Description of the columnar apple variety President


President columnar one of the most demanded varieties in our country.

Proper care and adherence to growing conditions contribute to obtaining a bountiful and tasty harvest.

Description of the variety

The variety was bred by the famous geneticist and breeder Kichin V.V in 1974, with the help of crossing the abundant and Vazhak varieties, which has a columnar crown appearance.

President columnar unlike other types of apple trees has a small stature, up to 2 m and a crown width of no more than 20 cm... It tolerates cold well, is a frost-resistant variety.

Ripening period, growing region

The main advantage of the apple tree is the beginning of fruiting as early as 2 years after planting. A tree at the age of 5 years gives about 6-8 kg of yield, and with good care and feeding up to 16 kg from one tree.

The fruiting period is short, after reaching the age of 15, the apple tree ceases to yield.

This variety was most widespread in the Central region of Russia, Samara, Moscow, Perm regions. The columnar president feels good both in the Black Earth Region and in the Non-Black Earth Region.

Characteristics of columnar trees, their fruits

The shoots of the tree have a strong, rigid structure. Medium-sized elongated foliage. The color is dark green, glossy. During the beginning of fruiting, the formation of flowers almost completely and evenly covers the tree trunks.

Thanks to durable and hard wood the apple tree is not afraid of strong winds and any other bad weather conditions... The branches are able to withstand even a bountiful harvest. The distance of the fruits relative to the ground is 30-40 cm.

Apples of this variety are considered large, approximate weight is 150-250 g, very aromatic. The color is greenish yellow or pale yellow with a slight reddish blush.

The shape of the President fruit is columnar, round and symmetrical. There is no axial cavity, the skin is shiny, very thin and dense. The stems of the variety are not large.

The apples taste sweet with sourness, the pulp is white and juicy.

Benefits of the variety:

  • small compact size, ideal for small areas;
  • early-growing variety;
  • good productivity;
  • good pest resistance;
  • beautiful appearance.

disadvantages:

  • short term of fruiting;
  • lower frost resistance compared to other varieties.

How to store apples properly

Fruit ripening occurs at the end of August and mid-September.... The shortest shelf life is 2 months from the date of harvest.

Subject to all the rules of storage and temperature of the room (from -2 to 5C), in which the harvest will be located, apples can lie until the end of December.

Variety President columnar is perfect for eating in any form (dried fruits, soaked), as well as for preparing any kind of homemade products.

Apple tree planting rules

Apple trees are planted in spring or autumn. In autumn, this is done in good weather before the onset of cold weather.

Late September is the perfect time to board, the tree will have time to get stronger and strengthened by the roots before the onset of winter.

In the spring, planting is carried out in April., as soon as warming comes and the buds have not yet had time to bloom.

Columnar apple trees are usually planted tightly in a row, close proximity to each other will only benefit them. The distance between the apple trees should be 50 cm, and a meter is enough between the rows.

The trees are not planted one at a time. The best location is considered a place near the fence of the site or near a path. Such a dense arrangement of trees needs full fertilization and feeding.

Basic planting rules:

    1. Seedlings are bought in specialized stores, it is better to take annuals with a leafless trunk and damp roots. Young trees with dry roots need to be soaked in warm water for 10 hours.
    1. The soil must be well fertilized before planting. A medium-sized hole is pulled out, a seedling is placed there. The roots should be well spread, and the root collar should be 5-6 cm from the ground.
    1. All trees are carefully tied to pegs to avoid breakage from strong winds.
  1. Columnar apple trees are very water-loving, but they do not tolerate strong stagnation at all. Therefore, they need to be watered in moderation, avoiding excessive accumulation of moisture. Enough once every 3 days.

Tree care

You need to cut the apple tree only in the following cases:

    1. There are varieties that grow shoots, they must be cut. Fruit branches are cut every year into several buds. It is best to do this in the spring when they are still green.
  1. For any damage to the fruit bud. In the event that several tops grow, the weakest of them is removed. It can be used as a vaccine.

The yield of the President columnar apple tree does not depend on the number of circumcisions, therefore this procedure is carried out only if necessary.

For good yields it is necessary to fertilize and feed the apple tree in a timely manner.

Do it in the spring with:

  • manure or poultry droppings (for 1 apple tree-5 buckets of fertilizer, once a month);
  • potassium-phosphorus mixture (for 10 liters of water - 70 g of sulfate and 100 g of superphosphate, 4 buckets for 1 apple tree once a month).

Apple pruning President:

Diseases and pests

Aphid

I lay eggs on the bark, mainly in autumn or spring. They feed on young shoots, preventing them from growing and getting stronger.

