Tomatoes of the Dar Zavolzhya variety have long conquered the hearts of gardeners with their taste and unpretentiousness. This is one of those tomatoes that will not leave even inexperienced novice gardeners without a crop. In the article we will talk about its advantages, as well as provide a characteristic and description.
The plant has limited growth, reaches a height of no more than 70 cm. The stem is strong, thick, the number of leaves is average. Up to 8 brushes with large, even tomatoes develop on the stem. Has a well-developed rhizome. Leaves are light green, wrinkled, not pubescent, medium in size.
Tomato belongs to medium early, the harvest is ripe after 110 days after emergence.
The mass of one tomato is about 80-100 g... It can be grown both in open ground, in those regions for which it was bred, and in greenhouses, if the climate is more severe.
On average, up to 7 kg of tomatoes are harvested from 1 m2, and experienced gardeners and up to 5 kg from one plant.
The originator is GNU Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIR im. N.I., Vavilova RAAS. The variety is intended for cultivation in the Central, Vologda, North Caucasian regions. However, gardeners have empirically proven the acceptability of growing this variety even in more severe conditions.
Fruit grows best on chernozem soils... For plants of this variety, it is very important that the soil is breathable and saturated with moisture.
Feels good on loamy and sandy loam soils, but with proper care.
Sowing tomatoes is best in mid-March... Before planting, it is advisable to treat the seeds with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate to prevent the development of diseases. You can additionally soak the seeds in some kind of growth stimulant for a couple of hours.
The soil can be taken ready-made universal or for vegetables, but you should not save on it.
The future harvest largely depends on the quality of the soil for seedlings. Or you can cook it yourself. For this, garden soil is taken, mixed with humus or peat 1: 1, sand is added if the soil is heavy, and superphosphate.
Seeds are embedded in the soil to a depth of 2 cm, the same distance should be between neighboring plants. Then they need to be watered well, preferably from a spray bottle, so that the soil does not erode, and covered with transparent film or glass.
For the emergence of seedlings, it is necessary sunlight and constant temperature... It is advisable to grow seedlings on a southern windowsill, where there are no drafts.
After seed germination, the film must be removed so that the seedlings do not get sick with a black leg from high humidity. If it is not possible to provide young tomatoes with bright lighting, you can additionally illuminate the seedlings with UV lamps.
Tomatoes are planted in open ground in Maywhen the threat of return frosts has passed. Heated greenhouses can be planted earlier.
Seedlings must be hardened beforehand. To do this, during the day in warm weather, plants are taken out into the open air for 1-2 hours, gradually increasing the time spent outdoors up to a whole day.
The distance between adjacent plants should be 40 cm, and between the rows - 60 cm... In the soil, you need to make a small hole, pour a handful of humus or peat, a little complex fertilizer or cow dung into it.
Place the root in the hole, it is allowed to deepen it, water it abundantly and cover it with earth. Be sure to compact the soil at the root, but do not tamp. It is important that no air pockets remain, but oxygen permeability is maintained.
"Gift of the Volga region" - light-loving variety, therefore, it cannot be planted even in partial shade. The most comfortable air temperature for the plant is +22 degrees, and the soil temperature is +18 degrees.
Not bad in extreme heat mulch the soil peat or grass to protect the roots from overheating. In addition, mulching helps to avoid drying out the soil and disrupting oxygen metabolism. Otherwise, abundant watering and frequent loosening are required.
The formation of ovaries is better at high humidity, so in extreme heat it is a good idea to spray flowering plants.
The variety is characterized by the simultaneous formation of a large number of ovaries. Therefore, plants need tie up to avoid breaking off the stems. For the variety, the formation of stepsons is normal, you will have to remove them.
You can also pick off 1-2 extreme flowers in the brush so that the fruits are larger. If the tomato is grown in a greenhouse, then regular ventilation is necessary. Late blight can develop from high humidity both on the leaves and on the fruits.
It is necessary feed tomatoes. Once every two weeks, you can apply complex fertilizers, manure or nitrogen-containing compounds.
