A wonderful guest from the tropics, the owner of delicate and fragrant flowers - Stephanotis, captivates at first sight. Elegant emerald greens in combination with snow-white flowers look elegant and elegant. But before you get the coveted Madagascar jasmine, you should carefully study all the intricacies of caring for an exotic handsome man at home.
Exotic and vibrant Madagascar is full of surprises. One of them is a magnificent plant called stephanotis. On a tropical island, the flower prefers to grow on forest edges, hiding in partial shade. The first description falls on the distant 1806. Since then, a lot of water has flowed under the bridge, but Stephanotis still remains the most beautiful and desirable plant for flower growers around the world.
Stephanotis - representative of tropical Madagascar
Stefanotis is a perennial climbing liana that grows up to 6 m in natural conditions. The stem at a young age is resilient and elastic, in an adult plant it is lignified. The leaves have a leathery glossy surface and are painted in a dark emerald color. The shape of the leaf plate resembles a vertically elongated ellipse with a pointed tip 5 to 10 cm long. The central vein is pronounced. The leaves are opposite, attached to the stem with long cuttings.
Stephanotis - climbing vine
The name stephanotis literally translated sounds like a crown of ears.
Beautiful, delicate flowers are the main decoration of a tropical plant. The flowers are tubular, crowned with curved petals that resemble a star. Inflorescences are loose corymbose, axillary type. One bunch contains up to 7 colors. They are painted in white, cream and lilac shades. The unforgettable, enchanting and delicate aroma of Stephanotis gives it a resemblance to jasmine, therefore in the common people this tropical plant is often called Madagascar jasmine. In natural conditions, the duration of flowering lasts 10 long months.
In nature, Stephanotis blooms for 10 months
The delicate white flowers of Stephanotis are often used to create a bridal bouquet, in wedding flower arrangements, and even woven into the bride's hair. For this, Stephanotis is known as the bride's wreath.
Stefanotis fruits are elliptical-like bolls. There are parachute seeds inside. As soon as the ripe fruit bursts, the seeds will scatter in different directions.
There are parachute seeds inside the stefanotis fruit
If we talk about the difficulty of growing Stephanotis at home, then, of course, you cannot call the plant easy to care for. In order for a tropical flower to feel at home and to develop normally, it needs help and create conditions that resemble natural. A person who is inattentive or very busy will not be able to follow the rules of care. But a patient and loving florist will definitely grow Stephanotis and enjoy its beautiful flowering.
There are known from 12 to 16 species of stephanotis, which, in addition to Madagascar, can be found in South China, Indonesia and even in Africa.
Maintaining the right conditions in different seasons will help the plant feel at home.
Stefanotis does not need to be turned to the light source in different directions, especially during bud formation. It is not that he does not like it, he cannot stand it. Otherwise, you will not wait for flowering, and if your plant already has buds, then they will fall off.
Stephanotis loves bright lighting
Stefanotis is a vine with good growth rates. Therefore, young plants are transplanted 1 time, or even 2 times a year, but an adult plant should not be disturbed so often, about once every 2-3 years. Sometimes it will be enough to replace the top layer of the earth with a fresher and more nutritious soil. The main transplant indicator is the pot from which Stephanotis grew. It is quite simple to determine this moment - the roots appeared from the drainage hole, and the substrate began to dry faster than usual. As a rule, replanting begins in February and ends before the beginning of the growing season, using a gentle transfer method.
The pot for adult specimens must be selected carefully. The best choice is ceramic containers with a drainage hole. The size of the pot should only slightly exceed the volume of the root system. In a pot that is too voluminous, Stephanotis will develop worse and will completely refuse to bloom.
The ceramic pot will hold the massive stephanotis
Drainage must be used during transplantation. You can use the remains of an old ceramic pot, breaking it into small fragments, or buy expanded clay filler in a store. The drainage layer must be sufficient, at least 3 cm.
For Stephanotis, it is better to pick up a heavy earth with a slightly acidic reaction. You can purchase a suitable substrate at the store. But it is best to cook it yourself, choosing the ingredients in the following proportions:
humus or peat - 3 parts;
sand - 2 parts;
deciduous land - 1 part;
clay-sod land - 1 part.
The composition, of course, is not quite ordinary, but a caring florist will surely find all the ingredients. Also, do not forget to disinfect the soil mixture before planting.
In order not to damage the roots, stephanotis is transplanted using the transshipment method
You can only transplant non-flowering Stephanotis. If you purchased a plant with buds, then you will have to wait until it fades and only after that start replacing the pot and soil.
