where it will be difficult for them to germinate.

This also applies to insects. Pests that hibernate deep in the soil will end up on the surface where they will freeze or be eaten by birds.

This method will kill butterflies that burrow into the upper layers of the soil and lay eggs on weeds, as well as pathogens of powdery mildew, leaf rust, fusarium and root rot.

How and when is it produced

During the transshipment on the bed, dig grooves 25 cm deep and 50 cm wide.Then, with a shovel, select a layer of earth 25 cm deep.And transfer it to the next dug furrow so that the layer of soil is not in its own furrow, but in another. After that, you can add fertilizer, compost or manure and the broken top layer.

The procedure must be carried out at a specific time. The land should be cultivated before the first frost, at a temperature of + 10-19 ° С.

It is best to carry out the procedure in late September or early October. Don't wait for precipitation. If snow falls into the ground, it will make it difficult to warm it up in the spring, and heavy rains will make the ground dense.If you do the transshipment in warm sunny weather, beneficial microorganisms will die from future frosts, and the soil will dry out greatly.

When not to do it

If the soil is sufficiently nutritious and light, then transshipment is not necessary. It will be enough to loosen the ground in early spring before sowing garden crops.

In general, this method may not be the best way to affect the properties of the soil.

The thing is that in the process the water and air channels made by the worms in the soil are disturbed. This makes it leaner and less fertile. In addition, closer to winter, beneficial microorganisms will hibernate. As a result, if the deadlines are delayed and the technology is violated, all useful microflora can die from frost. Therefore, it is not worth using the method without a significant reason.

Planting gooseberries in 2021 in spring and autumn: terms, favorable days according to the lunar calendar

Planting seedlings is of great importance for the successful cultivation of gooseberries. If everything is done correctly, the plant will delight with a good harvest for many years.

Gooseberries are planted at different times of the year: spring and autumn. Planting in each season has its own characteristics that you need to be aware of. The optimal terms for Russian regions are spring and autumn, the lunar calendar of favorable days in 2021 will help to properly plan planting, care, feeding, processing plants and harvesting.

Most often, gooseberries are propagated by seedlings that you can buy or grow yourself from parts of the plant.

How to process fruit trees

Pruning fruit trees in spring depends on the species. Unnecessary branches are removed from apple trees so that the main trunk remains intact, in relation to which the remaining branches will grow at an obtuse angle. In the process of culture development, the upper part can change direction under the weight of the crop, give a shade or press down the side shoots with weight. If this happens, the main trunk will have to be cut upwards. In this way, the illumination of the crown is achieved, and new shoots will begin to grow vertically from the main trunk. Plum is similar in shape to shrubs, since it does not have a main trunk.

When pruning, such trees form a cupped crown. The central conductor is removed, and old branches and shoots are cut out annually in spring, if they are located close to each other. It is necessary to shorten branches that are too long and hang down to the ground. Cherry formation is different from other fruit trees. Its buds are located at the ends of the branches, so they cannot be shortened. If you cut off the tip, the branch will dry out. The branches of the cherry are cut out completely for the purpose of thinning. Peach and apricot grow intensively; pruning young fruit trees is advised carefully. In these tall crops, the apex is removed. It is also necessary to remove the branches that are located low.

Terms of repeated sowing of vegetable crops

In July sowing of early ripening green plants is possible: watercress, onions on the greens, radish, lettuce, dill, spinach, cabbage or romaine lettuce... After harvesting green vegetables in July, they sow peas and beans... Also sown in July legumes in the garden, in order to mow them at the end of summer and use them as siderates. In place of the chosen kohlrabi and summer radish sow dill.

For a continuous supply of greenery in the vacated area after onions continue to sow in August mustard, Peking cabbage, watercress, dill, spinach.

In September before frosts, winter crops of green plants are made (spinach, katrana, cucumber herb) and winter crops for greens in early spring. For this, at the beginning of October, they are planted bulb onionsso that it takes root in the fall, winter varieties of garlic, sorrel, tarragon and other plants by dividing the bushes of old plants, as well spinach sowing seeds in the ground.

In November do winter crops radish, Peking cabbage, carrots, beetroot, parsley, parsnip, dill, spinach, lettuceas well as landing tarragon, rhubarb, sorrel, marjoram, peppermint, horseradish and other perennial plants by dividing the bushes.