With the onset of flowering, the application of nitrogen is stopped, since this will stimulate the growth of greenery. But you can continue to feed with complex fertilizers. If the stems have acquired a purple hue, then it is necessary to fertilize with phosphorus-containing compounds, although more often this is necessary for seedlings.
The variety is quite resistant to disease. But in rare cases, late blight or tobacco mosaic may develop.
Spraying with a weak solution of copper sulfate will help to cope with the first ailment (10 g of the drug is taken for 10 liters of water). Wood ash will help to cope with the second problem, which should be sprinkled on the soil under the tomato.
You can pick tomato seeds yourself. To do this, you need to choose large, ripe fruit of regular shape on a healthy plant. The seeds are squeezed out and washed well, and then dried in the sun (you can on the windowsill). Store the harvested seeds in a paper or cloth bag.
"Gift of the Zavolzhya" refers mainly to salad varieties and is grown on an industrial scale for these purposes. But gardeners successfully harvest them for the winter in a variety of forms, which speaks of the versatility of this variety.
Almost every summer resident grows at least one or two varieties of tomatoes on his plot. Tomatoes are very popular in our country. That is why gardeners are interested in finding the most suitable variety that will give them a high yield of large and tasty vegetables. Recently, the most popular variety of tomatoes "Dar Zavolzhya". It pleases summer residents with its large size, bright red tint and sweet taste.
Tomatoes Dar from the Volga region were brought out within the walls of the Volgograd experimental station VNIIR of N.I. Their description in the State Register appeared in 1992, and planting is recommended for the Volgograd Region, the Central Region and the North Caucasian Federal District.
The determinant, non-standard variety is in demand in different regions due to its unpretentiousness in growing conditions.
Fruiting occurs 103-109 days after planting. The harvest is plentiful and has a high taste.
The bush is powerful, medium leafy, reaching 70 cm in height. The root system is well developed (over 50 cm).
Medium-sized wrinkled, light green leaves are not covered with villi. The inflorescence is simple, intermediate type, is laid in the interval of 6-7 leaves, the rest - after 1-2 leaves.
The Dar Zavolzhya tomatoes ripen in 100-110 days.
Fruits are round, flattened on both sides and medium ribbed. The skin is dense, does not crack. In the process of maturation, the pale green hue is replaced by a reddish pink.
The pulp is fleshy and tender, there are many seeds.
“Gift of the Volga Region” has a lot of positive characteristics. The main ones are as follows:
In addition, there are some disadvantages:
Almost every summer resident grows at least one or two varieties of tomatoes on his plot. Tomatoes are very popular in our country.
That is why gardeners are interested in finding the most suitable variety that will give them a high yield of large and tasty vegetables. Recently, the most popular variety of tomatoes "Dar Zavolzhya".
It pleases summer residents with its large size, bright red tint and sweet taste.
The Dar Zavolzhya tomato variety was bred by Russian breeders and entered into the State Register of Agrarian Achievements of Russia.
[su_box title = "Important" style = "glass" box_color = "# F63E62 ″ radius =" 5 ″]
Initially, the task of breeders was to adapt the vegetable to successful cultivation in difficult weather conditions in such regions of the country as Central Black Earth, Nizhnevolzhsky and North Caucasian.
However, today this variety is grown with the same success by gardeners in many other regions of Russia.
The plant culture belongs to mid-season varieties. The ripening period takes from 100 to 110 days. The plant type is determinant, which means that the shrub has limited growth. In the open field, the plant can reach up to 90 cm, in the greenhouse - up to 75 cm.
The bush is characterized by a strong, powerful stem. Usually does not require a garter. The leaves are of medium size and smooth ribbed edges, light green in color. The rhizome of the plant is well developed. It can grow up to 40-45 cm. Thanks to it, the fruits quickly receive all the necessary substances from the soil.
The type of inflorescences is simple. After 6-8 leaves, the first fruits appear, then every 1-3 leaves. The variety is resistant to many of the most common diseases that tomatoes can suffer from.
Under stable weather conditions, the tomato begins its ripening process in mid-July. The yield can be up to 5 kg per bush. The fruits are characterized by a rounded shape with a slightly flattened tip and a depression at the stalk.
