Peppers delighted with the harvest
Every time you get to the site of this family, near Kolpino, you find something new there that has appeared in the current season or in the off-season, thanks to the skillful hands and tireless creative character of Boris Petrovich or the care of the hostess Galina Prokopyevna.
Once I was impressed by a huge hipped greenhouse, in which gardeners carefully placed almost a dozen vegetable crops that did not interfere with each other and gave a high yield. It is noteworthy that even peppers - spicy and sweet, being under one dome, did not get dusty and had a taste characteristic of their variety. But you, dear readers, like me, have more than once had the opportunity to buy bell peppers on the market, which were very bitter or, on the contrary, the bitter pepper was without any pungency. This spoke of the inexperience of the vegetable growers who grew them.
Vegetable beans were born this season
The Romanovs, on the other hand, do not have such experience and knowledge of the characteristics of the crops grown, and they smashed the peppers in the same greenhouse so that this did not affect the quality of the crop at all.
Then, instead of one tent, three greenhouses smaller - two for tomatoes and one for growing peppers. It is possible to call their greenhouses tomato or for peppers only conditionally, because the owners always supplement the main culture with other heat-loving plants. When planting seedlings in the spring in each of the greenhouses, they find a place for two or three glasses with watermelons, melons, cucumbers. And for the last few years, several grape bushes have been registered in two tomato greenhouses, which have already begun to yield.
Another time, when I came to visit the Romanovs, I saw a small man-made reservoir, which Boris Petrovich dug in the ground and, covered with a black film, filled with water. In this mini-pool, the grandson Sasha strengthened the spine, and the owners themselves freshened up in hot weather. On its shore was planted weeping willow, which has now grown and shelters a part of the pond and a gazebo from the sun.
This gazebo is a novelty of last year's season. The owner of the site built it on the shore of a reservoir from round logs that remain in a furniture factory after the production of plywood. Usually they are sold for firewood, and Boris Petrovich so skillfully adapted and placed them that in this gazebo at any time of the day you can find a cozy shaded place.
This year, he himself drew my attention to another rather large structure that appeared on the site. I didn't even immediately understand what it was. The fact is that it was almost human height - a four-sided construction of boards expanding upward, supported from the outside by a special fastener made of the same round logs.
This is how a high bed for watermelons invented by Boris Petrovich looks like
And only looking inside, I saw that it was a pool: its boards were covered with a black two-millimeter film, which kept the water in it. Boris Petrovich explained that this pool has 30 cubic meters of water. True, this is not the final, but a draft version.
He is also going to sheathe the outside of the entire structure with planks and paint them to give the pool a neat look. As the owners explained, this reservoir has a dual purpose. It will serve as a pool for the family in the summer, and also serve as a reserve reservoir. The fact is that their water supply is turned on not at the beginning of the season, but much later. And in this case, your reservoir will help out very much. And since it is raised above the site, the water in the hoses will run by itself.
One of the recent inventions of Boris Petrovich - growing cucumbers in a special high bed... In the magazine, we have already briefly described the device of the design he invented: it is a tall box made of boards, which is filled with biofuel - wood chips, hay, manure and nutritious soil.
Boris Petrovich near his structure for growing watermelons
A tall, warm bed is small in size - about one square meter. And here the Romanovs plant only four cups of cucumber seedlings. First, they cover it with a film, protecting it from possible spring cold snaps, and with the arrival of heat, the cucumbers open, and they freely develop under the sun, lowering the whips down.
The first year of testing the new design showed amazing results: four cucumber plants produced more than one hundred kilograms of fruit. It should be added that below, near the high box, Boris Petrovich built a smaller box, but wider, filled with chips. Growing cucumber lashes descend there. They bloom and form the crop. And it's easy and simple to assemble.
This method of growing cucumbers has paid off. Boris Petrovich decided to use it for growing watermelons and melons in the open field. Previously, he made a spacious warm ridge, on which melons and gourds grew. Of course, a lot of effort was required there. After all, it was necessary create a warm bed, say, an area of ten or more square meters.
This handsome man grew up in the greenhouse of the Romanovs
And he decided that it is much easier, as for cucumbers, to build a box with a height of about 0.8 m and an area of up to one square meter - its dimensions are 0.8x1.2 meters, fill it with biofuel, as for cucumbers, and plant watermelon seedlings there or melons - the root system goes deeper, the plants have more strength and nutrition.
And the whips, like those of cucumbers, he also lets down, where another box is built, already large (130x220 cm), filled with fertile soil, and chips are poured around it. On a dry bed of wood chips and poured, ripening, the fruits - watermelons and melons. If the weather is damp, the Romanovs put special planks or rounds under the watermelons and melons - pieces from a log. It should be noted that the lower tier with fertile soil is also used effectively by them.
