Did you know that the pyramidal shape of the cypress is not a creation of nature, but the result of the work of breeders? And the fact that Plutarch advised to write laws only on cypress boards, because they are not destroyed by time?
Cypress wood has no layers, it is cut both lengthwise and across, so even small parts can be made from it.
Miniature cypress was bred for indoor cultivation, which nevertheless has almost all the properties inherent in huge forest trees.
The article on our website contains all the information that is necessary for growing this wonderful ephedra at home, and we will be happy to share it with you.
First of all, it is worth clarifying that dwarf conifers are far from being small in all cases. Everything in this world is relative, so a dwarf spruce can reach two meters in height. What are the wonders of selection? The original plant is over 50 meters in size.
But still, in most cases, dwarf plants do not move more than a meter from the ground. They look great in combination with stones and ornamental grasses.
To create a unique interior for a garden or a summer cottage, an evergreen type of coniferous shrubs is used. They are also indispensable in the landscape design of parks and alleys. In addition to their neat appearance, coniferous shrubs perform several other functions: they purify oxygen, provide natural soil fertilizers and therapeutic and prophylactic properties, and green cities.
For garden and summer cottages, coniferous shrubs can become a real panacea. People who are accustomed to planting fruit and berry and vegetable crops in the garden, with the help of such shrubs, will be able to get rid of most of the pests and plant diseases. The needles contain many useful substances and minerals; as a fertilizer, it can be used both fresh and as a decoction and infusion.
Composition of coniferous shrubs on a personal plot
Dwarf conifers and shrubs play an important role in the design of a summer cottage. Correctly planted, they can not only add chic and elegance to the appearance, but also delimit the garden into zones. If the site is not planned to be used for growing vegetables and fruits, then with the help of coniferous shrubs, you can give the cottage an unusually aesthetic look, and the child can calmly enjoy a walk in the home forest.
Note! Ideal coniferous shrubs look when decorating a play area and a barbecue area. Framing paths or a decorative pond also fits perfectly into the design of the summer cottage. A gazebo surrounded by coniferous bushes will give the feeling of a picnic in the forest.
Coniferous dwarf trees and shrubs are quite unpretentious, they easily take root in any regions of Russia: in the south, the Urals, in the Perm Territory. But in order for even winter to be painted with bright green colors, it is necessary to observe the basic conditions and rules for planting coniferous shrubs, as well as to properly care for them.
A bush and tree with chic needles can be planted at any time of the year. However, seedlings with open roots are added dropwise in the fall or early spring. The planting site is selected in accordance with the plant variety. Most types of coniferous shrubs are unpretentious, but some types are sensitive to sunlight and can get burned when growing in an unshaded place.
Note! When planting, it is necessary to preserve the integrity of the land in which the roots of the plant are located. After covering with soil, the earthen lump must be soaked for better adaptation of the shrub.
If the soil in which it is planned to plant a coniferous plant is waterlogged, then a drainage layer must be poured into the hole. Also, when planting, you need to correctly size the pit. The main thing is to make sure that the roots are located freely in it. In the previously prepared hole, top dressing is introduced in advance (better than the mineral composition).
When planting coniferous shrubs in the autumn, you need to make sure that the seedlings can withstand the winter frosts. For this, the plants are wrapped with covering material and, if the area is open, supplied with supports.
Planting scheme for conifers and shrubs
In the first year after planting, conifers do not need pruning and adjusting branches. From the second year, conifers need to remove old branches and shape. When pruning, you need to remember the basic rules:
Note! In addition, you need to remember that conifers and shrubs acidify the soil. Therefore, you need to be careful when planting plants next to vegetables or fruit and berry crops.
The type of coniferous shrubs can be subdivided according to the family and group. Some shrubs will be able to delight the eye with greenery all year round, others, for example, larch, fall off when cold weather sets in. An ornamental coniferous shrub, even in a single version, will decorate the garden. But, in order to find out the features of planting and care, it is necessary to determine which species the plant belongs to. In relation to genera, coniferous shrubs are:
Below is a list of common conifers planted in garden and summer cottages.
This is an unpretentious coniferous shrub used to create landscape design in garden and backyard plots. The Golden Glow pine reaches a height of 130 cm, branches grow up to 180 cm wide. Without pruning, the shrub has an asymmetric shape. It grows slowly, undemanding to the type of soil.
Classic coniferous specimen for summer cottages and park areas. It reaches 150 cm in height, 200 cm in width. The shape is conical, the needles are light, green. The variety is frost-resistant and unpretentious for growing on all types of soils. The growth rate is slow and needs pruning to achieve a symmetrical shape.
The undersized perennial belongs to the genus cypress. This is a coniferous plant that creeps along the ground. The height does not exceed 30 cm, the diameter of the crown is up to 1.5 m. The plant is unpretentious and frost-resistant. There are no particular preferences for soil. The crown does not need to be shaped by pruning, however, to make it more lush, it is necessary to pinch young branches.
It is a type of perennial coniferous shrub. The growth rate is slow. It reaches a height of one and a half meters. The shoots are twisted in a fan, the shape is asymmetric. Prefers sunny sides, resistant to winds. The color of the crown is golden.
An unpretentious dwarf coniferous shrub, but prefers shady places, reliably protected from the wind. The needles are bright green, but with a decrease in constant temperature, they acquire a brown tint. It can reach a height of 60 cm, the width of the crown is up to 1.5 m. The arcuate branches are bent upwards. It tolerates shape adjustments well. Fruits in small cones.
Frost-resistant, moisture-loving mountain pine reaches a height of 200 cm at maturity. In width, branches are also capable of reaching 2 m in diameter. Sharp, dense needles have a deep green color. It grows very slowly, the annual growth in any direction does not exceed 5 cm. It has a regular cone shape.
This spruce is drought-resistant and frost-resistant. A tree can live up to 500 years. The first years after planting it has an asymmetric shape with a slightly pronounced trunk. The color of the needles is gray-blue. Cones up to 3 cm, the first time after planting fall off, without waiting for ripening.
This is one of the most popular varieties in the design of the alleys. A dacha with such fir trees will look elegant.
The coniferous shrub Mint Julep is an unpretentious plant. It reaches 300 cm in width. It has a pleasant pine-mint scent. The branches grow at an angle of 45 ° from the ground. Prefers sunlight, when available, the growth and development of the shrub is accelerated. The crown is wavy, the needles are soft, bright green.
The coniferous shrub has an average growth rate and reaches 1 m already upon reaching the age of 5. The shape is regular pyramidal. The needles are soft wavy. Young shoots and shoots are bright yellow, but darken with age and acquire a green tint. The plant loves sunlight and can withstand cold temperatures down to -30 ° C.
A perennial shrub grows up to 3 m wide, reaches 150 cm in height. It responds well to a haircut, loves shaded places. Unpretentious and suitable for any type of soil. In landscape design, it is used to create hedges and decorative ponds. Does not bear fruit in cones, but forms bright red pericarp.
The unique design of a garden or a summer cottage will help create perennial coniferous shrubs, the names of which are varied. With proper planting and minimal maintenance, your home garden will look stylish and elegant for years to come.