Tomatoes of the "Dar Zavolzhya" variety have a bright red color, which will become an adornment of any feast. The skin is firm, does not crack. The pulp is distinguished by a bright scarlet color and a small number of seed chambers.
The weight of one fruit ranges from 60 to 120 g, depending on the quality of care and the climatic conditions of their cultivation.
In addition, the Dar Zavolzhya tomato has above average taste - sweet with sourness. Suitable for whole fruit canning. Due to its dense pulp, it perfectly manifests its taste in salads, and is also popular for fresh consumption.
Experienced farmers attribute several factors to the most obvious advantages of the Dar Zavolzhya variety.
But also tomatoes "Gift of the Volga" have disadvantages.
Tomatoes are most suitable for growing in regions of Russia with a stable climate, devoid of excessive moisture. With careful care, you can get a high-quality high yield, which will delight not only a large family, but also suitable for further implementation.
Sowing of tomato seedlings "Dar Zavolzhya" experts advise to carry out in March. Seeds must be purchased in specialized trusted stores. The soil must be prepared in advance. You can collect it on your site and warm it up in advance, but you can purchase ready-made nutrient soil in the store.
In the event that the soil is harvested independently, before planting the seeds, equal parts of humus and coarse river sand must be added to the soil, then everything must be mixed.
[su_box title = "Tip" style = "glass" box_color = "# FFDB00 ″ radius =" 5 ″]
Before planting seeds, you need to decontaminate them. This can be done in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, after which the seeds must be rinsed in running water and allowed to dry.
In prepared containers with soil, small depressions of 3-4 cm are made, where the seeds are then placed.
After that, it is necessary to sprinkle them with soil, cover with foil or glass and remove to a warm, dark place before the first shoots appear.
In the process of growing seedlings, it is necessary to keep the soil moist. As soon as sprouts appear, the seedlings must be moved to a well-lit place free from drafts. Once a day, the containers need to be taken outside so that the plants get used to the outdoor conditions before they are planted in the open ground.
It should be borne in mind that tomatoes of the "Gift of the Volga" variety are quite thermophilic plants. Experts recommend keeping them indoors where the air temperature does not drop below + 20 ° C. But it is also necessary to provide them with quality lighting.
The future landing site should also be chosen with these requirements in mind. A place that has sunlight for most of the day is best. If planting is carried out in a greenhouse, it must be equipped with the necessary light sources.
Thus, you can get the highest quality and largest harvest of tomatoes "Gift of the Volga".
After the last frost, you can plant tomatoes in open ground in a permanent place. Usually this is the end of May - beginning of June. First you need to prepare the beds by fertilizing them with peat or humus.
The holes are not made too deep - 4-5 cm.The distance between the plants should be about 40 cm.
[su_box title = "Note" style = "glass" box_color = "# 4573D5 ″ radius =" 5 ″]
Experienced farmers also advise adding a phosphorus supplement to the soil in advance, which can be purchased at a specialty store.
For this variety, pinching is not required. Subsequent care will consist in stable watering - no more than 2-3 times a week, as well as feeding for the period of the most active plant growth. If the fruits grow large and rather heavy, the bush can be tied to wooden pegs or a special support.
Do not forget about the prevention of diseases for tomato plants. To do this, you need to purchase the necessary funds, including from pests. You need to harvest the future crop as they ripen. This usually happens in early August.
Summer residents note the unpretentiousness of this plant in care. All that is needed for a high-quality harvest is to choose a well-lit place and feed the plant on time.
Then you can get large tomatoes that are suitable both for conservation and for use in salads, fresh.
Especially many buyers like the traditional red and rounded look of the tomato, which looks quite appetizing.
Many people note the juicy texture of the pulp and the excellent taste of the fruit. Long shelf life of the vegetable allows you to harvest large crops without the risk of losing it during transportation. Gardeners also note that these fruits do not crack during cultivation.
See the next video for what the "Gift of the Volga" tomato variety is.
The scope of application of tomatoes "Gift of the Volga", according to reviews of many housewives, is quite wide. Due to its excellent taste, the fruits can be used in the preparation of any dishes and preparations, where tomatoes and their derivatives are indicated as a component.