Control methods:

  • Kinmix - for 10 liters of water - 2 ml of the drug;
  • Intavir - for 10 liters of water - 1 tablet.

The drugs are used before the apple tree blossoms, first kinmix, after 2 weeks intavir.

Apple podzhorka

Caterpillars live under the bark of a tree, laying eggs on the leaves or ovaries of apples. Podzhorka can destroy half of the crop, one caterpillar can spoil up to 3 fruits.

Control methods:

  • Mitak - for 10 liters of water -30-40 g;
  • Biorin - for 10-10 ml of the drug;
  • Sumi-alpha - for 10 liters - 5.

Spraying is carried out 15 days after the flowering of the apple tree, repeating the procedure every 2-3 weeks.

Apple honeydew

Small individuals 2.5 mm in size live and winter in the bark of a tree and its cracks. Contribute to a sharp decrease in yield, interfering with the normal growth of the apple tree and sucking all the juice from the leaves and buds.

Control methods:

  • Fas - for 10 liters of water - 5g;
  • Mitak - for 10 l - 20-40 ml;
  • Sumi-alpha - 5 g per 10 liters.

Spraying apple trees with a solution of ash with soap and tobacco also helps in the fight against the pest.

Apple blossom beetle

A beetle with a long proboscis, lives in the bark and cracks of wood. It can appear on an apple tree in early spring, before the leaves appear. The apple blossom beetle is capable of destroying most of the flowers or buds.

Beetle larvae hatch 2-3 weeks after egg deposition and hide in the bark until buds appear.

Control methods:

  • Fufanon - for 10 liters of water - 10 ml of the product, treated at the time of the appearance of the kidneys;
  • Inta-Ts-M - for 10 l - 1 tablet, treatment with the agent is carried out during the appearance of the buds.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety President columnar

Olga P.: “This variety was planted recently, 3 years ago. I really liked the apples from the neighbors, I decided to try it too. She planted, as it should be, in rows, keeping a distance. I love the President columnar very much, the apples are tasty and juicy. There are no problems with harvesting, we collect in September, the main thing is that the scab does not start. "

Dmitry N.: “My President has been making me happy with his harvest for 5 years already. In the second year after planting, only 4 apples were fully ripe, the year turned out to be not fruitful. But the next one is a lot, but sour. In general, I noticed that the taste is more dependent on the weather conditions. The rainy the weather, the sweeter the harvest. "

Maria K.: “I have 3 varieties of columnar apple trees. They all bear almost the same fruit, but not too much. The taste is almost the same. I like the President for his size. It takes up little space, the small distance between the apple trees allows you to plant the site more economically. And their appearance is very pleasant, especially during the flowering period. We use apples in different ways, but they don't stay with us until winter. "

Roman V.: “The variety is not whimsical enough, it can also easily cope with pests and scab. The only negative for me is the low frost resistance of apples. And so, it's not even a bad apple tree. "

The variety President columnar has many advantages., which were appreciated by gardeners from different regions.

Due to its miniature size and early start of fruiting, this variety has remained a favorite among summer residents of our country for many years.


Columnar apple President: description of the variety

A huge selection of different varieties of apple trees cannot but please true gardeners. Indeed, thanks to the efforts of breeders, more and more new and new tree hybrids, which became possible to grow in almost any region of the country with completely different climate conditions.

Columnar apple varieties have long been loved by our domestic gardeners, especially the President apple variety. Standard trees, in particular, the "President" variety, have earned such popularity for many reasons. Firstly, columnar apple trees take up very little space, which is especially true for those areas that have a small perimeter. Secondly, they bring a bountiful harvest. And thirdly, the columnar apple "President" refers to an early-maturing variety.

The main difference between the columnar apple-tree "President" from other varieties of trees is that it has one even post, without sweeping branches. Actually, it is because of this that the name of this variety came about, since the apple tree column really resembles one tall column.


Columnar apple trees have positive and negative sides.

prosMinuses
Lack of side branchingAverage winter hardiness
Early fruiting apple treeShort shelf life of apples
Decorativeness, compactness of the treeLow tree height
Convenience of fruit pickingHigh seedling price
Successful survival in a new place
High yield, excellent apple taste
Resistance to diseases, pests

Additional characteristics

Advantages and disadvantages

Among merits it is worth noting:

  • Rapid onset of fruiting,
  • Compactness
  • Good resistance to pests and diseases
  • Frost resistance.

Significant disadvantages:

  • High cost of planting material
  • Relatively short fruiting period
  • Trees do not shade the soil:
    • On the one hand, this is a plus, since it is possible to sow other crops nearby.
    • On the other hand, this is a minus, since it is necessary to constantly clean the weeds in the aisles, mulch the soil to prevent drying out.

