Sweet potato is a popular worldwide tuber crop from the tropical regions of South and Central America. But some types of plants can be planted in mid-latitudes. There are several varieties that are guaranteed to give a great harvest, even in difficult weather conditions.
The plant produces lashes of medium length with fleshy shoots and heart-shaped leaves. Beauregard improved - an early type of sweet potato. From the moment of planting to germination, 90 days pass.
This variety loves a thickened planting. If the seedlings are planted at a great distance, then the tubers will be larger, but the total number of fruits will decrease. Young seedlings are sensitive to spring return frosts, so the beds should be covered with foil when temperatures drop.
The yield of this variety is usually above average. With regular watering at the beginning of the growing season, the yield will increase. Towards the time of harvesting the tubers, soil irrigation should be reduced.
Tubers can grow up to a kilogram. They are resistant to disease, but susceptible to attack by beetles. Smooth, elongated fruits have an orange-brown rind and moist bright orange flesh. Skillfully prepared tasty tubers will easily replace any potato dish.
This sweet potato is very popular in Louisiana. It ripens quickly and is excellent for temperate climates. Georgia Red forms beautiful, even oval tubers. The tall bush has heart-shaped green leaves with a purple tint.
Sometimes the harvest from a bush reaches 5 kg of root crops. And the average mass of a tuber is about 500 g. In especially fruitful seasons, specimens weighing up to 1.5 kg can come across.
The Georgia Red fruit is sweet, but its juiciness is lower than that of other varieties. In cooking, it is used as a side dish, as a base for vegetable soup and baking dough, as a filling for pies. Root crops are well stored and transported.
The plant is usually grown as seedlings. One seed tuber can produce 30 strong and viable seedlings.
This variety was developed in the state of North Carolina at the end of the last century. For a long time, it was the most popular in the United States.
Jewel's appearance is pretty ordinary. It has a light brown rind and orange moist flesh with a sweet taste.
The variety belongs to the medium early - 100 days pass from planting to harvest. The plant prefers a thickened planting - the distance between the tubers should be about 20 cm. Jewel forms short lashes with heart-shaped leaves.
The yield of this variety is noticeably higher than average. When harvesting sweet potatoes, you can get many smooth, lightweight tubers. They are stored for a long time and are perfectly transported.
This species is good because it is resistant to many diseases. But sometimes insects spoil the tubers during their growth, and they lose their presentation.
Garnet is an early sweet potato variety with a growing season of 90 days. It forms decorative whips with carved leaves, which can be a real decoration of the garden plot.
The variety has become popular since the late seventies of the last century. It is appreciated by gardeners for its high yield, pest resistance and tubers keeping quality.
Garnet is one of the few flowering varieties of sweet potatoes. In summer, purple-white flowers bloom on the bushes, which are capable of setting seeds. But for this, the sweet potato must be artificially pollinated.
A fairly large tuber has the shape of a torpedo. It has an orange-red rind and orange pulp that is sweet and tender. This variety is adored by children. It can be used to prepare warm salads, delicious side dishes and excellent pastries.
This root vegetable has a light copper skin that does not need to be peeled off before cooking. Its pulp is orange, juicy and very sweet.
Coarse fibers and voids in tubers are practically absent. In cooking, the fruits are used to make vegetable purees, casseroles and baking fillings.
Growing Orange is a snap. The plant forms a bush from one to two meters. Its thick whips are covered with small spatula-shaped leaves.
The growing season of the plant is 95 days. The yield of the variety is above average. About 2.5 kg of tubers can be harvested from a bush. They store well, so you can leave the sweet potato bags even in the apartment.
For the southern regions, this variety is especially good, because the seedlings take root perfectly even in very warm weather. The sprouts are left in water at room temperature for about a month and, when they give roots, are planted in the beds.
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It is encouraging that the sweet potato is the closest relative of the morning glory. This is the scientific name for the bindweed, which has long been grown in our latitudes. Vines with pink, white and purple flowers twine around the gazebos, various supports and delight the eye all summer. They are especially beautiful in the morning. Ipomoea seeds of these varieties tolerate winter frosts well and give friendly shoots. But Ipomoea blue requires special attention. It must be sown in pots in April. Seeds are not stored in the ground.
The edible sweet potato requires even more attention. But the process of growing it can be called amazing and exciting. All gardeners will be interested to know how sweet potatoes are grown in the middle lane.
Purchase some tubers (if you have a small plot). For germination, sweet potatoes are laid in winter (January-February). To do this, build a small box 15–20 cm high. Place it on a pallet and keep it on the windowsill. To remove excess moisture, it would be good to drill several holes in the bottom of the box.
The soil consists of 1 part of loose soil, as well as taken in equal amounts of humus and coarse sand. Stir everything and fill a half-box with this mixture, pour a layer of granular sand on top (about 3-5 cm).
