GEOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY
Geological and physical parameters of the area in front of Cilento
Area under consideration, the cilento (between approximately the Gulf of Salerno and the Gulf of Policastro, in the southern area of the region), it has a varied morphology, formed by mountains and plains, overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea with cliffs and small beaches.
We therefore find a variety of landscapes, from the rocky coast to the sands of the beaches, insinuated into the small hollows. We are also in the presence of karst phenomena, therefore on the coast both emerged and submerged, we will be able to see numerous caves.
This variety also leads to a complex and varied ecosystem that makes the area in question a pearl of the Mediterranean.
The depths of Cilento, like the emerged land, are full of archaeological remains of considerable interest. Fortunately, the area has not been excessively man-made, thus maintaining its original characteristics.
They were like that established numerous Nature Reserves and Parks, including the Punta Licosa Marine Park. Also thanks to this, we are in the presence of an almost uncontaminated nature, both in the marine and terrestrial areas.
On the coast of Marina Di Camerata, several expeditions have been organized that have contributed to the knowledge of the place, and that have managed to identify five submerged caves with an outlet on the surface.
Cilento originates in the Miocene, when tectonic movements brought it to light from the depths of the sea.
The sediments that form the current coastline are much more recent, and date back to about 10,000 years ago, the Holocene period.
Of particular geological interest is theLicosa island, formed, unlike other places in Cilento, by “Flysch del Cilento”, a stratification of the rocks, which often leads to particular shapes and colors.
The backdrop it descends very steeply in concomitance with the cliffs up to over 50m where it meets the muddy expanse, while in the direction of the coves, the slope decreases while maintaining a pebbly sandy granulometry.
In the direction of the cliffs it is possible to find vast shoals beaten by strong currents, with fractures and underwater edges of considerable underwater interest.
In the hard substrate areas it is possible to find the typical fauna of the Mediterranean, with groupers, browns, bream, salpe and sea bream, as well as numerous species of crustaceans.
The currents coming from the north, from the middle Tyrrhenian circulation, they bring nutrients for the fauna present. There are moderately strong currents along the submerged, remarkably steep walls. Added to this is that the coast has no defense from the predominant current from the north.
These gradient currents are due to the difference in density that is created by variations in temperature and salinity.
The wind predominant in the area of Palinuro, a large tourist center as far as diving is concerned, is the Mistral; in the Marina di Camerata area we will have the Levante, Scirocco and Libeccio.
Dr. Rossella Stocco