Size of an adult tree

The plant is upright, formed into one barrel, without lateral branches with fruit groups of 1-2 buds.

Along the trunk, its height can reach a little over two meters. The leafy trunk, in fact, is the crown of the apple tree. The width of such a structure is about 20-30 cm.

Annual growth

With the apical bud, the apple tree grows under favorable conditions and proper care to a height of 10-15 cm. In case of death or damage to the apex, the plant will take time for the lateral replacement bud to start growing.

The frequency of fruiting

Medoc apple close-up.

Apple tree begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting and fruiting, regularity differs, unless the flower buds die as a result of severe frosts.

Regularity of fruiting due to the fact that the areas that bear fruit are constantly alternating.

Yield

An adult plant can withstand up to 15 kg of fruit. Average yield good, marketable fruit is 5-10 kg.

From one hectare of the columnar variety Medoc you can get up to 100 centners / ha of apples.

Tasting assessment

The ripe apple taste fully justifies its name. Delicate, slightly grainy, juicy pulp emits a persistent honey aroma. The apple has a sweet taste with a honey flavor.

Characteristic Winter hardiness

Columnar apple trees usually suffer from severe frosts due to the fact that their the root system is located close to the soil surface... Columnar apple variety Medoc pretty resistant to low temperatures and is recommended even for growing in Siberia.

It is worth, however, to take care of mulching the soil over the roots and insulating the trunks.

Disease resistance

Apple-tree columnar Medok.

The variety is not inferior in disease resistance to the best tall varieties.

It should be remembered that in order to protect any apple trees from the spread of diseases, it is necessary:

  • Keep the garden in order
  • Timely get rid of damaged fruits, leaves and shoots with signs of disease
  • Timely carry out preventive measures.

Further, we will present the following information for you: description, photos, gardeners' reviews and planting rules for this variety.


Description of the rules for harvesting and storing crops

At the end of August, the ripening period of apples begins, which lasts until mid-September. A plant that receives regular maintenance can produce 10-16 kg of fruit per year. Without any agrotechnical procedures, the tree yields 5-8 kg of apples per season. After 2-3 years after planting the plant, you can get the first harvest.

Optimum temperature for storing fruits is 0-2 degrees. For this purpose, it is better to use a basement or cellar. The President variety can be stored until the last days of December, without losing its qualities. Apples are used as a raw product, as well as in the form of dried fruits, canned preparations, and preserves.


Agrotechnics

Agricultural technology of the variety is simple, but specific.

Landing features and timing

Columnar apple trees are planted in a light and dry place.

The variety has a number of requirements for planting:

  • good lighting
  • groundwater flow no closer than 2 meters
  • lack of drafts.

The columnar appearance of apple trees adapts well to neglected plantings. However, this does not mean that you need to neglect the layout of the seat.

  • The distance between the planted trees should not be less than 60 cm, while the distance between the rows should be 1 meter. When planting 2-3 trees, these indicators do not matter, however, when breaking up a full-fledged garden, the distance should be taken into account.

Planting of the President variety is carried out both in the autumn period, after the foliage is shed, and in the spring before the buds are dissolved. From the point of view of adaptation, autumn planting is preferable, since the seedling has time to better take root and grow stronger. In addition, the culture has time to grow significantly even before the onset of the main growing season. When deciding on spring work, you need to prepare the planting pit in the fall. She should have time to settle and ventilate well.

Autumn planting

When planting in the fall, the pit is prepared in advance about a month in advance, but it is necessary to plant the seedling 2-3 weeks before the first frost, otherwise the root system simply will not have time to develop and prepare for wintering.

It is better to prepare the pit at the end of summer.

The dignity of the autumn landing is that during the winter period a young tree will get stronger and take root qualitatively... It will also form a stronger immunity and will not be afraid of the last spring frosts. When the snow melts, it will receive enough moisture and nutrients. After planting, you need to cover the seedling. To do this, apply agrofibre or mulch .

Landing technology

The structure of the planting pit depends on the composition of the soil.

  • For black soil a depth of 0.6 meters is sufficient, but on loams with the same depth, the distance between the rows is 1.5 meters. This is necessary for the root system to develop in width.
  • Sandstone will require an additional layer of clay at a depth of 1 meter. This is necessary to retain moisture. It will also require the use of fertile soil and top dressing in the form of compost, superphosphate and potassium supplements.

Columnar apple trees are very responsive to superphosphate.

However, there is one important point to keep in mind. The amount of fertilizers required for the variety President of the columnar type differs from the standard 10 times (downward).