It is useful to disinfect sweet potato tubers in a weak solution of copper sulfate before laying for germination. Then place them on the sand and lightly press them into the ground. Sprinkle on top with coarse sand (3 cm). The temperature level for germination ranges from 18-27 degrees. Don't forget to water regularly.
If everything is done correctly, then the first seedlings will appear in a month. When you reach 4–6 internodes, separate the shoots from the tuber and transplant them into a pot with soil or a warm greenhouse. Shoot the tubers 5-6 times every 10 days.
In order to get a rich harvest, you need to observe the compatibility of plants in the garden for a number of factors, a detailed list of which is presented below:
It is especially important to take into account the need of vegetable crops for fertility. Different vegetables consume a certain amount of nutrients (mainly nitrogen), which greatly affects their compatibility. According to this principle, the neighborhood in the beds should be selected from the table below.
|Consumer type||Name of crops|
|Strong||Cabbage (white cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, red, Peking cabbage), pumpkin, cucumbers, zucchini, celery|
|Average||Radish, potatoes, eggplants, beets, carrots, spinach, chicory, lettuce, onions|
|Weak||Radishes, beans, peas, spices, herbs|
When planning plantings, neighbors in the garden should be from different lines of this table. That is, crops from among the strong consumers of nutrients should not be planted side by side, but it is better to place them in the center of the planting, surrounded by vegetables that do not need much nitrogen.
Good neighbors-defenders in the garden are presented in the table below:
|Colorado beetle||Sage, medicinal wormwood, peppermint, nasturtium, tansy, thyme|
|Cabbage caterpillars||Dill, basil|
|Ants||Castor oil plant, daffodils|
|Peach glass||Geranium, marigold|
|Whitefly||Nasturtium, thyme, mint, wormwood|
|Apple moth||Marigolds, calendula|
|Snails, slugs||Garlic, wormwood|
|Scoop||Rosemary, garlic, parsley|
|Ants, aphids, horned worm||Basil|
|Wireworm, Colorado potato beetle||Vegetable beans|
|Carrot pests||Bulb onions|
|Aphids, caterpillars, cabbage scoop||Leek|
|Leaf beetle, spider mite||Radish|
|White butterflies, earthen flea||Celery|
|Cabbage fly larvae||Lavender, wormwood, peppermint and spearmint|
|Carrot fly||Radish, sage, garlic, marigold|
|Mouse||Tobacco, sage, rosemary, leeks, lettuce|
|Moles||Marigolds, garlic, onions|
|Rabbits||Coriander, horseradish, tansy, onion, catnip, nasturtium.|
Violet (purple, purple, port roshu) - as can be seen from the description, a sweet potato variety with purple flesh. Brought from the USA, but according to some sources it is a descendant of an ancient Japanese variety. The main advantage is the anthocyanins included in the composition (the culprits of such an exotic color), these are antioxidants that preserve visual acuity, suppress the development of cancer cells, slow down aging and strengthen the immune system. Most importantly, all of these benefits are preserved when cooked. In the open field, it blooms and sets seeds (if summer is warm)! It has high taste (but not due to sweetness), it tastes close to the elite varieties of traditional potatoes. Stores well. Of the minuses: the variety is medium late (not very productive in a climate with a short summer), the roots are stretched out.
Purple is rich in anthocyanins
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Mid-season sweet potato varieties will delight you with a harvest three months after planting the sprouts in open ground. When harvesting sweet potatoes, you need to focus on the leaves of the plant. If the foliage turns yellow, the sweet potato is ready for digging. All tubers must be dug out before the first frost. Sweet potato tubers break very easily, so the plant must be carefully dug up.
After digging, the roots are dried in a dry room or in the sun. You also need to transport the sweet potato carefully, since the roots are very fragile. After drying, they can be sent to the basement for long-term storage. The optimum temperature for storing sweet potatoes is three to eighteen degrees. You can also easily store sweet potatoes in an apartment or private house. The main thing is that the roots are in a dry place with darkening. When storing, you can wrap the sweet potato tubers with newspaper or paper.
To improve the taste, the roots are placed in a warm and dry room for two months. You can store sweet potatoes in polyethylene food bags with drainage holes. The bags can be filled with sweet potatoes in one layer and sent to heat for ten days. A solar window sill or boiler system is perfect. This method will accelerate the ripening of fruits that have not yet ripened in the soil. This way the sweet potato will become very sweet and the skin will become firm and suitable for storage.
By adhering to these recommendations, you can grow a good harvest of wholesome superfood - sweet potatoes. The calorie content of the root vegetable is about ninety calories per hundred grams of product. Sweet potato tubers are delicious, rich in vitamins, aromatic. With them, you can cook many delicious and varied dishes - both salty and sweet. Did you find it difficult to grow sweet potatoes in the garden? Let us know your opinion in the comments!