While the seedlings of watermelons are developing and are only still forming whips, they sow seeds on this bed radish, celery, flowers for seedlings. In April, this construction is covered with a film. By the time the lashes begin to descend, the harvest of juicy radish is already ripening there and the seedlings are growing. In the fall, after collecting watermelons, radishes grow again in this garden.
Romanov family grapes
Of course, watermelons and melons grow in them and in the greenhouse. You walk along it and suddenly, among the numerous bunches of tomatoes, you see a large watermelon or melon in a net fixed on a board. And in the center of the greenhouse they spread their vines grape bushes... Large clusters of green or golden grapes hang at the bottom of the bushes. Several years ago, I saw the first modest bushes of grapes in their greenhouse.
Then Boris Petrovich said that he was only forming a powerful root system in plants. “In three or four years we will be picking grapes in buckets,” he said at the time. And that's how it turned out. Even in this difficult season, the Romanovs received a very good harvest of berries. And not just berries, but delicious berries. While drinking tea in the gazebo, we feasted on watermelon and Delight variety of nutmeg grapes. I think that there are not so many lovers of this berry among St. Petersburgers who would taste such sweet and fragrant grapes!
I asked how they feel about the current weather surprises? Boris Petrovich said that he has been amazed by him for more than one year, because he does not know what to expect from nature.
- We have been on earth for 28 years. The first five years, one might say, we got used to the land, mastered the skills of caring for crops, then we began to seriously work on it, improve agricultural technologies. I can say that then for about ten years the weather conditions were quite stable and familiar: spring - return frosts, then a period of rains, then heat. The dates were slightly shifted to one side or the other. But everything was stable. And we are already accustomed to such conditions, because we knew approximately what to expect from the weather.
The potato is ugly
But for the last 10-12 years - in the second half of our “gardening experience” - not a single summer can be predicted: climate change has begun. Previously, one summer was like another, there were no strong deviations. And then the surprises began: either the heat in May, or some other surprises in the spring and summer. And the deviations from the standard are getting stronger and stronger. Before we knew exactly when to plant the plants, but now we don't know what to expect, we need to adapt. Good - we have already gained experience, and now we are always on the alert, ready for any changes.
But even they were not ready for the current weather surprises. We grew excellent seedlings in the spring, previously we went with it to the site, hardened it, planted it in greenhouses - everything went on as usual. And suddenly, from May 5 to May 7, two frosts in a row. And although the seedlings inside the greenhouse were additionally covered with a film "hut", in one greenhouse they still suffered - both tomatoes and eggplant, and hot pepper. Galina Prokopyevna says: she was so upset that her hands dropped. So much work and time was spent on growing seedlings in a city apartment, on delivery to greenhouses, on planting and leaving - and this is the final ... Everything was complicated by the fact that the stepchildren growing up from the seedlings had already been removed.
But their experience helped them out here too. Since the soil in the greenhouses was very well filled, and the seedlings were strong, with a powerful root system, after the cold weather and watering with warm water, they began to expel the shoots from the reserve buds almost at the very surface of the earth. And Boris Petrovich formed stems from them. As a result, almost every tomato bush in this greenhouse had not one trunk, but two or three, as many as the plant drove out the shoots. And then they all tied the buds, bloomed and gave many fruits.
Late, of course. Even eggplants and bitter peppers were driven out. And they also gave a crop. Probably, less experienced gardeners would generally dig up the beds in the greenhouse and occupy them with some other crop, for example, cucumbers. And the Romanovs resisted and harvested even more tomatoes this season than in the past. And not only tomatoes, but also peppers, watermelons, melons, cucumbers.
Basil feels great in a greenhouse along with tomatoes
So, complaining about the weather troubles, which added a lot of trouble to them, in general Boris Petrovich and Galina Prokopyevna are satisfied with the results of the season. Of course, if the climatic conditions were more favorable, they would have lived more comfortably, without the forced additional efforts.
And then everything was already familiar. On time, before the rains in August, they managed to mow potato topsand then dig up the tubers. Boris Petrovich shows me a box with large potatoes, which they left after harvesting for cooking on the site. They are clean, without any signs of diseases and pests. And this is understandable: their potatoes grow in several beds, not very large with neat wooden boxes-fences. The tubers are planted in fertile soil. At the Romanovs, it is now dark, crumbly, almost black soil throughout the entire area. That will give birth to potatoes, especially since they constantly alternate all the beds, changing crops.
From late blight they escaped, but the delay in the ripening of tomatoes had to be reconciled. Last year, at the end of August, when I visited their site, in greenhouses almost all tomatoes were already ripe and pleased with their bright colors - red, pink, yellow and even black and purple (they also had such varieties). Today, at the same time, there are still a lot of green and ripening tomatoes in tomato greenhouses.
