Covering material from weeds: an overview of the types of coatings + the specifics of their application


A rare summer resident will allow the growth of weeds on his site. Experienced vegetable growers and gardeners know that there is no benefit from weeds, but there is a lot of harm. Weeds take food and moisture from the crops grown, releasing toxic substances into the ground. All summer residents are trying to get rid of uninvited guests on the site, weeding the beds and flower beds throughout the summer period. However, the weeds do not give up and reappear after each weeding. It is especially difficult to deal with perennial weeds, multiplying rhizomes, creeping shoots or multi-tiered root suckers. Previously, this infection was removed from the site using black plastic film, cardboard sheets, old floor coverings and other materials that do not allow sunlight to pass through. Now manufacturers of goods intended for gardening work offer summer residents to use a non-woven covering material from weeds that can pass air and water, but retain the sun's rays.

Types of nonwoven covering materials

Nonwovens are produced not only to control weeds, but also to protect plants from recurrent frost and excessively scorching rays of the sun. Therefore, when choosing a material, you must pay attention to the manufacturer's recommendations. Weed control material is marketed under various names, such as:

  • Agril;
  • Spunbond;
  • Lutrasil;
  • Agril;
  • Agrotex;
  • Lumitex;
  • Agrospan and others.

Regardless of the name, manufacturers divide all nonwoven covering materials into four groups:

  • easy;
  • middle;
  • dense white;
  • black dense.

Each group is endowed with a certain set of properties and characteristics that affect the way of using a given covering canvas. For example, the beds are covered with light canvases of low density to protect the seedlings from frost. Growing seedlings lift weightless material with their tops, while remaining under a reliable shelter from unfavorable manifestations of the climate. Non-woven fabrics from the fourth group, which have the highest density and are black in color, help in weed control. Due to its dark color, the material retains sunlight, while perfectly accumulating heat. The listed properties determine the main purpose of using nonwoven material, which is to mulch the beds.

Non-woven covering materials have unique qualities that allow to restrain weed growth and ensure free penetration of moisture and air to the root system of plants

How to use a covering material?

Mulching agrofibre refers to non-woven polypropylene materials that do not cause any harm to crops, animals or people. At the same time, agrofibre does not give a single chance to weeds, which die from the lack of light, trying to break through dense material. The density of mulching covering materials is 50-60 grams per square meter.

The scheme of using non-woven covering material from weeds. Cultivated plants are planted in the holes made by a sharp peg. Weeds die because they don't have access to sunlight

The method of application is as follows:

  • black agrofibre is spread on the soil that has dried up after winter and prepared for planting plants to prevent the germination of weeds throughout the entire area of ​​the garden;
  • seedlings are planted in cross-shaped slots made in the covering cloth with a sharp peg or a cutting object.

The video shows a method of using non-woven covering material using the example of growing strawberries:

Black agrofibre or two-tone material?

Amateur gardeners, as well as farmers involved in the cultivation of fruits and vegetables on a large scale, are freed from the need to purchase and use herbicides against weeds. They also do not have to disappear in summer cottages with hoes, spending a lot of physical effort and time weeding. There are simply no weeds. Only useful crops grow in even rows.

In addition, the fruits remain clean after the rains, as they do not come into contact with the ground. Strawberries grown on agrofibre beds can be picked immediately after rain. The berries lie on a dry canvas and have an excellent presentation. They can be served on the table, lightly rinsed with dust, or taken to the market for sale. Using mulching agrofibre of black color, you can achieve an earlier ripening of the crop. It is possible to shorten the period of growing crops to two weeks due to the early warming up of the land under the shelter.

The use of mulching agrofibre eliminates a large amount of work on caring for plantings in the garden, since there is no need to weed the beds

An interesting novelty has appeared in the assortment of covering materials - two-color mulching agrofibre, superior in functionality to ordinary black canvases. The manufacturer has improved the product by combining two thin layers of white and black. As a result, the covering material is black on one side and white on the other. The dark side of the canvas is laid on the ground, and the light surface is on top and reflects the sunlight that hits the plants and fruits from below, accelerating their growth and ripening.

Important! The white surface of mulching two-color agrofibre does not allow the root system to overheat, which affects the growth rate of crops grown on the site and the uniformity of fruit ripening.

Agrofibre or film: which is more profitable?

Most farmers and hobby gardeners continue to use black plastic wrap for weed control the old fashioned way. However, it is more profitable to use mulching agrofibre, since this material:

  • perfectly permeates water, so watering can be organized by overhead irrigation;
  • allows you to freely apply water-soluble fertilizers, which, passing through the canvas, are completely absorbed by the plants;
  • under the agrofibre, which allows air to pass through, mold and decay do not form, which cannot be said about plastic wrap;
  • does not create a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic microbes that suppress the root system of plants;
  • protects the soil from drying out, due to which the soil, the top layer of the soil is not compacted, and, therefore, does not need to be loosened;
  • inhibits weed growth in row spacings, reducing labor costs.