The fast-growing liana stephanotis needs support due to its biological characteristics. The structure for supporting the stem, as it were, recreates the natural conditions in which the plant entwines the adjacent carrier. The most common type of such a structure is in the form of an arch. It is very simple to make a support, you just need to get a piece of strong wire. Bend it in an arc and insert it into the pot. And if you show your imagination, you can build various structures that Stephanotis will gladly master. If there is no wire at hand, then in any flower shop you can purchase plastic structures in the form of a ladder.
Stephanotis needs support
Caring for stephanotis in an apartment requires patience and attention to the plant from the florist. Only compliance with all the rules of care will help to admire a beautiful flower for a long time.
Like any houseplant, Stephanotis needs watering during the period of active growth. It should be abundant so that the land is in a moderately moist state during the warm season. Try not to overdry the earthy coma! In hot weather, depending on the reading of the thermometer, moisten 2 - 3 times a week. Beginning in autumn and throughout the winter period, watering should be moderate.
Water for irrigation should stand for several days. Chlorine contained in tap liquid negatively affects the overall development of stephanotis.
In the spring-summer period, stephanotis needs to be watered abundantly.
In order for Stephanotis to have the strength to grow quickly and bloom profusely during the growing season (from March to early October), it is fed every 2 to 3 weeks. Fertilizers should be selected complex, but with a high potassium content. Nitrogen does not work very well on the plant - Stephanotis begins to actively grow stems and leaves, which is why the wintering will not proceed according to plan and you can not wait for flowering. Particular attention is paid to top dressing during the budding period - from April to May.
For normal growth and flowering, stephanotis must be fed
In indoor culture, Stephanotis blooms in early summer. This extraordinarily beautiful sight can last up to 4 months. Already adult plants, which have reached the age of 3-4 years, are blooming. Observance of some rules of care helps to achieve annual flowering.
Stefanotis needs to be transplanted in a timely manner.
Avoid temperature extremes and drafts.
Wintering should take place in a cool room with an average temperature of 15 ° C.
Do not get carried away with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, especially during the budding period. Stefanotis must receive enough light.
Do not rearrange or rotate the Stephanotis pot during budding.
Crossandra also has a long and lush flowering. You can learn how to grow it at home from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/krossandra-vyrashhivaem-bez-problem-cvetok-fejerverk-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html
In order for Stephanotis to bloom, some rules must be followed.
The dormant period, starting in the second half of November, is primarily characterized by a decrease in room temperature. With a thermometer readings of 14 -16 ° C, Stephanotis prepares to lay the buds. Watering the plant at this time must be extremely careful, and feeding is completely stopped.
Due to the peculiarity of stephanotis, it blooms on young shoots - pruning is of no small importance. The procedure is carried out annually at the very beginning of spring. Removing weak, elongated and old bare shoots helps to keep the vines attractive. Pruning to promote the growth of young shoots should be moderate. In summer, in order to prolong flowering, the shoots are pinched.
After moderate pruning, stephanotis grows young shoots
With inadequate care, Stephanotis loses its attractive appearance and refuses to bloom.
Insufficient care will weaken Stephanotis and make it defenseless against diseases and pests.
Stefanotis propagates by seed or cuttings.
This process is very time consuming and time consuming. Moreover, the seeds do not always germinate. But those who have the patience may well take on this hard work.
After 2 months, Stephanotis seeds germinate
Stefanotis is considered a difficult-to-root plant, therefore phytohormones must be used for propagation by cuttings. In addition, this type of reproduction fully preserves the genetic qualities of the parent. Rooting is best in the spring and summer.
Cuttings can be stocked up during pruning
Rooting occurs after 2 weeks
Some growers have successfully rooted Stephanotis cuttings in water. By air layers, unlike hoya, stephanotis does not reproduce.
Caring for Stephanotis is not easy. But the result is worth the effort to recreate natural conditions for the plant. For an attentive grower, the result will not be long in coming. The plant covered with fragrant flowers will become the main decoration of the room. But like any strong-smelling flower, Stephanotis should not be kept in the bedroom and children's room.
Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.
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Climbing plant fans all over the world love to grow this lovely plant. However, in order for it to successfully take root at home, it is necessary to choose the right container. Experts advise using a ceramic pot. If you put Stephanotis in a plastic container, with its powerful root system, it can easily knock it to the floor. The size of the container is selected in accordance with the root system. In a pot that is too bulky, the culture will develop for a long time and even stop blooming. In addition, there should be a drainage hole at the bottom of the container.
Before planting, the container is thoroughly washed, after which it is kept in clean water for about 3 hours. This procedure helps to remove harmful substances that remain after processing the clay. Then the container is poured over with boiling water and wiped with a thick napkin.
After washing, the old container is treated with a hot soda solution.
Competent home care for stephanotis begins with preparing the land. A slightly acidic substrate is best suited. You can buy it ready-made or prepare it yourself.