But Boris Petrovich is not discouraged:
- We will remove some of the fruits, mature and which have already begun to turn brown, and put them neatly in boxes. There they will quickly reach biological ripeness. The rest will receive more nutrition and mature on the vine. In the greenhouse in the first half of September, they will be comfortable - both warm and light.
The seedlings of peppers did not suffer from frost, and therefore the fruits began to ripen almost as always - they delight the eye with their bright color - red or yellow. But you can still see green fruits on the pepper plants - the heat this summer was not enough for many plants - June let down, so weighty peppers are ripening.
It is noteworthy that when you enter the greenhouse where the peppers grow, you immediately feel an amazing spicy aroma. Of course, it is not peppers that smell. Basil is just planted on the south side of the greenhouse on a narrow bed - several varieties with purple, dark green and light green leaves - large and small, for every taste.
Harvest portioned watermelons
Many gardeners complain that basil - a difficult culture, there is no way to get a good harvest of juicy spicy greens. But with the Romanovs, basil, like leeks, root celery, parsnips, always turns out well - both in the open field and in the greenhouse. I remember that a few years ago Galina Prokopyevna proudly showed me her next experiment - on a rather large garden in the open field, she grew nine different varieties of basil at once. And at the end of August, this bed amazed with the brightness of the colors and forms of the leaves of this capricious culture in our country. And the scent, of course.
Every season they test some new varieties and hybrids. For example, this year they were delighted with the harvest of watermelon Portion red F1 for the second time. Small oblong fruits (up to 2.5 kg) have excellent taste. 18 watermelons were removed from one plant. They have a thin peel, small seeds. As Boris Petrovich says, this watermelon is good for private traders.
Probably, many gardeners who are interested in the experience and success of the Romanov family (at exhibitions they often ask: are there any articles of theirs in the magazines?) Will want to know what other varieties have pleased experienced gardeners in the past season. I asked Galina Prokopyevna about this. She brought her garden magazine and read from it:
So, tomatoes. Also in last season Boris Petrovich announced a new strategy for tomatoes. He said that he would try to grow more tomatoes that are stored for a long time. The fact is that the harvest is huge every year, and it cannot be quickly processed and eaten, the loss of fruits begins. Therefore, special attention is paid to cherry tomatoes and cocktail tomatoes - Bey Bina, Aligote, Opera. And from large tomatoes this year, hybrids were mainly grown - Rally, Pink Rise, Beef-tomato, Olga (Wilmorin), Monastic meal; peppers - Gypsy, Gemini, Maradona, Kat, Big Tommy; watermelons - Lezheboka, Jubilee NK, the already mentioned Portion red, Marmalade dessert, Gift to the North; melons - Dune, Gold of the Scythians, Roxalana, Honey, Golden; grapes - Delight, Ilya Muromets, Supaga, Russian Korinka, Kodryanka, Aleshenkin.
The greenhouse is dazzled by the abundance of tomatoes
Perhaps we will finish the listing, because all varieties and hybrids of vegetables, potatoes, herbs and flowers will require at least a page. It is clear that the main secret of their success lies not in special seeds, but in hard work, skill, knowledge of the land and plants, and sometimes even in the special intuition possessed by the owners of this site.
Every year, thanks to the efforts of the owners, their plot is getting prettier. New flower beds, ornamental shrubs, perennial and annual flowers appear. The corner around the gazebo built last season is especially beautiful now. The willow covers it with its branches falling down, around it bloom magnificently dahlias, phloxes, other flowers. Bumblebees and bees are buzzing in the peaceful silence. A real idyll.
But they do not have gardening - they are gardening. Until now, the Romanov family has no guarantee that this land, abundantly watered with labor sweat, with abundant humus, will remain with them forever, will pass to the growing grandson and daughters. How many times has Boris Petrovich proposed to make his site a kind of educational base, where not only gardeners, but also farmers could study, learn from the experience.Now, after the introduction of a ban on the supply of fruits and vegetables from Western Europe, both local authorities and trading companies are looking for a replacement.
Despite the end of summer, there were still many flowering plants on the site.
But the Romanov family and many other experienced gardeners know how to grow hundreds of kilograms, even tons, of tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, even in a small non-industrial greenhouse, how to get an excellent harvest of potatoes, carrots, beets and other vegetables in the beds. I'm not talking about delicious northern watermelons and melons. Once at the AgroRus exhibition, the Governor of St. Petersburg V. I. Matvienko tried a watermelon grown by the Romanov family and said that it was very tasty, that this experience needed to be supported and disseminated so that city residents could eat their own, St. Petersburg and Leningrad watermelons and melons. Alas, so far the words have remained words.
So, maybe it is worth, finally, to pay attention to the experience of the Romanovs and the best gardeners of the city and region, to support it financially and technically, to transfer it to larger greenhouse structures and vegetable fields? And then we will not depend on Dutch, Spanish and God knows who else's tomatoes, cucumbers, apples. Moreover, those who have tasted at least once the taste of tomatoes or cucumbers grown with love in their greenhouses or in the beds are unlikely to be flattered by an overseas fresh product.