Most modern mulching materials are designed to last for several seasons. For example, AgroLux's mulch weed cover material can be on an area from one year to three years or more.

When growing strawberries or strawberries, this is beneficial, since after a certain interval of time, the plantings need to be updated. At this moment, the covering material also changes, because the resource of the old canvas is fully developed. The service life of the covering fabric depends on the presence of a UV stabilizer in its composition, which protects the nonwoven material from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation.

Mulching the soil with black non-woven materials allows you to grow tomatoes in the garden without much hassle and physical effort

The use of non-woven material in the device of tracks

In order for the paths laid through the garden to always have a neat appearance, it is necessary to use a mulching covering material. This canvas will prevent weeds from growing between the individual track elements. Since the non-woven fabric is capable of passing water, you will not find puddles on the track after rain. All moisture will be absorbed into the soil, passing through the mulching material. After excavation, the bottom of the trench is leveled and tamped. Then spunbond, agrospan or other inexpensive type of covering material is spread, filling it with crushed stone, bark, expanded clay, decorative stone or simple gravel. Similarly, the trunks of fruit trees are made out.

Correct design of the tree trunk circle. To prevent the grass from breaking through from under the layer of rubble, you must use a mulching non-woven material

Wherever there is a possibility of unwanted grass germination, a black non-woven covering material should be laid. This will solve the weed problem once and for all. The competent use of non-woven covering sheets increases the attractiveness of the site.

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Mulching is an agricultural technique designed to create favorable conditions for the growth and development of plants. The top layer of the soil is covered with special materials of a different texture, which produce one or another effect.

  • prevention of excessive evaporation of moisture
  • protection of plants from frost and overheating
  • improvement of soil fertility
  • maintaining the air permeability of the earth
  • prevention of soil erosion - leaching and weathering
  • growth retardation or complete destruction of weeds.

The type of coverage is selected in accordance with the priority tasks.


Specifications

Spunbond is a covering material for agricultural purposes. Differs in purity of composition, high environmental friendliness, lightness of non-woven material.

For many years, nonwoven material has been widely used in the field of agriculture, its properties are simply irreplaceable in the process of growing vegetables and plants.

The covering material greatly simplifies the ripening process of crops, increases the yield level, and serves as a reliable plant protector. Its main quality is the shelter of fruits and vegetables from harmful external influences.

Earlier in this area they liked to use a simpler greenhouse - polyethylene film. It interacts much better than her with air, moisture and light. It is much more convenient to use it, since watering the plants can be done directly through the greenhouse.

The material demonstrates excellent performance in water resistance, breathability and light transmission. Interacting with the shade, it provides plants with an ideal microclimate, improves their quality characteristics, significantly accelerates their growth and increases the yield by 40-50%. The emergence of vegetation is 30% better than that which is not covered by the greenhouse.

The material is characterized by a homogeneous structure, which only helps to create an excellent microclimate and establish an optimal temperature. The greenhouse ensures correct distribution of precipitation and regular air exchange.

Spunbond nonwoven fabric easily allows moisture to pass through, but at the same time does not become heavier from liquid. Even the youngest seedlings of plants will not be affected. The lightness of the material makes it possible to completely cover the crops, while there is no increased load on the vegetation. As a result, they ripen in the most natural conditions possible.

According to the evaluation of the functional and price aspects, namely by comparing the initial costs and the final positive results, spunbond showed itself exclusively on the positive side.

It is better to list its benefits in a nutshell than to delve into in-depth analysis:

  • reduced risk
  • obvious increase in yield
  • progress in product output
  • the correct ratio of parameters and crop varieties
  • reduced need for the use of chemicals (pesticides, herbicides)
  • importantly, it does not emit any kind of pollution into the environment.


Black covering material: the pros of using it

Weed grass on a land plot brings tangible harm. The most effective way to control weeds is to remove them by hand, but this is physically difficult. In addition, certain types of weeds reproduce by growing parts of rhizomes and shoots remaining in the ground. Therefore, weeding has to be carried out several times during the season.

To help gardeners, manufacturers have developed and put on sale a special covering black material. It freely passes precipitation and air, but completely blocks the sun's rays. No weeds can survive in such conditions.
This material is often referred to as black spunbond, which is not entirely accurate. Spunbond is both the name of the trademark and the name of a special technology for the manufacture of nonwoven fabric. Covering materials from such companies as Agrotex, Lutrasil, Agrospan, Lumiteks, Agril and others are widely represented on the Russian market.

