With the arrival of September, a crucial period begins for rose growers. The flowering time for many varieties has already passed, and it's time to prepare the bushes for wintering. If we denote in three words what it is to care for roses in the fall, then it will be: pruning, transplanting and creating a shelter for the winter. We have already written about the features of autumn pruning and the rules for hiding roses, so we will devote the article to other autumn works that are no less important for the life of plants.
Caring for roses begins in September with feeding the bushes. Abundant flowering takes a lot of nutrients from the bush, so the balance must be restored to strengthen the roots and branches. Top dressing is carried out either with ready-made solutions / granules, or they buy separately phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. They stop the growth of the rose, accelerate the lignification of shoots and increase the resistance of the bushes to frost.
For autumn feeding, granular fertilizers are preferable, because they are not immediately absorbed, but gradually, thereby not driving the rose to rapid ripening.
The fertilizer should not contain nitrogen, because it affects the growing season, increases the volume of green mass of plants, and in the fall this is just not necessary. If you provoke the regrowth of young shoots by feeding, this will only weaken the bush and reduce the likelihood of normal wintering. And all the green branches will die from the frost anyway.
Pinching also contributes to lignification of shoots. A week after feeding, all the tops of the branches must be cut off in a sector in order to remove the growth point.
In September, they continue to cut off drying flowers and stop loosening the soil and watering, thereby stopping the growth of new roots. The root system must mature in order to withstand the winter successfully. Even if all the shoots freeze, then one dormant bud is enough to make the bush come to life again. But this requires strong, healthy, mature roots.
But in the middle of the month you can start preparing the land for planting young bushes. Rose growers have a rule: if you want to plant a rose in the spring, prepare the earth for it in the fall. Therefore, in September, they are closely engaged in preparing the soil for the future rose garden.
You can learn more about how to create a beautiful rose garden yourself from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/rozarij-svoimi-rukami.html
Having decided on the location of the rose garden, mark the location of each bush with pegs. Consider their size in adulthood, because heavy thickening will prevent the plants from developing normally. They will begin to infect each other with fungal infections and will be poorly ventilated. In addition, the lower part of the bush will begin to turn yellow, and the leaves will begin to crumble. But too rare plantings are also unprofitable. In this case, weeds begin to settle around the rose, and the earth quickly overheats.
When preparing planting pits, they are guided by the size of an adult plant, because the height of climbing roses can reach three meters, and thickening of plantings will only harm them
Focus on the following numbers:
The material on the features of planting and caring for a climbing rose will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/posadka-i-uhod-za-pletistoy-rozoy.html
If roses are planned as part of the composition, then there should be a free space between them and other plants so that you can prune and cover for the winter without harming other flowers.
If the land on the site is fertile, then use it as part of the soil mixture, and if depleted, transfer it to another place on the site
We select the depth of the planting pit:
Depending on the number of planting holes, prepare the required amount of soil mixture, focusing on the fact that each bush will take about 2 buckets of earth. The whole mixture is created in the following proportion (1 part is 1 bucket): 2 hours of fertile soil + part of sand + part of peat + part of humus + 0.5 part of weathered clay + part of sod land.
Mineral fertilizers are added to this composition: 2 cups of bone meal + 2 cups of ash + 2 cups of dolomite flour + 100 gr. complex fertilizer for roses. All components must be mixed by sprinkling on a sheet of tin or film, and then scattered over the planting pits.
Advice! If you can't find bone meal in gardening stores, head to the Animal Nutrition Department. It can be sold there as a food supplement.
In October, autumn care for roses is reduced to planting and transplanting young plants, as well as cleaning the soil from flying foliage and other debris. In adult plants that do not need to be transplanted, all the leaves are cut off so that they do not take food from the roots. It's time for the bush to get ready for winter, and the gardener will make it easier by pruning the leaves and young branches.
Let us dwell in more detail on planting young roses:
Planting a bush:
You can learn how to grow a rose from a cutting from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/vopros-otvet/razmnozhenie-roz-cherenkami.html
By the end of October, climbing varieties are removed from the trellises and gradually bent to the ground, while the branches are pliable.
When planting a rose, all the roots are straightened so that they look down. This makes the root system easier to adapt to new conditions.
Climbing roses that require shelter are trying to lay on the ground before the onset of frost, while the branches are flexible and amenable to impact, and press down with a load
Garden rose care ends in autumn in November. This is the month of preparing the bushes for wintering. And it is necessary to have time to create shelters before the onset of stable frosts, bring spruce branches from the forest or buy lutrasil. For all the details and options for shelters for roses, read the article How to hide roses for the winter - saving the queen of flowers from frost.
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Autumn activities are essential for all types of roses. If you leave the bush unattended, it may not withstand winter frosts, it will not give growth in spring. What to do with roses in the fall? Actions should be aimed at solving several problems:
In colder climates, growers need to know how to prepare roses for winter, follow the rules, and follow the steps.
First of all, you need to carry out the spring sanitary pruning of roses, namely, cut out all frozen, diseased and broken shoots.
Frozen shoots, usually, black and dry.
But to define freezing of the escape from within the color of its bark is sometimes impossible at once. But this can be easily checked by a slice, and if middle brown - the escape is frozen and you need it trim to healthy wood (until the middle is white).
If after 2-3 weeks, you notice that even on the left (seemingly good) shoots, the buds did not wake up, then they must be completely removed to the grafting site, freeing it to the maximum from the ground, i.e. rose grafting needs to be broken. It will also have a positive effect on the awakening of dormant kidneys.
To stimulate the awakening of dormant kidneys, it is recommended to provide increased humidity at the vaccination site, namely to create greenhouse conditions. For example, you can cover the rose with a cut 5 liter bottle and be sure to shade. As a rule, after 2-4 weeks, the buds should open and shoots will appear. But if this does not happen, then you should not despair and uproot the bush right away. Wait until autumn, because the rose is a very viable shrub.
And in addition, you can pour the remaining part of the bush after the sanitary pruning with a solution of the natural stimulant HB-101.
Video: what about roses in spring, how to help them after winter
Advice! After pruning, all cuts should be covered with garden varnish, and even better with RanNet paste.
It is also very important that you use only a sharp and well-disinfected secateurs, for example, it can be treated with chlorhexidine.
Advice! And in more detail with the rest of the main features of spring pruning of various types of roses you can read in this separate article.
Video: master class on pruning roses in spring (shrubs, park, climbing)
You can properly prepare a climbing rose for winter by following simple instructions. Violation of the described recommendations will lead to problems of a different nature, the plant may not bloom during the season, form incorrectly, or simply not survive the winter. In order for the rose bush to please every year, you need to strictly follow the recommendations for pruning and shelter for the winter.
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