E. Valentinov, photo by the author
Continuation of the Councils of B.P. Romanov www.floraprice.ru/articles/ogorod/oazis-v-bolotnom-krayu-2.html
03.06.2012 Louise Klimtseva,
founder of the Usadebka club
And on this trip I was especially struck by the diligence of the owners of the site. But a lot of work on creating a soil with a high humus content on a swampy area was not wasted in vain. The yields are the highest, all vegetables look healthy and clean. The assortment of plants is such that you can't even list everything: potatoes, peppers, garlic, cucumbers, tomatoes, beets, carrots, celery, separate beds for green and spicy crops.
The special pride of the Romanov family is watermelons and melons. They grow in them both in greenhouses and in open ground.The fruits are large, and so that they do not rot in our climate, which is not quite suitable for melons and gourds, Boris Petrovich puts each watermelon on shelves in a greenhouse or on planks in an open melon. It turns out that the roots of watermelons and melons are in the ground, their shoots have spread over all the trellises, and the fruits rest on the shelves, like in a whatnot. I have never seen such a picture.
In the magazine "Flora Price" No. 6 for 2008, Boris Petrovich told how he makes a warm bed (box) for cucumbers in the open field, and for melons he uses such boxes (a kind of warm bed) in a greenhouse. Two plants grow in one box, which yield up to 40 melons. He also forms them in his own way. But this is already a topic for a separate conversation.
I was also struck by the harvest of melons in the open field, where Boris Petrovich used a box-ridge after cucumbers. The entire area around the box is covered with shoots, leaves - a solid carpet. And wherever you put your hand under the leaves - everywhere you will stumble upon a ripening melon! This is a must see! We could not find words to express our admiration for what we saw. And the tasting showed that the watermelons of the Romanovs will give odds to the famous southern fruits.
Of course, we could not pass by such a wealth of knowledge and experience - in January of this year, we invited the Romanovs to another lesson at the Usadebka club. There were many listeners. We watched the disc, filmed at the site of the Romanov family, and then we listened to the performance of Boris Petrovich. He talked about how he treats the soil: carefully, with an understanding of its condition and capabilities. He has a natural flair here. This is how it works on the ground. Without this philosophy and without such an approach to business, he would not have been able to obtain high yields of various crops, including southern, heat-loving ones.
I was amazed at the abundance of crops on the Romanovs' plot - vegetable, fruit and ornamental, which they grow. There is a pharmaceutical garden, an abundance of flowers, and remontant raspberries, and vegetables familiar to our plots - potatoes, onions, including leeks, zucchini, pumpkins, garlic and others. But most of all I was shocked by the abundance of melons and watermelons. They were placed by the Romanovs not only competently, but also with great invention. For example, Boris Petrovich placed the fruits of melons and watermelons on the shelves inside the gazebo, which is used for relaxation and tea drinking, and the roots and shoots of these plants are outside the gazebo.
Their tomatoes grow in a large, spacious greenhouse. The harvest of fruits is excellent, there are more of them than leaves.
Using a special technology, they grow cucumbers in the open field, due to which not a lot of labor is spent on harvesting.
Ornamental pumpkins not only give a large harvest, but also, put on special arches and trellises, decorate the site, especially when the fruits begin to ripen.
Over the years of gardening, the couple have developed their own approach to working with the land. The labor costs here are colossal, truly titanic, but in the swamp they created a layer of humus of 40-50 cm! A huge amount of organic matter - this is plant residues from the site, wood chips, manure, hay - for more than 27 years, this approach has made it possible to turn the swampy soil almost into black soil. Now on the site of the Romanovs, almost everything grows that can grow not only in the North-West zone, but also in more southern regions.
The crop yield is very high. It is primarily determined by the created man-made soil and, undoubtedly, by the skill of the owners. Boris Petrovich, when growing greenhouse tomatoes, watermelons, melons, uses his own methods of formation, which are somewhat different from the generally accepted ones. And this is true, because when a large amount of organic matter is used, the nutrition of the plant changes, and, therefore, a large load on it can be given. It allows tomatoes, cucumbers, melons, watermelons to grow a large leaf apparatus, which is able to feed a huge amount of fruits.
The hostess is especially proud of her decorative cultures. I was amazed at the number of summer plants that Galina Prokopyevna grows annually. Many flowers are not only a little widespread in our country, but simply garden exotic. Moreover, all plants are well-groomed, bloom profusely.
There is also an orchard on the plot. At the time when we were visiting the Romanovs (at the beginning of August) pear and remontant raspberries were bearing fruit. The hostess is just looking at this culture. And I am sure that with such diligence this raspberry will give an excellent harvest.