The planting technology itself is the same as for ordinary apple trees.

A special place in the agricultural technology of the President variety is occupied by watering and fertilization.

The best option is a drip type of irrigation, but if it is absent, the classic version will do. In the heat, a young seedling needs a bucket of water per day, but a mature tree needs 2 buckets every 2 days.

Another way to moisten the soil is mulching ... The mulch material not only retains moisture, but also protects the surface parts of the root system from direct sunlight.

Mulching plantings of columnar apple trees with sawdust.

Top dressing

Apple trees often deplete the soil as a result of their development and growth. The apple tree President was no exception.

Urea, nitroammophoska and humus will help to maintain a stable yield. They are carefully dropped into the soil or simply poured into the trunk circle and spilled well.

Pruning and pollinators

Scheme of pruning a columnar apple tree.

The variety does not require too much pruning.

  • In the first year it has a sanitary character, then a formative one.
  • Side shoots cut into 2-3 buds. This allows you to maintain the appearance and slightly reduce the need for nutrients.

Pollinators are not required for this variety. However, experienced gardeners still recommend mixing plantings for better pollination.

Fruiting and ripening terms

The most fruitful period is considered to be from 5 to 8 years. By the age of 15, the yield decreases to a minimum. A high-quality crop can be harvested as early as the 2nd year.

Apple tree blooms on average 10 days , ripens in the second decade of August and until mid-September.

The crop is stored for a short time, a little more than 1 month, so most often the fruits are processed. Apples go well in preservation, for jams, marmalades and prefabricated preserves.


Russian varieties of columnar apple

In Russia, Professor V.V. Kichina (All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology of Horticulture and Nursery, Moscow) became a pioneer in breeding varieties of columnar apple trees.
Here is a brief description of some of the varieties he created. Apple varieties that are still being tested are indicated as promising.

CURRENCY
Winter variety. The trees are small and compact, semi-dwarfs. Full yield is reached in the 4th year. Fruits are medium and large, from 100-140 to 250 g, rounded, with a beautiful red barrel against a general golden background, the skin is thin. Productivity is 5-6 kg per tree. Ripen in early October and are stored until January. Average winter hardiness. Scab resistance at the genetic level.
VASYUGAN
A promising early winter variety. The trees are medium-sized, small and compact. Fruiting already from the first year after planting in the garden by annuals. On the 4th-5th, the full yield comes - up to 6 kg per tree. Apples are hard, medium and large (up to 200 g), conical and elongated-conical, red-striped, with a dense thin skin. They ripen in mid-September and are stored for about a month. This is one of the most winter-hardy varieties; it can withstand frosts up to 42 degrees without freezing.
DIALOGUE
Early summer variety. The trees are medium-sized, small-sized, compact. Fruits of 70-100 g, flat, beautiful yellow color. Ripen among the earliest varieties in July, stored for about a month. The taste is sweet and sour with a pleasant light aroma, the flesh is white.
Iksha
A promising variety for the summer-autumn ripening period. A tree of medium vigor. Bears fruit in the year of planting. Apples weighing 110 g, tasty, resemble the Grushovka Moscow variety. The yield is high.
CHINA GOLDEN
A promising variety for the summer-autumn ripening period. Strong column. The tree is fruitful and fast-growing. Apples weighing 20 g, of a very attractive bright yellow color, ripen in early September and can hang until frost. The variety is moderately resistant to scab.
CHINA RED
A promising variety of apples for the summer and autumn ripening period. Column of dwarf type of growth. The variety is extremely productive and fast-growing. Bright red apples weighing 20-25 g ripen in early September.
IDOL
A promising large-fruited autumn variety. Trees are semi-dwarfs, closer to dwarfs. Apples are red-striped, weighing up to 250 g. Ripen in early October, well stored until January. Productivity is about 5 kg per tree. The variety is relatively winter hardy, responsive to good care.
BABY
A promising early winter variety. The trees are small and compact - natural dwarfs. Fruiting from the first year when planting in the spring of one-year-olds, and on the 4th-5th trees reach the maximum yield - up to 6 kg per tree. Fruits are truncated-conical, intense yellow and yellow-orange in color, with a shiny thin but firm skin. They ripen in mid-September and keep well for about a month.
Nectar
A promising summer early-growing variety of a columnar apple tree. The trees are compact, semi-dwarfs. Apples 100-140 g each, sweet with a honey aroma, white-yellow, ripen at the end of August. Withstands frosts up to 42 degrees.
MOSCOW NECKLACE
Winter, early-growing and unusually productive variety of columnar apple. Sometimes, under the weight of the fruit, a bend of the trunk is observed. Productivity 8-10 kg per tree. Apples 150-170 g each, dark red, dessert taste. Ripen in mid-September and can be stored until March. High winter hardiness, resistant to pests and diseases. This is the best variety for today.
Ostankino
Early winter variety. The trees are medium-sized, small and compact. Apples are medium and large - up to 300 g, round-flat, beautiful bright red color. They ripen in mid-September and can be stored until December. Fruit taste with a predominance of sweet dessert. Productivity is 5-6 kg per tree. Winter hardiness is very high.
THE PRESIDENT
Early winter variety of columnar apple. The trees are medium-sized, small-sized, compact, semi-dwarfs. Productivity is 5-6 kg per tree, apples are medium and large (up to 250 g), flat, rich white-yellow color, with thin skin. The taste is sweet and sour, dessert. They ripen in mid-September and can be stored for 1.5 months.
CHERVONETS
Autumn variety, apples weighing 120-160 g, individual up to 350 g, bright red, ripen at the end of September. Needs cross-pollination, in the cold summer, flower buds are laid less than the norm. In the inflorescence, 1-2 fruits are tied. The taste is not inferior to the most valuable varieties.