The first harvest can be eaten fresh, pink tomatoes are perfect for slicing summer vegetable salads and the first omelets with tomatoes. Fans of picnics and kebabs will also find use for "Daram".
The second and subsequent wave of ripe tomatoes can be used for winter harvesting. From sweet, dense, juicy tomatoes, you can prepare any salads, sauces, pastas, ketchups. However, due to excessive density, tomato juices from "Gifts of the Volga region" are too thick and do not have a bright red, saturated color.
"Gifts" will also look perfect in jars, as a whole. Many housewives note that with whole-fruit canning, the skin of tomatoes does not crack.
Every caring housewife will find where the harvested crop can be applied.
In height, tomato bushes Dar Zavolzhya can reach up to 90 cm, have limited growth. The bushes have not too developed branching of the shoots, the leaves are light green and smooth.
The fruit is slightly flattened, without ribbing, orange-red after ripening. The pulp of the fruit is firm. The weight of one fruit is on average 80 grams, with good care it can exceed 100 grams.
The tomato harvest Dar of the Volga region can be harvested within one hundred and five days from the moment the seedlings sprouted en masse. Fruit ripening begins around mid-July. Five kilograms of tomatoes are sometimes harvested from one bush, this is a very high-yielding variety.
Gift of the Volga region - clusters on a bush
Variety bushes in the garden - the harvest is ripening
When caring for plants, there are a few things to keep in mind:
It is important to observe the basic conditions for growing tomatoes of the Dar Zavolzhya variety, so that they show their best side and give a good harvest.
Key points of planting and growing tomatoes:
The purchase of seeds must be carried out in trusted places: garden centers, online stores or in the markets from reliable people. Sowing is best in mid-March, because the planting of seedlings in the garden takes place in mid-May.
Strong tomato seedlings Gift of the Volga region
It is recommended to pre-treat the soil and seeds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). Planting to a depth of about 2 cm, the gap between the plants cannot be less than 2 cm after planting, the soil is watered abundantly with warm water and covered with polyethylene.
Seedlings need to be provided with uniform lighting.
Best of all, Dar Zavolzhye tomatoes germinate on chernozem soils. The soil should be air permeable and optimally moist. The place of planting the tomato should be evenly lit by sunlight.
Better not to plant tomato bushes in the shade.
The optimum air temperature for the normal development of this variety is +22 degrees, and the soil is +18 degrees. If the temperature is kept below normal for a long time, then the growth of the plant will stop. When the temperature is less than +16, the absorption of phosphorus and other compounds from the soil is weakened.
Landing in the ground is carried out at the beginning of May
If the purple color of the shoots becomes noticeable, we can talk about a lack of phosphorus in the plant's body.
You can fertilize the soil when the tomatoes are cherry-sized. It is better to use complex fertilizers. Top dressing will help the fruit ripen earlier. Top dressing is repeated every two weeks. It is important to respect the dosage.
Fertilization of tomatoes with fresh manure is not recommended, otherwise the tops will grow strongly.
Garter bushes varieties are required
Potassium permanganate is a good disinfectant and antiseptic. Therefore, the treatment of soil and seeds before planting serves as a good prevention of infection. Prevention of the tobacco mosaic virus is stove ash, sprinkled on the roots. Copper sulfate, which is sprayed on bushes, saves from late blight. Spraying with various microbiological fluids, which can be purchased at any garden store, helps with other pests.
Ash for tomatoes - fertilization and disease prevention
The description suggests that tomato is the only crop that retains beneficial properties during heat treatment. This increases the number of possibilities for eating tomatoes.
The taste of tomatoes Dar Zavolzhya is excellent - sweet with a barely perceptible sourness. It is good to use them fresh for salads and sandwiches.
Good for soups, vegetable stews. These tomatoes go well with other vegetables.
The variety tolerates canning well, the fruits do not crack and retain an interesting taste. It is better not to use these tomatoes for juicing, it will turn out to be too thick, because the pulp of the fruit is dense, but the pasta and sauce will be great.