The land on which the Romanovs have been working for more than two decades is located on a plot that was once given for vegetable gardens. And now the prospects here are very vague, at any time the city can take these lands for its needs. In one of the magazine articles, a proposal was made to create a training center on the basis of this site, where novice gardeners, farmers could see the results of real work on the land: how in a swamp it is possible to stably grow not only vegetables we are used to, but also southern fruits, even watermelons, melons and grapes, could get advice and advice, exchange experiences. It will be very disappointing if such an idea does not find support.
Our tour of the site ended with tea in the gazebo and tasting of tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers grown by the Romanov spouses. We also tried the Kolpinsky watermelon. It was fully ripe, juicy and sweet. And this is at the beginning of August!
We returned home with new knowledge, with good emotions from communicating with the owners. Low bow to these wonderful workers from the members of our club. I would like the experience and knowledge of these people to be in demand. Many physically cannot do this titanic work, but their advice and recommendations will help many gardeners to get excellent yields.
head of the club "Usadebka"
I was amazed on this trip by the height of tomato formation and the harvest that the Romanov family gets from them. I noticed: the leaves of the tomatoes are completely clean, large, it is clear that the nutrition of the plants is balanced.
The sight of watermelons and melons seemed to me absolutely fabulous on the site near Kolpino - large, beautiful, varied in shape and color. There were many of them, as in the southern melons. Where else near St. Petersburg can you see this?
And, of course, the hard work of these people is striking, who managed to create a real oasis in a swampy place, grow a wonderful garden and form a fertile vegetable garden.
Lyudmila Kayurova, member of the "Usadebka" club
Photo by E. Valentinov
Project "Garden on the windowsill" in the senior group
Information card the project
MBDOU KV "Kindergarten number 6 "Sun"
Dzerzhinsky, Moscow region
1. Full name the project: «Kitchen garden on the windowsill»
2. Author the project (FULL NAME): Magomedova G.N.
3. Leader the project (FULL NAME): Ivanova A.I.
5. The city that presented project: Dzerzhinsky
6.Organization address: Dzerzhinsky, st. Tomilinskaya, 16
7. Phone, e-mail: 8-495-551-61 ***
8. View, type the project : short term
9. Purpose, direction of activity the project: expand children's ideas about the world around them and instill work skills through co-creation vegetable garden.
10. Summary the project: organizational, educational
activities, competitions, leisure viewing of illustrated
thematic material, conversations.
12.Duration of the: from February 23rd to March 26th
13. Number of participants the project (adults and children): educators gr. No. 9, parents and children gr. No. 9, musical director
15.Form of conducting: Concourses, OOD, conversations, leisure
16. Expected results (product the project): • Gaining knowledge of children about plant life, creating the necessary conditions for group and on the site for observing the life of plants, and the opportunity to care for them to develop children's cognitive interest, curiosity, communication skills. develop the ability to correctly use the simplest tools for cultivating the soil and caring for plants; involving parents in the life of the kindergarten.
Winter is coming to an end. The sun is getting higher and higher every day, and the day is getting longer and warmer. It's time to land. Kitchen garden on the windowsill in kindergarten is a very pleasant experience, especially in winter and spring, when you want not only to taste the fresh gifts of nature, but also to look at the colors of greenery or tomatoes. But there is nothing more pleasant when the first spring greens ripens right on your windowsill... It can be onions, parsley, dill, and even lettuce. Kitchen garden on the windowsill Is a great way to dispel the seasonal yearning for natural colors and warmth. Expanding children's ideas about how to care for plants in indoor conditions, generalizing ideas about the need for light, heat, soil moisture for plant growth, and the development of children's cognitive and creative abilities.
It is at the preschool age that positive feelings towards nature and natural phenomena are laid, the amazing diversity of the plant world is revealed, the role of nature in human life is recognized for the first time. On our vegetable garden children themselves will be able to plant and grow plants, take care of them.
Expand children's ideas about the world around them and instill work skills through co-creation vegetable garden.
- Form an idea of the work carried out in the spring and summer in the garden and vegetable garden.
- Expand children's understanding of plant life.
- Learn to observe planting and seed sprouting.
- Teach children to draw conclusions based on observations.
- Participate in feasible practical activities.
- To cultivate respect for plants.
-Expand, enrich, intensify children's vocabulary.
- To promote the development of perception of the beauty of nature and its transmission through drawing, modeling, application.
-Promote family and kindergarten interaction.
Expected results of implementation the project:
• Gaining knowledge of children about plant life.
• Creation of the necessary conditions in group and on the site for observing the life of plants, and the opportunity to care for them.
• Develop children's cognitive interest, curiosity, communication skills.
• Develop the ability to properly use the simplest tools for soil cultivation and plant care.
• Involvement of parents in kindergarten life.
IMPLEMENTATION STAGES PROJECT
Preparatory stage Main stage Final stage
• IN the group set up a vegetable garden on the windowsill.Purchased the necessary equipment: seedling containers, plastic cups, soil, seeds, bulbs.