Planting site and soil requirements

For gardeners who are just beginning to grow strawberries, there are some tips for choosing the best location for the garden beds. It is chosen based on the following points:

  1. Berry bushes like well-lit areas, protected from sudden gusts of wind. A lack of sunlight and heat will make the strawberries look small and give them a sour taste. The beds are advised to be placed on the southwestern side of the site. The advantage will be the presence of a slight slope (no more than 2-3 °).
  2. The crop is not planted in places where flooding occurs periodically, water is collected or groundwater is too close. Waterlogged soil will lead to the death of the plant.
  3. At the first planting of a culture on a particular place, its “predecessors” are taken into account. Radishes, carrots, garlic, onions, and beets work well. And a bed left over, for example, after potatoes, cucumbers or eggplants is not the best choice.

The soil for strawberries is recommended to choose light, fertile, with weak acidic properties (with a pH of 5 to 6.5). If the acidity of the soil is higher than the required value, 5 kg of lime is applied for each m² of land. Quite good options are black soil, sandy loam or loamy soil. In this case, it is desirable that the humus content is not more than 3%.

Of great importance is the preparation of the soil for the transfer of seedlings, which is carried out 2 weeks before the expected start date of work. The top layer of soil about 30 cm thick is dug up, organic and mineral additives are added. For example, many people use manure, making 10-20 kg per square meter. m. Also, the land is fertilized with superphosphate or potassium chloride (about 20 g per 1m²).

Instructions for the use of top dressing

Before using fertilizer, check the acidity of the soil. At home, this is easy to do with vinegar. They take a handful of earth and drop a few drops of liquid on it. The appearance of bubbles indicates an alkaline reaction or neutral. If the soil is acidic, lime or dolomite flour is added first. The laying of mineral fat is carried out only after a month, when the soil is prepared for the assimilation of nutrients.

Preparation of the solution

At different stages of development, fertilizer is applied during wetting, which makes it possible to accelerate the effect and increase the efficiency of the fertilizer. The powder consumption rate is 40-50 g / m 2. According to the instructions for use, in order to better dissolve the crystals, a concentrate is first prepared, which is then diluted in a large volume of water. Basic steps:

  1. Pour 300 g of the drug into 3 liters of warm water, mix and leave for several hours for the complete disappearance of the sediment.
  2. A 100 ml concentrate is poured into 10 l of water.
  3. Depending on the phase, auxiliary substances are introduced (after planting - nitrogen-containing fertilizers, before budding - ½ kg of wood ash).

Terms and methods of depositing

Superphosphate is used many times, especially when there are signs of phosphorus starvation in plants. Optimal time:

  • during the autumn preparation of the site for growing cucumbers
  • in a substrate for forcing seedlings
  • 10 days after planting seedlings or in holes when sowing seeds
  • in the flowering phase
  • at the beginning and middle of fruiting.

Fertilizer is applied more often in the form of an irrigation solution, less often an aqueous extract is used and as an additive to a substrate for sowing seeds. Phosphorus increases seed germination and seedling development rate. It is recommended to apply it in an amount of 10 g per 10 l of substrate. The combination with boric acid has a beneficial effect. To prepare an aqueous extract, the preparation granules are poured with boiling water until they are separated into liquid and sediment. Then the infusion is poured into a separate container. The sediment is re-mixed with water, which is added as a top dressing.

How to avoid this situation in the future

In order to minimize the risk of lilies sprouting in the fall as much as possible, you need to follow a few simple rules. First, buy planting material only from trusted sellers, it is better - in specialized stores. Secondly, aligning the planting with the long-term weather forecast will help make sure that the warm autumn days are over and the lilies can be planted without fear of sprouting. But here, too, it is important not to overdo it.

An indicator of the possibility of transplanting any lilies in autumn can be the temperature of the soil - if it drops to 0 ° C, you are late - the bulbs will be overcooled, and root growth will be delayed or even stop altogether.

It is also important to know other rules regarding the autumn planting of lilies.

Now you know why your lilies sprouted after the autumn planting, what to do with it and how to avoid similar results later. Let your lilies grow to your delight, no matter when you plant them or when you cut them!

Watch the video: Why do we have Seasons? Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter - Science for Kids

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