The black material allows air and water to pass through, but at the same time completely blocks the sun's rays

It is very important to use agrofibre correctly:

  • wait until the soil is dry after the winter period
  • use any sharp or cutting object to make cuts in places where plants are planned to be planted
  • spread black material over the entire area of ​​the beds.

Such agrofibre is called mulching. The benefits of its use are the absence of the need for weeding, as well as earlier ripening of vegetables and berries. In particular, a bed of strawberries under a black cover material can yield up to two weeks earlier than usual. The advantage is that ripe berries do not come into contact with the ground, which means they are less dirty. Thus, water consumption for cleaning the crop before selling it is reduced.

Dense black agrofiber prevents weed growth

Relatively recently, they began to use black and white covering materials. This know-how looks like this: the black side of the canvas is laid on the ground, the white color remains on top. Its surface reflects the sun's rays well on the plants growing in the slots, which has a beneficial effect on their growth.


How to use cover material for greenhouses and greenhouses

Non-woven covering material is very easy to maintain and easy to use. However, when using it for the first time, it is worth knowing several important aspects that will help preserve the properties of agrofibre, avoid financial losses and disappointments when growing garden crops. For example, it is necessary to consider which side to put the covering material on the greenhouse, whether it can be cleaned, what to do if the canvas was not enough to completely cover the structure, etc.

To achieve maximum effect, agrofibre must be properly installed

Let's dwell on the main aspects of using a covering canvas.

Methods for laying covering material for greenhouses

Agrofibre canvases are never cut prematurely. Initially, a frame or arcs are installed for a greenhouse, they begin to work with a covering material only after the implementation of this stage. The canvas is placed on top of the arcs, creating allowances on all sides of at least 20 cm, and cut off only after all the necessary measurements have been completed. The length of the canvas is calculated not from the edge of the first arc to the last, but taking into account the closed ends of the greenhouse. Working with nonwovens is similar to covering the arcs with plastic.

Covering material is available in different widths. However, it may happen that it is not possible to completely cover the entire greenhouse with one piece of agrofibre. In this case, the canvases are connected with each other with an overlap, the joints are glued with a glue heat gun or sewn with a thread. A sewing machine can be used.

Before finally fixing the canvas on the arcs, it is worth figuring out which side to cover. Covering material for a greenhouse has different properties of the upper and lower layers. This must be taken into account. It is easier when the material is two-colored: the manufacturer indicates on the package how to distinguish between the top and bottom sides. If the canvas is white, then it is determined visually and by touch: the smooth side is laid down, the "rough" side with holes - up.

When installing the covering material, the moisture-permeable side must be outside

You can check on a new cut from the package in which direction the canvas passes water. When buying a roll cover, you need to know that the material is wound with the top layer outward. With a completely homogeneous material (on both sides), it makes no difference which side to lay it on.

How and how to fix the covering material

When the agrofibre is successfully laid on the arcs, it remains to securely fix it. You can fix the covering material on the arches of the greenhouse with both specialized materials and improvised means. The garden supply store sells special plastic clips or clamps for fixing: they are suitable for film and agrofibre. Knowing the diameter of the arcs, you can choose the right size.

If the household has an old hose, then it is cut into pieces, cut them lengthwise and put on as a clamp on an arc with a covering material. However, if the hose is not rigid enough, then in strong gusts of wind, the coating will fly off. Therefore, it is better to replace the hose with a plastic pipe, with which a segment corresponding to approximately ¼ of the diameter is cut along the length. It is recommended to sand the sharp edges of the pipe sections with sandpaper.

You can fix the covering material in any convenient way.

Some gardeners use regular large office binders to fix agrofibre. Such fastening requires additional spacer, for example, a piece of fabric, so that the web does not break over time.

The bottom of the covering material on the greenhouse is fixed with special pegs or pressed with bricks, wooden beams and other weighting materials.

Note! When installing fasteners, it is worth considering that for plants that need pollination, it should be possible to open the greenhouse when they bloom.

Non-woven cover material allows you to sew a real greenhouse cover. Knowing the step of installing the supports, transverse "pockets" are sewn onto the canvas, into which arcs are then inserted. In this case, the installation of a greenhouse provides for a change in the order of installation of the structure.

Covering material can also be used to create non-arc greenhouses and greenhouses.

How to clean and where to store the covering material

The service life of agrofibre always corresponds to the expiration date specified by the manufacturer. Material can last much longer if handled with care. After removing from the greenhouse, the canvas should be dried, folded and stored in a dry, dark place. The most dense frost-resistant covering materials can remain on the site all year round.

If the covering product gets dirty during the period of use, it is recommended to clean it with a sponge or soft brush. In case of heavy dirt, the cloth can be washed with soap or powder.

Any amateur gardener or farmer wants to get high yields every year, while spending a minimum of effort on caring for the plants. The use of non-woven covering material is the right step towards achieving this goal.


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