• Produced index tables with plant names (date of planting and first shoots)... They started a calendar of observations of plant growth.
• Picked upfiction: sayings, poems, fairy tales, riddles about vegetables.
• Children watched the growth of plants, conducted experiments, experiments.
•Established connections: plants - earth, plants - water, plants - people. The experimental results were recorded in figures.
•During the research, the children got acquainted with fiction about vegetables.: sayings, poems, fairy tales, riddles.
• Considered illustrations, paintings.
• Classes, didactic games, conversations were held. • Summing up the results of implementation the project.
• Decorated an exhibition of drawings "Vegetables", «Kitchen garden on the windowsill».
• Photos of children in experimental activities.
Events Objectives Responsible
1. Conversation with parents "Acquaintance with project»... Decoration of the parent's corner, placement of recommendations for parents on working with children on the project... Engage parents in implementation the project «Kitchen garden on the windowsill»... educator
2. Talking with children about what is vegetable garden and what grows on it... Broaden the horizons of children. educator
3. Seed collection, land preparation, creative decoration vegetable garden... To cultivate diligence to develop the creativity of children. educator
4. Co-creation in vegetable garden group... Planting seeds of vegetables, bulbs. Foster a desire to help adults. educator
5. Conversation "How we plant and care for plants"... Involve all children in joint work in group... educator
6. Learning nursery rhymes, proverbs, sayings, poems related to vegetable garden, vegetables and fruits.
Introduce folklore works related to vegetable garden, vegetables and fruits. educator
7. Consideration of illustrations, pictures. Drawing by children of vegetables and fruits. Foster a desire to be creative on your own. educator
8. Performing creative work together with parents (drawings, crafts) according to the subject the project... Develop creativity, the ability to work together with adults. parents
9. Reading a Russian folk tale "Turnip", poems by S. V. Mikhalkov "Vegetables" To acquaint children with the work of S. V. Mikhalkov, recall the content of the tale "Turnip"... educator
10.Seedling care with children: watering, loosening, thinning. Learn to take care of plants. educator
11. Photo report for parents. Encourage parents to create in vegetable garden group, introducing children to plants, caring for them. educator
12. Guessing riddles about fruits and vegetables. Develop ingenuity, memory, attention. educator
13. Examination of dummies of vegetables and fruits, clarification of the shape, color. To form an idea of children about vegetables and fruits. educator
14. Modeling fruits and vegetables from plasticine. Mini exhibition decoration "Our harvest"... Learn to use previously acquired skills during sculpting. educator
15. Game dramatization based on a Russian folk tale "Turnip"... To develop acting skills in children. educator
16. Planting mature seedlings in beds on a common vegetable garden... To teach to provide adults with all possible help. educator
17. Create a photo album «Kitchen garden on the windowsill»... Summarize the work done. educator
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Project "Garden on the windowsill" in the 1st junior group Educator Andreeva Marina Valerievna Relevance: Children of younger preschool age do not have an adequate understanding of plants.
Ecological project "Garden on the windowsill" People are noisy at the gate. Where is the winter garden? They say that cucumber seedlings grow there, And dill, and onions. They all look at the garden, And go away.
For most people, the word "dacha" evokes many hours of work on the site and tiresome travel in a crowded bus.All this takes place if the summer resident does not have a car and convenient tools for processing beds, removing weeds, etc. But even in this case, the advantages of the dacha are much more than the disadvantages. Your own plot is always fresh air, natural tanning, the best remedy for stress, and most importantly - tasty and healthy vegetables and fruits, which are a natural cure for many ailments. When the slightest ailment appears, most people go to the pharmacy for another miracle cure. However, many diseases are associated with a lack of vitamins, which are found in abundance in naturally grown vegetables and fruits. In addition, they can be used to make medicinal preparations that are no less effective than those purchased at the pharmacy. In this book you will find all the necessary information about the cultivation of horticultural crops, their medicinal properties, as well as recipes for making medicinal from them.
In this book, Mikhalych, a master of growing record harvests of fragrant raspberries and ripe blackberries, will share the secrets of planting, caring for and protecting shrubs from pests and diseases. He will also tell you all about the best varieties and tell you what and how you can cook from these healing berries.
Use his advice, and the harsh-looking shrubs will become your true friends for many years, giving stable and tall ones.
In this book, the unsurpassed gardener and gardener Mikhalych will openly share the secrets of seasonal work on the ground. Detailed advice and recommendations are given for each month of the year, because land troubles do not stop even in winter! Armed with his knowledge and rich experience, even a novice gardener will learn to competently, and most importantly, to sow and reap in a timely manner, loosen and water, fertilize and cover. How to save the harvest, how to win the war against diseases and pests without using chemistry, and what to cook from the fruits of your labor - all the answers are under this one.