In addition, brick chips or bone meal and pre-crushed moss are added to it. The prepared soil for stephanotis is disinfected so that pests do not develop in it. The procedure is performed in different ways. Let's consider several options.
The substrate is poured into a cloth bag. Sent to the freezer for 7 days. Then they are taken out and kept at room temperature for the same days. After that, the procedure is repeated. As a result, the cold destroys all pest clutches.
An oven is used for business. Pour the substrate onto a baking sheet. Carefully leveled with a spatula to form a thin layer. Heat the oven to 90 ° C. The earth is warmed up for 30 minutes.
The procedure takes approximately 1.5 hours. The soil is poured into a bag and heated over steam. To do this, boil water in a volumetric container. A metal grid is installed on the hole, on top of which the substrate is placed.
Immediately after the procedure, the soil is enriched with bacterial preparations.
As you know, plants are not very fond of drastic changes. Having adapted to the environment, they develop successfully. The stephanotis behaves in the same way. How to care for a culture in an enclosed space? You need to adhere to certain rules.
First of all, it is placed on a windowsill where there is moderate sunlight. East or west windows will do. If the choice fell on the south side, then the glass is covered with a fabric screen or paper. Otherwise, the merciless rays of the sun "paint" the plates with burns, which have a detrimental effect on the development of culture.
Sometimes it happens that Stephanotis does not bloom. What should beginners of flora do in such cases? After all, the overseas liana is appreciated precisely for its luxurious buds.
Experts cite several reasons:
It seems that by eliminating these shortcomings, the plant will give the owner a wreath of exquisite buds. However, this is not always the case. Therefore, beginners think about how to make Stephanotis bloom all 10 months of the year.
Unfortunately, even with abundant flowering, the leaves of Stephanotis turn yellow. What can be done to save the culture? First, you need to adhere to the rules of culture transplantation. If the procedure is carried out at the time of flowering, foliage loss is inevitable. In addition, stephanotis should not be moved from its "old" habitat or turned towards the light. Such actions cause stress in exotic jasmine, as a result of which foliage and buds turn yellow and fall off.
The optimum temperature for comfortable crop development should be between 14 and 25 ° C.
The list of measures for caring for stephanotis at home includes fertilization. They stimulate the growth and ejection of buds. For the first time, chemicals are added to the soil immediately after the end of winter dormancy. Then the procedure is repeated 3 times a month.
You can use a liquid fertilizer for flowering houseplants, which is sold in specialty stores.
When buds appear, the amount of nitrogenous substances is reduced. They are replaced with phosphorus and potassium preparations. The dose is determined based on the instructions for the chemical. Top dressing is applied throughout the warm season. They stop at the end of October, when the overseas guest prepares for the winter vacation.
Growing Stephanotis at home takes some effort. But for this Madagascar jasmine will certainly delight the owner with its unusual and elegant appearance.
The table shows brief rules for caring for Stephanotis at home.
|Lighting level||High, but shaded from the scorching sun. The eastern window sills are optimal, the northern ones require additional lighting.|
|Content temperature||The temperature in winter should be about +15 degrees, in summer - up to +25 degrees.|
|Watering mode||In summer, the soil is moistened every other day, and in winter - once a decade. Settled, slightly lukewarm water is required.|
|Air humidity||The humidity level for Stephanotis should be high. In the summer, the vine is sprayed every other day or a pallet with wet pebbles is placed next to it.|
|The soil||The soil for planting can be versatile. Usually includes turf, sand, peat and double leaf soil.|
|Top dressing||Top dressing is carried out from the beginning of spring about 3 times a month. Half the dose of liquid formulations for flowering is used.|
|Transfer||Instances under 2 years old are transplanted every six months, under 5 years old - every spring, older ones do not touch, replacing only the top layer of the earth.|
|Pruning||Pruning of stephanotis is carried out in early spring.|
|Bloom||The plant can bloom for a fairly long period.|
|Dormant period||Stefanotis is dormant from November to the first half of February.|
|Reproduction||Reproduction of stephanotis is carried out by seeds or lateral cuttings of the last year.|
|Pests||Aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects.|
|Diseases||Diseases can manifest due to improper care.|
Stephanotis is a beautiful tropical plant that is used at home to decorate large rooms and halls. Compliance with the requirements for caring for the plant, which are important for the plant, will make it possible to admire the juicy, shiny foliage and fragrant flowers of the climbing liana all year round. If you want to make Stephanotis bloom, do not forget to provide him with winter peace, do not repot it again, cut and feed in spring, but make sure that there is no excess nitrogen in the soil and fertilizer. This vine has long creeping stems, and with the correct formation of their growth, various green compositions are created with the help of supports, from compact to filling the entire space of the room with the luxury of a tropical forest.