In recent years in VNIISPK (Orel) 8 new columnar apple varieties were obtained, most of which are genetically resistant to scab, which makes them especially attractive. We will acquaint you with the features of these varieties.

DELIGHT
A promising late autumn-early winter variety. A tree of medium vigor, high-yielding, scab immune. Apples 170 g each, yellow with a red blush, can be stored in the refrigerator until February. The pulp is greenish, tender, juicy, sweet and sour.
GARLAND
A promising autumn variety. A tree of medium vigor, immune to scab. Apples 140 g each, yellow-green with a slight blush. The pulp is juicy, tender, sweet and sour taste. The variety is high-yielding, but when overloaded, the apples become very shallow. Differs in almost complete absence of lateral branching.
ESENIYA
A promising late autumn-early winter variety. A tree of medium vigor, immune to scab. Apples 170 g each, sweet and sour, can be stored in the refrigerator until March.
IN MEMORY OF BLYNSKY
A promising late autumn-early winter variety. A tree of medium vigor, immune to scab. Apples 140 g each, conical, greenish yellow with blush and stripes. The pulp is fine-grained, juicy, sweet and sour taste.
POETRY
A promising late autumn-early winter variety. A tree of medium vigor, with immunity to scab. Apples 180 g or more, slightly flattened, dark red. The pulp is greenish, medium density, fine-grained, very juicy.
Priokskoye
Winter variety. The tree is of medium vigor, scab resistance is medium. Apples 150 g each, ribbed, greenish pulp, medium density, fine-grained, very tasty.
CONSTELLATION
A promising winter variety, immune to scab. Apples 125 g each, dark red, delicious. Can be stored in the refrigerator until March.

Breeder M. V. Kachalkin 10 years ago he began to create decorative red-flowered columnar apple trees.
Today five of its varieties have been successfully tested. As the author of the new forms notes, these columns not only have beautiful flowers, but also quite tasty apples.

GARNET BRACELET
Column of medium vigor with few lateral branches. At the age of 5 years, the height of the tree is 1.3-1.6 m. The flowers are light purple, very large. The trunk is not exposed. Red-purple apples weighing 30-40 g.
CARMELITE
Column of dwarf type of growth. At the age of 5 years, the height of the tree is 1-1.2 m. The flowers are large, dark purple. The trunk is not exposed. Numerous apples are dark lilac, weighing 25-35 g each.
RASPBERRY NECKLACE
The column is of medium growth. At the age of 5 years, a tree 1.3-1.4 m high without side branches and bare trunk. The flowers are red-purple, red-crimson apples weighing 25-30 g each.
Alluring aroma
A vigorous, productive column without side branches. At the age of 5 years, the height of the tree is 1.8-2 m. The flowers are large, lilac. Raspberry apples weighing 40-50 g.
PINK FAIRY TALE
A vigorous columnar apple tree with few lateral branches. At the age of 5 years, the tree is 1.6-1.8 m high. The flowers are purple, very large. The trunk is not exposed. Pink apples weighing 25-30 g.

Academician N.I. Savelyev and his colleagues at VNIIGi SPR (Michurinsk) also created varieties of columnar apple trees - Gothic, Stela, Strela.
Apple columns were also brought out in Bashkiria: Akhtyam Mansurov, Ural Tau, Kyzyl Mayak.

Note
On the site near Moscow, the author of the article has grown three varieties of columnar apple trees (Currency, President, Ostankino) for 15 years and I can say that no freezing was noticed during this period.
Author - L. Yurina



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