In this book, Nikolai Mikhailovich will talk about how to protect the garden and vegetable garden from pests and diseases without using harmful chemicals.
Of course, pesticides kill harmful insects and pathogens, but their use leads to a decrease in the quality of fruits and vegetables and to environmental poisoning. Therefore, it is better to apply the agrotechnical, physical-mechanical, biological methods described by the author, as well as ecological means: infusions and decoctions made from wild and cultivated plants, which have the ability to kill insects and pathogens.
The table is not empty if there is cabbage! White cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kohlrabi ... Cabbage in Russia is used fresh, boiled, stewed, sauerkraut, pickled and even dried. It has been proven that cabbage was used by primitive people already in the Stone Age! And a storehouse of vitamins and minerals - green salad, spinach, sorrel? They were served to the table of the Persian kings! And these cultures are very popular today. Mikhalych talks about how to grow them, protect them from diseases and pests, what varieties exist. Gives recipes for the most delicious dishes from them and tells all about the medicinal properties of these.
Spicy plants are used in cooking, medicine, and cosmetology. They suppress bacteria and help preserve food, so vegetables are canned with them. Spicy plants activate the removal of toxins from the body, cleanse it from mechanical and biological contamination. They even have a positive effect on mood! In the book you will find the most necessary information about spicy plants - from growing methods to useful properties and their use in cooking, etc.
24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 12 months a year - we breathe. The question is - what? Air pollution causes allergies and chronic illnesses that are difficult to get rid of.
The easiest and most beautiful way to take care of your health at work and at home is with ordinary potted flowers. We choose them in the store or grow them on the windowsill. But even experienced color lovers often do not know what healing properties they differ.
For the first time, the authoritative author reveals which plants effectively purify the air, relieve stress and headaches, kill pathogenic microbes and take care of your restful sleep. By placing flowers correctly, achieve the healing effect you need! Let the plants please the eye and fill the chest.
Today, a novice vegetable grower will be able to find a huge amount of literature on gardening matters. On the pages of newspapers, magazines, manuals and websites, vegetable growers from all regions of the country share their experience, write about their successes, problems and, of course, achievements. We have collected the material, highlighting, in our opinion, the most important. We tried, studied, trained on our sites, weeded out the excess, left recommendations that were accessible and effective.
Look for, read, dear vegetable growers, find your own methods and techniques, master new successful technologies. Apply the experience of experts recognized all over the world and be sure to listen to the opinion of folk craftsmen. After all, you are trying for yourself, for your family, for your children and grandchildren.
The book is designed for enthusiastic amateur vegetable growers who are not afraid of either the climate, or negative weather conditions, or negative forecasts and heartfelt wishes of "good" neighbors. Joy, love for what you are doing, respectful and caring attitude to everything: it is the earth or an earthworm, a carrot or a strawberry bush - the garden will reciprocate you and please the rich in return.
In this book, Mikhalych, a master of growing record harvests of gooseberries, will share the secrets of planting, caring for and protecting shrubs from pests. He will also tell all about the best varieties and tell you what and how you can cook from this berry. Use his advice - and the harsh-looking shrub will become your faithful friend for many years, giving stable and tall ones.
In this book, Mikhalych, a master of growing record harvests of garden strawberries, better known to amateur gardeners as "strawberries", will share the secrets of planting, caring for and protecting crops from pests and diseases. He will also tell you about the beneficial properties of this amazingly tasty berry, tell all about the best varieties and preferred methods of harvesting them. And the seasonal calendar will tell you the optimal timing of the main work, so that you do everything on time. We are sure that thanks to the advice of the author, you can easily grow a rich harvest of ripe, fragrant, ruddy.
To the music, children enter the hall, become a semicircle.
Leading. Hello dear guests! Rosy and smiling! Has everyone come? Nobody's late? We invited you today round dances to drive, have fun, play, celebrate the holiday. And here is the holiday, you have to guess. ...
What is this? (harvest)
Of course, harvest! And we have a holiday today HARVEST!
I want to tell you that the holiday Harvest Is a worldwide holiday. It is celebrated in all countries of the world. This holiday is dedicated to fertility and family well-being. And he is celebrated,when field and garden work is completed: collection of vegetables, fruits and grains. Collected harvest - it means that the foundation of the family's well-being for the next year has been laid.
The Gardener comes out, holding a basket of fruit.
Bulk, smooth. (shows the contents of the basket to children)
Ogorodnitsa comes out, holding a basket of vegetables in her hands.
Gardener: Tomatoes and cabbage,
The harvest is not bad at all! (shows the contents of the basket to children)
Gardener: Oh, where did we end up?
Leading:You are in the vegetable garden:
Vegetables here round dance.
What grows in our beds!
Children perform a song with playing musical instruments "We have a vegetable garden", music. B. Mozhzhevelova, lyrics A. Passova. After the song, the children sit on the chairs.
Leading: And useful riddles grow on our beds. Can you guess them?
- He does not upset anyone, but makes everyone cry. (onion)
- The girl is red, she sits in a dungeon herself, and her scythe is on the street. (carrot)
- In the summer, without fear of the heat, the red balls ripened, ripened like a match.
- Striped balls from melons came to us (watermelon)
- Round, ruddy, I grow on a branch, adults love me, kids love me
- As I put on a hundred shirts, crunched on my teeth. (cabbage)
- Although he did not see ink, he suddenly turned purple and shines with praise
very important … (eggplant)
- Fresh and salty, it's always green. (cucumber)
- She is pulled by a grandmother with a granddaughter, a cat, a grandfather and a mouse with a bug. (turnip)
- It grows in the ground, known in the whole world,
Often flaunts on the table in a uniform. (potato)
Leading: And now I suggest you warm up and play. And our game is called so "Plant and harvest potatoes".
2 teams of 5 people are selected. The first participants lay out the hoops (beds) and run to their team, the second participants take buckets of potatoes and plant potatoes on the beds (they put two potatoes in each hoop, the third participants take watering cans and water the beds (run around each hoop with watering cans and return back, the fourth participants take buckets and collect harvest from the beds (collect potatoes in buckets, fifth participants collect hoops and return to their places.
Leading: What hardworking guys we have! Which one have grown a good harvest! Well you worked hard, and now let's rest and sing ditties!
Children perform "Garden ditties", music. and sl. folk. After the ditties, the children sit down in their places.
Leading: What funny ditties! Guys, do you know what can be cooked from harvestcollected in gardens and orchards?
Children: Compote, salad, soup, jam, borscht.
Leading: But now we will play with you and see if you know from which vegetables you can cook borscht?
The game is being played "Young cooks" (Two teams of 6 people are selected. On one side of the hall there are hoops in which various vegetables and fruits are laid out. On the other side of the hall there is a chair with a saucepan. , takes it and puts it in the pot. The next participant chooses the next vegetable. In total, you need to put six vegetables for cooking borscht (potatoes, onions, carrots, beets, tomatoes, cabbage)... The results of the game are summed up.
Leading: Okay our guys have worked hard. But in the fall, not only people prepare for winter and stock up on vegetables and fruits,but also our smaller brothers: animals and birds make supplies for the winter. Let's ask our guys to come out and tell us about it.
Autumn feeds harvest
Birds, animals and you and me.
2. Both in the gardens and in our garden,
The mouse drags the grain into the hole,
5. Everything is ripe, everything is ripe-
Kind will harvest.
There is something for everyone here,
Leading: I hope you will not be lazy and will always help adults in cleaning harvest... How many knows where potatoes grow?
Leading: Let's play a game with you "Which vegetable grows where".
(Children get to their feet. The presenter names the vegetable. If the vegetable grows in the ground, the children squat. If the vegetable grows on the surface, they jump.)
Leading: So we learned how OK you help the adults clean up harvest... Guys, fruits and vegetables are great! But if there is no bread on the table, then it will be a big disaster for all of us.
1. Bread is a jewel! Don't litter them!
Take bread for dinner in moderation.
Bread grains with a fabulous fruit
They will hide in the ground and ascend together.
The world's best award -
This is a living reward for labor!
Meet with honor and honor,
We meet such guests
Girls perform "Dance with spikelets".
At the end of the dance, a girl comes out with a loaf in her hands.
After the dance, all children become a semicircle.
Leading: Thank you guys for the wonderful songs, dances, poems.
Autumn is walking in our park,
So our Gardener and Ogorodnitsa want to treat everyone to pies with cabbage and apples.
The Gardener and the Ogorodnitsa come out with pies. All those present are treated.
Didactic game "Our harvest is good!" for children of early and junior preschool age Purpose of the game: consolidation of the generalizing concepts "Vegetables", "Fruits". Tasks: - to consolidate in children the knowledge about vegetables and fruits, the ability to name them.
Scenario of a cognitive quiz game for children of the senior group with disabilities "Merry harvest" Educational game - a quiz for children of the senior group with disabilities, "Merry harvest" Appendix No. 2 To the pedagogical project "Vegetables and fruits.
Holiday "Harvest". Scenario of the holiday in the senior group Presenter: The sun warmed the earth with warm rays, generously watered the rain with clear water. The fertile land blossomed with flowers And a rich harvest in the field.
The project for children of the younger-middle group "Our harvest is good" Project passport: Project type: creative, cognitive. Project duration: two weeks. Relevance of the project: Children of the junior and middle.
Scenario of the autumn matinee "Harvest" for the senior group Scenario of the autumn matinee "Harvest". Senior group. Entrance to the music in a semicircle. Poems: 1. In a dress of bright gold Autumn wanders, rustling.